false --12-31 Q3 0001507605 false false false false 0001507605 2023-01-01 2023-09-30 0001507605 2023-11-06 0001507605 2023-09-30 0001507605 2022-12-31 0001507605 2023-07-01 2023-09-30 0001507605 2022-07-01 2022-09-30 0001507605 2022-01-01 2022-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2023-06-30 0001507605 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2023-06-30 0001507605 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2023-06-30 0001507605 2023-06-30 0001507605 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2022-12-31 0001507605 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2022-12-31 0001507605 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2022-12-31 0001507605 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2022-06-30 0001507605 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2022-06-30 0001507605 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2022-06-30 0001507605 2022-06-30 0001507605 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2021-12-31 0001507605 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2021-12-31 0001507605 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2021-12-31 0001507605 2021-12-31 0001507605 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2023-07-01 2023-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2023-07-01 2023-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2023-07-01 2023-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2023-01-01 2023-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2023-01-01 2023-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2023-01-01 2023-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2022-07-01 2022-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2022-07-01 2022-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2022-07-01 2022-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2022-01-01 2022-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2022-01-01 2022-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2022-01-01 2022-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2023-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2023-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2023-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2022-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2022-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2022-09-30 0001507605 2022-09-30 0001507605 srt:RestatementAdjustmentMember 2021-12-31 0001507605 srt:RestatementAdjustmentMember 2022-01-01 2022-03-31 0001507605 srt:RestatementAdjustmentMember 2022-04-01 2022-06-30 0001507605 srt:RestatementAdjustmentMember 2022-07-01 2022-09-30 0001507605 srt:RestatementAdjustmentMember 2022-01-01 2022-03-30 0001507605 srt:RestatementAdjustmentMember 2022-01-01 2022-06-30 0001507605 srt:RestatementAdjustmentMember 2022-01-01 2022-09-30 0001507605 srt:RestatementAdjustmentMember 2022-01-01 2022-12-31 0001507605 srt:RestatementAdjustmentMember 2022-03-31 0001507605 srt:RestatementAdjustmentMember 2022-06-30 0001507605 srt:RestatementAdjustmentMember 2022-09-30 0001507605 2023-03-31 0001507605 2022-01-01 2022-12-31 0001507605 MARA:NYDIGDigitlAssetsFundIIILPMember 2021-01-24 2021-01-25 0001507605 MARA:NYDIGDigitlAssetsFundIIILPMember 2021-01-25 0001507605 MARA:NYDIGDigitlAssetsFundIIILPMember 2022-06-09 2022-06-10 0001507605 2022-06-09 2022-06-10 0001507605 us-gaap:ConvertiblePreferredStockMember MARA:ComputerNorthHoldingsIncMember 2022-02-02 2022-02-03 0001507605 us-gaap:PreferredStockMember MARA:SafeAgreementMember 2022-05-03 0001507605 us-gaap:PreferredStockMember MARA:AuradineIncMember 2022-05-03 0001507605 us-gaap:PreferredStockMember MARA:AuradineIncMember 2022-05-02 2022-05-03 0001507605 us-gaap:PreferredStockMember MARA:AuradineIncMember 2022-09-26 2022-09-27 0001507605 us-gaap:PreferredStockMember MARA:AuradineIncMember 2022-09-27 0001507605 MARA:AuradineIncMember 2023-07-01 2023-09-30 0001507605 MARA:SAFEInvestmentMember 2023-09-30 0001507605 MARA:SAFEInvestmentMember 2022-12-31 0001507605 srt:MinimumMember MARA:InvestmentsAndJointVenturesMember 2023-09-30 0001507605 srt:MaximumMember MARA:InvestmentsAndJointVenturesMember 2023-09-30 0001507605 MARA:ADGMEntityMember 2023-09-30 0001507605 MARA:OperatorMember MARA:BlockRewardsMember 2023-07-01 2023-09-30 0001507605 MARA:OperatorMember MARA:BlockRewardsMember 2022-07-01 2022-09-30 0001507605 MARA:OperatorMember MARA:BlockRewardsMember 2023-01-01 2023-09-30 0001507605 MARA:OperatorMember MARA:BlockRewardsMember 2022-01-01 2022-09-30 0001507605 MARA:OperatorMember MARA:TransactionFeesMember 2023-07-01 2023-09-30 0001507605 MARA:OperatorMember MARA:TransactionFeesMember 2022-07-01 2022-09-30 0001507605 MARA:OperatorMember MARA:TransactionFeesMember 2023-01-01 2023-09-30 0001507605 MARA:OperatorMember MARA:TransactionFeesMember 2022-01-01 2022-09-30 0001507605 MARA:ParticipantMember 2023-07-01 2023-09-30 0001507605 MARA:ParticipantMember 2022-07-01 2022-09-30 0001507605 MARA:ParticipantMember 2023-01-01 2023-09-30 