TIDMINL

RNS Number : 5650D

Inland Homes PLC

30 June 2021

30 June 2021

Inland Homes plc

('Inland Homes' or the 'Group')

Interim Results for the six-month period ended 31 March 2021

DELIVERING ON THE GROUP'S STRATEGIC OBJECTIVES

Inland Homes plc (AIM: INL), the housebuilder, partnership housing developer and regeneration specialist, today announces its interim results for the six-month period ended 31 March 2021.

Stephen Wicks, Chief Executive at Inland Homes, commented:

"One of our key objectives is to continue the progress we are making on the reduction of our net debt. Solid progress has been made in the first half and we expect this process to continue through to the year end.

"We continue to see increased demand for our quality land assets and planning expertise in the asset management division from investors, developers, Build to Rent operators and housing associations. During the reporting period, we secured planning on the Hillingdon and Walthamstow schemes within this division, which combined, will deliver 1,097 new homes. The asset management division remains an area of focus for the business. The capital light nature of this work is geared to positive cash generation and we expect to see further growth.

"I would like to thank all our employees for their continued hard work and ability to adapt to the continually changing external environment. There is still a fundamental shortage of new homes, while demand for consented land with planning permission and affordable housing in the South and South East of England remains strong."

Highlights

Inland Homes continues to deliver on its key strategic objectives, namely: the reduction of net debt, optimising the returns from our valuable land bank, growing the capital light asset management business, maximising the value of the land we own with planning consent and delivering much needed new homes.

-- Gross development value of the Group's portfolio was up by 3.2% at GBP3.2bn (30 September 2020: GBP3.1bn).

-- Land bank at 31 March 2021 totalled 10,573 plots (30 September 2020: 11,045 plots, 31 March 2021: 9,143), a 4.3% decline from the year end.

-- Excluding joint ventures, the Group sold 101 private homes (30 September 2020: 96, 31 March 2020: 56) and a hotel, realising GBP39.0m (30 September 2020: GBP23.8m, 31 March 2020: GBP13.8m) during the period. The average selling price of these homes was GBP254,000 (30 September 2020: GBP287,000, 31 March 2020: GBP241,000).

-- The Group's capital light asset management division continues to show strong growth and at 31 March 2021 is engaged on six projects, which have the potential for more than 3,275 new homes (30 September 2020: 3,181).

-- A resolution to grant planning permission for 583 units was achieved on the former Homebase site in Walthamstow, with detailed planning consent granted in April 2021. Contracts have been exchanged to sell 355 private units for a total consideration of GBP116m, including a build contract of GBP88.5m awarded to Inland Partnerships.

-- The Group's joint venture, High Wycombe Developments Limited, completed the planned block sale to Build to Rent operator PGIM.

-- Cash and cash equivalents increased by 78% since year end to GBP28.0m (30 September 2020: GBP15.7m; 31 March 2020: GBP17.8m) which includes restricted cash of GBP13.8m (30 September 2020: GBP4.7m, 31 March 2020 GBP1.2m).

-- Net debt at 31 March 2021 was GBP132.9m representing a 10% reduction since the year end (30 September 2020: GBP148.2m, 31 March 2020: GBP152.3m). In addition, at 31 March 2021 the Group has further undrawn bank facilities of GBP39.2m (30 September 2020: GBP45.8m, 31 March 2020: GBP27.7m).

-- Net gearing at 31 March 2021 was 79.1% (31 March 2020: 96.2%), a reduction of has decreased by 6.4% as at 31 March 2021 and was 79.1% (31 March 2020: 96.2%), compared to the previous year end at 30 September 2020, when net gearing was 85.5%.

-- Revenue up 31% at GBP78.0m for the six months ended 31 March 2021(31 March 2020: GBP59.6m), including GBP13.2m for the sale of a 105-bedroom hotel in Bournemouth, pre let to Premier Inn, at the Group's Wessex site.

-- The loss before taxation amounted of GBP5.8m (30 September 2020: profit before taxation of GBP3.7m, 31 March 2020: loss before taxation GBP7.2m).

Financial and operational

The results for the six-month period were adversely affected by timing of activity and two non-recurring items.

First, a GBP4.5m asset management fee relating to planning consent at Walthamstow which had been forecast to be received in the first half of the financial year, was achieved in mid-April 2021. Additionally, the Group was made aware of previously unforeseen and additional costs of approximately GBP3.2m relating to one housebuilding site and one partnership housing contract income contract. This negative impact was partly offset by GBP1.0m of additional housebuilding revenues at two other housebuilding sites where achieved prices exceeded budget.

Notwithstanding these items and based on management's current expectations regarding the timing of planning applications on certain sites and planned sales completions, the financial outlook for the Group for this financial year remains unchanged.

There was a decline in the EPRA undiluted NAV per share to 97.80p (30 September 2020: 103.96p, 31 March 2020: 109.30p) due to market valuation fluctuations in the underlying land portfolio of GBP8.3m.

The Group exchanged contracts to sell a further 53 plots for GBP14.0m at its flagship development at Wilton Park, Beaconsfield which is scheduled to complete in September 2021. The Group released the first of the existing homes at Wilton Park that were acquired with the site in 2008. These houses, originally let to the Ministry of Defence service personnel, have been substantially renovated and reconfigured. Five of the properties were reserved at 31 March 2021 and subsequently at the date of this report, eight completions have been achieved, for a total consideration of GBP5.2m.

During the period, the Group submitted planning applications for 1,893 homes and received outline or detailed approval for 666 new homes and 5,985 square feet of commercial space. Planning applications submitted include an application for a residentially led mixed-use scheme with 1,629 homes on the 36-acre Cavalry Barracks site in Hounslow, one of the largest brownfield sites in London with an estimated gross development value of GBP600m.

Following receipt of planning consent for 583 units on the former Homebase site in Walthamstow in April 2021, contracts have been exchanged to sell 355 private units for a total consideration of GBP116m, including a build contract of GBP88.5m awarded to Inland Partnerships. This is Inland Partnership's largest award to date and takes the partnership housing contract income forward order book to GBP139.9m. Inland Partnerships is additionally at an advanced stage of negotiations with a major G15 housing association to deliver the remaining homes on this important inner-city site.

A resolution to grant planning permission for 700 new homes, including 220 affordable houses and 25,000 square feet of commercial space was obtained at Gardiners Park Village in Basildon in conjunction with Homes England in May 2021.

Outline planning consent for 205 new homes on Parcel 1b and a detailed planning consent for 22 new homes, commercial space and community facilities on Parcel 14 have been received at the Group's joint venture development at Cheshunt.

The Group won the WhatHouse? 2020 Gold award in the Best Regeneration Scheme category for its sought-after Chapel Riverside scheme in Southampton.

Hugg Homes was the winner of the 'Innovator of the Year: Housing Delivery' at the UK Housing Awards demonstrating the Group's commitment to socially affordable housing solutions for all.

Enquiries

Inland Homes plc: Tel: 44 (0)1494 762450

Stephen Wicks, Chief Executive

Nishith Malde, Finance Director

Gary Skinner, Managing Director

Panmure Gordon (UK) Limited Tel: 44 (0)20 7886 2500

Dominic Morley

Erik Anderson

Instinctif Partners Tel: 44 (0)20 7457 2020

Tim McCall

Rosie Driscoll

Galyna Kulachek

The information contained in this Announcement is deemed by the Company to constitute inside information as stipulated under the Market Abuse Regulations (Regulation 596/2014), as it forms part of domestic law by virtue of the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018 ("MAR").

Notes to Editors:

Incorporated in the UK in 2005, Inland Homes plc is an AIM-listed specialist housebuilder and brownfield developer, dedicated to achieving excellence in sustainability and design.

Inland Homes acquires brownfield land in the South and South East of England principally for residentially led development schemes. The business then enhances the land value by obtaining planning permission, before building open market and affordable homes or selling surplus consented land to other developers to generate cash.

The Company is committed to extensive public and community consultation in order to ensure that, where possible, local community needs and objectives are met.

Inland's aim is to create sustainable communities and homes which set a benchmark for all future developments in the South and South East of England. The Company is always looking for brownfield sites without planning permission for future development.

Environmental, Social and Governance credentials

Inland Homes is committed to ensuring its land, housebuilding and partnership housing activities leave a positive lasting legacy. As specialists in brownfield site regeneration the Group already has a proud history of adding lasting value through its expertise and experience in site remediation, which allows derelict and near derelict land to be regenerated and used for the construction of new homes.

As a responsible business and against the broader backdrop of an escalating global climate issue, Inland Homes has developed its Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) framework. The Group's ESG framework, which has been aligned to four of the UN Sustainable Development Goals, sets out our high-level commitments. Using this framework, we are now focused on developing a full ESG strategy. The strategy will identify clear goals and metrics to enable us to measure and report on our performance and success in this space.

For further information, please visit: the Inland Homes website at: www.inlandhomesplc.com

Hugg Homes - www.hugghomes.co.uk

Rosewood Housing - www.rosewoodhousing.co.uk

CHAIRMAN'S STATEMENT

Introduction

This is my first statement to shareholders, having become Chairman in March 2021. Despite the global COVID-19 pandemic and the headwinds in the housebuilding sector, the Group started this financial year with cautious optimism. Inland Homes has a flexible business model and generates income from multiple sources, which allows it to adapt to reflect changing market circumstances.

In light of the current market conditions, the Group's key strategic priorities remain: the reduction of net debt, optimising the returns from our valuable land bank, growing the capital light asset management business, maximising the value of the land we own with planning consent and delivering homes which meet the market's needs in the most cost-effective way.

The health and safety of our staff, colleagues, customers and suppliers remains our upmost priority. Inland Homes is an agile business and has risen to the challenges created by the COVID-19 pandemic, buoyed by strong demand for housing in the first six months. I would like to personally thank all our staff for all their continued hard work and support.

Delivering on the Group's strategic objectives

Reduction of net debt

One of the key strategic priorities of the Group is the reduction of net debt. Following the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Group quickly took several decisive measures designed to reduce costs and preserve cash. Most of these measures remain in place and have proved highly effective. Cash and cash equivalents have increased by 78% since the year end to GBP28.0m (30 September 2020: GBP15.7m; 31 March 2020: GBP17.8m), which includes restricted cash of GBP13.8m (30 September 2020: GBP4.7m, 31 March 2020: GBP1.2m) held on behalf of Homes England.

Additionally, the Group has completed a considerable amount of work in successfully extending the maturity of its debt facilities. Net debt at 31 March 2021 was GBP132.9m representing a 10% reduction since the year end (30 September 2020: GBP148.2m, 31 March 2020: GBP152.3m). Net gearing at 31 March 2021 was 79.1% (31 March 2020: 96.2%) compared to the previous year end at 30 September 2020, when net gearing was 85.6%. In addition, at 31 March 2021 the Group has further undrawn bank facilities of GBP39.2m (30 September 2020: GBP45.8m, 31 March 2020: GBP27.7m).

Optimising the returns from the Group's valuable land bank

Inland Homes' valuable land bank is the foundation of the Group's business. Inland Homes looks to achieve a balanced return from its land bank. Short and medium-term returns are achieved by the sale of plots with planning consent or the sale of whole consented sites and partnership housing contracts with local authorities and Build to Rent (BtR) investors. Longer-term returns are delivered from the Group's strategic land bank, where plots are usually controlled by way of a discount to market value option.

At 31 March 2021, the gross development value of the Group's portfolio was GBP3.2bn (30 September 2020: GBP3.1bn).

In a strong land market, the Group will look to selectively optimise the returns from its existing land bank in the coming months, where attractive returns can be made.

Growing the capital light asset management business

At the heart of Inland Homes' business is finding brownfield sites, obtaining planning consent, remediating the land where necessary, installing the infrastructure and then either developing the site ourselves or selling it on to a third party. In recent years we have been expanding our asset management division, where typically much of the capital for the project is found from external investors. The Group enters into a planning and management services agreement which typically requires the procurement of a relevant site, obtains planning consent using our considerable experience in this field, and proposes a plan for the disposal of the site once planning permission has been obtained.

Our asset management division benefits the Group in three principal ways: it optimises the Group's land and planning expertise, it significantly reduces the capital investment required and it enables Inland Homes to earn management fees as the various milestones of the project are achieved. As the projects are capital light (where our skills and expertise are the service), the schemes can generate significant and attractive returns.

Typically, these transactions are structured so that any debt incurred is generally non-recourse to the Group and on the sale of a site with planning consent, a partnership housing contract may be secured by Inland Homes for the construction of the homes.

At 31 March 2021, we currently have six active projects that have the potential for more than 3,275 new homes (30 September 2020: 3,100). In the first half of the year, the Group submitted a planning application for 1,629 homes at Cavalry Barracks, Hounslow and received outline planning consent for 583 homes at the former Homebase store in Walthamstow. Detailed planning consent was achieved in April 2021 at Walthamstow and in line with the asset management model outlined above, contracts have now been exchanged for the private units within this site, for a total consideration of GBP116m.

Maximising the value of the land we own with planning consent

The decision to sell, develop or partner with third parties is based on a site-by-site assessment of which activity will deliver the best returns, subject to the overriding cash requirements of the Group.

The total number of land bank plots at 31 March 2021 was 10,573 (30 September 2020: 11,045), which represents a marginal decline from the year end but nevertheless represents a strong land bank position.

The Group's land bank consists of plots with planning permission amounting to 2,886 (30 September 2020: 2,470), plots where planning has been submitted amounting to 3,535 (30 September 2020: 1,819), plots where planning has yet to be submitted amounting to 1,385 (30 September 2020: 3,961) and strategic land bank plots amounting to 2,767 (30 September 2020: 2,795).

Deliver homes which meet the market's needs

Inland Homes designs and builds new homes that are targeted at the first-time buyer. The Group's credentials as a high-quality housebuilder are evidenced by the number of award-winning developments. In line with customer demand, the priority for the Group remains the construction of houses, rather than apartments, for private sale.

During the period, the underlying residential housing market has been strong as a result of a number of factors, including the plentiful supply of mortgages with low interest rates, the extension of the stamp duty holiday until June 2021 and the shortage of supply, which was exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic.

Against this economic backdrop, excluding joint ventures, the Group sold 101 private homes (30 September 2020: 96, 31 March 2020: 56) and a hotel, realising in aggregate GBP39.0m (30 September 2020: GBP23.8m, 31 March 2020: GBP13.8m) during the period. The average selling price of these homes was GBP254,000 (30 September 2020: GBP287,000, 31 March 2020: GBP241,000), with 51.5% of these sales making use of the Help to Buy scheme (31 March 2020: 48%). The Group's net private reservation rate per active sales outlet was 0.68 (31 March 2020: 0.71) unit.

Land portfolio

In the first half of the Group's financial year, Inland Homes submitted planning applications for 1,893 homes and received outline or detailed approval for 666 new homes and 5,985 square feet of commercial space. A resolution to grant planning permission, subject to the signing of a Section 106 agreement, for 700 new homes, including 220 affordable houses and 25,000 square feet of commercial space at Gardiners Park Village in Basildon was received in May 2021.

The planning application for the 54-acre Gardiners Park Village site was submitted in conjunction with Homes England, which has a majority interest in the site and with whom the Group has been working since April 2020. In addition to the commercial space, the development will also provide a site for a new school and sporting facilities. The land for this development will be acquired over a five-year period and the gross development value for the site is estimated to be around GBP200m.

Inland Homes' flagship development at Wilton Park, Beaconsfield is set to provide 304 new homes, and related community facilities. In September 2020, we completed the sale of 94 plots to Bewley Homes, a specialist high quality residential developer. This sale is part of phase I and II of the overall project, which comprises 147 new homes, including 40 affordable homes.

At the start of the period under review, the Group released for sale the first of the existing homes at Wilton Park that were acquired with the site. These houses, which were originally let to Ministry of Defence service personnel, have been substantially renovated and reconfigured, to include new open plan living areas and contemporary kitchens and bathrooms. Five of the properties were reserved at 31 March 2021 and subsequently at the date of this report, eight completions have been achieved, for a total consideration of GBP5.2m.

