TIDMBSRT

RNS Number : 6723Z

Baker Steel Resources Trust Ltd

15 September 2022

BAKER STEEL RESOURCES TRUST LIMITED

(Incorporated in Guernsey with registered number 51576 under the provisions of The Companies (Guernsey) Law, 2008 as amended)

15 September 2022

BAKER STEEL RESOURCES TRUST LTD

(the "Company")

Half-Yearly Report and Unaudited Condensed Interim Financial Statements

For the period from 1 January 2022 to 30 June 2022

The Company herby submits its Half Year Report for the period ended 30 June 2022 as required by the Uk Listing Authority's Disclosure Guidance and Transparency Rules 4.2.

The Report is available via www.bakersteelresourcestrust.com and will shortly be submitted to the National Storage Mechanism and be available for inspection at FCA National Storage Mechanism

Further details of the Company and its investments are available on the Company's website www.bakersteelresourcestrust.com

Enquiries:

   Baker Steel Resources Trust Limited                         +44 20 7389 8237 

Francis Johnstone

Trevor Steel

   Numis Securities Limited                                           +44 20 7260 1000 

David Benda (corporate)

James Glass (sales)

   HSBC Securities Services (Guernsey) Limited          + 44 (0)1481 717 852 

Company Secretary

MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION

 
DIRECTORS:                            Howard Myles (Chairman) 
                                      Charles Hansard 
                                      Fiona Perrott-Humphrey 
                                      David Staples 
                                      (all of whom are non-executive and independent) 
 
REGISTERED OFFICE:                    Arnold House 
                                      St. Julian's Avenue 
                                      St. Peter Port 
                                      Guernsey, GY1 3NF 
                                      Channel Islands 
 
MANAGER:                              Baker Steel Capital Managers (Cayman) Limited 
                                      PO Box 309 
                                      George Town 
                                      Grand Cayman KY1-1104 
                                      Cayman Islands 
 
INVESTMENT MANAGER:                   Baker Steel Capital Managers LLP* 
                                      34 Dover Street 
                                      London W1S 4NG 
                                      United Kingdom 
 
STOCK BROKERS:                        Numis Securities Limited 
                                      10 Paternoster Square 
                                      London EC4M 7LT 
                                      United Kingdom 
 
SOLICITORS TO THE COMPANY:            Norton Rose Fulbright LLP 
(as to English law)                   3 More London Riverside 
                                      London SE1 2AQ 
                                      United Kingdom 
 
ADVOCATES TO THE COMPANY:             Mourant Ozanne 
(as to Guernsey law)                  Royal Chambers 
                                      St Julian's Avenue 
                                      St Peter Port 
                                      Guernsey GY1 4HP 
                                      Channel Islands 
 
ADMINISTRATOR & COMPANY SECRETARY:    HSBC Securities Services (Guernsey) Limited 
                                      Arnold House 
                                      St. Julian's Avenue 
                                      St. Peter Port 
                                      Guernsey GY1 3NF 
                                      Channel Islands 
 
 

* The Investment Manager was authorised as an Alternative Investment Fund Manager ("AIFM") for the purpose of

the   Alternative Investment Fund Managers Directive ("AIFMD") on 22 July 2014. 
 
                                                                                                                       HSBC 
                                                                                                                       Securities 
                                                                                                                       Services 
SUB-ADMINISTRATOR TO THE COMPANY:                                                                                      (Ireland) DAC 
                                                                                                                       1 Grand Canal 
                                                                                                                       Square 
                                                                                                                       Grand Canal 
                                                                                                                       Harbour 
                                                                                                                       Dublin 2 
                                                                                                                       Ireland 
 
                                                                                                                       HSBC 
                                                                                                                       Continental 
CUSTODIAN TO THE COMPANY:                                                                                              Europe 
                                                                                                                       1 Grand Canal 
                                                                                                                       Square 
                                                                                                                       Grand Canal 
                                                                                                                       Harbour 
                                                                                                                       Dublin 2 
                                                                                                                       Ireland 
 
                                                                                                        SAFEKEEPING 
                                                                                                        AND            HSBC 
                                                                                                        MONITORING     Continental 
                                                                                                        AGENT:         Europe 
                                                                                                                       1 Grand Canal 
                                                                                                                       Square 
                                                                                                                       Grand Canal 
                                                                                                                       Harbour 
                                                                                                                       Dublin 2 
                                                                                                                       Ireland 
 
AUDITOR:                                                                                                               BDO Limited 
                                                                                                                       P O Box 180 
                                                                                                                       Place du Pre 
                                                                                                                       Rue du Pre 
                                                                                                                       St. Peter 
                                                                                                                       Port 
                                                                                                                       Guernsey GY1 
                                                                                                                       3LL 
                                                                                                                       Channel 
                                                                                                                       Islands 
 
                                                                                                                       Computershare 
                                                                                                                       Investor 
                                                                                                                       Services 
                                                                                                                       (Jersey) 
REGISTRAR:                                                                                                             Limited 
                                                                                                                       Queensway 
                                                                                                                       House 
                                                                                                                       Hilgrove 
                                                                                                                       Street 
                                                                                                                       St Helier 
                                                                                                                       JE11ES 
                                                                                                                       Jersey 
 
                                                                                                                       Computershare 
                                                                                                                       Investor 
                                                                                                                       Services 
                                                                                                                       (Jersey) 
UK PAYING AGENT AND TRANSFER AGENT:                                                                                    Limited 
                                                                                                                       Queensway 
                                                                                                                       House 
                                                                                                                       Hilgrove 
                                                                                                                       Street 
                                                                                                                       St Helier 
                                                                                                                       JE11ES 
                                                                                                                       Jersey 
 
                                                                                                                       Computershare 
                                                                                                                       Investor 
                                                                                                                       Services 
                                                                                                                       (Jersey) 
RECEIVING AGENT:                                                                                                       Limited 
                                                                                                                       Queensway 
                                                                                                                       House 
                                                                                                                       Hilgrove 
                                                                                                                       Street 
                                                                                                                       St Helier 
                                                                                                                       JE11ES 
                                                                                                                       Jersey 
 
PRINCIPAL BANKER:                                                                                                      HSBC Bank plc 
                                                                                                                       8 Canada 
                                                                                                                       Square 
                                                                                                                       London E14 
                                                                                                                       5HQ 
                                                                                                                       United 
                                                                                                                       Kingdom 
 

CHAIRMAN'S STATEMENT

For the period from 1 January 2022 to 30 June 2022

During the first six months of 2022, the Company's unaudited net asset value per share fell 18.3% to 80.4 pence per share, and the share price fell 12.67% to 65.5 pence per share. The first half of the year was a difficult one for precious metals mining shares which were weaker in line with a decline in the prices of gold and silver as well as a very bearish sentiment in general markets. The FT Gold Mines Index was off 11.6%, while the FTSE 250 declined by 20.50%. Other mining sectors were mixed as represented by the EMIX Global Mining Index which was up 1.2% in Sterling terms.

Commodity prices were particularly volatile during the period, as Covid continued to affect demand from the key market of China where the draconian policy of zero-tolerance significantly disrupted industry. Additionally, the Russian invasion of Ukraine sent oil and energy prices spiralling. Such a background has left market participants trying to evaluate how long the current high level of inflation will continue into the future or whether these economic shocks and rising interest rates will trigger a global recession and potentially deflation. However, in the short term at least, one result has been increased wage demands from workers seeking to keep up with the cost of living.

The markets for metals associated with electric vehicles, such as Copper, Cobalt, Nickel, Aluminum and Tin, were extremely volatile reaching all-time highs in some cases by March and then falling back to more normal levels by the summer. For example, tin, one of the key metals in the move towards electrification, reached a price of US$58,000 /tonne in March and had fallen to US$26,774/tonne three months later. Moves in some metal prices such as copper have been exacerbated by reversals in financial flows into the various paper instruments available to track the physical metals.

Historically inflation has been positive for precious metals and commodities, at least in nominal terms since they are real assets, but in the short-term markets have been more concerned about the implications for demand. Mining equities have clearly been affected by this background, with lower commodity prices hitting revenues whilst the increased cost of energy and numerous other inputs is severely impacting margins. Development companies such as the those in which your Company principally invests have been particularly impacted by this as they also have to contend with higher capital costs of construction and a less conducive environment for raising capital in which investors have decidedly moved into "risk off" mode.

The increase in energy prices was the main reason given by Tungsten West PLC when its board decided to delay the redevelopment of its Hemerdon mine in Devon. It has since announced a revised plan reconfiguring its operations so that it is much less energy intensive. It also continues to examine options for adding either solar or wind power which could further lower energy costs. The market reacted extremely badly to the initial news on the pause in development, falling by some 66% to almost 20 pence per share from its Initial Public Offering ("IPO") price of 60 pence per share, before recovering to the current price of around 30 pence per share on the announcement of the revised plan. Although this has certainly been disappointing, it should be noted that your Company's acquisition price is approximately 20 pence per share. The lock-up on the Company's shares in Tungsten West falls away in October 2022 and although we have no immediate plans to sell as we continue to believe the mine can be successful, it means the discount which we currently apply to the market price will also fall away.