0001507605 MARA:ParticipantMember 2022-01-01 2022-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:MiningPropertiesAndMineralRightsMember 2023-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:MiningPropertiesAndMineralRightsMember 2022-12-31 0001507605 us-gaap:ContainersMember 2023-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:ContainersMember 2022-12-31 0001507605 MARA:OtherMember 2023-09-30 0001507605 MARA:OtherMember 2022-12-31 0001507605 us-gaap:ConstructionInProgressMember 2023-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:ConstructionInProgressMember 2022-12-31 0001507605 us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2023-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member 2023-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member 2023-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member 2023-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsRecurringMember 2022-12-31 0001507605 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel1Member 2022-12-31 0001507605 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel2Member 2022-12-31 0001507605 us-gaap:FairValueInputsLevel3Member 2022-12-31 0001507605 us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsNonrecurringMember 2023-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:FairValueMeasurementsNonrecurringMember 2022-12-31 0001507605 MARA:ContainersAndWebsiteAndLeaseholdImprovementsMember 2022-12-31 0001507605 MARA:OtherAssetsLiabilitiesMember 2023-09-30 0001507605 MARA:OtherAssetsLiabilitiesMember 2022-12-31 0001507605 us-gaap:WarrantMember 2023-07-01 2023-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:WarrantMember 2022-07-01 2022-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:WarrantMember 2023-01-01 2023-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:WarrantMember 2022-01-01 2022-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember 2023-07-01 2023-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember 2022-07-01 2022-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember 2023-01-01 2023-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember 2022-01-01 2022-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtSecuritiesMember 2023-07-01 2023-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtSecuritiesMember 2022-07-01 2022-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtSecuritiesMember 2023-01-01 2023-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:ConvertibleDebtSecuritiesMember 2022-01-01 2022-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:ConvertiblePreferredStockMember MARA:ComputerNorthHoldingsIncMember 2022-09-21 2022-09-22 0001507605 MARA:UnsecuredSeniorPromissoryNoteMember MARA:ComputerNorthLLCMember 2022-09-21 2022-09-22 0001507605 MARA:KingMountainAndWolfHollowMember 2022-09-21 2022-09-22 0001507605 2023-02-16 0001507605 2023-07-27 0001507605 MARA:AtTheMarketOfferingAgreementMember srt:MaximumMember 2022-02-09 2022-02-11 0001507605 MARA:AtTheMarketOfferingAgreementMember 2023-01-01 2023-09-30 0001507605 MARA:AtTheMarketOfferingAgreementMember 2022-02-01 2022-02-28 0001507605 MARA:AtTheMarketOfferingAgreementMember 2023-01-01 2023-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:SeriesAPreferredStockMember MARA:SecuritiesPurchaseAgreementMember 2023-06-04 2023-06-05 0001507605 us-gaap:SeriesAPreferredStockMember MARA:SecuritiesPurchaseAgreementMember 2023-06-07 2023-06-08 0001507605 us-gaap:SeriesAPreferredStockMember MARA:SecuritiesPurchaseAgreementMember 2023-06-08 0001507605 us-gaap:SeriesAPreferredStockMember MARA:SecuritiesPurchaseAgreementMember 2023-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:SeriesAPreferredStockMember MARA:SecuritiesPurchaseAgreementMember 2023-07-01 2023-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2022-12-31 0001507605 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2023-01-01 2023-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2023-09-30 0001507605 MARA:ConvertibleSeniorNotesDueTwoThousandAndTwentySixMember 2021-11-18 0001507605 2021-11-18 0001507605 2021-11-16 2021-11-18 0001507605 MARA:ExchangeAgreementMember 2023-09-01 2023-09-30 0001507605 us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember 2022-07-28 0001507605 us-gaap:RevolvingCreditFacilityMember 2022-07-27 2022-07-28 0001507605 MARA:TermCreditMember 2022-07-28 0001507605 2023-03-07 2023-03-08 0001507605 country:US 2023-09-30 0001507605 country:US 2022-12-31 0001507605 2023-02-08 2023-02-09 0001507605 2023-02-15 2023-02-16 0001507605 MARA:HardinMTMember 2020-10-05 2020-10-06 0001507605 MARA:PlaintiffMichaelHoMember 2022-02-22 2022-02-24 0001507605 MARA:AuradineIncMember 2022-09-23 0001507605 MARA:AtTheMarketOfferingAgreementMember us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember srt:MaximumMember 2023-10-23 2023-10-24 0001507605 MARA:AtTheMarketOfferingAgreementMember us-gaap:SubsequentEventMember 2023-10-23 2023-10-24 iso4217:USD xbrli:shares iso4217:USD xbrli:shares xbrli:pure MARA:Integer MARA:Bitcoin