Inland Homes is working with Broxbourne Borough Council and others to transform the Group's joint venture development at Cheshunt Lakeside, Cheshunt. Planning permission has been agreed and the plans will transform the site, with 1,725 new homes, new business space and other community amenities, including a new primary school. Phase I of the scheme was sold to a local housing association in June 2020, with the Group being awarded the associated contract to construct 195 apartments. Construction commenced in October 2020 and is progressing well.

A resolution to grant detailed planning consent for Parcel 1b for 205 new homes and a detailed planning consent for Parcel 14 for 22 new homes, commercial space and community facilities have been received. Discussions are underway with a number of interested parties who have expressed an interest in the site for partnership housing.

The Group also concluded the sale of a 105-bedroom hotel at the Group's Wessex Hotel site in Bournemouth, pre let to Premier Inn, to Aviva for GBP13.2m. The construction is the first hotel built by Inland Homes. At the same site, the Group is also constructing 94 apartments with construction due to be completed shortly. The development is within a renowned seaside destination and to date sales have been very promising, with 12 apartments sold at 31 March 2021 and 26 at the date of this report.

Inland Homes was delighted to win the WhatHouse? 2020 Gold award in the Best Regeneration Scheme category for its sought-after Chapel Riverside scheme in Southampton. This nine-acre regeneration project on a former derelict brownfield site will deliver, on a phased basis, 520 new one, two, and three-bedroom homes and 64,000 square feet of commercial space. The site has required extensive remediation and civil engineering works including the demolition of disused buildings, ground decontamination and the sinking of a 25m diameter water tank below ground level. The level of the site has been raised and the first 210m section of the sea wall to protect the city from flooding has been completed. Within the current phase, of the 108 apartments constructed to date, I am pleased to report that 68 were sold at 31 March 2021 and 88 at the date of this report, with a further 18 reserved for sale.

In May 2021, the Group also fully repaid Homes England who had provided the development finance for the Chapel Riverside scheme.

Asset management

Since the start of the financial year, the Group's asset management business has continued to show strong growth.

Having secured planning consent in April 2021 for 583 units on the former Homebase store in Walthamstow, we are delighted to announce that contracts have been exchanged with London BTR Investment Holdings to sell 355 private units for a total consideration of GBP116m. This includes a GBP88.5m build contract awarded to Inland Partnerships.

The Group has also submitted a planning application for a residentially led mixed-use scheme for 1,629 homes on the 36-acre site Cavalry Barracks site in Hounslow. This site represents one of the largest brownfield sites in London, with an estimated gross development value of GBP600m. The Group currently anticipates that planning permission will be granted on this site during the first half of our next financial year.

The Hillingdon Gardens scheme at the former Master Brewer site in Hillingdon has been the cause of much frustration. Inland Homes' scheme will transform the currently derelict former commercial site into a residentially led mixed-use neighbourhood with a network of pedestrianised areas, landscaped public squares and additional green spaces.

Previously, the Group had submitted a planning application for 514 much needed new homes on this site, including 182 affordable homes. The Secretary of State resolved that the application could be determined at local level by the Greater London Authority and planning consent was granted in April 2021.

Subsequently, the London Borough of Hillingdon has sought a judicial review of this decision. The legal advice the Group has received indicates that the claim has no merit, but the timeline for resolution of this issue is outside of the Group's control. The Group will provide an update in due course.

The Group also has two further sites in Barking and Dagenham and planning applications for 364 new homes on these two sites have recently been submitted.

Partnership housing contract income

The Group continues to see increasing demand from affordable housing providers and BtR operators for partnership housing. The advantage for Inland Homes is that the Group can recognise a return from the land sale and make returns and generate cash flow from the associated build contract over the medium term.

At 31 March 2021, contracting income is substantially ahead of the comparative period last year. The number of partnership homes under construction amounted to 946 (30 September 2020: 1,302 homes).

The Group has a build contract with Clarion Housing Group for the construction of 325 residential units at its site in Merrielands, Dagenham. The development of this four-acre site, originally part of the Ford car plant, will provide more than 16,000 square feet of commercial space and other associated amenity areas.

Additionally, as referred to above, the Group has just exchanged a GBP88.5m build contract with a BtR operator for the construction of 355 private homes at the former Homebase store in Walthamstow. Construction of the homes is set to commence in September 2021, with build completion anticipated in 2025. This is Inland Partnerships largest award to date and takes the partnership housing contract income forward order book to GBP139.9m. In addition, Inland Partnerships is at an advanced stage of negotiations with a major G15 housing association to deliver the remaining homes on this important inner-city site.

The Group continues to seek partnership housing contract income contracts, which provide an exit for land disposals with the added advantage of an ongoing construction contract. The Group is proactively working to improve its commercial delivery and operational efficiency to drive up gross margins in this business. However, unforeseen build costs along with extended construction periods

in the first six months of the year that are expected to continue on certain sites, will continue to affect the margins in this division.

Group results

Income statement

Revenue for the six months, including GBP13.2m for the sales completion of the hotel in Bournemouth, was up 31% on the same time last year at GBP78.0m (30 September 2020: GBP124.0m, 31 March 2020: GBP59.6m). Partnership housing contracting income was down 19% to GBP28.5m (30 September 2020: GBP51.8m 31 March 2020: GBP35.3m). The Group has benefitted from the underlying strength of the residential housebuilding sector and housebuilding income was up 183% at GBP39.0m (30 September 2020: GBP23.8m, 31 March 2020: GBP13.8m), primarily as a result of sales made at the Group's developments at Chapel Riverside, Southampton and the Wessex Hotel site in Bournemouth.

The Group's management fees from asset management are recognised once the Group has achieved the milestones set out in each individual contract. It is entirely usual for the Group to earn a fee on specific performance, including the successful gaining of planning permission. These results were affected by the timing of planning permission achieved in our asset management business at Walthamstow, which had originally been anticipated during the six-month period covered by these interim results. Timing of such decisions is clearly not in Inland Homes' hands and the planning permission on this development was not received until April 2021. As a result, the GBP4.5m management fee relating to this will not be recognised until the second half of the financial year.

Additionally, the Group was made aware of previously unforeseen and additional costs of approximately GBP3.2m relating to one housebuilding site and a partnership housing contract. This was partially offset by GBP1.0m of additional forecast revenues, resulting from strong demand at two of the Group's housebuilding sites.

During the period, the Group experienced some direct materials cost inflation, which have put further pressure on the Group's margins. The Group's gross profit margins on its contract income and housebuilding are currently unsatisfactory and the Board has carried out a thorough investigation and tightened commercial review procedures to rectify this issue. As a result of the steps taken, the Board would expect to see margin improvement over the next two financial years.

At 31 March 2021, the project teams hold project contingencies within their budgets totalling GBP3.3m (30 September 2020: GBP4.0m).

As a consequence of these factors, total gross profit was 27% lower at GBP3.5m (31 March 2020: GBP4.9m). Overheads reflect the cost cutting and other measures taken by the Board in response to the COVID-19 pandemic and were significantly lower at GBP4.1m (31 March 2020: GBP7.6m) due to the strategic streamlining of overheads undertaken during 2020. The interest cost amounted to GBP4.8m (31 March 2020: GBP4.5m). The loss before taxation was an improvement on the comparable period and amounted to GBP5.8m (31 March 2020: loss before taxation GBP7.2m). No interim dividend is proposed.

The basic loss per share for the six months ended 31 March 2021 was lower at 2.50p (31 March 2020: Loss 3.20p).

Net assets and EPRA

Net assets at 31 March 2021 have increased to GBP168.0m (31 March 2020: GBP156m) when compared with last year due to the placing of new shares in May 2020, but decreased against the prior year end (30 September 2020: GBP173.3m) due to the trading loss. The net assets per share shows a small decline at 73.6p (31 March 2020: 75.8p per share) when compared with the previous period (30 September 2020: 76.5p per share).

There was a decline in the EPRA undiluted net asset per share at 31 March 2021 which was 97.66p (30 September 2020: 103.6p per share). The principal reason for this, was the loss in value attributable to one of the Group's properties, which falls under the governance of a local council, who recently withdrew their five-year local plan in light of the Government's White Paper for Planning for the Future and the unprecedented impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Non-current assets

The Group's investment properties principally comprise the existing residential properties at Wilton Park and the Group's development site in Poole, Dorset. At 31 March 2021, these showed an increase to GBP49.5m (30 September 2020: GBP43.5m) due to the commencement of construction on an investment property and a transfer from inventories of assets that the Group plans to hold for the long term. Other receivables of GBP23.7m (30 September 2020: GBP22.3m) include GBP19.9m of deferred consideration due on the sale of our 50% interest in the company that owns the site at Cheshunt, which will be repaid as the development progresses out of dividends distributed by the joint venture.

Inventories, trade and other receivables

Inventories reduced over the period and at 31 March 2021 were GBP159m (30 September 2020: GBP173.6m), reflecting the slight reduction in the land bank and the strong demand from buyers for Inland Homes properties. Trade and other receivables increased to GBP73.4m (30 September 2020: GBP60.9m), principally as a result of increased management fees due to the Group from the asset management business.

Cash and net debt

One of the Group's key strategic aims is the reduction of net gearing and it is, therefore, gratifying to note that cash and cash equivalents have increased by 78% since the year end to GBP28.0m (30 September 2020: GBP15.7m), which includes restricted cash of GBP13.8m (30 September 2020: GBP4.7m) held on behalf of Homes England.

At the beginning of this financial period, the Group triggered the accordion part of its revolving credit facility with HSBC. This takes the available facility from GBP45m to GBP65m. This facility provides the Group's housebuilding activity with balance and flexibility as the proceeds of sales from Inland Homes' sites are used to repay the facility and the facility is used to fund the ongoing housebuilding programme.

The Group has completed a considerable amount of work in successfully extending the maturity of its other debt facilities. As at 31 March 2021, gross debt was GBP160.9m (30 September 2020: GBP163.9m) and of this approximately GBP41m (31 March 2020: GBP59m) was due for repayment within 12 months compared to GBP70m at 30 September 2020. In addition, at 31 March 2021 the Group has further undrawn bank facilities of GBP39.2m (30 September 2020: GBP45.8m).

Net debt at 31 March 2021 was GBP132.9m representing a 10% reduction since the year end (30 September 2020: GBP148.2m). Net gearing at 31 March 2021 was 79.1% (31 March 2020: 96.2%) compared to 85.6% as at 30 September 2020.

Assets held for resale

The assets held for resale at 31 March 2021 amounted to GBP11.1m (30 September 2020: GBP12.5m) and represent some of the existing residential properties at Wilton Park, which are being refurbished for sale and another commercial property.

Other financial liabilities

Other financial liabilities at 31 March 2021 of GBP11.1m (30 September 2020: GBPNil) reflects deferred land consideration amounts, which are expected to be paid within one year.

Dividends

One of the key strategic aims of the Group is the reduction of net gearing and the Board will look to resume the payment of dividends as soon as possible after this objective has been achieved.

Forward order book

The Group currently has forward residential home sales of GBP39.1m, which includes a large block sale to a third party scheduled to complete during second quarter of the financial year ending 30 September 2022. Additionally, the Group has a forward partnership housing contract income order book of GBP139.9m, with a further construction contract totalling GBP41.9m at a very advanced stage, which is expected to be signed shortly. The Group has previously contracted to sell a parcel of land for GBP14.0m (including infrastructure works), subject to certain conditions being fulfilled and is on track to satisfy these conditions as planned.

Board

There were a number of changes to the Board during the period. Carol Duncumb joined the Board in January 2021 and I became the new Chairman of Inland Homes in March 2021. There have also been some consequential changes to the Board Committees, with Carol becoming Chair of the Remuneration Committee and our fellow Non-executive Director Brian Johnson becoming a member of the Audit Committee, which I am now chairing.

The Board remains committed to upholding the good governance principles as set out in the Quoted Companies Alliance (QCA) Corporate Governance Code.

Environmental, Social and Governance

Inland Homes is committed to ensuring our land, housebuilding and partnership housing activities leave a positive and lasting legacy. As specialists in brownfield site regeneration the Group already has a proud history of adding lasting value through our expertise and experience in site remediation, which allows derelict and near derelict land to be regenerated and used for the construction of new homes.

As a responsible business and against the broader backdrop of an escalating global climate issue, Inland Homes has developed its Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) framework. The Group's ESG framework, which has been aligned to four of the UN Sustainable Development Goals, sets out our high-level commitments. Using this framework, we are now focused on developing a full ESG strategy. The strategy will identify clear goals and metrics to enable us to measure and report on our performance and success in this space.

Going concern

The Board is also mindful that no one can forecast exactly how changing macroeconomic circumstances post pandemic will play out and how this may affect the Group, industry and the wider economy for the foreseeable future. In particular, future changes to government policy relating to the housing market and the planned withdrawal of the furlough scheme could have implications for the Group as it would for many other businesses. Such a situation would require the Board to re-examine the Group's financial position at the time and if necessary, report any significant adverse changes.

At the time of approving the Interim Report and after making appropriate enquiries, the Directors consider that the Group has adequate resources to continue in operational existence for the foreseeable future. The Directors have performed a detailed sensitivity analysis to test the Group's liquidity and forecast banking covenants based on several scenarios. The Directors have also considered a severe, but plausible downside scenario. Under this scenario, further details of which are set out in Note 2, the Group may have to consider using capital markets to raise additional debt or equity to generate additional liquidity for the Group to meet its obligations as they contractually fall due. The Directors therefore consider it appropriate to prepare the financial statements on the Going Concern basis.

Outlook

The Group's main strategic objective remains the reduction of net debt and it is actively working on a number of initiatives to crystalise profit from its valuable land bank. The Group has a number of ongoing construction projects which will generate further cashflow. In addition, we would expect to see further growth from the Group's asset management and partnership housing businesses.

In the absence of any unforeseen circumstances therefore, based on management's current expectations regarding the timing of planning applications on certain sites and planned sales completions, the financial outlook for the Group for this financial year remains unchanged.

As the economy emerges from the COVID-19 pandemic, there can be no certainty as to what the longer-term repercussions will be. Furthermore, the housebuilding industry and the economy as a whole are facing some headwinds, including quite significant cost inflation on certain products, the unwinding of the Government's furlough scheme and the possible increase in unemployment numbers.

However, the fundamental shortage of quality new homes in the South and South East of England remains. The market for consented land with planning permission and the demand for houses built by Inland Homes remains strong and I look forward to reporting on the further progress made during the second half of our financial year.

Simon Bennett

Chairman

APPIX

Principal risks and uncertainties

The Group's going concern assessment considers its principal risks which were previously set out in the "Principal risks and uncertainties" section within its Annual Report for the year ended 30 September 2020. The Directors have reassessed these key risks and consider that they all remain the same with the exception of Risk C "Adverse Government policy and planning regulation" which the Directors now consider as a "High" risk due to the recent experiences that Group has encountered in the six-month period to 31 March 2021 and up to and including the date of this report.