In April 2022 First Tin PLC completed a successful IPO, raising GBP20 million at a price of 30 pence per share. Importantly, First Tin has raised the necessary funds it requires to undertake feasibility studies on both its Tellerhäuser tin project in Germany and the Taronga tin project in Australia (which it acquired at the same time as the IPO). The two feasibility studies are targeted to be completed mid-2023, shortly after the one-year lock-up on the Company's shares will end and the ideal time to evaluate the investment in First Tin. Post the IPO, First Tin's share price has been hit by the sharp fall in the tin price, closing at 15.5p at 30 June 2022, However, the IPO financing significantly de-risks the Company's investment which it acquired at approximately 8 pence per share on conversion of its convertible loan in 2021.

After the disappointment of having to withdraw from the cash sale of Bilboes Gold Ltd during 2021 owing to unacceptable warranty requirements , we are pleased to have recently come to an agreement with AIM listed gold producer Caledonia Mining for the sale of Bilboes for a mixture of equity and a royalty stream . Bilboes has been in discussions with Caledonia on and off for over five years. The potential synergies of a combination of the two companies ha ve always been recognised but it has been a matter of negotiating a transaction acceptable to both parties. Being part of a larger cash generative group will make the financing of the Bilboes' gold project more achievable , and Caledonia's technical team has demonstrated its ability to operate successfully in Zimbabwe having recently increased the production capacity at its Blanket mine from 50,000 ounces to 80,000 ounces of gold per annum. The acquisition of Bilboes will be transformative for Caledonia with a clear path to becom ing a 250,000 ounce per annum gold producer and with the potential for a significant re-rating of its shares. The transaction is subject to a number of conditions precedent , in particular Zimbabwean Government approvals , which are expected to be satisfied before the end of this year .

In a wholly unexpected move, the State government in Queensland, Australia announced significant increases in the royalties payable on metallurgical coal by miners in the State at progressively higher price levels. When taken with the UK government's recent 'superprofit' taxes levied on North Sea oil production it is a reminder that 'resources nationalism' is a growing risk around the world, particularly in times of higher commodity prices such as we have seen recently. The Company's largest investment, Futura Resources, holds two shovel-ready metallurgical coal projects in Queensland which are seeking to complete financing to enable them to enter production. The significantly higher metallurgical coal pricing environment has been supportive of this process although the Queensland government's increasing taxes has been an untimely and unwelcome development, adversely impacting investor sentiment, at least in the short term. Despite the tax increase, the economic models for Futura's mines are not materially impacted as they are based on long-term prices, and the higher royalty rates apply only in a higher price environment than that assumed in the models.

Outlook

The outlook for the remainder of this year is expected to remain uncertain owing to the macro-economic situation discussed above keeping commodity prices volatile, but the Company's investments are generally well positioned to weather a storm in the short-term. Closing of the financing required to see Futura into production will be an important value driver for the Company, although the uncertainty around the timing of this has increased somewhat. Two other holdings, Nussir and Kanga, had planned listings during the year but the timing of those could be reviewed owing to current market conditions.

The negotiation of a royalty as part of the Bilboes transaction was an important factor in the deal as it is a further step in the Company's strategy to achieve a regular cashflow from royalties, adding to those of Futura and Polar Acquisition Limited. This in turn should be the basis for regular and sustainable dividends to shareholders in the future.

Assuming the Bilboes transaction closes, a significant portion of the Company's portfolio will be listed and concentrated in a few major holdings. Depending on market conditions we will look to diversify the portfolio into new investments in 2023 as well as considering the potential for another tender offer in accordance with our returns policy.

Howard Myles

Chairman

15 September 2022

INVESTMENT MANAGER'S REPORT

For the period from 1 January 2022 to 30 June 2022

Financial Performance

The unaudited Net Asset Value per Ordinary Share ("NAV") as at 30 June 2022 was 80.4 pence, a decrease of 18.3% in the period compared with the increase in the EMIX Global Mining Index of 1.2% in Sterling terms.

For the purpose of calculating the NAV per share, unquoted investments were carried at fair value as at 30 June 2022 as determined by the Directors and quoted investments were carried at their quoted prices as at that date.

Net assets at 30 June 2022 comprised the following:

 
 
                                GBPm     % of net assets 
 Unquoted Investments           69.0                80.6 
 Quoted Investments             16.6                19.4 
 Cash and other net assets       0.0                   - 
                             -------  ------------------ 
                                85.6               100.0 
 

Investment Update

 
 Largest 10 Holdings - 30 June 2022                      % of NAV 
 Futura Resources Limited                                    27.2 
 Cemos Group Plc                                             20.5 
 Bilboes Gold Limited                                        15.3 
 Tungsten West Plc                                            7.5 
 Kanga Potash                                                 5.5 
 First Tin Plc                                                5.5 
 Polar Acquisition Limited                                    4.4 
 Nussir ASA                                                   3.5 
 Silver X Mining Corporation                                  3.0 
 Black Pearl Limited Partnership                              1.7 
                                                             94.1 
 Other Investments                                            5.9 
 Cash and other net assets                                      - 
                                                            100.0 
                                       ========================== 
 
 
 Largest 10 Holdings - 31 December 2021    % of NAV 
 Cemos Group Plc                               18.6 
 Futura Resources Limited                      18.1 
 Tungsten West Plc                             14.7 
 Bilboes Gold Limited                          13.0 
 First Tin Limited                              7.7 
 Polar Acquisition Limited                      7.5 
 Kanga Potash                                   4.1 
 Nussir ASA                                     3.6 
 Silver X Mining Corporation                    2.8 
 Azarga Metals Corporation                      2.4 
                                               92.5 
 Other Investments                              6.4 
 Cash and other net assets                      1.1 
                                          --------- 
                                              100.0 
                                          ========= 
 

During the first half of 2022, the performance of commodities was volatile with precious metals weaker (gold down 1.2% and silver down 13%) and base metal prices mixed with copper down 15.3% on concerns of a global slowdown whilst nickel and iron ore were both up around 8% on supply issues from Russia and Ukraine. The price of coking coal from Australia fell 18% albeit from historically high levels following the 250% increase in 2021.

It was a frustrating period for the Company's largest investment, Futura Resources. With all planning and environmental permissions in place other than the final operating licence which is pending the completion of financing, Futura has been seeking the finance to start production from both its Wilton and Fairhill mines in Queensland. At current coking coal prices the approximate A$50 million capital required to bring both mines into production could be recouped in less than a year but the funding of coal from traditional providers such as banks or institutional investors has become increasingly challenging on growing ESG reservations even though coking coal is different to thermal coal and fundamental to primary steel production. Futura was close to finalizing a loan via an offtake arrangement to be able to start both mines when the Queensland government unexpectedly introduced higher royalties at high coal prices. Although the effect of these additional royalties on Futura's economic forecast was minimal as the new royalties only apply at prices above the long-term consensus pricing used in the economic model, it was an unwelcome measure to the Queensland coal industry and proved untimely for Futura in closing its financing arrangements. Despite the initial shock of the introduction of the new royalties and the additional uncertainty on timing as a result, the higher coal pricing environment is supportive of Futura's projects, the company remains in discussion with a number of parties to finance the start of its mines and it is hoped a closing can be achieved in the next few months.

Cemos Group has continued to perform well and expects to produce a similar amount of cement from its Tarfaya plant in Morocco this year as it did in 2021 despite periodic difficulties experienced in sourcing clinker, the main ingredient for the production process. It is sufficiently confident of its market in Morocco that it has decided to acquire a second grinding line which can double production from 2023 and it is investigating the potential for installing its own clinker production which would secure reliable supplies and significantly increase margins with a decision expected early in 2023.

In July 2022, the Company announced the sale of Bilboes Gold to Caledonia Mining a NYSE, AIM and Victoria Falls Exchange listed gold producer whose primary asset is the Blanket Mine in Zimbabwe. Earlier this year Bilboes completed a feasibility study on its project in Matabeleland, Zimbabwe indicating the potential for an open pit gold mine with average annual production of approximately 168,000 ounces per annum of gold. However, Caledonia has indicated that it will re-engineer the feasibility study to a phased development approach which would entail lower up-front capital and initial production costs. Not only will financing the development of the Bilboes mine, comprising the Isabella, McCays, and Bubi open pittable deposits, be easier in a larger cash generative group but also Caledonia's technical team has demonstrated its ability to operate successfully in Zimbabwe having recently increased the production capacity at its Blanket mine from 50,000 ounces to 80,000 ounces of gold per annum. With the acquisition of Bilboes, there is now a clear path for Caledonia to move to become a 250,000 ounce per annum gold producer with the potential for a significant re-rating of its shares. The transaction is subject to number of conditions precedent including Zimbabwe government approvals which are expected to be satisfied before year end.

The Company's consideration for its 24.2% shareholding in Bilboes will be 800,000 shares in Caledonia and a 1% net smelter royalty (" NSR "), which it was able to negotiate as a condition of the transaction . Should the full production rate of 168,000 ounces per annum be achieved the NSR would generate around US$2.6 million per annum for the Company at current gold prices. This is in line with the Company's strategy to generate a series of royalties in the portfolio which can become the basis for regular cashflow to the Company which in turn can be passed on as dividends to shareholders .