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2023

 

or

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from _______to______

 

001-36555

(Commission File Number)

 

MARATHON DIGITAL HOLDINGS, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in charter)

 

Nevada   01-0949984

(State or other jurisdiction

of incorporation)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

101 NE Third Avenue, Suite 1200, Fort Lauderdale, FL   33301
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: 800-804-1690

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class   Trading Symbol(s)   Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.0001 per share   MARA   The Nasdaq Capital Market

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large Accelerated Filer Accelerated Filer
Non-accelerated Filer Smaller Reporting Company
    Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act) Yes ☐ No

 

Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date: 222,625,063 shares of common stock are issued and outstanding as of November 6, 2023.

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

    Page
PART I. - FINANCIAL INFORMATION  
Item 1. Financial Statements  
  Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022 1
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2023 and 2022 2
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity for the Three and Nine Months Ended September 30, 2023 and 2022 3
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2023 and 2022 4
  Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements 5
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 24
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk 38
Item 4. Controls and Procedures 38
     
PART II - OTHER INFORMATION  
Item 1. Legal Proceedings 40
Item 1A. Risk Factors 42
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 42
Item 3. Defaults upon Senior Securities 42
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures 42
Item 5. Other Information 42
Item 6. Exhibits 43

 

OTHER PERTINENT INFORMATION

 

Unless specifically set forth to the contrary, “Marathon”, “we”, “us”, “our”, “Company” and similar terms refer to Marathon Digital Holdings, Inc., a Nevada corporation, and its subsidiaries.

 

 

 

 

Item 1. Financial Statements

 

MARATHON DIGITAL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

 

   September 30,
2023
   December 31,
2022
 
   (unaudited)     
ASSETS          
Current assets:          
Cash and cash equivalents  $101,210   $103,705 
Restricted cash       8,800 
Digital assets   286,801    121,842 
Other receivable   1,193    18 
Deposits   7,104    2,350 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets   36,338    40,833 
Total current assets   432,646    277,548 
           
Property and equipment, net   741,659    273,026 
Advances to vendors   23,964    488,299 
Investments   103,038    37,000 
Long-term deposits   57,820    40,903 
Long-term prepaids   24,152    8,317 
Right-of-use assets   501    1,276 
Digital assets, restricted       68,875 
Total long-term assets   951,134    917,696 
TOTAL ASSETS  $1,383,780   $1,195,244 
           
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY          
Current liabilities:          
Accounts payable  $15,219   $1,312 
Accrued expenses   21,702    22,295 
Legal reserve payable       1,171 
Operating lease liabilities   150    326 
Accrued interest   1,102    1,011 
Total current liabilities   38,173    26,115 
Long-term liabilities:          
Notes payable   325,266    732,289 
Term loan       49,882 
Operating lease liabilities   388    1,017 
Total long-term liabilities   325,654    783,188 
Stockholders’ Equity:          
Preferred stock, 0.0001 par value, 50,000,000 shares authorized and no shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively        
Common stock, 0.0001 par value, 500,000,000 shares authorized; 210,184,718 and 145,565,916 issued and outstanding at September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively   21    15 
Additional paid-in capital   1,822,504    1,226,267 
Accumulated deficit   (802,572)   (840,341)
Total stockholders’ equity   1,019,953    385,941 
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY  $1,383,780   $1,195,244 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part to these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

1

 

 

MARATHON DIGITAL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

(unaudited)

 

   2023   2022   2023   2022 
  

Three months ended

September 30,

  

Nine months ended

September 30,

 
   2023   2022   2023   2022 
       (As Restated)       (As Restated) 
Total revenues  $97,849   $12,690   $230,740   $89,336 
                     