The following table outlines our principal risks and sets out how these key risks are managed:

 
                                                                     Existing mitigations 
                                                                     and                             Change since last 
Risk              Description       Consequences of risk             internal controls      Rating   year 
A                 The COVID-19            -- Significantly reduced         -- Balanced      High     New risk 
Infectious        pandemic has            revenue or no revenue for        business model 
diseases          demonstrated            a period of time --              with 
                  that the spread         Severe impact on cash            housebuilding 
                  of an infectious        flow -- Difficulties in          and contracting 
                  disease or virus        meeting the Group's              activities 
                  can                     liabilities -- Danger of         complementing 
                  lead to the             breaching banking                its 
                  Government              covenants                        land trading 
                  imposing                                                 business -- The 
                  controls,                                                Group's 
                  including the                                            Operating Board 
                  movement of                                              regularly 
                  people and the                                           ensures that 
                  closing                                                  the Group's 
                  of different                                             business 
                  parts of the                                             continuity and 
                  economy and                                              disaster 
                  business                                                 recovery plans 
                                                                           are tested and 
                                                                           updated where 
                                                                           required -- 
                                                                           Ensuring IT 
                                                                           capabilities to 
                                                                           accommodate 
                                                                           efficient home 
                                                                           working -- 
                                                                           Maintaining 
                                                                           sufficient 
                                                                           headroom within 
                                                                           existing 
                                                                           facilities 
----------------  ----------------  -------------------------------  ---------------------  -------  ----------------- 
B                 A decline in            -- A fall in the demand          -- Economic      High     No change 
Adverse economic  macro-economic          for housing and a                environment 
conditions        conditions in           material decline of both         considered 
                  the UK and/or a         transaction levels and           before 
                  downturn in             house prices as a result         committing to 
                  conditions              of low consumer                  significant 
                  affecting               confidence impacted by:          transactions or 
                  the UK                  -- higher unemployment or        events 
                  residential             fear of unemployment --          such as land 
                  housing market          ongoing economic                 purchases and 
                  or a decline in         uncertainty -- weak real         sales launches 
                  the propensity          wage growth and reduced          -- Control over 
                  of people to buy        disposable income --             land 
                  homes                   rising interest rates --         acquisitions -- 
                                          growing inflation --             Refined 
                                          restriction in the               strategic 
                                          availability                     priorities to 
                                          of mortgages -- Business         maximise market 
                                          uncertainty due to policy        opportunities 
                                          changes -- Downward land         -- A focus on 
                                          and investment                   Build to Rent 
                                          property portfolio               contracts gives 
                                          valuation                        greater 
                                                                           certainty over 
                                                                           cash flow -- 
                                                                           Strong 
                                                                           financial 
                                                                           forecasting and 
                                                                           scenario 
                                                                           planning 
----------------  ----------------  -------------------------------  ---------------------  -------  ----------------- 
C                 Potential               -- Risk of delay or              -- Considerable  High     Increased 
Adverse           changes in              refused planning                 in-house 
Government        Government              decisions -- Uncertainty         technical and 
policy and        policy and its          around design solutions          planning 
planning          local                   -- Programmes                    expertise 
regulations       implementation,         and commencements on site        available to 
                  such as changes         disrupted -- Increased           address the 
                  to the                  costs due to excessive           prevailing 
                  planning system,        planning conditions              regulations -- 
                  the tax regime,         (CIL and Section 106),           Strong 
                  housing,                increasing environmental         relationships 
                  environmental or        and other taxes --               maintained with 
                  building                Increased costs due to           local 
                  regulations or          more challenging                 authorities, 
                  amendment               sustainability targets           planning 
                  of the Help to          and fire and safety              officers and 
                  Buy scheme              regulations. -- Adverse          local 
                                          effect                           communities to 
                                          on revenues, margins and         better 
                                          asset values -- Failure          understand 
                                          to comply with the               underlying 
                                          requisite laws or                policy and 
                                          regulations                      planning 
                                          may lead the Group to be         prospects -- 
                                          fined and suffer                 Regularly 
                                          reputational damage --           review 
                                          Reduction in sales               prospects of 
                                          resulting                        the strategic 
                                          from changes to the Help         land portfolio, 
                                          to Buy Scheme                    with processes 
                                                                           and appraisals 
                                                                           in place to 
                                                                           minimise 
                                                                           disruption -- 
                                                                           Focus on 
                                                                           acquiring 
                                                                           development 
                                                                           sites already 
                                                                           allocated for 
                                                                           development 
                                                                           -- Potential 
                                                                           impact of 
                                                                           changes in 
                                                                           regulations are 
                                                                           communicated 
                                                                           throughout the 
                                                                           relevant 
                                                                           departments 
                                                                           -- Ensuring a 
                                                                           greater 
                                                                           proportion of 
                                                                           future product 
                                                                           is within the 
                                                                           price range of 
                                                                           the revised 
                                                                           Help to Buy 
                                                                           Scheme, 
                                                                           extended until 
                                                                           spring 2023 
----------------  ----------------  -------------------------------  ---------------------  -------  ----------------- 
D                 An inadequate           -- Portfolio depletion -         -- Highly        Low      No change 
Inability to      supply of               fewer longer-term sites          experienced 
source and        suitable land or        to replenish the                 Land and 
develop suitable  the inability to        portfolio at good margins        Planning teams 
land              convert the             -- Impact to in-house            employed with 
                  unconsented land        construction                     strong track 
                  portfolio               arm/self-build function          record of 
                  into viable             -- Operational start             securing 
                  consented sites         dates delayed                    sites and 
                  may frustrate           on site                          planning 
                  the Group's                                              consents -- 
                  growth                                                   Targeted 
                                                                           approach to 
                                                                           land 
                                                                           acquisitions 
                                                                           through 
                                                                           dedicated Land 
                                                                           Team -- Local 
                                                                           insight and 
                                                                           established 
                                                                           relationships 
                                                                           with agents and 
                                                                           vendors give us 
                                                                           a competitive 
                                                                           edge -- All 
                                                                           potential land 
                                                                           acquisitions 
                                                                           are subject to 
                                                                           a robust 
                                                                           appraisal 
                                                                           process to 
                                                                           ensure 
                                                                           viability 
----------------  ----------------  -------------------------------  ---------------------  -------  ----------------- 
E                 Unforeseen              -- Increased costs and           -- Sites are     Medium/  New risk 
Failure to        operational             reduced margins --               monitored as a    High 
effectively       delays caused by        Reduced quality of               portfolio by 
manage major      disputes with           product -- Health and            the Board 
projects to       third parties,          safety                           before any 
industry          adverse weather         issues -- Reputational           major 
standard margins  conditions              damage                           acquisitions 
                  or lack of                                               are made 
                  project                                                  -- Each site 
                  oversight could                                          has a detailed 
                  lead to delay,                                           plan prepared, 
                  increased costs                                          including 
                  or termination                                           costs, labour 
                  of a project                                             utilisation and 
                                                                           timing 
                                                                           and is managed 
                                                                           by the Group's 
                                                                           Operating Board 
                                                                           and by on-site 
                                                                           management -- 
                                                                           Checks in place 
                                                                           to ensure 
                                                                           personnel 
                                                                           adhere to 
                                                                           internal 
                                                                           controls -- 
                                                                           Regular 
                                                                           management and 
                                                                           project team 
                                                                           monitoring 
                                                                           -- Ensuring 
                                                                           appropriate 
                                                                           insurance is in 
                                                                           place -- 
                                                                           Dedicated 
                                                                           COVID-19 
                                                                           resource to 
                                                                           monitor on 
                                                                           site compliance 
----------------  ----------------  -------------------------------  ---------------------  -------  ----------------- 
F                 A deterioration         -- Immediate personal            -- Strong        Medium/  Increased 
Health and        in the Group's          injury or damage to              safety culture    High 
safety            health and              property -- Reputational         driven by 
                  safety measures,        damage --                        Directors and 
                  including               Prosecution/imprisonment/        Senior staff -- 
                  failure to              significant fines --             Experienced 
                  adhere to               Remediation or legal             Health and 
                  COVID-19 safe           costs -- Programme delays        Safety 
                  working                 and inability to reach           Department 
                  practices, put          forecast figures/market          reinforces 
                  our people at           expectation                      safety culture 
                  risk                                                     and carefully 
                                                                           monitors 
                                                                           adherence to 
                                                                           guidance -- 
                                                                           Annual 
                                                                           Health and 
                                                                           Safety 
                                                                           Workshops for 
                                                                           all staff 
----------------  ----------------  -------------------------------  ---------------------  -------  ----------------- 
G                 Inability to            -- Inability to meet             -- Remuneration  Low      No change 
 Staff            attract and             strategic objectives --          packages are 
                  retain high             Pressured workloads where        regularly 
                  calibre                 teams are under-resourced        benchmarked 
                  employees at all        -- Over reliance on              against 
                  levels                  consultants and agency           industry 
                                          staff -- Inefficiencies          standards to 
                                          and delays to operations         ensure 
                                          resulting in increased           competitiveness 
                                          costs could adversely            -- Dedicated HR 
                                          affect the Group's               team which 
                                          financial results and            monitors pay 
                                          prospects                        structures and 
                                                                           market trends 
                                                                           -- Providing 
                                                                           quality 
                                                                           training and 
                                                                           professional 
                                                                           development 
                                                                           opportunities, 
                                                                           including 
                                                                           through our 
                                                                           Graduate and 
                                                                           Apprenticeship 
                                                                           Programmes -- 
                                                                           Development of 
                                                                           preferred 
                                                                           supplier list 
                                                                           of specialist 
                                                                           recruitment 
                                                                           firms 
----------------  ----------------  -------------------------------  ---------------------  -------  ----------------- 
H                 Difficulty in           -- Liquidity crisis and          -- Regular       High     No change 
Solvency and      procuring               inability to meet ongoing        review at Board 
liquidity         borrowing               operational costs and            level of 
                  facilities at           other commitments                detailed cash 
                  competitive             -- Danger of breaching           flow forecasts 
                  rates and               banking covenants -- Lack        which are 
                  insufficient            of development funding           subject to 
                  cash headroom           limits our ability               sensitivity 
                                          to be agile in response          analysis -- 
                                          to changes in the                Strong 
                                          economic environment and         relationships 
                                          to future development            with financial 
                                          opportunities                    institutions 
                                                                           through regular 
                                                                           engagement -- 
                                                                           Monitor our 
                                                                           current 
                                                                           facilities to 
                                                                           ensure 
                                                                           sufficient 
                                                                           headroom to 
                                                                           allow us to 
                                                                           take advantage 
                                                                           of land 
                                                                           opportunities 
                                                                           -- Realising 
                                                                           sales where 
                                                                           capital can be 
                                                                           better deployed 
                                                                           elsewhere 
----------------  ----------------  -------------------------------  ---------------------  -------  ----------------- 
I                 Cyber security          -- Financial penalties           -- Group has a   Medium   No change 
Cyber and         risks such as           and sanctions --                 fully tested 
business          data breaches,          Reputational damage --           disaster 
continuity        hacking and             Loss of personal and/or          recovery system 
                  failure of the          business                         which is tested 
                  Group's IT              information -- Outage of         annually by a 
                  security                IT systems leading to            third-party 
                  systems                 operational disruption --        supplier -- 
                                          Phishing attacks                 Deep-dive 
                                          and ransom demands --            review by a 
                                          Fraud leading to                 third-party 
                                          financial loss                   security 
                                                                           specialist -- 
                                                                           Boundary 
                                                                           firewall at 
                                                                           each location 
                                                                           -- Email 
                                                                           encryption and 
                                                                           two-factor 
                                                                           authentication 
                                                                           in place -- 
                                                                           Anti-virus 
                                                                           software 
                                                                           on all devices 
                                                                           -- Ensuring 
                                                                           appropriate 
                                                                           insurance in 
                                                                           place 
----------------  ----------------  -------------------------------  ---------------------  -------  ----------------- 
 

Group statement of comprehensive income

for the six-month period ended 31 March 2021

 
                                                           Six-month  Six-month 
                                                              period     period 
                                                               ended      ended     Year ended 
                                                            31 March   31 March   30 September 
                                                                2021       2020           2020 
Continuing operations                                Note       GBPm       GBPm           GBPm 
---------------------------------------------------  ----  ---------  ---------  ------------- 
Revenue                                                 6       78.0       59.6          124.0 
Cost of sales                                           7     (74.5)     (54.7)         (99.2) 
Expected credit loss                                   19          -          -          (2.8) 
---------------------------------------------------  ----  ---------  ---------  ------------- 
Gross profit                                                     3.5        4.9           22.0 
---------------------------------------------------  ----  ---------  ---------  ------------- 
Administrative expenses                                 7      (4.1)      (7.6)         (12.6) 
Share of (loss) / profit of joint ventures             16      (0.6)        1.8            2.0 
Share of (loss) / profit of associate                  17      (0.1)        0.1          (0.2) 
Revaluation of assets held for sale                    20      (1.0)          -            2.0 
Loss on sale of controlling interest in subsidiary     16          -      (2.0)          (2.0) 
Revaluation of investment property                     11          -      (0.3)            0.6 
---------------------------------------------------  ----  ---------  ---------  ------------- 
Operating (loss) / profit                                      (2.3)      (3.1)           11.8 
---------------------------------------------------  ----  ---------  ---------  ------------- 
Finance cost - interest expense                         8      (4.8)      (4.5)          (9.2) 
Finance income - interest receivable and 
 similar income                                         9        1.3        0.4            1.1 
---------------------------------------------------  ----  ---------  ---------  ------------- 
(Loss) / profit before tax                                     (5.8)      (7.2)            3.7 
---------------------------------------------------  ----  ---------  ---------  ------------- 
Current tax credit/ (charge)                                     0.2        0.7          (0.9) 
Deferred tax charge                                                -          -          (0.5) 
---------------------------------------------------  ----  ---------  ---------  ------------- 
Total (loss) / profit for the period                           (5.6)      (6.5)            2.3 
Revaluation of quoted investments                      15      (0.1)      (0.1)          (0.6) 
---------------------------------------------------  ----  ---------  ---------  ------------- 
Total (loss) / profit and comprehensive (loss) 
 / income for the period                                       (5.7)      (6.6)            1.7 
---------------------------------------------------  ----  ---------  ---------  ------------- 
 
(Loss)/earnings per share for the (loss)/profit 
 attributable to the 
 equity holders of the Company during the 
 period 
 
        *    basic                                           (2.50)p    (3.20)p          0.79p 
 
        *    diluted                                         (2.46)p    (3.12)p          0.77p 
---------------------------------------------------  ----  ---------  ---------  ------------- 
 

The accompanying notes form an integral part of this half-year report.

Group statement of financial position

at 31 March 2021

 
                                        Six-month 
                                           period 
                                            ended     Year ended 
                                         31 March   30 September 
                                             2021           2020 
                                  Note       GBPm           GBPm 
--------------------------------  ----  ---------  ------------- 
ASSETS 
Non-current assets 
Investment properties               11       49.5           43.5 
Property, plant and equipment       12        5.3            5.6 
Right-of-use assets                 13        1.1            1.2 
Intangible assets                   14        0.1            0.2 
Investments in quoted companies     15        0.4            0.5 
Investment in joint ventures        16        7.7            8.8 
Investment in associate             17        1.0            1.1 
Other receivables                   19       23.7           22.3 
--------------------------------  ----  ---------  ------------- 
Total non-current assets                     88.8           83.2 
--------------------------------  ----  ---------  ------------- 
Current assets 
Inventories                         18      159.0          173.6 
Trade and other receivables         19       73.4           60.9 
Assets held for sale                20       11.1           12.5 
Amounts due from associate          17        3.2            3.1 
Amounts due from joint ventures     16       33.2           42.2 
Cash and cash equivalents           21       28.0           15.7 
--------------------------------  ----  ---------  ------------- 
Total current assets                        307.9          308.0 
--------------------------------  ----  ---------  ------------- 
Total assets                                396.7          391.2 
--------------------------------  ----  ---------  ------------- 
LIABILITIES 
Current liabilities 
Bank loans and overdrafts           22      (3.9)         (41.5) 
Other loans                         22     (27.0)         (25.3) 
Trade and other payables            23     (37.3)         (32.8) 
Deferred income                     26     (16.2)         (10.0) 
Amounts due to joint ventures       16      (6.3)          (6.2) 
Lease liabilities                   24      (0.3)          (0.3) 
Corporation tax                             (0.9)          (3.1) 
Other financial liabilities         25     (11.1)              - 
--------------------------------  ----  ---------  ------------- 
Total current liabilities                 (103.0)        (119.2) 
--------------------------------  ----  ---------  ------------- 
Non-current liabilities 
Bank loans                          22     (75.2)         (43.9) 
Other loans                         22     (13.3)         (13.1) 
Deferred income                     26          -          (2.1) 
Lease liabilities                   24      (0.8)          (0.9) 
Other financial liabilities         25      (3.6)          (6.8) 
Zero Dividend Preference shares     22     (31.2)         (30.2) 
Deferred tax                                (1.6)          (1.7) 
--------------------------------  ----  ---------  ------------- 
Total non-current liabilities             (125.7)         (98.7) 
--------------------------------  ----  ---------  ------------- 
Total liabilities                         (228.7)        (217.9) 
--------------------------------  ----  ---------  ------------- 
Net current assets                          204.9          188.8 
--------------------------------  ----  ---------  ------------- 
Net assets                                  168.0          173.3 
--------------------------------  ----  ---------  ------------- 
 
EQUITY 
Share capital                       27       23.0           22.8 
Share premium account               27       43.9           43.7 
Employee benefit trust              27      (1.1)          (1.1) 
Special reserve                     27        1.1            1.1 
Retained earnings                   27      101.1          106.8 
--------------------------------  ----  ---------  ------------- 
Total equity                                168.0          173.3 
--------------------------------  ----  ---------  ------------- 
 

The accompanying notes form an integral part of this half-year report.