Following the invasion of Ukraine by Russian forces in February and the imposition of sanctions on certain Russian individuals and institutions, the Company reviewed the carrying value of Polar Acquisition Limited ("PAL") which holds a royalty over the Prognoz silver project in far eastern Russia, owned by Polymetal International PLC (Polymetal). Polymetal is a Jersey registered company which continues to be listed on the London Stock Exchange, has not been the subject of targeted sanctions and continues to operate its mines in Russia and Kazakhstan. Polymetal has stated that the development of Prognoz remains on track for commissioning in the first quarter of 2024. As result of potential uncertainty in the ability of Polymetal to pay the royalty when due, the Company imposed an additional 50% discount to its development risk adjusted valuation of PAL albeit it is hoped that there can be some resolution in the two years until a first royalty payment would be due.

.

Tungsten West PLC has been the investment most severely affected by the increase in energy prices following the invasion of Ukraine. In April 2022, Tungsten West announced that it was pausing the redevelopment of its Hemerdon tungsten project in Devon, to evaluate alternative lower cost approaches. In July 2022 it announced it had concluded its re-evaluation and was progressing with a re-configured development plan the most important aspects of which are a lower capex requirement and much lower diesel and power consumption whilst still delivering profitable operating margins. Tungsten West is now proceeding with detailed engineering design and has recommenced construction of the Hemerdon Project with the target of restarting production during H1 2023.

In April 2022 First Tin PLC completed an IPO on the London Stock Exchange raising GBP20 million. Concurrently with the IPO it acquired the Taronga open pit tin project in Australia, giving it three advanced tin projects in stable jurisdictions. The proceeds of the IPO will be used to complete feasibility studies on Taronga and its existing Tellerhauser tin mine in Saxony, Germany as well as further exploration on the Gottesburg tin project close to Tellerhauser.

Elsewhere in the portfolio, Kanga Potash and Nussir are both making good progress towards financing their respect potash and copper projects following positive feasibility studies however it is likely that the current market uncertainty will need to improve before they can be finalised.

Silver X Mining Corporation recently reported that its Nuevo Recuperada silver/lead/zinc mine in Peru had processed 124,000 silver equivalent ounces through its plant in July 2022, an increase of 58% over the previous month as production ramps up following a plant upgrade earlier in the year.

During the first half of 2022 the Company did not make any new core investments as it remained fully invested. A number of new projects were reviewed and opportunities will continue to be monitored pending receipt of funds from any disposals.

 
   At 30 June 2022                              Price / Index     % Change      % Change 
                                                    Level        in 6 Months    in 3 years 
   Net Asset Value (pence/share)                    80.4           -18.3%        +20.3% 
                                               --------------  -------------  ------------ 
   Ordinary Share Price (pence/share)               65.5           -12.7%         +3.4% 
                                               --------------  -------------  ------------ 
   EMIX Global Mining Index (GBP)                  981.60          +1.2%         +42.9% 
                                               --------------  -------------  ------------ 
   SBB Premium Hard Coking Coal Australia 
    Export (US$/t)                                 294.00          17.7%         +67.2% 
                                               --------------  -------------  ------------ 
   Gold (US$/oz)                                    1,807          -1.2%         +28.2% 
                                               --------------  -------------  ------------ 
   Silver (US$/oz)                                  20.28          -13.0%        +32.4% 
                                               --------------  -------------  ------------ 
   Brazil Potash CFR Granular Spot (US$/t)          1,100          +32.5%        +218.8% 
                                               --------------  -------------  ------------ 
   Copper (US$/t)                                   8,254          -15.3%        +38.0% 
                                               --------------  -------------  ------------ 
   Chinese Import Iron Ore Fines 62% Fe 
    spot (US$)                                     130.00          +8.2%         +15.1% 
                                               --------------  -------------  ------------ 
   European Tungsten APT 88.5% w/h Rotterdam 
    (US$/MTU)                                      330.00          +4.1%         +35.8% 
                                               --------------  -------------  ------------ 
   Tin (US$/t)                                     26,689          -32.2%        +41.7% 
                                               --------------  -------------  ------------ 
 

Baker Steel Capital Managers LLP

Source: Bloomberg

Investment Manager

September 2022

DIRECTORS' REPORT

For the period from 1 January 2022 to 30 June 2022

The Directors of the Company present the Half-Yearly Report and Unaudited Condensed Interim Financial Statements for the six months ended 30 June 2022.

The Directors' Report contains information that covers this period and the period up to the date of publication of this Report. Please note that more up to date information is available on the Company's website www.bakersteelresourcestrust.com .

Status

Baker Steel Resources Trust Limited (the "Company") is a closed-ended investment company with limited liability incorporated on 9 March 2010 in Guernsey under the Companies (Guernsey) Law, 2008 with registration number 51576. The Company is a registered closed-ended investment scheme registered pursuant to the Protection of Investors (Bailiwick of Guernsey) Law, 2020, ("POI Law") and the Registered Collective Investment Scheme Rules and Guidance, 2021 issued by the Guernsey Financial Services Commission ("GFSC"). On 28 April 2010 the Ordinary Shares and Subscription Shares of the Company were admitted to the Official List of the UK Listing Authority and to trading on the Main Market of the London Stock Exchange, Premium Segment.

Investment Objective

The Company's investment objective is to seek capital growth over the long-term through a focused, global portfolio consisting principally of the equities, loans or related instruments of natural resources companies. The Company invests predominantly in unlisted companies (i.e. those companies that have not yet made an initial public offering ("IPO")) but also in listed securities (including special situations opportunities and less liquid securities) with a view to making attractive investment returns through the uplift in value resulting from the development progression of the investee companies' projects and through exploiting value inherent in market inefficiencies and pricing anomalies.

Performance

During the period ended 30 June 2022, the Company's unaudited NAV per Ordinary Share decreased by 18.3% and the share price decreased by 12.67% on the London Stock Exchange. This compares with a rise in the EMIX Global Mining Index (capital return in Sterling terms) of 1.2%. A more detailed explanation of the performance of the Company is provided within the Investment Manager's Report on pages 5 to 7.

The results for the period are shown in the Statement of Comprehensive Income on pages 15 and 16 and the Company's financial position at the end of the period is shown in the Statement of Financial Position on page 14.

Dividend and distribution policy

During the year ended 31 December 2015 the Board introduced a capital returns policy whereby, subject to applicable laws and regulations, it will allocate part of the cash realised from disposals for distribution to shareholders. The amount to be distributed will be calculated and paid following publication of the Company's audited financial statements for each year and will be not less than 15% of the aggregate net realised cash gains (after deducting losses) in that financial year. The Board will retain discretion for determining the most appropriate manner to make such distribution which may include share buybacks, tender offers and dividend payments. In the longer term the Board intends to announce a more formal dividend policy once it starts to receive a regular stream of income from its royalty interests.

Directors and their interests

The Directors of the Company who served during the period and up until the date of signing of the financial statements are:

 
         Howard Myles (Chairman) 
         Charles Hansard 
         Fiona Perrott-Humphrey 
         David Staples 
 

Biographical details of each of the Directors who were on the Board of the Company at the time of signing the annual report and financial statements for the year ended 31 December 2021 ("the Annual Report") are presented on page 18 of that report.

Each of the Directors is considered to be independent in character and judgement.

Each Director is asked to declare his interests at each Board Meeting. No Director has any material interest in any other contract which is significant to the Company's business.

David Staples holds 35,000 shares in the Company. No other director has a beneficial interest in the Company.

Attendance at the Board and Audit Committee meetings during the period was as follows:

 
                                               Audit Committee 
                            Board Meetings         Meetings 
                           Held     Attended  Held    Attended 
 Howard Myles               2         2         2        2 
 Charles Hansard            2         2        n/a      n/a 
 Fiona Perrott-Humphrey     2         2         2        2 
 David Staples              2         2         2        2 
 

In addition to the quarterly meetings, ad hoc Board and committee meetings are convened as required. All Directors contribute to a significant ad hoc exchange of views between the Directors and the Investment Manager on specific matters, in particular in relation to developments in the portfolio.

The Directors are remunerated for their services at such rate as the Directors determine provided that the aggregate amount of such fees may not exceed GBP200,000 per annum (or such sum as the Company in general meeting shall from time to time determine).

For the period ended 30 June 2022 the total remuneration of the Directors was GBP57,500 (30 June 2021: GBP57,500), with GBP28,750 payable at 30 June 2022 (31 December 2021: GBP28,750).

Authorised share capital

The share capital of the Company on incorporation was represented by an unlimited number of Ordinary Shares of no par value. The Company may issue an unlimited number of shares of a nominal or par value and/or of no par value or a combination of both.

Shares in issue

The Company was admitted to trading on the London Stock Exchange on 28 April 2010. The Company had 107,153,335 Ordinary and 9,167 Management Ordinary Shares totalling 107,162,502 Ordinary Shares in issue as at 30 June 2022, of which 700,000 Ordinary Shares were held in Treasury.

Going concern

Having reassessed the principal and emerging risks described on pages 15 and 16 of the 31 December 2021 Annual Report, and the other matters discussed in connection with the viability statement as set out on pages 17 of the said report, the Directors consider it is appropriate to adopt the going concern basis in preparing these interim Financial Statements. The discontinuation vote in 2021 was not passed and the next vote is in 2024. As at 30 June 2022, approximately 5.85% of the Company's assets were represented by cash and unrestricted listed and quoted investments which are readily realisable. The Directors are not aware of any material uncertainties that may cast significant doubt upon the Company's ability to continue as a going concern.