Group statement of changes in equity

for the six-month period ended 31 March 2021

 
                                                           Employee 
                                        Share      Share    Benefit    Special   Treasury    Retained 
                                      capital    premium      Trust    reserve    reserve    earnings   Total 
                                         GBPm       GBPm       GBPm       GBPm       GBPm        GBPm    GBPm 
----------------------------------  ---------  ---------  ---------  ---------  ---------  ----------  ------ 
As at 30 September 2019 (audited)        20.7       36.4      (1.1)        1.1          -       105.1   162.2 
----------------------------------  ---------  ---------  ---------  ---------  ---------  ----------  ------ 
Total loss for the period                   -          -          -          -          -       (6.5)   (6.5) 
Other comprehensive loss                    -          -          -          -          -       (0.1)   (0.1) 
Transactions with owners: 
Share-based payments                        -          -          -          -          -         0.4     0.4 
----------------------------------  ---------  ---------  ---------  ---------  ---------  ----------  ------ 
As at 31 March 2020 (unaudited)          20.7       36.4      (1.1)        1.1          -        98.9   156.0 
----------------------------------  ---------  ---------  ---------  ---------  ---------  ----------  ------ 
Total profit for the period                 -          -          -          -          -         8.8     8.8 
Other comprehensive loss                    -          -          -          -          -       (0.5)   (0.5) 
Transactions with owners: 
Share-based payments                        -          -          -          -          -       (0.4)   (0.4) 
Issue of ordinary shares                  2.1        7.3          -          -          -           -     9.4 
----------------------------------  ---------  ---------  ---------  ---------  ---------  ----------  ------ 
As at 30 September 2020 (audited)        22.8       43.7      (1.1)        1.1          -       106.8   173.3 
----------------------------------  ---------  ---------  ---------  ---------  ---------  ----------  ------ 
Total loss for the period                   -          -          -          -          -       (5.6)   (5.6) 
Other comprehensive loss                    -          -          -          -          -       (0.1)   (0.1) 
Transactions with owners: 
Exercise of share options                 0.2        0.2          -          -          -           -     0.4 
----------------------------------  ---------  ---------  ---------  ---------  ---------  ----------  ------ 
As at 31 March 2021 (unaudited)          23.0       43.9      (1.1)        1.1          -       101.1   168.0 
----------------------------------  ---------  ---------  ---------  ---------  ---------  ----------  ------ 
 

The accompanying notes form an integral part of this half-year report.

Group statement of cash flows

for the six-month period ended 31 March 2021

 
                                                                          Six-month  Six-month 
                                                                             period     period 
                                                                              ended      ended      Year ended 
                                                                           31 March   31 March    30 September 
                                                                               2021       2020            2020 
Continuing operations                                               Note       GBPm       GBPm            GBPm 
------------------------------------------------------------------  ----  ---------  ---------  -------------- 
Cash flow from operating activities 
(Loss) / profit for the period / year before 
 tax                                                                          (5.8)      (7.2)             3.7 
Adjustments for: 
 
        *    depreciation - property, plant and equipment             12        0.4        0.4             1.0 
 
        *    depreciation - right-of-use assets                       13        0.2          -             0.3 
 
        *    amortisation                                             14        0.1          -             0.1 
 
        *    share-based payments                                                 -        0.4               - 
 
        *    revaluation of investment property                       11          -        0.3           (0.6) 
 
        *    revaluation of assets held for sale                      20        1.0          -           (2.0) 
 
        *    interest expense                                          8        4.8        4.5             9.2 
 
        *    interest receivable and similar income                    9      (1.3)      (0.4)           (1.1) 
 
        *    loss on sale of controlling interest in subsidiary 
             undertaking                                              16          -        2.0             2.0 
 
        *    share of loss / (profit) of joint ventures               16        0.6      (1.8)           (2.0) 
 
        *    share of loss / (profit) of associate                    17        0.1      (0.1)             0.2 
Corporation tax payments                                                      (1.8)      (0.1)               - 
Changes in working capital: 
 
        *    decrease / (increase) in inventories                              10.6      (9.2)          (45.4) 
 
        *    (increase) / decrease in trade and other receivables            (12.6)        0.6          (11.8) 
 
        *    increase / (decrease) in trade and other payables                  3.8      (6.9)            22.1 
 
        *    increase in deferred income                                        4.1          -            12.1 
 
        *    increase / (decrease) in other financial liabilities               7.9        0.8           (4.1) 
 
        *    decrease in trading balance due to/from joint 
             ventures                                                             -          -           (0.1) 
------------------------------------------------------------------  ----  ---------  ---------  -------------- 
Net cash inflow /(outflow) from operating 
 activities                                                                    12.1     (16.7)          (16.4) 
------------------------------------------------------------------  ----  ---------  ---------  -------------- 
Cash flow from investing activities 
Interest received                                                                 -          -             0.2 
Purchase of property, plant and equipment                                     (0.1)      (0.2)           (0.3) 
Additions to assets held for sale                                             (0.5)          -               - 
Purchase of investment property                                               (2.0)          -           (1.7) 
Proceeds from sale of investment property                                         -          -             1.4 
Loans provided under management fee contracts                                     -          -           (3.4) 
Loans provided to joint ventures                                                  -     (11.4)          (13.6) 
Loans provided to associate                                                   (0.1)          -               - 
Amounts repaid by joint ventures                                                9.6       10.9             9.2 
Distribution of profit from joint venture                                         -          -             2.4 
------------------------------------------------------------------  ----  ---------  ---------  -------------- 
Net cash inflow /(outflow) from investing 
 activities                                                                     6.9      (0.7)           (5.8) 
------------------------------------------------------------------  ----  ---------  ---------  -------------- 
Cash flow from financing activities 
Interest paid                                                                 (2.8)      (3.5)           (5.8) 
Proceeds from borrowings and lease liabilities                                  9.9       39.8               - 
Repayment of borrowings                                                      (21.0)     (14.7)          (33.4) 
Repayment of lease liabilities                                                (0.2)          -           (0.3) 
New loans                                                                       7.0          -            44.7 
Proceeds from loan from joint ventures                                            -          -             3.1 
Proceeds from other financing arrangements                                        -          -             6.6 
Proceeds from issue of shares                                                     -          -             9.4 
Exercise of share options                                                       0.4          -               - 
Issue of Zero Dividend Preference shares                                          -        2.7             2.7 
------------------------------------------------------------------  ----  ---------  ---------  -------------- 
Net cash (outflow) /inflow from financing 
 activities                                                                   (6.7)       24.3            27.0 
------------------------------------------------------------------  ----  ---------  ---------  -------------- 
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents                                      12.3        6.9             4.8 
Net cash and cash equivalents at beginning 
 of period / year                                                              15.7       10.9            10.9 
------------------------------------------------------------------  ----  ---------  ---------  -------------- 
Net cash and cash equivalents at end of period 
 / year                                                                        28.0       17.8            15.7 
------------------------------------------------------------------  ----  ---------  ---------  -------------- 
 

The accompanying notes form an integral part of this half-year report.

Notes to the half-year financial report

for the six-month period ended 31 March 2021

1. Nature of operations and general information

Inland Homes PLC ("Inland Homes", "The Group" or "Company") registered number 05482990, the ultimate parent company, is a public limited company incorporated and domiciled in England and Wales. The Company's shares are quoted on AIM, a market operated by the London Stock Exchange. The Group's registered office is located at Burnham Yard, London End, Beaconsfield, HP9 2JH.

The principal activities of Inland Homes are to acquire brownfield, mixed-use or residential land and to then seek achievement of planning consent for development. The Group also develops a number of plots for private sale and constructs partnership housing for registered providers. These activities are grouped into the following business segments:

-- Land sales : The Group sells its own land assets to third parties which have the benefit of planning permission.

-- Asset management fees : The Group engages as an asset manager to third party landowners to provide land management and planning services.

-- Contract income : The Group constructs private or affordable housing projects for a third party landowner.

-- House building : The Group constructs private or affordable housing units for sale to individuals or private investors.

-- Rental income : The Group leases property assets for rental income purposes in the short and medium term whilst sites are taken through the planning process or being developed.

-- Investment properties : The Group holds property assets for rental income purposes for the long term.

   --    Central support : The Group's central support functions supporting all other segments. 

At 31 March 2021, the Group, directly or indirectly, held interests in equity via holdings of ordinary shares of the following:

 
                                                                            Holding and 
Company name                                         Principal activity   voting rights 
-------------------------------------------  --------------------------  -------------- 
Subsidiary undertakings 
Appletree Farm Cressing Limited                 Real estate development            100% 
Basildon Developments Limited                   Real estate development            100% 
Basildon United Football, Sports & Leisure 
 Limited                                        Real estate development            100% 
Brooklands Helix Developments Limited           Real estate development            100% 
Bucks Developments Limited                      Real estate development            100% 
Bulwark Properties Limited                      Real estate development            100% 
Chapel Riverside Developments Limited           Real estate development            100% 
Dormant Company 06764423 Limited                        Dormant company            100% 
Dormant Company 08631901 Limited                        Dormant company            100% 
Dormant Company 08813334 Limited                        Dormant company            100% 
Dormant Company 08944533 Limited                        Dormant company            100% 
Dormant Company 09437864 Limited                        Dormant company            100% 
Dormant Company 09775087 Limited                        Dormant company            100% 
Dormant Company 10651624 Limited                        Dormant company            100% 
Dormant Company 11694060 Limited                        Dormant company            100% 
Dormant Company 12369803 Limited                        Dormant company            100% 
Dormant Company 12727169 Limited                        Dormant company            100% 
Dormant Company 12812913 Limited                        Dormant company            100% 
Drayton Garden Village Limited                  Real estate development            100% 
High Wycombe Developments No. 2 Limited         Real estate development            100% 
                                                   Letting or operating 
Hugg Homes Limited                                       of real estate            100% 
Inland (STB) Limited                               Provision of finance            100% 
Inland Commercial Limited                       Real estate development            100% 
Inland Corporate Limited                                Holding company            100% 
Inland Developments Limited                     Real estate development            100% 
Inland Finance Limited                          Real estate development            100% 
Inland Helix Limited                                    Dormant company            100% 
Inland Homes (Essex) Limited                    Real estate development            100% 
Inland Homes 2013 Limited                               Holding company            100% 
Inland Homes Developments Limited               Real estate development            100% 
Inland Lifestyle Limited                        Real estate development            100% 
Inland Limited                                  Real estate development            100% 
Inland Partnerships Limited                     Real estate development            100% 
Inland Property Finance Limited                    Provision of finance            100% 
Inland Property Limited                         Real estate development            100% 
Inland Strategic Land Limited                   Real estate development            100% 
Inland ZDP PLC                                     Provision of finance            100% 
                                              Dormant limited liability 
Merrielands Crescent Dagenham LLP                           partnership            100% 
Poole Investments Limited                       Real estate development            100% 
Rosewood Housing Limited                        Real estate development            100% 
West Drayton Developments Limited               Real estate development            100% 
Wilton Park Developments Limited                Real estate development            100% 
Interests in joint ventures 
Bucknalls Developments Limited                  Real estate development             50% 
                                                   Letting or operating 
Centre Square Commercial Limited                         of real estate             50% 
                                                   Letting or operating 
Centre Square Lifestyle Limited                          of real estate             50% 
Cheshunt Lakeside Developments Limited          Real estate development             50% 
Delamare Estate (Cheshunt) Limited              Real estate development             50% 
Europa Park LLP                                 Real estate development             50% 
Gardiners Park LLP                              Real estate development             50% 
High Wycombe Developments Limited               Real estate development             50% 
Interests in associate 
Troy Homes Limited                              Real estate development             25% 
-------------------------------------------  --------------------------  -------------- 
 

Inland Homes 2013 Limited is the only direct subsidiary of the Company and all other are indirect holdings.

All of the above entities are incorporated and domiciled in England and Wales, with the registered office of the Company, with the exception of:

- Europa Park LLP and Gardiners Park LLP which are registered at Springfield Lodge, Colchester Road, Chelmsford, Essex, CM2 5PW

- Inland Helix Limited which is registered at 2nd Floor, Regis House, 45 King William Street, London, EC4R 9AN

- Troy Homes Limited which is registered at 5 Technology Park, Colindeep Land, Colindale, London, NW9 6BX

The joint ventures and associate listed above are accounted for using the equity method.

There are no restrictions on the ability of the Company or its subsidiaries to transfer cash or other assets to or from other entities in the Group.

Additions of subsidiaries

During the six-month period ended 31 March 2021, the Group acquired the following:

   --    Appletree Farm Cressing Limited 
   --    50% of the share capital of Dormant Company 09437864 Limited (formerly 10 Ant South Limited) 
   --    75% of the share capital of West Drayton Developments Limited 

Disposal of subsidiaries

During the six-month period ended 31 March 2021, the Group incorporated and disposed of Zenith Living (Barking) Limited. No profit or loss arose on this disposal.

The Group also disposed of Inland Commercial Property Limited. No profit or loss arose on this disposal.

Investments in joint ventures

The Group holds the following interests in joint ventures:

-- Bucknalls Developments Limited: In December 2015, the Group entered into a joint venture with two individuals to purchase land, obtain planning permission and develop the homes in Garston, Hertfordshire. The development completed in the year ended 30 September 2020 and the entity exists to support the defects period of the completed development.

-- Centre Square Commercial Limited: In August 2020, High Wycombe Developments Limited incorporated this subsidiary to hold commercial property at a site in High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire for net rental income purposes and long-term capital gain.

-- Centre Square Lifestyle Limited: In November 2019, High Wycombe Developments Limited incorporated this subsidiary to hold residential investment property at a site in High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire for net rental income purposes and long-term capital gain.

-- Cheshunt Lakeside Developments Limited and Delamare Estate (Cheshunt) Limited: In April 2018, the Group entered into a joint venture whose purpose was to obtain planning permission and develop land at Cheshunt, Hertfordshire. Under the terms of the joint venture agreement, the Group has an obligation to fund 50% of the costs of the site and is entitled to receive 50% of the net returns and a promote return by way of a performance payment.

-- Europa Park LLP: In November 2016, the Group entered into a joint venture which acquired a site in Ipswich, Suffolk. The development completed in the six-month period ended 31 March 2021 and the entity exists to support the defects period of the completed development.

-- Gardiners Park LLP: In November 2016, the Group entered a joint venture with Constable Homes Limited to develop a site in Basildon, Essex. The development completed in the six-month period ended 31 March 2021 and the entity exists to support the defects period of the completed development.

-- High Wycombe Developments Limited: In December 2019, the Group entered into a joint venture to develop a site of private units in High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire. The development is scheduled to complete during the year ending 30 September 2021.

Investments in associate

The Group holds an interest in Troy Homes Limited. In October 2015, the Group acquired 25% of Troy Homes Limited, a premium housebuilder, and is entitled to 25% of the net returns.

2. Basis of preparation

Neither the financial information for the six-month period to 31 March 2021 nor the six-month period to 31 March 2020 was subject to an audit.

The financial information set out in this half-yearly financial report does not constitute statutory accounts as defined in Sections 434(3) and 435(3) of the Companies Act 2006. The Group's statutory financial statements for the year ended 30 September 2020 have been filed with the Registrar of Companies and are available at www.inlandhomesplc.com . The Auditor's report on those financial statements was unqualified, did not draw attention to any matters by way of an emphasis of matter and did not contain any statement under Section 498 of the Companies Act 2006.

The financial information in these condensed consolidated financial statements is that of the holding company and all of its subsidiaries together with the Group's share of its joint ventures and associate. It has been prepared in accordance with International Accounting Standard (IAS) 34 Interim Financial Reporting and should be read in conjunction with the report and accounts for the year ended 30 September 2020, which have been prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) as adopted by the European Union and as issued by the International Accounting Standards Board.

The accounting policies adopted in this financial report are consistent with those adopted by the Group in the year ended 30 September 2020 and have been consistently applied in the six-month period to 31 March 2021. Full details of the Group's accounting policies can be found on pages 84 to 89 of the Group's statutory financial statements for the year ended 30 September 2020.

Going concern

The Directors are required to assess the Group's ability to continue as a going concern for a period of at least the next twelve months.

The Group's going concern assessment considers its principal risks which were previously set out in the "Principal risks and uncertainties" section on pages 38 to 41 of its Annual Report for the year ended 30 September 2020, which was signed on 5 February 2021. The Directors have reassessed these key risks and consider that they all remain the same with the exception of Risk C "Adverse Government policy and planning regulation" which the Directors now consider as a "High" risk due to the recent experiences that Group has encountered in the six-month period to 31 March 2021 and up to and including the date of this report.

The Board has reviewed the performance of the Group for the current reporting period and prepared forecasts for a period covering twelve months from the date of approval of this half-year report.

In preparing forecasts the Directors have considered the prevailing market conditions and current and known future disruptions brought about by COVID-19, alongside the other risks and uncertainties, including credit risk and liquidity risk, the present inflationary economic climate, the current and future forecast demand for land with planning consent and the current and expected future housing market conditions in the South and South East of England where the Group operates.

The Base Case forecast includes all known and anticipated cash inflows and confirms that the Group has sufficient working capital for the foreseeable future. The Group currently has forward residential home sales of GBP39.1m, which includes a large block sale to a third party scheduled to complete during the second quarter of the financial year ending 30 September 2022. Additionally, the Group has a forward partnership housing contract income order book of GBP139.9m with further construction contracts totalling GBP41.9m at a very advance stage and expected to be signed in July 2021. The Group has previously contracted to sell a parcel of land for GBP14.0m (including infrastructure works) subject to certain conditions being fulfilled and is on track to satisfy these conditions as planned. The Group, excluding joint ventures, currently has annualised residential and commercial rental income of cGBP1.7m.

The Directors have also assumed the continuation of stringent cash management procedures and debt reprofiling strategy, which have been in place since March 2020.

These procedures have seen cash and cash equivalents, including restricted cash, increase to GBP28.0m at 31 March 2021 (GBP17.8m at 31 March 2020) from GBP15.7m at 30 September 2020.

The Group has done a considerable amount of work in successfully extending the time profile of its debt facilities and as at 31 March 2021 gross debt due within twelve months as a proportion of total gross debt was 25.6% (36.0% at 31 March 2020) and compared to 42.6% at 30 September 2020. The undrawn debt facilities at 31 March 2021 were GBP39.2m. The main strategic objective of the Group in the current financial year remains the reduction of both net debt and gearing.

At the date of this report, the Group has borrowing facilities totalling GBP64.6m falling due for repayment within twelve months. Two loan facilities amounting to GBP10.3m fall due for planned repayment by 31 December 2021 and three loan facilities amounting to GBP37.9m are due for planned repayment by 30 April 2022. GBP13.0m of these three loan facilities is expected to be repaid from the previously contracted sale of land noted above which will reduce this to GBP24.9m. The balance of remaining borrowing facilities falling due for repayment within one year represents amounts secured on residential unit sales which will be repaid in full as those residential sales complete.

A revolving credit facility of GBP12.3m expires on 17 December 2021 and the Directors have agreed terms to renew the facility for a further period of five years from the date of renewal which is expected to be completed in the short term.

As demonstrated by the positive reprofiling changes made to the Group's debt, explained above, the Directors hold positive relationships with funders and have held constructive discussions with all existing and several other potential lenders. At the date of this report there is no binding commitment to extend or refinance these facilities beyond the dates referred to above but in view of the recent track record, the strength of the relationships, the availability of security for lenders and the number of options available, the Directors expect to be able to do so shortly.

The Directors have performed detailed sensitivity analyses to test the Group's future liquidity and forecast banking covenant compliance based on several scenarios.

The Group has forecast planned land sales in the next twelve months as part of its normal course of business and as part of the Group's Going Concern review, the Directors have considered the impact of a delay of three months on each of these sales in isolation. They have also considered, again in isolation, a price reduction of 10% on all residential unit sales that are not in the hands of solicitors. Finally, the Group considered a delay in residential unit sales by three months. None of these individual scenarios leads to an issue with either the Group's liquidity or its debt covenants.

The Directors have also considered the following severe, but plausible downside scenario:

-- Only residential unit sales that have exchanged or are currently with solicitors to exchange will complete as forecast and all residential units that are available for sale are delayed by three months; and

-- All planned land sales where contracts have not been exchanged at the date of this report are delayed by six months.

Under this severe, but plausible scenario the Group may have to consider using capital markets to raise additional debt or equity to generate additional liquidity for the Group to meet its obligations as they contractually fall due. The Group has in place an approved mandate to use capital markets without pre-emption to issue up to approximately 46 million shares and successfully raised GBP9.9m, before expenses, in May 2020. Additionally, under this severe, but plausible scenario, the postponement or deferral of completions would delay revenue and profit recognition under IFRS 15 'Revenue from Contracts with Customers' and mean that the Group would require a relaxation of an interest cover covenant from one of its lenders. Based on those assumptions, the Group would remain able to meet its debts as they fell due.

The Strategy outlined above details our approach but, the Board is mindful that no one can forecast exactly how changing macroeconomic circumstances post pandemic will play out and how this may affect the Group, industry and the wider economy for the foreseeable future. In particular, future changes to government policy relating to the housing market and the planned withdrawal of the furlough scheme could have implications for the Group as it would for many other businesses. Such a situation would require the Board to re-examine the Group's financial position at the time and if necessary, report any significant adverse changes.

At the time of approving the half-year report and after making appropriate enquiries, the Directors consider that the Group has adequate resources to continue in operational existence for the foreseeable future. The Directors therefore consider it appropriate to prepare the financial statements on the going concern basis.

3. Changes in accounting policies

The accounting policies adopted in this financial report are consistent with those adopted by the Group in the year ended 30 September 2020 and have been consistently applied in the six-month period to 31 March 2021. Full details of the Group's accounting policies can be found on pages 84 to 89 of the Group's statutory financial statements for the year ended 30 September 2020.

Standards in issue but not yet effective

The following new standards, amendments and interpretations to existing standards were in issue at the date of approval of these financial statements but are not yet effective for the current accounting year and have not been adopted early. Based on the Group's current circumstances the Directors do not anticipate that their adoption in future periods will have a material impact on the financial statements of the Group, however, the impact of standards in issue but not yet effective is currently being assessed by the Group.

   --    Amendments to References to the Conceptual Framework in IFRS Standards; 
   --    IFRS 3 Definition of a Business (Amendments to IFRS 3) 
   --    IAS 1 and IAS 8 Definition of Material (Amendments to IAS 1 and IAS 8); 

-- IFRS 9, IAS 38 and IFRS 7 Interest Rate Benchmark Reform (Amendments to IFRS 9, IAS 38 and IFRS 7); and

   --    IFRS 16 Leases Covid-19 Related Rent Concessions (Amendments to IFRS 16); 
   --    IAS 1 Classification of Liabilities as Current or Non-current (Amendments to IAS 1); 
   --    Amendments to IFRS 3 Business Combinations*; 
   --    Amendments to IAS 16 Property, Plant and Equipment*; 
   --    Amendments to IAS 37 Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets*; 

-- Annual Improvements (2018-2020 Cycle) IFRS 1, IFRS 9, IAS 41 and Illustrative Examples accompanying IFRS 16*; and

-- IFRS 9, IAS 39, IFRS 7, IFRS 4 and IFRS 16 Interest Rate Benchmark Return Reform - Phase 2 (Amendments to IFRS 9, IAS 39, IFRS 7, IFRS 4 and IFRS 16)*

*Standards and amendments not yet endorsed by the EU.

4. Adoption of new accounting standards

In the six-month period ended 31 March 2021, the Group has not adopted any new accounting standards. Details of the Group's accounting policies are found in note 2.

5. Capital management policies and procedures

The Group's objectives when managing capital are:

   --    to safeguard its ability to continue as a going concern; 

-- to ensure sufficient liquid resources are available to meet the funding requirement of its projects and to fund new projects where identified; and

   --    to provide returns for shareholders and benefits for other stakeholders. 

This is achieved through ensuring sufficient bank and other facilities are in place; further details are given in notes 21 and 22 to the half-year report. The Group monitors capital on the basis of the carrying amount of the equity less cash and cash equivalents as presented on the face of the Group Statement of Financial Position.

The movement in the capital to overall financing ratio is shown below. The target capital to overall financing ratio has been set by the Board at 40% and an outturn metric scoring higher than this amount is considered to be a good performance against the target.

 
                                             Six-month 
                                                period 
                                                 ended     Year ended 
                                              31 March   30 September 
                                                  2021           2020 
                                                  GBPm           GBPm 
-------------------------------------------  ---------  ------------- 
Equity                                           168.0          173.3 
Less: cash and cash equivalents                 (28.0)         (15.7) 
-------------------------------------------  ---------  ------------- 
Capital                                          140.0          157.6 
-------------------------------------------  ---------  ------------- 
 
Equity                                           168.0          173.3 
Bank loans                                        79.1           85.4 
Other loans                                       40.3           38.4 
Zero Dividend Preference shares                   31.2           30.2 
Loans from joint ventures                          3.1            3.1 
Other financial liabilities                        7.2            6.8 
-------------------------------------------  ---------  ------------- 
Borrowings                                       160.9          163.9 
-------------------------------------------  ---------  ------------- 
Overall financing (Equity plus Borrowings)       328.9          337.2 
-------------------------------------------  ---------  ------------- 
Capital to overall financing                     42.6%          46.7% 
-------------------------------------------  ---------  ------------- 
 

The Group manages the capital structure and makes adjustments in light of changes in economic conditions and the risk characteristics of the underlying assets. In order to maintain or adjust the capital structure, the Group may adjust the level of dividends paid to shareholders, return capital to shareholders, issue new shares or sell assets to reduce debt.

Every quarter the Group must report to the ZDP shareholders that the covenants attached to the ZDP shares have not been breached. The most significant covenant is the asset cover which is calculated as adjusted gross assets: financial indebtedness. This covenant is monitored on a bi-monthly basis by the Board and has not been breached at any time. Further details can be found in the Inland ZDP Prospectus on the Company's website at www.inlandhomesplc.com .

Other financial liabilities consist of borrowings of GBP7.2m (30 September 2020: GBP6.8m) and GBP7.5m (30 September 2020: GBPnil) of deferred land creditors. Deferred land creditors are not considered as part of the Group's capital management policy.

6. Revenue from contracts with customers

The Group has disaggregated revenue into various categories in the following tables which is intended to:

-- Depict how the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows are affected by economic date; and

-- Enable users to understand the relationship with revenue segment information provided in note 7.

 
                                         Land  Management  Contract      House 
                                        sales        fees    income   building  Total 
Six-month period ended 31 March 2021     GBPm        GBPm      GBPm       GBPm   GBPm 
-------------------------------------  ------  ----------  --------  ---------  ----- 
Point in time                             0.6         8.3         -       39.0   47.9 
Over time                                   -         0.6      28.5          -   29.1 
-------------------------------------  ------  ----------  --------  ---------  ----- 
Total                                     0.6         8.9      28.5       39.0   77.0 
-------------------------------------  ------  ----------  --------  ---------  ----- 
 
 
                                         Land  Management  Contract      House 
                                        sales        fees    income   building  Total 
Six-month period ended 31 March 2020     GBPm        GBPm      GBPm       GBPm   GBPm 
-------------------------------------  ------  ----------  --------  ---------  ----- 
Point in time                               -         9.4         -       13.8   23.2 
Over time                                   -           -      35.3          -   35.3 
-------------------------------------  ------  ----------  --------  ---------  ----- 
Total                                       -         9.4      35.3       13.8   58.5 
-------------------------------------  ------  ----------  --------  ---------  ----- 
 
 
                                 Land  Management  Contract      House 
                                sales        fees    income   building  Total 
Year ended 30 September 2020     GBPm        GBPm      GBPm       GBPm   GBPm 
-----------------------------  ------  ----------  --------  ---------  ----- 
Point in time                    21.7        21.4         -       23.8   66.9 
Over time                           -         3.0      51.8          -   54.8 
-----------------------------  ------  ----------  --------  ---------  ----- 
Total                            21.7        24.4      51.8       23.8  121.7 
-----------------------------  ------  ----------  --------  ---------  ----- 
 

All revenue is earned in the United Kingdom.

Included within 'Land sales' are land sales to housing associations which include construction works to 'Golden Brick'. Subsequent construction works to completion are included within 'Contract income'.

Included within 'House building' are the sales of reversionary freehold reversions and customers' extras that arise as a by-product of house building activity.

Rental income and investment properties income is not disclosed in the table above as these revenue sources do not fall under the IFRS 15 accounting standard.

7. Segmental information

In accordance with IFRS 8 'Operating Segments', information is disclosed to enable users of financial statements to evaluate the nature and financial effects of the business activities in which the Group engages and provide the appropriate analysis of the disaggregation of revenues by IFRS 15 'Revenue from Contracts with Customers'.

In identifying its operating segments, management differentiates between land sales, asset management fees, contract income, house building, rental income, investment properties and central support. These segments are based on the information reported to the Chief Executive Officer and represent the activities which generate significant revenues, profits and use of resources within the Group. These operating segments are monitored and strategic decisions are made on the basis of segment operating results.