Related party transactions

Transactions with related parties are based on terms equivalent to those that prevail in an arm's length transaction and are disclosed in Note 9.

Principal and emerging risks

The principal and emerging risks facing the Company, which include market and financial risk and portfolio management and performance risk, are considered in detail, on pages 15 and 16 of the 31 December 2021 Annual Report which is available on the Company's website www.bakersteelresourcestrust.com. The Directors do not consider that these risks have materially changed during the period ended 30 June 2022 and do not expect any changes in the second half of 2022.

Directors' responsibility statement

The Directors confirm that to the best of their knowledge:

- the condensed set of financial statements have been prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards ("IFRS") as adopted by the European Union ("EU") and give a true and fair view of the assets, liabilities and financial position and profit or loss of the Company; and

- the Interim Management Report includes a fair review of the information required by 4.2.7R and 4.2.8R of the FCA's Disclosure and Transparency Rules.

Corporate governance compliance

As described in the Company's Annual Report, the Board has considered the principles and recommendations set out in UK Corporate Governance Code that was revised in 2018 and is effective for periods commencing on or after 1 January 2019 (the "UK Code") issued by the Financial Reporting Council (the "FRC"). Pages 21 and 22 of the 31 December 2021 Annual Report presents and explains those matters where the Company has not complied with the UK Code. There is no change in compliance since the Annual Report.

Signed for and on behalf of the Directors:

David Staples

Audit Committee Chairman

15 September 2022

 
 UNAUDITED PORTFOLIO STATEMENT 
  AS AT 30 JUNE 2022 
 
      Shares   Investments                                 Fair value   % of Net 
  /Warrants/                                           GBP equivalent     assets 
     Nominal 
               Listed equity shares 
 
               Australian Dollars 
   4,091,910   Akora Resources Limited                        417,596       0.49 
     367,000   Regis Resources Limited                        270,500       0.32 
   2,103,000   Resolute Mining Limited                        268,275       0.31 
     388,000   St Barbara Limited                             164,987       0.19 
 
               Australian Dollars Total                     1,121,358       1.31 
                                                      ---------------  --------- 
 
               Canadian Dollars 
  58,527,286   Azarga Metals Corporation                      560,902       0.65 
  19,502,695   Silver X Mining Corporation                  2,554,382       2.98 
 
               Canadian Dollars Total                       3,115,284       3.63 
                                                      ---------------  --------- 
 
               Great Britain Pounds 
  37,128,014   First Tin Plc                                4,714,040       5.51 
      42,000   Fresnillo Plc                                  322,056       0.38 
 112,510,000   Metals Exploration Plc                       1,040,718       1.22 
      17,000   Polymetal International Plc                     30,770       0.04 
  28,846,515   Tungsten West plc                            6,049,456       7.07 
 
               Great Britain Pounds Total                  12,157,040      14.22 
                                                      ---------------  --------- 
 
               United States Dollars 
     89, 000   Coeur Mining Inc                               222,656       0.26 
 
               United States Dollars Total                    222,656       0.26 
                                                      ---------------  --------- 
 
               Total investment in listed equity 
                shares                                     16,616,338      19.42 
                                                      ---------------  --------- 
 
               Debt instruments 
 
               Canadian Dollars 
               PRISM Diversified Limited Loan Note 
     305,000    1                                              96,322       0.11 
               PRISM Diversified Limited Loan Note 
     250,500    2                                             306,906       0.36 
 
               Canadian Dollars Total                         403,228       0.47 
                                                      ---------------  --------- 
 
               Euro 
               Cemos Group Plc Convertible Unsecured 
       1,045    Loan Security                               9,193,506      10.74 
 
               Euro Total                                   9,193,506      10.74 
                                                      ---------------  --------- 
 
 
 
      Shares   Investments                                 Fair value     % of Net 
  /Warrants/                                           GBP equivalent       assets 
     Nominal 
               Debt instruments (Continued) 
 
               United States Dollars 
   7,028,352   Black Pearl Limited Partnership              1,440,152         1.68 
      26,301   Bilboes Gold Limited                            22,275         0.03 
               United States Dollars Total                  1,462,427         1.71 
                                                      ---------------  ----------- 
 
               Total investments in debt instruments       11,059,161        12.92 
                                                      ---------------  ----------- 
 
               Unlisted equity shares, warrants 
                and royalties 
 
               Australian Dollars 
  10,100,000   Futura Gross Revenue Royalty                13,658,236        15.96 
  11,309,005   Futura Resources Limited                     9,617,750        11.24 
 
               Australian Dollars Total                    23,275,986        27.20 
                                                      ---------------  ----------- 
 
               Canadian Dollars 
  13,490,414   Azarga Metals Warrants 31/12/2022                    2          - 
  13,083,936   PRISM Diversified Limited                      835,941         0.98 
      40,000   PRISM Diversified Limited Royalty               25,556         0.03 
               PRISM Diversified Limited Warrants 
   1,000,000    31/12/2023                                      4,682         0.00 
     324,000   Unkur Option 12/31/2023                        207,006         0.24 
 
               Canadian Dollars Total                       1,073,187         1.25 
                                                      ---------------  ----------- 
 
               Great Britain Pounds 
   1,594,646   Celadon Mining Limited                          15,946         0.02 
  24,004,167   Cemos Group plc                              8,370,684         9.78 
               Tungsten West plc Second Option Share 
   1,657,195    Warrants 18/10/2026                           212,536         0.25 
               Tungsten West plc Third Option Share 
   1,657,195    Warrants 18/10/2026                           143,182         0.17 
 
               Great Britain Pounds Total                   8,742,348        10.22 
                                                      ---------------  ----------- 
 
               Norwegian Krone 
  12,785,361   Nussir ASA                                   3,013,711         3.52 
 
               Norwegian Krone Total                        3,013,711         3.52 
                                                      ---------------  ----------- 
 
 
 
 
 
 
     Shares   Investments                                  Fair value   % of Net 
 /Warrants/                                            GBP equivalent     assets 
    Nominal 
              Unlisted equity shares and warrants 
               and royalties (Continued) 
 
              United States Dollars 
    535,943   Bilboes Gold Limited                         13,112,443      15.32 
  4,244,550   Gobi Coal & Energy Limited                      164,172       0.19 
     56,042   Kanga Potash                                  4,735,541       5.53 
     16,352   Polar Acquisition Limited                     3,763,727       4.40 
 
              United States Dollars Total                  21,775,883      25.44 
                                                      ---------------  --------- 
 
              Total unlisted equity shares, warrants 
               and royalties                               57,881,115      67.63 
                                                      ---------------  --------- 
 
              Financial assets held at fair value 
               through profit or loss                      85,556,614      99.97 
                                                      ---------------  --------- 
 
              Other Assets & Liabilities                       26,532       0.03 
                                                      ---------------  --------- 
 
              Total Equity                                 85,583,146     100.00 
                                                      ---------------  --------- 
 
 
 
 
 UNAUDITED CONDENSED INTERIM STATEMENT OF FINANCIAL POSITION 
  AS AT 30 JUNE 2022 
                                                           Unaudited        Audited 
                                                             30 June    31 December 
                                                                2022           2021 
                                                 Notes           GBP            GBP 
 Assets 
 Cash and cash equivalents                                   129,912      1,077,482 
 Interest receivable                                          56,227        249,445 
 Other receivables                                            21,565         22,132 
 Financial assets held at fair value through 
  profit or loss                                   3      85,556,614    103,685,593 
 Total assets                                             85,764,318    105,034,652 
                                                        ------------  ------------- 
 
 Equity and Liabilities 
 
 Liabilities 
 Directors' fees payable                           9          28,750         28,750 
 Management fees payable                          7,9         95,289        122,894 
 Administration fees payable                                  17,857         10,638 
 Audit fees payable                                           29,250         58,500 
 Custodian fees payable                                        7,459          8,443 
 Other payables                                                2,567          6,471 
 Total liabilities                                           181,172        235,696 
                                                        ------------  ------------- 
 
 Equity 
 Management Ordinary Shares                        8           9,167          9,167 
 Ordinary Shares                                   8      75,972,688     75,972,688 
 Revenue Reserves                                          9,396,201     10,047,160 
 Capital Reserves                                            205,090     18,769,941 
 Total equity                                             85,583,146    104,798,956 
                                                        ------------  ------------- 
 
 Total equity and liabilities                             85,764,318    105,034,652 
                                                        ============  ============= 
 
 Net Asset Value per Ordinary Share (in 
  Pence) - Basic and Diluted                       5            80.4           98.4 
 
 
 
 These unaudited condensed financial statements on pages 14 to 29 were 
  approved by the Board of Directors on 15 September 2022 and signed 
  on its behalf by: 
 
 
 
 
 David Staples 
 Director 
 
 
 
 
 UNAUDITED CONDENSED INTERIM STATEMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME 
  FOR THE PERIOD FROM 1 JANUARY 2022 TO 30 JUNE 2022 
                                                     Unaudited       Unaudited       Unaudited 
                                                  period ended    period ended    period ended 
                                                       30 June         30 June         30 June 
                                                          2022            2022            2022 
                                                       Revenue         Capital           Total 
                                         Notes             GBP             GBP             GBP 
 
 Income 
 Interest income                                       320,808               -         320,808 
 Dividend income                                         7,249               -           7,249 
 Net loss on financial assets at 
  fair value through profit or loss        3                 -    (18,569,776)    (18,569,776) 
 Net foreign exchange gain                                   -           4,925           4,925 
 Net income                                            328,057    (18,564,851)    (18,236,794) 
                                                --------------  --------------  -------------- 
 
 Expenses 
 Management fees                          7,9          649,850               -         649,850 
 Administration fees                                    60,897               -          60,897 
 Directors' fees                           9            57,500               -          57,500 
 Legal fees                                             55,112               -          55,112 
 Other expenses                                         51,932               -          51,932 
 Custody fees                                           30,787               -          30,787 
 Audit fees                                             29,250               -          29,250 
 Depositary fees                                        20,037               -          20,037 
 Broker fees                                            17,500               -          17,500 
 Directors' insurance                                    6,000               -           6,000 
 Directors' expenses                                       151               -             151 
 Total expenses                                        979,016               -         979,016 
                                                --------------  --------------  -------------- 
 
 Net loss for the period                             (650,959)    (18,564,851)    (19,215,810) 
                                                ==============  ==============  ============== 
 
 Net loss for the period per Ordinary 
  Share: 
 Basic and Diluted (in pence)              5            (0.61)         (17.44)         (18.05) 
 
 
In the period ended 30 June 2022 there were no other gains or losses than those recognised 
 above. 
 
The Directors consider all results to derive from continuing activities. 
 
The format of the Statement of Comprehensive Income follows the recommendations of the AIC 
 Statement of Recommended Practice. 
 
 
 UNAUDITED CONDENSED INTERIM STATEMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME 
  FOR THE PERIOD FROM 1 JANUARY 2021 TO 30 JUNE 2021 
                                                   Unaudited       Unaudited       Unaudited 
                                                period ended    period ended    period ended 
                                                     30 June         30 June         30 June 
                                                        2021            2021            2021 
                                                     Revenue         Capital           Total 
                                       Notes             GBP             GBP             GBP 
 
 Income 
 Interest Income                                     778,743               -         778,743 
 Dividend Income                                      39,189               -          39,189 
 Loan guarantee income                                46,247               -          46,247 
 Net gain on financial assets at 
  fair value through profit or loss      3                 -       2,994,059       2,994,059 
 Net foreign exchange loss                                 -        (12,098)        (12,098) 
 Net income                                          864,179       2,981,961       3,846,140 
                                              --------------  --------------  -------------- 
 
 Expenses 
 Management fees                        7,9          816,287               -         816,287 
 Directors' fees                         9            57,500               -          57,500 
 Administration fees                                  63,393               -          63,393 
 Other expenses                                       53,900               -          53,900 
 Custody fees                                         51,725               -          51,725 
 Audit fees                                           27,000               -          27,000 
 Broker fees                                          17,500               -          17,500 
 Directors' insurance and expenses                     3,750               -           3,750 
 Legal fees                                           17,740               -          17,740 
 Total expenses                                    1,108,795               -       1,108,795 
                                              --------------  --------------  -------------- 
 
 Net gain / (loss) for the period                  (244,616)       2,981,961       2,737,345 
                                              ==============  ==============  ============== 
 
 Net gain / (loss) for the period 
  per Ordinary Share: 
 Basic and Diluted (in pence)            5            (0.23)            2.80            2.57 
 
 
In the period ended 30 June 2021 there were no other gains or losses than those recognised 
 above. 
 
The Directors consider all results to derive from continuing activities. 
 
The format of the Statement of Comprehensive Income follows the recommendations of the AIC 
 Statement of Recommended Practice. 
 
 
 UNAUDITED CONDENSED INTERIM STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN EQUITY 
  FOR THE PERIOD FROM 1 JANUARY 2022 TO 30 JUNE 2022 
 
                              Management 
                                Ordinary     Ordinary     Treasury      Revenue        Capital          Total 
                                  Shares       Shares       Shares     reserves       reserves         Equity 
                                     GBP          GBP          GBP          GBP            GBP            GBP 
 
 Balance as at 1 January 
  2022                             9,167   76,113,180    (140,492)   10,047,160     18,769,941    104,798,956 
 Net loss for the 
  period                               -            -            -    (650,959)   (18,564,851)   (19,215,810) 
 
 Balance as at 30 
  June 2022                        9,167   76,113,180    (140,492)    9,396,201        205,090     85,583,146 
                           -------------  -----------  -----------  -----------  -------------  ------------- 
 Note:                                 8            8 
 

UNAUDITED CONDENSED INTERIM STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN EQUITY

FOR THE PERIOD FROM 1 JANUARY 2021 TO 30 JUNE 2021

 
 
                              Management 
                                Ordinary     Ordinary     Treasury      Revenue      Capital         Total 
                                  Shares       Shares       Shares     reserves     reserves        Equity 
                                     GBP          GBP          GBP          GBP          GBP           GBP 
 
 Balance as at 1 January 
  2021                             9,167   76,113,180    (140,492)   10,971,969   16,537,575   103,491,399 
 Net (loss) / gain 
  for the period                       -            -            -    (244,616)    2,981,961     2,737,345 
 
 Balance as at 30 
  June 2021                        9,167   76,113,180    (140,492)   10,727,353   19,519,536   106,228,744 
                           -------------  -----------  -----------  -----------  -----------  ------------ 
 Note:                                 8            8 
 
 
 UNAUDITED CONDENSED INTERIM STATEMENT OF CASH 
  FLOWS 
  FOR THE PERIOD FROM 1 JANUARY 2022 TO 30 JUNE 
  2022 
                                                                  Unaudited      Unaudited 
                                                                     Period         Period 
                                                                      ended          ended 
                                                                    30 June        30 June 
                                                                       2022           2021 
                                                        Note            GBP            GBP 
 Cash flows from operating activities 
 Net (loss)/gain for the period                                (19,215,810)      2,737,345 
 Adjustments to reconcile net gain for the period 
  to net cash used in operating activities: 
 Interest income                                                  (320,808)      (778,743) 
 Dividend income                                                    (7,249)       (39,189) 
 Net loss/ (gain) on financial assets at fair 
  value through profit or loss                           3       18,569,776    (2,994,059) 
 Net increase/(decrease) in other receivables                           567          (593) 
 Net decrease in payables                                          (54,524)        (4,980) 
                                                              -------------  ------------- 
                                                                (1,028,048)    (1,080,219) 
 Interest received                                                  514,027        837,191 
 Dividend received                                                    7,249         39,189 
                                                              -------------  ------------- 
 Net cash used in operating activities                            (506,772)      (203,839) 
                                                              -------------  ------------- 
 
 Cash flows from investing activities 
 Purchase of financial assets at fair value through 
  profit or loss                                                (1,209,441)   (12,665,636) 
 Sale of financial assets at fair value through 
  profit or loss                                                    768,643     12,781,961 
 Net cash (used in)/provided by investing activities              (440,798)        116,325 
                                                              -------------  ------------- 
 
 
 Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents                        (947,570)       (87,514) 
 
 Cash and cash equivalents at the beginning of 
  the period                                                      1,077,482        424,140 
 
 Cash and cash equivalents at the end of the 
  period                                                            129,912        336,626 
                                                              =============  ============= 
 
 

NOTES TO THE UNAUDITED CONDENSED INTERIM FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

FOR THE PERIOD FROM 1 JANUARY 2022 TO 30 JUNE 2022

   1.   GENERAL INFORMATION 

Baker Steel Resources Trust Limited (the "Company") is a closed-ended investment company with limited liability incorporated and domiciled on 9 March 2010 in Guernsey under the Companies (Guernsey) Law, 2008 with registration number 51576. The Company is a registered closed-ended investment scheme registered pursuant to the Protection of Investors (Bailiwick of Guernsey) Law, 2020 and the Registered Collective Investment Scheme Rules and Guidance, 2021 issued by the Guernsey Financial Services Commission ("GFSC"). On 28 April 2010 the Ordinary Shares and Subscription Shares of the Company were admitted to the Official List of the UK Listing Authority and to trading on the Main Market of the London Stock Exchange, Premium Segment.

On 16 July 2021 the Company re-joined the Association of Investment Companies ("AIC").

The final exercise date for the Subscription Shares was 2 April 2013. No Subscription Shares were exercised at this time and all residual/unexercised Subscription Shares were subsequently cancelled.

The Company's portfolio is managed by Baker Steel Capital Managers (Cayman) Limited (the "Manager"). The Manager has appointed Baker Steel Capital Managers LLP (the "Investment Manager") as the Investment Manager to carry out certain duties. The Company's investment objective is to seek capital growth over the long-term through a focused, global portfolio consisting principally of the equities, or related instruments, of natural resources companies. The Company invests predominantly in unlisted companies (i.e. those companies which have not yet made an Initial Public Offering ("IPO")) and also in listed securities (including special situations opportunities and less liquid securities) with a view to exploiting value inherent in market inefficiencies and pricing anomalies.

Baker Steel Capital Managers LLP was authorised to act as an Alternative Investment Fund Manager ("AIFM") of Alternative Investment Funds ("AIFs") on 22 July 2014. On 14 November 2014, the Investment Manager signed an amended Investment Management Agreement with the Company, to take into account AIFM regulations. AIFMD focuses on regulating the AIFM rather than the AIFs themselves, so the impact on the Company is limited.