Segmental analysis by activity

 
                                                  Asset 
                                      Land   management  Contract      House   Rental   Investment   Central 
Six-month period ended 31            sales         fees    income   building   income   properties   support   Total 
 March 2021                           GBPm         GBPm      GBPm       GBPm     GBPm         GBPm      GBPm    GBPm 
----------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  -------  -----------  --------  ------ 
Revenue from contracts with 
 customers                             0.6          8.9      28.5       39.0        -            -         -    77.0 
Other revenue                            -            -         -          -      0.4          0.6         -     1.0 
Cost of sales                        (1.1)        (7.0)    (28.5)     (37.5)    (0.3)        (0.1)         -  (74.5) 
----------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  -------  -----------  --------  ------ 
Gross profit / (loss)                (0.5)          1.9         -        1.5      0.1          0.5         -     3.5 
----------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  -------  -----------  --------  ------ 
Administrative expenses              (0.5)        (0.1)     (0.3)      (0.8)    (0.1)            -     (2.3)   (4.1) 
Share of loss of joint ventures          -            -         -      (0.6)        -            -         -   (0.6) 
Share of loss of associate               -            -         -      (0.1)        -            -         -   (0.1) 
Revaluation of assets held 
 for sale                                -            -         -      (1.0)        -            -         -   (1.0) 
----------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  -------  -----------  --------  ------ 
Operating (loss) / profit            (1.0)          1.8     (0.3)      (1.0)        -          0.5     (2.3)   (2.3) 
----------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  -------  -----------  --------  ------ 
Finance cost - interest expense      (2.1)            -         -      (1.1)        -        (0.3)     (1.3)   (4.8) 
Finance income - interest 
 receivable and similar income         1.0            -         -        0.1        -            -       0.2     1.3 
----------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  -------  -----------  --------  ------ 
(Loss) / profit before tax           (2.1)          1.8     (0.3)      (2.0)        -          0.2     (3.4)   (5.8) 
----------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  -------  -----------  --------  ------ 
Net tax charge                           -          0.2         -          -        -            -         -     0.2 
----------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  -------  -----------  --------  ------ 
Total (loss) / profit for 
 the period                          (2.1)          2.0     (0.3)      (2.0)        -          0.2     (3.4)   (5.6) 
Revaluation of quoted investments        -            -         -          -        -            -     (0.1)   (0.1) 
----------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  -------  -----------  --------  ------ 
Total (loss) / profit and 
 comprehensive (loss) / income 
 for the period                      (2.1)          2.0     (0.3)      (2.0)        -          0.2     (3.5)   (5.7) 
----------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  -------  -----------  --------  ------ 
 
 
                                                  Asset 
                                      Land   management  Contract      House   Rental   Investment   Central 
Six-month period ended 31            sales         fees    income   building   income   properties   support   Total 
 March 2020                           GBPm         GBPm      GBPm       GBPm     GBPm         GBPm      GBPm    GBPm 
----------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  -------  -----------  --------  ------ 
Revenue from contracts with 
 customers                               -          9.4      35.3       13.8        -            -         -    58.5 
Other revenue                            -            -         -          -      0.5          0.6         -     1.1 
Cost of sales                        (2.0)        (2.6)    (37.0)     (12.9)        -        (0.2)         -  (54.7) 
----------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  -------  -----------  --------  ------ 
Gross profit / (loss)                (2.0)          6.8     (1.7)        0.9      0.5          0.4         -     4.9 
----------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  -------  -----------  --------  ------ 
Administrative expenses                  -            -         -          -        -            -     (7.6)   (7.6) 
Share of profit of joint ventures        -            -         -        1.8        -            -         -     1.8 
Share of profit of associate             -            -         -        0.1        -            -         -     0.1 
Loss on sale of controlling 
 interest 
 in subsidiary                           -            -         -      (2.0)        -            -         -   (2.0) 
Revaluation of investment 
 property                                -            -         -          -        -        (0.3)         -   (0.3) 
----------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  -------  -----------  --------  ------ 
Operating (loss) / profit            (2.0)          6.8     (1.7)        0.8      0.5          0.1     (7.6)   (3.1) 
----------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  -------  -----------  --------  ------ 
Finance cost - interest expense      (0.8)            -         -      (2.0)        -        (1.3)     (0.4)   (4.5) 
Finance income - interest 
 receivable and similar income         0.4            -         -          -        -            -         -     0.4 
----------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  -------  -----------  --------  ------ 
(Loss) / profit before tax           (2.4)          6.8     (1.7)      (1.2)      0.5        (1.2)     (8.0)   (7.2) 
----------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  -------  -----------  --------  ------ 
Net tax charge                         0.2        (0.5)       0.1        0.1        -          0.1       0.7     0.7 
----------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  -------  -----------  --------  ------ 
Total (loss) / profit for 
 the period                          (2.2)          6.3     (1.6)      (1.1)      0.5        (1.1)     (7.3)   (6.5) 
Revaluation of quoted investments        -            -         -          -        -            -     (0.1)   (0.1) 
----------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  -------  -----------  --------  ------ 
Total (loss) / profit and 
 comprehensive (loss) / income 
 for the period                      (2.2)          6.3     (1.6)      (1.1)      0.5        (1.1)     (7.4)   (6.6) 
----------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  -------  -----------  --------  ------ 
 
 
                                                  Asset 
                                      Land   management  Contract      House   Rental   Investment   Central 
                                     sales         fees    income   building   income   properties   support   Total 
Year ended 30 September 2020          GBPm         GBPm      GBPm       GBPm     GBPm         GBPm      GBPm    GBPm 
----------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  -------  -----------  --------  ------ 
Revenue from contracts with 
 customers                            21.7         24.4      51.8       23.8        -            -         -   121.7 
Other revenue                            -            -         -          -      1.4          0.9         -     2.3 
Cost of sales                       (19.7)        (3.0)    (52.9)     (22.7)    (0.4)        (0.5)         -  (99.2) 
Expected credit loss                 (2.8)            -         -          -        -            -         -   (2.8) 
----------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  -------  -----------  --------  ------ 
Gross profit / (loss)                (0.8)         21.4     (1.1)        1.1      1.0          0.4         -    22.0 
----------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  -------  -----------  --------  ------ 
Administrative expenses                  -            -         -          -        -            -    (12.6)  (12.6) 
Share of profit of joint ventures        -            -         -        2.0        -            -         -     2.0 
Share of loss of associate               -            -         -      (0.2)        -            -         -   (0.2) 
Revaluation of assets held 
 for sale                                -            -         -          -        -          2.0         -     2.0 
Loss on sale of controlling 
 interest 
 in subsidiary                           -            -         -      (2.0)        -            -         -   (2.0) 
Revaluation of investment 
 property                                -            -         -          -        -          0.6         -     0.6 
----------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  -------  -----------  --------  ------ 
Operating profit / (loss)            (0.8)         21.4     (1.1)        0.9      1.0          3.0    (12.6)    11.8 
----------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  -------  -----------  --------  ------ 
Finance cost - interest expense      (4.5)        (0.3)     (0.1)      (2.0)        -        (0.5)     (1.8)   (9.2) 
Finance income - interest 
 receivable and similar income         0.8          0.1         -        0.2        -            -         -     1.1 
----------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  -------  -----------  --------  ------ 
Profit / (loss) before tax           (4.5)         21.2     (1.2)      (0.9)      1.0          2.5    (14.4)     3.7 
----------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  -------  -----------  --------  ------ 
Net tax charge                         0.1        (0.8)         -      (0.6)    (0.1)        (0.1)       0.1   (1.4) 
----------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  -------  -----------  --------  ------ 
Total profit / (loss) for 
 the period                          (4.4)         20.4     (1.2)      (1.5)      0.9          2.4    (14.3)     2.3 
Other comprehensive income               -            -         -          -        -            -     (0.6)   (0.6) 
----------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  -------  -----------  --------  ------ 
Total profit / (loss) and 
 comprehensive income / (loss) 
 for the period                      (4.4)         20.4     (1.2)      (1.5)      0.9          2.4    (14.9)     1.7 
----------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  -------  -----------  --------  ------ 
 
 
                                                Asset 
                                    Land   management  Contract      House    Rental   Investment   Central 
                                   sales         fees    income   building    income   properties   support    Total 
As at 31 March 2021                 GBPm         GBPm      GBPm       GBPm      GBPm         GBPm      GBPm     GBPm 
--------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  --------  -----------  --------  ------- 
ASSETS 
Non-current assets 
Investment properties                  -            -         -          -         -         49.5         -     49.5 
Property, plant and equipment          -            -         -          -       4.5            -       0.8      5.3 
Right-of-use assets                    -            -         -          -         -            -       1.1      1.1 
Intangible assets                      -            -         -          -       0.1            -         -      0.1 
Investments in quoted companies        -            -         -          -         -            -       0.4      0.4 
Investment in joint ventures           -            -         -        7.7         -            -         -      7.7 
Investment in associate                -            -         -        1.0         -            -         -      1.0 
Other receivables                      -            -       2.2       21.5         -            -         -     23.7 
--------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  --------  -----------  --------  ------- 
Total non-current assets               -            -       2.2       30.2       4.6         49.5       2.3     88.8 
--------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  --------  -----------  --------  ------- 
Current assets 
Inventories                         29.2            -       3.7      126.0       0.1            -         -    159.0 
Trade and other receivables          7.3         53.5      11.6        0.2         -            -       0.8     73.4 
Assets held for sale                   -            -         -          -         -         11.1         -     11.1 
Amounts due from associate             -            -         -        3.2         -            -         -      3.2 
Amounts due from joint ventures        -            -         -       33.2         -            -         -     33.2 
Cash and cash equivalents              -            -         -          -         -            -      28.0     28.0 
--------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  --------  -----------  --------  ------- 
Total current assets                36.5         53.5      15.3      162.6       0.1         11.1      28.8    307.9 
--------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  --------  -----------  --------  ------- 
Total assets                        36.5         53.5      17.5      192.8       4.7         60.6      31.1    396.7 
--------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  --------  -----------  --------  ------- 
LIABILITIES 
Current liabilities 
Bank loans and overdrafts          (3.6)            -         -          -     (0.3)                      -    (3.9) 
Other loans                       (22.7)            -         -      (4.3)         -            -         -   (27.0) 
Trade and other payables           (3.3)            -    (18.2)     (13.2)     (0.1)        (1.1)     (1.4)   (37.3) 
Deferred income                        -            -    (16.2)          -         -            -         -   (16.2) 
Amounts owed to joint ventures         -            -         -      (6.3)         -            -         -    (6.3) 
Lease liabilities                      -            -         -          -         -            -     (0.3)    (0.3) 
Corporation tax                    (0.1)        (0.6)         -          -     (0.1)        (0.1)         -    (0.9) 
Other financial liabilities       (11.1)            -         -          -         -            -         -   (11.1) 
--------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  --------  -----------  --------  ------- 
Total current liabilities         (40.8)        (0.6)    (34.4)     (23.8)     (0.5)        (1.2)     (1.7)  (103.0) 
--------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  --------  -----------  --------  ------- 
Non-current liabilities 
Bank loans                        (14.3)            -         -     (31.4)     (2.8)       (26.7)         -   (75.2) 
Other loans                            -            -         -     (13.3)         -            -         -   (13.3) 
Lease liabilities                      -            -         -          -         -            -     (0.8)    (0.8) 
Other financial liabilities        (3.6)            -         -          -         -            -         -    (3.6) 
Zero Dividend Preference shares        -            -         -     (31.2)         -            -         -   (31.2) 
Deferred tax                           -            -         -          -         -        (2.3)       0.7    (1.6) 
--------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  --------  -----------  --------  ------- 
Total non-current liabilities     (17.9)            -         -     (75.9)     (2.8)       (29.0)     (0.1)  (125.7) 
--------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  --------  -----------  --------  ------- 
Total liabilities                 (58.7)        (0.6)    (34.4)     (99.7)     (3.3)       (30.2)     (1.8)  (228.7) 
--------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  --------  -----------  --------  ------- 
Net assets                        (22.2)         52.9    (16.9)       93.1       1.4         30.4      29.3    168.0 
--------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  --------  -----------  --------  ------- 
 
 
                                                Asset 
                                    Land   management  Contract      House    Rental   Investment   Central 
                                   sales         fees    income   building    income   properties   support    Total 
As at 30 September 2020             GBPm         GBPm      GBPm       GBPm      GBPm         GBPm      GBPm     GBPm 
--------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  --------  -----------  --------  ------- 
ASSETS 
Non-current assets 
Investment properties                  -            -         -          -         -         43.5         -     43.5 
Property, plant and equipment          -            -         -          -       4.7            -       0.9      5.6 
Right-of-use assets                    -            -         -          -         -            -       1.2      1.2 
Intangible assets                      -            -         -          -       0.2            -         -      0.2 
Investments in quoted companies        -            -         -          -         -            -       0.5      0.5 
Investment in joint ventures           -            -         -        8.8         -            -         -      8.8 
Amounts due from joint ventures        -            -         -          -         -            -         -        - 
Investment in associate                -            -         -        1.1         -            -         -      1.1 
Other receivables                      -            -       1.6       20.7         -            -         -     22.3 
--------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  --------  -----------  --------  ------- 
Total non-current assets               -            -       1.6       30.6       4.9         43.5       2.6     83.2 
--------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  --------  -----------  --------  ------- 
Current assets 
Inventories                         72.1          4.0         -       97.5         -            -         -    173.6 
Trade and other receivables         15.8         36.8       8.0          -         -            -       0.3     60.9 
Assets held for sale                   -            -         -          -         -         12.5         -     12.5 
Amounts due from associate             -            -         -        3.1         -            -         -      3.1 
Amounts due from joint ventures        -            -         -       42.2         -            -         -     42.2 
Cash and cash equivalents              -            -         -          -         -            -      15.7     15.7 
--------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  --------  -----------  --------  ------- 
Total current assets                87.9         40.8       8.0      142.8         -         12.5      16.0    308.0 
--------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  --------  -----------  --------  ------- 
Total assets                        87.9         40.8       9.6      173.4       4.9         56.0      18.6    391.2 
--------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  --------  -----------  --------  ------- 
LIABILITIES 
Current liabilities 
Bank loans and overdrafts         (14.2)            -         -          -     (0.3)       (27.0)         -   (41.5) 
Other loans                       (25.3)            -         -          -         -            -         -   (25.3) 
Trade and other payables          (15.8)            -    (11.4)      (4.2)     (0.1)        (1.3)         -   (32.8) 
Deferred income                        -            -    (10.0)          -         -            -         -   (10.0) 
Amounts owed to joint ventures         -            -         -      (6.2)         -            -         -    (6.2) 
Lease liabilities                      -            -         -          -         -            -     (0.3)    (0.3) 
Corporation tax                        -            -         -          -         -            -     (3.1)    (3.1) 
--------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  --------  -----------  --------  ------- 
Total current liabilities         (55.3)            -    (21.4)     (10.4)     (0.4)       (28.3)     (3.4)  (119.2) 
--------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  --------  -----------  --------  ------- 
Non-current liabilities 
Bank loans                             -            -         -     (42.4)     (0.3)        (1.2)         -   (43.9) 
Other loans                            -            -         -     (13.1)         -            -         -   (13.1) 
Deferred income                        -            -         -      (2.1)         -            -         -    (2.1) 
Lease liabilities                      -            -         -          -         -            -     (0.9)    (0.9) 
Other financial liabilities        (6.8)            -         -          -         -            -         -    (6.8) 
Zero Dividend Preference shares        -            -         -     (30.2)         -            -         -   (30.2) 
Deferred tax                           -            -         -          -         -        (2.4)       0.7    (1.7) 
--------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  --------  -----------  --------  ------- 
Total non-current liabilities      (6.8)            -         -     (87.8)     (0.3)        (3.6)     (0.2)   (98.7) 
--------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  --------  -----------  --------  ------- 
Total liabilities                 (62.1)            -    (21.4)     (98.2)     (0.7)       (31.9)     (3.6)  (217.9) 
--------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  --------  -----------  --------  ------- 
Net assets                          25.8         40.8    (11.8)       75.2       4.2         24.1      15.0    173.3 
--------------------------------  ------  -----------  --------  ---------  --------  -----------  --------  ------- 
 

8. Finance costs

 
                                                   Six-month  Six-month 
                                                      period     period 
                                                       ended      ended     Year ended 
                                                    31 March   31 March   30 September 
                                                        2021       2020           2020 
                                                        GBPm       GBPm           GBPm 
-------------------------------------------------  ---------  ---------  ------------- 
Interest expense: 
 bank loan borrowings                                    2.0        2.0            4.1 
 other loan borrowings                                   1.2        1.0            2.1 
 amortisation of loan arrangement and other fees         0.7        1.1            2.3 
Zero Dividend Preference shares                          0.9        0.8            1.5 
-------------------------------------------------  ---------  ---------  ------------- 
Gross finance costs                                      4.8        4.9           10.0 
Finance costs capitalised                                  -      (0.4)          (0.8) 
-------------------------------------------------  ---------  ---------  ------------- 
Finance costs                                            4.8        4.5            9.2 
-------------------------------------------------  ---------  ---------  ------------- 
 

No finance costs (six-month period ended 31 March 2020: GBP0.4m; year ended 30 September 2020: GBP0.8m) have been capitalised on inventories in the six-month period in accordance with IAS 23 Borrowing Costs (see note 18), using the Group's cost of borrowing for that loan specific to the development in question.

In the six-month period ended 31 March 2021, the average capitalisation interest rate for interest expense in the cost of inventories was 0% (six-month period ended 31 March 2020: 5.25%; year ended 30 September 2020: 5.25%).

9. Finance income

 
                                                      Six-month  Six-month 
                                                         period     period 
                                                          ended      ended     Year ended 
                                                       31 March   31 March   30 September 
                                                           2021       2020           2020 
                                                           GBPm       GBPm           GBPm 
----------------------------------------------------  ---------  ---------  ------------- 
Interest from loans to joint ventures and associate         0.1        0.1            0.2 
Other interest receivable                                   0.2          -            0.1 
Notional interest income                                    1.0        0.3            0.8 
----------------------------------------------------  ---------  ---------  ------------- 
Finance income                                              1.3        0.4            1.1 
----------------------------------------------------  ---------  ---------  ------------- 
 

10. Earnings per share

Number of shares

Both the basic and diluted earnings per share have been calculated using the profit attributable to shareholders of the parent company, i.e. no adjustments to profit were necessary in 2021 nor 2020.