The Half-Yearly financial report has not been audited or reviewed by the auditors pursuant to the Auditing Practices Board

Guidance on review of Interim Financial Information. However, the Board did procure the independent external auditor to undertake certain agreed upon procedures to assist the Audit Committee and Board with its review of this report.

   2.   SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES 

The unaudited condensed interim financial statements in the half year report for the six months ended 30 June 2022 have been prepared in accordance with International Accounting Standard (IAS) 34, 'Interim Financial Reporting' as adopted by the European Union. This half year report and condensed financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company's annual report and financial statements for the year ended 31 December 2021, which have been prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) as adopted by the European Union and are available at the Company's website (www.bakersteelresourcestrust.com).

The accounting policies adopted and methods of computation followed in the condensed interim financial statements are consistent with those applied in the preparation of the Company's annual financial statements for the year ended 31 December 2021 and are expected to be applied to the Company's annual financial statements for the year ending 31 December 2022.

   3.     FINANCIAL ASSETS AT FAIR VALUE THROUGH PROFIT OR LOSS 
 
                                                            Period           Year 
                                                          ended 30          ended 
                                                              June    31 December 
   Investment Summary:                                        2022           2021 
                                                               GBP            GBP 
 Opening book cost                                      82,910,887     81,003,041 
 Purchases at cost                                       1,209,440      2,536,249 
 Proceeds on sale of investments                         (768,643)    (3,712,697) 
 Net realised (losses)/gains                           (2,507,991)      3,084,294 
                                                      ------------  ------------- 
 Closing cost                                           80,843,963     82,910,887 
 Net unrealised gains                                    4,712,921     20,774,706 
                                                      ------------  ------------- 
 Financial assets held at fair value through profit 
  or loss                                               85,556,614    103,685,593 
                                                      ============  ============= 
 

The following table analyses net gains on financial assets at fair value through profit or loss for the period/year ended 30 June 2022, 31 December 2021 and 30 June 2021.

 
                                                 Period                       Period 
                                               ended 30     Year ended      ended 30 
                                                   June    31 December          June 
                                                   2022           2021          2021 
                                                    GBP            GBP           GBP 
 Financial assets at fair value through 
  profit or loss 
 Realised (losses)/gains on: 
 - Listed equity shares                     (1,117,529)      (792,604)     (273,452) 
 - Debt instruments                         (1,390,462)      3,893,470     3,933,880 
 - Warrants                                           -       (16,572)             - 
                                            (2,507,991)      3,084,294     3,660,428 
 Movement in unrealised (losses)/gains 
  on: 
  - Listed equity shares                   (14,370,970)      4,589,432     (399,854) 
  - Unlisted equity shares                      947,253      1,571,711     3,438,849 
  - Royalties                                   968,471      1,943,286     (445,518) 
  - Debt instruments                        (2,809,854)   (10,157,233)   (3,355,920) 
  - Warrants                                  (796,685)      1,222,604        96,074 
                                          -------------  -------------  ------------ 
                                           (16,061,785)      (830,200)     (666,369) 
                                          -------------  -------------  ------------ 
 Net gain on financial assets at fair 
  value through profit or loss             (18,569,776)      2,254,094     2,994,059 
                                          -------------  -------------  ------------ 
 

The following table analyses investments by type and by level within the fair valuation hierarchy at 30 June 2022.

 
                             Quoted prices 
                                 in active       Quoted market  Unobservable 
                                   markets   based observables        inputs 
                                   Level 1             Level 2       Level 3        Total 
                                       GBP                 GBP           GBP          GBP 
Financial assets at 
 fair value through profit 
 or loss 
Listed equity shares             5,852,841          10,763,497             -   16,616,338 
Unlisted equity shares                   -                   -    39,866,188   39,866,188 
Royalties                                -                   -    17,447,519   17,447,519 
Warrants                                 -                   -       567,408      567,408 
Debt instruments                         -                   -    11,059,161   11,059,161 
                             -------------  ------------------  ------------  ----------- 
                                 5,852,841          10,763,497    68,940,276   85,556,614 
                             =============  ==================  ============  =========== 
 

The following table analyses investments by type and by level within the fair valuation hierarchy at 31 December 2021.

 
                             Quoted prices 
                                 in active       Quoted market  Unobservable 
                                   markets   based observables        inputs 
                                   Level 1             Level 2       Level 3        Total 
                                       GBP                 GBP           GBP          GBP 
Financial assets at 
 fair value through profit 
 or loss 
Listed equity shares             4,879,486          14,064,224             -   18,943,710 
Unlisted equity shares                   -                   -    46,971,239   46,971,239 
Royalties                                -                   -    16,479,049   16,479,049 
Warrants                                 -                   -     1,364,093    1,364,093 
Debt instruments                         -                   -    19,927,502   19,927,502 
                             -------------  ------------------  ------------  ----------- 
                                 4,879,486          14,064,224    84,741,883  103,685,593 
                             =============  ==================  ============  =========== 
 

The table below shows a reconciliation of beginning to ending fair value balances for Level 3 investments and the amount of total gains or losses for the period included in net gain on financial assets and liabilities at fair value through profit or loss held at 30 June 2022.

 
 
                                 Unlisted 
 30 June 2022                    Equities    Royalties   Debt instruments     Warrants          Total 
                                      GBP          GBP                GBP          GBP            GBP 
 
 Opening balance 1 January 
  2022                         46,971,239   16,479,048         19,927,503    1,364,093     84,741,883 
 Purchases of investments               -            -             19,305            -         19,305 
 Sales of investments                   -            -                  -            -              - 
 Transfer from level 
  3                           (8,052,304)            -        (4,687,331)            -   (12,739,635) 
 Change in net unrealised 
  gains/(losses)                  947,253      968,471        (2,809,854)    (796,685)    (1,690,815) 
 Realised loss                          -            -        (1,390,462)            -    (1,390,462) 
                             ------------  -----------  -----------------  -----------  ------------- 
 Closing balance 30 June 
  2022                         39,866,188   17,447,519         11,059,161      567,408     68,940,276 
                             ------------  -----------  -----------------  -----------  ------------- 
 
 Unrealised gains on 
  investments still held 
  at 30 June 2022               3,603,818    5,657,542          1,541,103      554,283     11,357,746 
                             ============  ===========  =================  ===========  ============= 
 

The table below shows a reconciliation of beginning to ending fair value balances for Level 3 investments and the amount of total gains or losses for the year included in net loss on financial assets and liabilities at fair value through profit or loss held at 31 December 2021.

 
                                       Unlisted                        Debt 
 31 December 2021                      Equities    Royalties    instruments    Warrants         Total 
                                            GBP          GBP            GBP         GBP           GBP 
 
 Opening balance 1 January 
  2021                               36,987,733   14,512,762     43,780,112     141,489    95,422,096 
 Purchases of investments               300,143       23,000        541,140           -       864,283 
 Sales of investments                         -            -      (399,576)      16,572     (383,004) 
 Conversion*                         11,987,827            -   (12,730,410)           -     (742,583) 
 Transfer out of Level 3            (3,876,175)            -    (5,000,000)           -   (8,876,175) 
 Change in net unrealised 
  gains/losses                        1,571,711    1,943,286   (10,157,233)   1,222,604   (5,419,632) 
 Realised gains                               -            -      3,893,470    (16,572)     3,876,898 
                                   ------------  -----------  -------------  ----------  ------------ 
 Closing balance 31 December 
  2021                               46,971,239   16,479,048     19,927,503   1,364,093    84,741,883 
                                   ------------  -----------  -------------  ----------  ------------ 
 
 Unrealised gains on investments 
  still held at 31 December 
  2021                                7,686,978    4,689,071      2,948,246   1,350,968    16,675,263 
                                   ============  ===========  =============  ==========  ============ 
 

*Conversion of Futura and Anglo Saxony debt into Level 3 equity positions and Mines & Metal Trading into Silver X, a Level 1 investment.

It is the Company's policy to recognise a change in hierarchy level when there is a change in the status of the investment, for example when a listed company delists or vice versa, or when shares previously subject to a restriction have that restriction released. The transfers between levels are recorded either on the value of the investment immediately after the event or the carrying value of the investment at the beginning of the financial year.

In determining an investment's position within the fair value hierarchy, the Directors take into consideration the following factors :

Investments whose values are based on quoted market prices in active markets are classified within Level 1. These include listed equities with observable market prices. The Directors do not adjust the quoted price for such instruments, even in situations where the Company holds a large position and a sale could reasonably impact the quoted price. The Company holds a 35.8% interest in Azarga Metals which could impact the quoted price if it decided to sell the investment.

Investments that trade in markets that are not considered to be active but are valued based on quoted market prices, dealer quotations or alternative pricing sources supported by observable inputs, are classified within Level 2. These include certain less-liquid listed equities. Level 2 investments are valued with reference to the listed price of the shares should they be freely tradable after applying a discount for illiquidity if relevant. As Level 2 investments include positions that are not traded in active markets and/or are subject to transfer restrictions, valuations may be adjusted to reflect illiquidity and/or non-transferability, which are generally based on available market information. The Company held two Level 2 investments at 30 June 2022 (31 December 2021: one).

Investments classified within Level 3 have significant unobservable inputs. They include unlisted debt instruments, royalty rights, unlisted equity shares and warrants. Level 3 investments are valued using valuation techniques explained below. The inputs used by the Directors in estimating the value of Level 3 investments include the original transaction price, recent transactions in the same or similar instruments if representative in volume and nature, completed or pending third-party transactions in the underlying investment of comparable issuers, subsequent rounds of financing, recapitalisations and other transactions across the capital structure, offerings in the equity or debt capital markets, and changes in financial ratios or cash flows. Level 3 investments may also be adjusted with a discount to reflect illiquidity and/or non-transferability in the absence of market information.

Valuation methodology of Level 3 investments

The primary valuation technique is of "Latest Recent Transaction" being either recent external fund raises or transactions. In all cases the valuation considers whether there has been any change since the transaction that would indicate the price is no longer fair value. Where an unquoted investment has been acquired or where there has been a material arm's length transaction during the past six months it will be carried at transaction value, having taken into account any change in market conditions and the performance of the investee company between the transaction date and the valuation date. Where there has been no Latest Recent Transaction the primary valuation driver is IndexVal. For each core unlisted investment, the Company maintains a weighted average basket of listed companies which are comparable to the investment in terms of commodity, stage of development and location ("IndexVal"). IndexVal is used as an indication of how an investment's share price might have moved had it been listed. Movements in commodity prices are deemed to have been taken into account by the movement of IndexVal.

A secondary tool used by Management to evaluate potential investments as well as to provide underlying valuation references for the Fair Value already established is Development Risk Adjusted Value ("DRAV"). DRAVs are not a primary determinant of Fair Value. The Investment Manager prepares discounted cash flow models for the Company's core investments annually taking into account significant new information, and for decision making purposes when required. From these, DRAVs are derived. The computations are based on consensus forecasts for long term commodity prices and investee company management estimates of operating and capital costs. Some market analysts incorporate development risk into the discount rate in arriving at a net present value ("NPV"). Instead, the Investment Manager establishes an NPV discounted purely for cost of capital and country risk and then applies a further overall discount to the project economics dependent on where such project sits on the development curve per the DRAV calculations.

The valuation technique for Level 3 investments can be divided into six groups:

i. Transactions & Offers

Where there have been transactions within the past 6 months either through a capital raising by the investee company or known secondary market transactions, representative in volume and nature and conducted on an arm's length basis, this is taken as the primary driver for valuing Level 3 investments, having taken into account of any change in market conditions and the performance of the investee company between the transaction date and the valuation date. This includes offers, binding or otherwise from third parties around the year end which may not have completed prior to the period end but have a high chance of success and are considered to represent the situation at period end.

   ii.                IndexVal 

Where there have been no known transactions for 6 months, at the Company's half year and year end, movements in IndexVal will generally be taken into account in assessing Fair Value where there has been at least a 10% movement in IndexVal over at least a six-month period. The IndexVal results are used as an indication of trend and are viewed in the context of investee company progress and any requirement for finance in the short term for further progression.

   iii.               Royalty Valuation Model 

The rights to receive royalties are valued on projected cash flows taking into account expected time to production and development risk and adjusted for movement in commodity prices.

   iv.                EBITDA Multiple 

In the case of Cemos Group plc, which moved to full production during 2020 and so could reflect maintainable earnings, it is a cement plant with no defined life like a mining project and therefore has been valued on the basis of a multiple of historical and forecast earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortisation when compared to listed comparable cement producers.

v. Warrants

Warrants are valued using a simplified Black Scholes model taking into account time to expiry, exercise price and volatility. Where there is no established market for the underlying shares the average volatility of the companies in that investment's basket of IndexVal comparables is utilised in the Black Scholes model.

   vi.               Convertible loans 

Convertible loans are valued taking into account credit risk and the value of the conversion aspect.

Quantitative information on significant unobservable inputs - Level 3

 
                                                                                         Range of 
                                                                                     unobservable 
                           30 June                                                          input 
                              2022                               Unobservable           (weighted 
 Description                   GBP    Valuation technique            input               average) 
 Unlisted Equity        15,189,232   Transactions            Private transactions        n/a 
 Unlisted Equity        16,126,154   IndexVal                Change in index             n/a 
 Unlisted Equity         8,370,684   EBITDA Multiple         EBITDA Multiple             n/a 
                                                             Exploration 
                                                              results, study 
 Unlisted Equity           180,118   Other                    results, financing         n/a 
                                                             Commodity price 
                                     Royalty Valuation        and discount 
 Unlisted Equity        17,447,519    Model                   risk                       n/a 
 
 Debt Instruments 
 Black Pearl Limited                 Valued at mean          Estimated recovery 
  Partnership            1,440,151    estimated recovery      range                    +/-50% 
                                     Valued at fair 
 Other Convertible                    value with reference   Rate of Credit 
  Debentures/Loans       9,596,733    to credit risk          Risk                     0%-60% 
                                      Simplified Black 
 Warrants                  360,402     & Scholes Model       Volatilities                50% 
                                     Valued at fair          Political risk 
 Unkur Option              207,006    value                   discount                 40%-80% 
 
 
                                                                                          Range of 
                                                                                      unobservable 
                        31 December                                                          input 
                               2021                               Unobservable           (weighted 
 Description                    GBP    Valuation technique            input               average) 
 
 Unlisted Equity         20,914,006   Transactions            Private transactions        n/a 
 Unlisted Equity         16,587,037   IndexVal                Change in index             n/a 
 Unlisted Equity          9,306,914   EBITDA Multiple         EBITDA Multiple             n/a 
 Royalties               16,479,048   Royalty Valuation       Commodity price             n/a 
                                       model                   and discount 
                                                               rate risk 
 Unlisted Equity            163,284   Other                   Exploration                 n/a 
                                                               results, study 
                                                               results, financing 
 Debt Instruments 
 Black Pearl Limited                  Valued at mean          Estimated recovery 
  Partnership             1,292,467    estimated recovery      range                    +/-50% 
 Other Convertible        2,157,657   IndexVal                Change in Index             n/a 
  Debentures/Loans 
                                      Valued at fair 
 Other Convertible                     value with reference   Rate of Credit 
  Debentures/Loans       16,477,378    to credit risk          Risk                     20%-40% 
                                      Simplified Black 
 Warrants                 1,364,093    Scholes Model          Volatilities                50% 
 

Information on third party transactions in unlisted equities is derived from the Investment Manager's market contacts. The change in IndexVal for each particular unlisted equity is derived from the weighted average movements of the individual baskets for that equity so it is not possible to quantify the range of such inputs.

Sensitivity analysis to significant changes in unobservable inputs within Level 3 investments

The significant unobservable inputs used in the fair value measurement categorised within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy together with a quantitative sensitivity analysis as at 30 June 2022 are as shown below:

 
 Description             Input                         Sensitivity   Effect on Fair 
                                                        used*         Value (GBP) 
                         Transactions & Expected 
 Unlisted Equity          Transactions                   +/-10%           +/- 1,518,923 
 Unlisted Equity         Change in IndexVal            +135%/-80%    +21,770,308/-12,900,923 
 Unlisted Equity         EBITDA Multiple                 +/-20%           +/-1,674,137 
 Royalties               Commodity Price                 +/-20%           +/- 3,484,392 
 Royalties               Discount Rate                   +/-20%       -1,326,703/+1,547,820 
 Debt Instruments 
 Black Pearl 
  Limited Partnership    Probability weighting           +/-33%            +/-480,050 
 Others/Loans            Risk discount rate              +/-20%        -2,044,238/+201,614 
 Others/Loans            Volatility                      +/-40%           +57,342/-517 
                         Transactions and expected 
 Unkor Option             transactions                   +/-20%            -/+ 162,000 
 Warrants                Volatility of index basket      +/-40%          -15,938/+18,353 
 
 

* The sensitivity analysis refers to a percentage amount added or deducted from the input and the effect this has on the fair value. The +135%/-80% sensitivity was used as this was the range of movements of the constituents in the IndexVal basket for Nussir and Futura..

The significant unobservable inputs used in the fair value measurement categorised within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy together with a quantitative sensitivity analysis as at 31 December 2021 are as shown below:

 
 Description             Input                      Sensitivity   Effect on Fair 
                                                     used          Value (GBP) 
                         Transactions & Expected 
 Unlisted Equity          Transactions                +/- 10%          +/- 2,091,401 
 Unlisted Equity         Change in IndexVal         +101%/-57%*   + 16,752,907/-9,454,611 
 Unlisted Equity         EBITDA Multiple              +/- 20%          +/-1,861,383 
 Royalties               Commodity Price              +/-20%           +/- 3,291,141 
 Royalties               Discount Rate                +/-20%           +/-4,788,365 
 Debt Instruments 
 Black Pearl 
  Limited Partnership    Probability weighting        +/-33%            +/-426,514 
 Others/Loans            Risk discount rate           +/-20%       -2,417,009/+1,292,006 
 Convertibles/Loans      Volatility                   +/-40%         +704,696/-262,075 
 Warrants                Volatility                   +/-40%          -36,769/+56,488 
 

* The sensitivity analysis refers to a percentage amount added or deducted from the input and the effect this has on the fair value. The +101%/-57% sensitivity was used as this was the range of movements of the constituents in the IndexVal basket for Bilboes Gold, Kanga Potash and Prism.