The reconciliation of the weighted average number of shares for the purposes of diluted earnings per share to the weighted average number of ordinary shares used in the calculation of basic earnings per share is as follows:

 
                                   Earnings per share Weighted 
                                             average 
                               Six-month   Six-month 
                                  period      period 
                                   ended       ended     Year ended 
                                31 March    31 March   30 September 
                               2021 '000   2020 '000      2020 '000 
----------------------------  ----------  ----------  ------------- 
For use in basic measures        227,925     205,944        214,361 
Dilutive effect of: 
share options                        274       1,490          1,323 
deferred bonus shares              1,694       1,694          1,694 
growth shares                      2,285       2,285          2,285 
----------------------------  ----------  ----------  ------------- 
For use in diluted measures      232,178     211,413        219,663 
----------------------------  ----------  ----------  ------------- 
 

Basic and diluted EPS

 
                                                      Six-month  Six-month 
                                                         period     period 
                                                          ended      ended     Year ended 
                                                       31 March   31 March   30 September 
                                                           2021       2020           2020 
                                                           '000       '000           '000 
----------------------------------------------------  ---------  ---------  ------------- 
(Loss) / profit attributable to equity shareholders 
 (GBPm)                                                   (5.7)      (6.6)            1.7 
----------------------------------------------------  ---------  ---------  ------------- 
(Loss) / earnings per share                             (2.50p)    (3.20p)          0.79p 
----------------------------------------------------  ---------  ---------  ------------- 
Diluted (loss) / earnings per share                     (2.46p)    (3.12p)          0.77p 
----------------------------------------------------  ---------  ---------  ------------- 
 

11. Investment properties

 
                            Residential  Development               Assets 
                             properties         land   under construction  Total 
                                   GBPm         GBPm                 GBPm   GBPm 
--------------------------  -----------  -----------  -------------------  ----- 
Fair value 
At 1 October 2020                  35.0          8.5                    -   43.5 
Additions                           0.1            -                  1.9    2.0 
Transfer from inventories           4.0            -                    -    4.0 
--------------------------  -----------  -----------  -------------------  ----- 
At 31 March 2021                   39.1          8.5                  1.9   49.5 
--------------------------  -----------  -----------  -------------------  ----- 
 

The investment properties were valued by the Directors using the following valuation techniques:

Residential properties

The Group's residential investment properties were valued by the Directors on the basis of 'open market value'. In arriving at their view of open market value the Directors had regard to the following; the accommodation offered, the square footage and the condition of each property. They then considered the above in light of the local market and prices achieved in recent transactions in consultation with a local property agent.

Development land

The Group's development land is carried at fair value which has been established by the Directors using an internal appraisal model based on the 'residual method'. The inputs for this model are the market value of units to be constructed in accordance with the planning permission, the costs of any housebuilding, infrastructure, local authority fees and professional fees. The market value of the units has been assessed at each balance sheet date based on the values achieved by the Group on earlier phases of the same development for similar property types, adjusted for the changes in current market conditions and progress of the current phase of the development. Housebuilding and infrastructure costs have been forecast using costs incurred by the Group on this or other similar developments with an allowance for cost increases. Local authority fees were agreed at the time of the signing of the planning permission and are therefore known costs. Professional fees are input using costs incurred on similar projects and finance holding costs are the Group's cost of debt capital. The Directors are of the opinion that developing the site reflects the highest and best use of this asset.

12. Property, plant and equipment

 
                        Modular      Office       Fixtures      Motor 
                        housing   equipment   and fittings   vehicles  Total 
                           GBPm        GBPm           GBPm       GBPm   GBPm 
---------------------  --------  ----------  -------------  ---------  ----- 
Cost 
At 1 October 2020           5.5         1.1            0.5        0.1    7.2 
Additions                     -           -            0.1          -    0.1 
Disposals                     -       (0.1)              -          -  (0.1) 
---------------------  --------  ----------  -------------  ---------  ----- 
At 31 March 2021            5.5         1.0            0.6        0.1    7.2 
---------------------  --------  ----------  -------------  ---------  ----- 
Depreciation 
At 1 October 2020           0.8         0.4            0.3        0.1    1.6 
Depreciation charge         0.2         0.1            0.1          -    0.4 
Disposals                     -       (0.1)              -          -  (0.1) 
---------------------  --------  ----------  -------------  ---------  ----- 
At 31 March 2021            1.0         0.4            0.4        0.1    1.9 
---------------------  --------  ----------  -------------  ---------  ----- 
Net book value 
---------------------  --------  ----------  -------------  ---------  ----- 
At 31 March 2021            4.5         0.6            0.2          -    5.3 
---------------------  --------  ----------  -------------  ---------  ----- 
At 30 September 2020        4.7         0.7            0.2          -    5.6 
---------------------  --------  ----------  -------------  ---------  ----- 
 

13. Right-of-use assets

On adoption of IFRS 16 on 1 October 2019, the Group recognised a right-of use asset. This has been presented in the Group Statement of Financial Position as follows:

 
                       Leasehold 
                        property 
                            GBPm 
---------------------  --------- 
Cost 
At 1 October 2020            1.6 
Additions                    0.1 
---------------------  --------- 
At 31 March 2021             1.7 
---------------------  --------- 
Depreciation 
At 1 October 2020            0.4 
Depreciation charge          0.2 
---------------------  --------- 
At 31 March 2021             0.6 
---------------------  --------- 
Net book value 
---------------------  --------- 
At 31 March 2021             1.1 
---------------------  --------- 
At 30 September 2020         1.2 
---------------------  --------- 
 

The right-of-use assets relate to the Group's occupation of Burnham Yard, Beaconsfield as a Head Office facility, and a car.

14. Intangible assets

 
                                      Development 
                                            costs 
                                             GBPm 
------------------------------------  ----------- 
Cost 
At 1 October 2020 and 31 March 2021           0.3 
------------------------------------  ----------- 
Amortisation 
At 1 October 2020                             0.1 
Charge for the period                         0.1 
------------------------------------  ----------- 
At 31 March 2021                              0.2 
------------------------------------  ----------- 
Net book value 
------------------------------------  ----------- 
At 31 March 2021                              0.1 
------------------------------------  ----------- 
At 30 September 2020                          0.2 
------------------------------------  ----------- 
 

15. Investments in quoted companies

 
                                Quoted 
                           investments 
                                  GBPm 
------------------------  ------------ 
Cost and carrying value 
At 1 October 2020                  0.5 
Revaluation                      (0.1) 
------------------------  ------------ 
At 31 March 2021                   0.4 
------------------------  ------------ 
 

Investments of quoted securities is measured at fair value through other comprehensive income. The fair value is based on published market prices.

16. Investment in joint ventures

 
                                                   Cheshunt 
                                   Bucknalls       Lakeside  Europa    Gardiners   High Wycombe 
                                Developments   Developments    Park         Park   Developments   Total 
                                        GBPm           GBPm    GBPm         GBPm           GBPm    GBPm 
-----------------------------  -------------  -------------  ------  -----------  -------------  ------ 
Cost 
At October 2020                          2.3            6.3     0.2            -              -     8.8 
Share of (loss)/profit after 
 tax                                     0.1          (1.0)       -            -              -   (0.9) 
Receipts from joint ventures               -              -   (0.2)            -              -   (0.2) 
-----------------------------  -------------  -------------  ------  -----------  -------------  ------ 
Movement during the period               0.1          (1.0)   (0.2)            -              -   (1.1) 
-----------------------------  -------------  -------------  ------  -----------  -------------  ------ 
At 31 March 2021                         2.4            5.3       -            -              -     7.7 
-----------------------------  -------------  -------------  ------  -----------  -------------  ------ 
 

Amounts due from/(to) joint ventures

 
                                                                                    As at 30 
                                                                        As at 31   September 
                                                                      March 2021        2020 
                                                                            GBPm        GBPm 
-------------------------------  ----------------------------------  -----------  ---------- 
Amounts owed by joint ventures, due within one year 
Cheshunt Lakeside Developments 
 Limited                         held at carrying value                     30.3        28.6 
 
High Wycombe Developments 
 Limited                         held at carrying value                      2.8        13.6 
 
Europa Park LLP                  held at carrying value                      0.1           - 
-------------------------------  ----------------------------------  -----------  ---------- 
Amounts due from joint ventures                                             33.2        42.2 
Amounts owed to joint ventures, due in within one year 
Bucknalls Developments 
 Limited                         held at carrying value                    (6.3)       (6.2) 
                                 held at fair value through profit 
                                  and loss                                     -           - 
-------------------------------  ----------------------------------  -----------  ---------- 
Amounts owed to joint ventures                                             (6.3)       (6.2) 
-------------------------------------------------------------------  -----------  ---------- 
Amounts due from/(to) joint 
 ventures                                                                   26.9        36.0 
-------------------------------------------------------------------  -----------  ---------- 
 

17. Investment in associate

In October 2015, the Group acquired 25% of Troy Homes Limited (Troy Homes), a premium housebuilder, and is entitled to 25% of the net returns.

At 31 March 2021, the Company continued to hold equity in its associate. A summary of the investment in the associate is as follows:

 
                          Total 
                           GBPm 
------------------------  ----- 
Cost 
At 1 October 2020           1.1 
Share of loss after tax   (0.1) 
------------------------  ----- 
At 31 March 2021            1.0 
------------------------  ----- 
 

Amounts due from associate

 
                                   As at 31          As at 
                                      March   30 September 
                                       2021           2020 
                                       GBPm           GBPm 
---------------------------------  --------  ------------- 
Current 
Loans                                   3.2            3.1 
---------------------------------  --------  ------------- 
Total amounts due from associate        3.2            3.1 
---------------------------------  --------  ------------- 
 

The above loans are repayable on demand. Interest is charged on the loan amounts.

18. Inventories

 
                                                                     Six-month 
                                                                        period 
                                                                         ended     Year ended 
                                                                      31 March   30 September 
                                                                          2021           2020 
                                                                          GBPm           GBPm 
-------------------------------------------------------------------  ---------  ------------- 
At 1 October 2020/1 October 2019                                         173.6          192.4 
Additions                                                                 67.4          111.7 
Disposal on sale of controlling interest in subsidiary undertaking           -         (36.2) 
Capitalisation of finance costs                                              -            0.8 
Capitalisation of employee costs                                           3.0            5.7 
Charged to income statement                                             (80.5)         (99.6) 
Transferred (to)/from investment property                                (4.0)            0.9 
Impairment                                                               (0.5)          (2.1) 
-------------------------------------------------------------------  ---------  ------------- 
At 31 March 2021/30 September 2020                                       159.0          173.6 
-------------------------------------------------------------------  ---------  ------------- 
 

19. Trade and other receivables

 
                                                             As at          As at 
                                                          31 March   30 September 
                                                              2021           2020 
                                                              GBPm           GBPm 
-------------------------------------------------------  ---------  ------------- 
Trade receivables from contract revenue with customers        31.8           18.9 
Prepayments and accrued income                                27.2           30.8 
Other receivables                                             14.3           11.2 
-------------------------------------------------------  ---------  ------------- 
Trade and other receivables due in less than one year         73.3           60.9 
Other receivables due in more than one year                   23.7           22.3 
-------------------------------------------------------  ---------  ------------- 
Total trade and other receivables                             97.0           83.2 
-------------------------------------------------------  ---------  ------------- 
 

Materially, all of the trade receivables are receivables from contract revenue with customers.

The carrying value of trade and other receivables classified at amortised cost is considered a reasonable approximation of fair value.

Within prepayments and accrued income is GBP2.8m (30 September 2020: GBP2.1m) relating to income accrued on a construction contract.

Included within other receivables due in greater than one year is GBP21.5m (30 September 2020: GBP20.7m) in relation to the sale of the Group's beneficial interest of 50% in Cheshunt Lakeside Developments Limited.

Included in prepayments and accrued income due in less than one year is GBP10.6m treated as short term as it represents the normal operating cycle of business but is not expected to be retained until greater than one year.

The Group does not hold any collateral as security.

The Group applies the simplified approach to providing for expected credit losses prescribed by IFRS 9 for trade receivables. The Group applies the general approach to providing for expected credit losses prescribed by IFRS 9 for other receivables. The expected credit loss provision in the current year and prior period are immaterial. The incurred loss provision in the current period was GBPnil (30 September 2020: GBP2.8m).

Other receivables

 
                                                         As at          As at 
                                                      31 March   30 September 
                                                          2021           2020 
                                                          GBPm           GBPm 
---------------------------------------------------  ---------  ------------- 
Due in less than one year 
Loan facilities                                           11.4            7.9 
Other                                                      2.9            3.3 
---------------------------------------------------  ---------  ------------- 
Total other receivables, due in less than one year        14.3           11.2 
---------------------------------------------------  ---------  ------------- 
Due in more than one year 
Sale of interest in joint venture                         21.5           20.7 
Other                                                      2.2            1.6 
---------------------------------------------------  ---------  ------------- 
Total other receivables, due in more than one year        23.7           22.3 
---------------------------------------------------  ---------  ------------- 
 

Within other receivables due in more than one year is GBP2.2m (30 September 2020: GBP1.6m) relating to retentions receivable from construction contracting clients.

Loan facilities include amounts as follows.

 
                                      As at          As at 
                                   31 March   30 September 
                                       2021           2020 
                                       GBPm           GBPm  Repayment status  Interest status 
--------------------------------  ---------  -------------  ----------------  --------------- 
                                                                Repayable on     Non-interest 
Hillingdon Properties Limited           4.2            4.1            demand          bearing 
                                                                Repayable on    Interest rate 
Inland (Southern) Limited               6.4            2.8            demand            of 4% 
                                                                Repayable on     Non-interest 
Gallions Developments Limited           0.5            0.7            demand          bearing 
                                                                Repayable on    Interest rate 
Brook Street Properties Limited         0.3            0.3            demand            of 4% 
--------------------------------  ---------  -------------  ----------------  --------------- 
Total loan facilities                  11.4            7.9 
--------------------------------  ---------  -------------  ----------------  --------------- 
 

20. Assets held for sale

The assets held for sale relate to surplus existing investment properties at Wilton Park which will not be developed and one commercial property. The assets were transferred based on a Directors' valuation as shown in the table below. Management expect disposal of these assets to occur within 12 months of the balance sheet date.

 
                                             Six-month 
                                                period 
                                                 ended     Year ended 
                                              31 March   30 September 
                                                  2021           2020 
                                                  GBPm           GBPm 
-------------------------------------------  ---------  ------------- 
At 1 October 2020/1 October 2019                  12.5            4.7 
Transfer from investment properties                  -            5.8 
Additions                                          0.5              - 
Disposal on sale of subsidiary undertaking       (0.9)              - 
Fair value adjustment                            (1.0)            2.0 
-------------------------------------------  ---------  ------------- 
At 31 March 2021/30 September 2020                11.1           12.5 
-------------------------------------------  ---------  ------------- 
 

21. Cash and cash equivalents

 
                   As at          As at 
                31 March   30 September 
                    2021           2020 
                    GBPm           GBPm 
-------------  ---------  ------------- 
Cash at bank        28.0           15.7 
-------------  ---------  ------------- 
 

Included in cash at bank is a restricted amount of GBP13.8m (30 September 2020: GBP4.7m) held in a bank account over which the Homes and Communities Agency has a charge as part of their security for a development loan advanced to the Group. On 29 April 2021, the loan facility was repaid. See note 29.

22. Borrowings

 
                                                1 to      2 to      3 to      4 to 
                                  < 1 year   2 years   3 years   4 years   5 years  > 5 years   Total 
                                      GBPm      GBPm      GBPm      GBPm      GBPm       GBPm    GBPm 
--------------------------------  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  ---------  ------ 
At 31 March 2021 
Secured bank loans                     3.9      71.8         -         -         -        3.4    79.1 
Secured other loans                   27.0         -      13.3         -         -          -    40.3 
--------------------------------  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  ---------  ------ 
Borrowings                            30.9      71.8      13.3         -         -        3.4   119.4 
Zero Dividend Preference shares          -         -         -      31.2         -          -    31.2 
Loans from joint ventures              3.1         -         -         -         -          -     3.1 
Other financing arrangements           7.2         -         -         -         -          -     7.2 
--------------------------------  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  ---------  ------ 
Gross debt                            41.2      71.8      13.3      31.2         -        3.4   160.9 
--------------------------------  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  ---------  ------ 
 
Cash and cash equivalents           (28.0)         -         -         -         -          -  (28.0) 
--------------------------------  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  ---------  ------ 
Net debt                              13.2      71.8      13.3      31.2         -        3.4   132.9 
--------------------------------  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  ---------  ------ 
 
At 30 September 2020 
Secured bank loans                    41.5       0.8      42.4         -         -        0.7    85.4 
Secured other loans                   25.3         -         -      13.1         -          -    38.4 
--------------------------------  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  ---------  ------ 
Borrowings                            66.8       0.8      42.4      13.1         -        0.7   123.8 
Zero Dividend Preference shares          -         -         -      30.2         -          -    30.2 
Loans from joint ventures              3.1         -         -         -         -          -     3.1 
Other financing arrangements             -       6.8         -         -         -          -     6.8 
--------------------------------  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  ---------  ------ 
Gross debt                            69.9       7.6      42.4      43.3         -        0.7   163.9 
--------------------------------  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  ---------  ------ 
Cash and cash equivalents           (15.7)         -         -         -         -          -  (15.7) 
--------------------------------  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  ---------  ------ 
Net debt                              54.2       7.6      42.4      43.3         -        0.7   148.2 
--------------------------------  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  ---------  ------ 
 
At 31 March 2021 
Bank loans                               -      33.1         -         -         -          -    33.1 
Other loans                            3.0         -       3.1         -         -          -     6.1 
--------------------------------  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  ---------  ------ 
Undrawn facilities                     3.0      33.1       3.1         -         -          -    39.2 
--------------------------------  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  ---------  ------ 
Zero Dividend Preference shares          -         -         -         -         -          -       - 
--------------------------------  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  ---------  ------ 
Undrawn debt                             -         -         -         -         -          -    39.2 
--------------------------------  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  ---------  ------ 
 
At 30 September 2020 
Bank loans                               -         -      22.6         -         -          -    22.6 
Other loans                           20.0         -         -       3.2         -          -    23.2 
--------------------------------  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  ---------  ------ 
Undrawn facilities                    20.0         -      22.6       3.2         -          -    45.8 
--------------------------------  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  ---------  ------ 
Zero Dividend Preference shares          -         -         -         -         -          -       - 
--------------------------------  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  ---------  ------ 
Undrawn debt                          20.0         -      22.6       3.2         -          -    45.8 
--------------------------------  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  ---------  ------ 
 

At 31 March 2021, the bank loans were secured over GBP49.8m (30 September 2020: GBP34.9m) of investment property and assets held for sale and GBP77.6m (30 September 2020: GBP105.5m) of inventories. The other loans were secured over GBP8.5m (30 September 2020: GBP8.5m) of investment property, GBPnil (30 September 2020: GBP4.7m) property, plant and equipment and GBP36.3m (30 September 2020 GBP35.9m) of inventories. The Zero Dividend Preference shares were secured against loans to joint ventures and associate of GBP33.3m (30 September 2020: GBP32.9m) and GBP13.0m (30 September 2020: GBP7.7m) of unrestricted cash.

Zero Dividend Preference shares

The Zero Dividend Preference shares carry no entitlement to any dividends or other distributions or to participate in the revenue or any other profits of the Company. The Zero Dividend Preference shareholders have no right to receive notice of, or to attend or vote at, any general meeting of the Company except in those circumstances set out in the Inland Zero Dividend Preference plc's Articles of Association, which would be likely to affect their rights or general interests. At 31 March 2021, there were 18,101,857 Zero Dividend Preference shares in issue (30 September 2020: 18,101,857). In August 2018, the Zero Dividend Preference shareholders agreed to rollover and extend the facility and will now be repaid on or before 10 April 2024. This was accounted for as a substantial modification due to the significant extension to the term of the debt, the change to the covenants and the substantial change in interest rate. This resulted in no gain or loss being recognised in the Income Statement.

IFRS 7 'Financial liabilities: Disclosure', requires disclosure of the maturity of the Group's remaining contractual financial liabilities. The table below shows the contractual undiscounted cash outflows arising from the Group's gross debt which is split between fixed rate and variable rate borrowings.

 
                                         1 to      2 to      3 to      4 to 
                           < 1 year   2 years   3 years   4 years   5 years  > 5 years   Total 
                               GBPm      GBPm      GBPm      GBPm      GBPm       GBPm    GBPm 
-------------------------  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  ---------  ------ 
At 31 March 2021 
Variable rate borrowings       15.1      71.6      13.3      31.2         -          -   131.2 
Fixed rate borrowings          26.1       0.2         -         -         -        3.4    29.7 
-------------------------  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  ---------  ------ 
Gross debt                     41.2      71.8      13.3      31.2         -        3.4   160.9 
Interest on gross debt          7.3         -       3.0       1.0       0.1        0.2    14.8 
-------------------------  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  ---------  ------ 
Gross loan commitments         48.5      75.0      16.3      32.2       0.1        3.6   175.7 
-------------------------  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  ---------  ------ 
 
At 30 September 2020 
Variable rate borrowings       41.2       7.3         -      43.3         -          -    91.8 
Fixed rate borrowings          28.7       0.3      42.4         -         -        0.7    72.1 
-------------------------  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  ---------  ------ 
Gross debt                     69.9       7.6      42.4      43.3         -        0.7   163.9 
Interest on gross debt          3.3       2.6       1.5       1.4       0.6        0.1     9.5 
-------------------------  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  ---------  ------ 
Gross loan commitments         73.2      10.2      43.9      44.7       0.6        0.8   173.4 
-------------------------  --------  --------  --------  --------  --------  ---------  ------ 
 

23. Trade and other payables

 
                                      As at          As at 
                                   31 March   30 September 
                                       2021           2020 
                                       GBPm           GBPm 
--------------------------------  ---------  ------------- 
Trade payables                         21.1           17.0 
Other payables                          0.3            3.9 
Sales and social security taxes         3.3            0.5 
Provisions                              0.2            0.2 
Accruals                               12.4           11.2 
--------------------------------  ---------  ------------- 
Total trade and other payables         37.3           32.8 
--------------------------------  ---------  ------------- 
 

Included within trade payables is GBP10.4m (30 September 2020: GBP9.1m) relating to amounts payable in relation to construction contracts in the contract income segment and GBP4.0m (30 September 2020: GBP4.3m) in relation to construction contracts in the housebuilding segment.

24. Lease liabilities

IFRS 16 'Leases' was adopted on 1 October 2019 without restatement of comparative figures. On adoption, lease liabilities were measured at the present value of the contractual payments due to the lessor over the lease term, with the discount rate determined by reference to the rate inherent in the lease which in the Group's case was the Group's incremental borrowing rate on commencement of the lease.

The Group has a lease for the Head Office facility at Burnham Yard, Beaconsfield, and for a car. These have been presented on the Group Statement of Financial Position as right-of-use assets and lease liabilities. Short-term leases and leases of low-value underlying assets have been excluded, as is permitted by IFRS 16.

The lease imposes a restriction that the right-of-use asset can only be used by the Group and is non-cancellable for six years from the commencement of the lease. Further, the Group is prohibited from selling or pledging the underlying leased asset as security and the Group must keep the property in a good state of repair and return the property in its original condition at the end of the lease. The lease is secured by the related underlying asset.

The Group has elected not to recognise a lease liability for short term leases (leases with an expected term of 12 months or less) or for leases of low value assets. Payments made under such leases are expensed on a straight-line basis.

 
                       Six-month 
                          period 
                           ended 
                        31 March 
                            2021 
                            GBPm 
---------------------  --------- 
At 30 September 2020         1.2 
Additions                    0.1 
Lease payments             (0.2) 
---------------------  --------- 
At 31 March 2021             1.1 
---------------------  --------- 
 

Leases are presented in the Group Statement of Financial Position as follows:

 
                  As at          As at 
               31 March   30 September 
                   2021           2020 
                   GBPm           GBPm 
------------  ---------  ------------- 
Current             0.3            0.3 
Non-current         0.8            0.9 
------------  ---------  ------------- 
Total               1.1            1.2 
------------  ---------  ------------- 
 

Future minimum lease payments at 30 September 2020 were as follows:

 
                                    <1 year  1-2 years  2-3 years  3-4 years  Total 
                                       GBPm       GBPm       GBPm       GBPm   GBPm 
----------------------------------  -------  ---------  ---------  ---------  ----- 
Lease liabilities secured against 
 right-of-use asset                     0.3        0.3        0.3        0.2    1.1 
----------------------------------  -------  ---------  ---------  ---------  ----- 
Total                                   0.3        0.3        0.3        0.2    1.1 
----------------------------------  -------  ---------  ---------  ---------  ----- 
 

The expense relating to payments not included in the measurement of the lease liability is immaterial.

25. Other financial liabilities

Other financial liabilities falling due within one year of GBP3.9m (30 September 2020: GBPnil) and falling greater than one year of GBP3.6m (30 September 2020: GBPnil) relate to purchase consideration on inventories. Other financial liabilities falling due within one year of GBP7.2m (30 September 2020: GBPnil) and falling greater than one year of GBPnil (30 September 2020: GBP6.8m) relate to the recognition of an other financial liability.

26. Deferred income

 
                                                    As at          As at 
                                                 31 March   30 September 
                                                     2021           2020 
                                                     GBPm           GBPm 
----------------------------------------------  ---------  ------------- 
Deferred income, due in less than one year           16.2           10.0 
Deferred income, due in greater than one year           -            2.1 
----------------------------------------------  ---------  ------------- 
 

The deferred income greater than one year, has arisen on receipt of a deposit relating to the sale of completed units. These are currently under construction.

The deferred income due within one year arises due to the differences between customer certification of contract income recognised under the input method of IFRS 15 and amounts billed to customers.

27. Share capital and reserves

Group and Company

The Group and Company have two classes of share capital and five types of reserves organised as follows:

Ordinary shares

Except for the shares held in the Employee Benefit Trust and the Treasury reserve, each share has the right to one vote and is entitled to participate in any distribution made by the Company, including the right to receive a dividend. Ordinary shares issued after the balance sheet date but prior to the date of this report are disclosed in note 29.

The movement in the number of shares in issue is shown in the table below.

 
                                             Authorised, issued and fully paid 
                                      ----------------------------------------------- 
                                        10p ordinary shares      10p deferred shares 
                                      ------------------------  --------------------- 
                                                Number    GBPm         Number    GBPm 
------------------------------------  ----------------  ------  -------------  ------ 
At 1 October 2020                          228,341,045    22.8          9,980       - 
Issued on exercise of share options          1,500,000     0.2              -       - 
------------------------------------  ----------------  ------  -------------  ------ 
As at 31 March 2021                        229,841,045    23.0          9,980       - 
------------------------------------  ----------------  ------  -------------  ------ 
 
 
                          10p ordinary 
                                shares 
                                Number 
------------------------  ------------ 
Total voting shares (1) 
At 30 September 2020       226,713,545 
------------------------  ------------ 
At 31 March 2021           228,213,545 
------------------------  ------------ 
 

1 Ordinary shares in issue less shares held in the Employee Benefit Trust and the Treasury reserve.

27. Share capital and reserves continued

Deferred shares

Deferred shares shall not confer the right to be paid a dividend or to receive notice of or attend or vote at a general meeting. On a winding-up, after the distribution of the first GBP10,000,000 of the assets of the Company, the holders of the deferred shares (if any) shall be entitled to receive an amount equal to the nominal value of such deferred shares pro rata to their respective holdings.

Reserves

The following describes the nature and purpose of each reserve within shareholders' equity:

 
Reserve            Description and purpose 
-----------------  ------------------------------------------------------------------ 
Share premium      Amount subscribed for share capital in excess of nominal 
                    value less directly attributable issue costs. 
-----------------  ------------------------------------------------------------------ 
Employee benefit   This represents the purchase of the Company's own shares 
 trust              and are deducted from total equity until they are issued 
                    to employees under the Deferred Bonus Plan. At 31 March 
                    2021 this reserve holds 1,627,500 shares (30 September 
                    2020: 1,627,500 shares). 
-----------------  ------------------------------------------------------------------ 
Special reserve    A resolution was passed at the AGM in November 2011 for 
                    the capitalisation of the Parent Company's reserves to 
                    allow for the possibility of distributions in the future 
                    and this was put in the Special Reserve, which is a distributable 
                    reserve. A copy of this resolution is available from 
                    Companies House. 
-----------------  ------------------------------------------------------------------ 
Retained earnings  Cumulative net gains and losses recognised in the Group 
                    income statement together with other items such as dividends 
                    and share-based payments. 
-----------------  ------------------------------------------------------------------ 
 
 
                          10p ordinary shares 
Employee Benefit Trust          Number    GBPm 
-----------------------  -------------  ------ 
At 30 September 2020         1,627,500   (1.1) 
-----------------------  -------------  ------ 
At 31 March 2021             1,627,500   (1.1) 
-----------------------  -------------  ------ 
 

28. Net debt reconciliation

 
                                                                            Amortisation 
                                          At                                     of loan     Movement         At 
                                   1 October    Cash                         arrangement   in accrued   31 March 
                                        2020   flows  Proceeds  Repayments          fees    liability       2021 
                                        GBPm    GBPm      GBPm        GBPm          GBPm         GBPm       GBPm 
--------------------------------  ----------  ------  --------  ----------  ------------  -----------  --------- 
Secured bank loans                      85.4       -      12.5      (18.4)         (0.4)            -       79.1 
Other secured loans                     38.4       -       4.4       (2.6)           0.1            -       40.3 
--------------------------------  ----------  ------  --------  ----------  ------------  -----------  --------- 
Borrowings                             123.8       -      16.9      (21.0)         (0.3)            -      119.4 
Zero Preference Dividend shares         30.2       -         -           -             -          1.0       31.2 
Other financing arrangements             6.8       -         -           -             -          0.4        7.2 
Loans from joint ventures                3.1       -         -           -             -            -        3.1 
--------------------------------  ----------  ------  --------  ----------  ------------  -----------  --------- 
Gross debt                             163.9       -      16.9      (21.0)         (0.3)          1.4      160.9 
--------------------------------  ----------  ------  --------  ----------  ------------  -----------  --------- 
 
Cash and cash equivalents             (15.7)  (12.3)         -           -             -            -     (28.0) 
--------------------------------  ----------  ------  --------  ----------  ------------  -----------  --------- 
Net debt                               148.2  (12.3)      16.9      (21.0)         (0.3)          1.4      132.9 
--------------------------------  ----------  ------  --------  ----------  ------------  -----------  --------- 
 
Net assets 
IFRS                                   173.3                                                               168.0 
--------------------------------  ----------  ------  --------  ----------  ------------  -----------  --------- 
 
Net gearing 
IFRS                                   85.5%                                                               79.1% 
--------------------------------  ----------  ------  --------  ----------  ------------  -----------  --------- 
 

29. Post balance sheet events

On 30 March 2021, planning permission was granted and issued for 514 homes including 182 affordable homes at the former Master Brewer site, Hillingdon, Middlesex. On 10 May 2021, Hillingdon Council asked the High Court for a Judicial Review of the Mayor of London's decision to approve these plans.

On 20 April 2021, a resolution to grant planning permission was received for 583 homes at the former Homebase site, Walthamstow, East London.

On 29 April 2021, the Group received a resolution to grant planning permission, subject to the signing of a Section 106 agreement, for 700 new homes and 25,000 square metres of commercial space at Gardiners Park Village, Basildon. The planning application was submitted in conjunction with the Homes and Communities Agency.

On 29 April 2021, the Group repaid the GBP13.3m facility owed to the Homes and Communities Agency in full.

On 30 June 2021, the Group entered into three partnership housing contract income contracts totalling GBP88.5m which will run to 2025.

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