   4.   OTHER FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS 

The Directors consider the carrying amount for financial instruments such as cash and cash equivalents and short-term receivables and payables, are a reasonable approximation of fair values.

Cash and cash equivalents include cash in hand, deposits held with banks and other short-term investments in an active market.

Other assets include the contractual amounts for settlement of the trades and other obligations due to the Company. Investment management fees payable, Directors' fees payable, audit fees payable, administration fees payable and other payables represent the contractual amounts and obligations due by the Company for settlement for trades and expenses.

   5.   NET ASSET VALUE PER SHARE AND GAIN PER SHARE 

Net asset value per share is based on the net assets of GBP 85,583,146 (31 December 2021: GBP 104,798,956) and 106,462,502 (31 December 2021: 106,462,502) Ordinary Shares, being the number of shares in issue at 30 June 2022 excluding 700,000 shares which are held in treasury. The calculation for basic and diluted NAV per share is as below:

 
                                            30 June 2022   31 December 2021 
                                         Ordinary Shares    Ordinary Shares 
 Net assets at the period end (GBP)           85,583,146        104,798,956 
 Number of shares                            106,462,502        106,462,502 
 Net asset value per share (in pence) 
  basic and diluted                                 80.4               98.4 
 Weighted average number of shares           106,462,502        106,462,502 
 

The basic and diluted loss per share for the period ended 30 June 2022, of 18.05 pence per share (30 June 2021 gain of 2.57 pence per share), is based on the net loss for the period of the Company of GBP19,215,810 (30 June 2021: GBP2,737,345) and on 106,462,502 shares (30 June 2021: 106,462,502) being the weighted average number of Ordinary Shares in issue during the period.

   6.   TAXATION 

The Company is a Guernsey Exempt Company and is therefore not subject to taxation in Guernsey on its income under the Income Tax (Exempt Bodies) (Guernsey) Ordinance, 1989. An annual exemption fee of GBP1,200 (2021: GBP1,200) has been paid. The Company may, however, be exposed to taxes in certain other territories in which it invests such as withholding taxes on interest payments and dividends and taxes on realisations of investments.

   7.   MANAGEMENT AND PERFORMANCE FEES 

The Manager was appointed pursuant to a management agreement with the Company dated 31 March 2010 (the "Management Agreement"). The Company pays to the Manager a management fee which is equal to 1/12th of 1.75 per cent of the total average market capitalisation of the Company during each month. The management fee is calculated and accrued as at the last business day of each month and is paid monthly in arrears. The Investment Manager's fees are paid by the Manager.

The management fee for the period ended 30 June 2022 was GBP649,850 (30 June 2021: GBP 816,287) of which GBP95,289 (31 December 2021: GBP 122,894 ) was outstanding at the period end.

The Manager is also entitled to a performance fee. The Performance Period is each 12-month period ending on 31 December (the "Performance Period"). The amount of the performance fee is 15 per cent of the total increase in the NAV, if the Hurdle has been met, at the end of the relevant Performance Period, over the highest previously recorded NAV as at the end of a Performance Period in respect of which a performance fee was last accrued, having made adjustments for numbers of Ordinary Shares issued and/or repurchased ("Highwater Mark"). The Hurdle is the Issue Price multiplied by the shares in issue, increased at a rate of 8% per annum compounded to the end of the relevant performance period. In addition, the performance fee will only become payable if there have been sufficient net realised gains. As at 30 June 2022, the Highwater Mark was the equivalent of approximately 93.9 pence per share with the relevant Hurdle being the equivalent of approximately 157 pence per share. There were no earned performance fees for the current or prior period.

If the Company wishes to terminate the Management Agreement without cause it is required to give the Manager 12 months prior notice or pay to the Manager an amount equal to: (a) the aggregate investment management fee which would otherwise have been payable during the 12 months following the date of such notice (such amount to be calculated for the whole of such period by reference to the Market Capitalisation prevailing on the Valuation Day on or immediately prior to the date of such notice); and (b) any performance fee accrued at the end of any Performance Period which ended on or prior to termination and which remains unpaid at the date of termination which shall be payable as soon as, and to the extent that, sufficient cash or other liquid assets are available to the Company (as determined in good faith by the Directors), provided that such accrued performance fee shall be paid prior to the Company making any new investment or settling any other liabilities; and (c) where termination does not occur at 31 December in any year, any performance fee accrued at the date of termination shall be payable as soon as and to the extent that sufficient cash or other liquid assets are available to the Company (as determined in good faith by the Directors), provided that such accrued performance fee shall be paid prior to the Company making any new investment or settling any other liabilities.

   8.     SHARE CAPITAL 

The share capital of the Company on incorporation was represented by an unlimited number of Ordinary Shares of no par value. The Company may issue an unlimited number of shares of a nominal or par value and/or of no par value or a combination of both.

The Company has a total of 106,453,335 (31 December 2021: 106,453,335) Ordinary Shares in issue with an additional 700,000 (31 December 2021: 700,000) held in treasury. In addition, the Company has 9,167 (31 December 2021: 9,167) Management Ordinary Shares in issue, which are held by the Investment Manager.

The Ordinary Shares are admitted to the Premium Listing segment of the Official List of the London Stock Exchange. Holders of Ordinary Shares have the right to receive notice of and to attend and vote at general meetings of the Company.

Each holder of Ordinary Shares being present in person or by proxy at a meeting will, upon a show of hands, have one vote and upon a poll each such holder of Ordinary Shares present in person or by proxy will have one vote for each Ordinary Share held by him.

The details of issued share capital of the Company are as follows:

 
                                            30 June 2022             31 December 2021 
                                                        No. of                     No. of 
                                          Amount       shares*       Amount       shares* 
                                             GBP                        GBP 
 Issued and fully paid share 
  capital 
 Ordinary Shares of no par value**    76,122,347   107,162,502   76,122,347   107,162,502 
 (including Management Ordinary 
  Shares) 
 Treasury Shares                       (140,492)     (700,000)    (140,492)     (700,000) 
                                     -----------                ----------- 
 Total Share Capital                  75,981,855                 75,981,855 
                                     -----------                ----------- 
 

The outstanding Ordinary Shares as at the period ended 30 June 2022 are as follows:

 
 
 
                                          Ordinary Shares              Treasury Shares 
                                                                                 No. of 
                                    Amount   No. of shares*        Amount        shares 
                                       GBP                            GBP 
 Balance at 1 January 2022 & 
  30 June 2022                  76,122,347      106,462,502       140,492       700,000 
                               -----------  ---------------  ------------  ------------ 
 
 

* Includes 9,167 (31 December 2021: 9,167) Management Ordinary Shares.

** The value reported for the Ordinary Shares represents the net of subscriptions and redemptions (including any associated expenses).

The outstanding Ordinary Shares as at the year ended 31 December 2021 are as follows:

 
 
 
                                      Ordinary Shares          Treasury Shares 
                                                                         No. of 
                                    Amount   No. of shares*    Amount    shares 
                                       GBP                        GBP 
 Balance at 1 January 2021 & 
  31 December 2021              76,122,347      106,462,502   140,492   700,000 
                               -----------  ---------------  --------  -------- 
 
 

* Includes 9,167 (31 December 2021: 9,167) Management Ordinary Shares.

   9.     RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS 

The Investment Manager, Baker Steel Capital Managers LLP, had an interest in 9,167 Management Ordinary Shares at 30 June 2022 (31 December 2021: 9,167).

The Management fees paid and accrued for the period are disclosed under Note 7.

Baker Steel Global Funds SICAV - Precious Metals Fund ("Precious Metals Fund") had an interest of 4,922,877 Ordinary Shares in the Company at 30 June 2022 (31 December 2021: 4,922,877). Precious Metals Fund shares a common Investment Manager with the Company.

David Baker and Trevor Steel, Directors of the Manager, are interested in the shares held by Northcliffe Holdings Limited

and The Sonya Trust respectively, which are therefore considered to be Related Parties. Northcliffe Holdings Limited holds

12,452,177 shares (31 December 2021; 12,452,177) and The Sonya Trust holds 12,722,129 shares (31 December 2021: 12,722,129).

David Staples, a Director of the Company holds 35,000 shares in the Company.

Management fees and Directors' fees paid and accrued during the periods to 30 June were:

 
                                        2022              2021 
                                         GBP               GBP 
         Management fees             649,850           816,287 
         Directors' fees              57,500            57,500 
 

The Management fees and Directors' fees outstanding at the period-end were:

 
                                     30 June 2022           31 December 2021 
                                              GBP                        GBP 
         Management fees                   95,289                    122,894 
         Directors' fees                   28,750                     28,750 
 

10. SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

On 21 July 2022, the Company and the other shareholders of Bilboes signed an agreement to sell Bilboes to Caledonia Mining Corporation Plc. The Company's share of the consideration for its 24.2% shareholding in Bilboes will be 800,000 shares in Caledonia together with a 1% net smelter royalty ("NSR") over the future gold production from the Bilboes properties. Completion of the transaction is subject to a number of conditions precedent, which are expected to be satisfied before the end of 2022.

There were no other events subsequent to the period end that had a material impact on the Company.

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September 15, 2022 12:59 ET (16:59 GMT)

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