Costs and expenses                    
Cost of revenues                    
Cost of revenues - energy, hosting and other   (59,628)   (13,773)   (148,227)   (42,981)
Cost of revenues - depreciation and amortization   (53,548)   (26,295)   (108,556)   (64,882)
Total cost of revenues   (113,176)   (40,068)   (256,783)   (107,863)
Operating expenses                    
General and administrative expenses   (20,141)   (12,144)   (55,977)   (38,127)
Impairment of digital assets   (11,885)   (1,375)   (26,399)   (156,500)
Gains on digital assets and gains (losses) on digital assets loan receivable   31,720        72,689    (14,460)
Losses on digital assets held within investment fund               (85,017)
Gain on sale of equipment, net of disposals       29,819        83,879 
Legal reserves       (24,960)       (24,960)
Impairment of deposits due to vendor bankruptcy filing       (7,987)       (7,987)
Impairment of patents               (919)
Total operating expenses   (306)   (16,647)   (9,687)   (244,091)
Operating loss   (15,633)   (44,025)   (35,730)   (262,618)
Net gain from extinguishment of debt   82,600        82,267     
Equity in net earnings of unconsolidated affiliate   (647)       (647)    
Impairment of loan and investment due to vendor bankruptcy filing       (31,013)       (31,013)
Interest expense   (2,536)   (3,752)   (9,136)   (10,314)
Other non-operating income   426    238    1,366    620 
Income (loss) before income taxes   64,210    (78,552)   38,120    (303,325)
Income tax benefit (expense)   (73)   6,090    (351)   901 
Net income (loss)   64,137    (72,462)   37,769    (302,424)
Series A Preferred Stock accretion to redemption value           (2,121)    
Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders  $64,137   $(72,462)  $35,648   $(302,424)
                     
Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders per common stock - basic  $0.36   $(0.62)  $0.21   $(2.76)
Weighted average common stock outstanding - basic   179,602,722    116,533,816    169,162,821    109,492,865 
                     
Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders per common stock - diluted  $0.35   $(0.62)  $0.21   $(2.76)
Weighted average common stock outstanding - diluted   189,506,521    116,533,816    169,162,821    109,492,865 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part to these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

2

 

 

MARATHON DIGITAL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

(in thousands, except share and per share data)

(unaudited)

 

For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2023

 

   Number   Amount   Capital   Deficit   Equity 
   Common Stock  

Additional

Paid-in

  

Accumulated

  

Total

Stockholders’

 
   Number   Amount   Capital   Deficit   Equity 
Balance as of June 30, 2023   174,209,038   $17   $1,461,188   $(866,709)  $594,496 
Stock-based compensation, net of tax withholding   70,963        5,598        5,598 
Issuance of common stock, net of offering costs/At-the-market offering   4,182,300    1    36,950        36,951 
Exchange of convertible notes for common stock   31,722,417    3    318,768        318,771 
Net income               64,137    64,137 
Balance as of September 30, 2023   210,184,718   $21   $1,822,504   $(802,572)  $1,019,953 

 

For the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2023

 

   Common Stock  

Additional

Paid-in

  

Accumulated

  

Total

Stockholders’

 
   Number   Amount   Capital   Deficit   Equity 
Balance as of December 31, 2022   145,565,916   $15   $1,226,267   $(840,341)  $385,941 
Stock-based compensation, net of tax withholding   590,831        13,807        13,807 
Issuance of common stock, net of offering costs/At-the-market offering   32,305,554    3    265,783        265,786 
Series A Preferred Stock accretion to redemption value           (2,121)       (2,121)
Exchange of convertible notes for common stock   31,722,417    3    318,768        318,771 
Net Income               37,769    37,769 
Balance as of September 30, 2023   210,184,718   $21   $1,822,504   $(802,572)  $1,019,953 

 

For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2022

 

   Common Stock  

Additional

Paid-in

  

Accumulated

  

Total

Stockholders’

 
   Number   Amount   Capital   Deficit   Equity 
Balance as of June 30, 2022 (As Restated)   113,865,235   $11   $1,016,722   $(376,281)  $640,452 
Stock-based compensation, net of tax withholding   41,650        3,417        3,417 
Issuance of common stock, net of offering costs/At-the-market offering   2,903,520    1    37,659        37,660 
Net loss               (72,462)   (72,462)
Balance as of September 30, 2022 (As Restated)   116,810,405   $12   $1,057,798   $(448,743)  $609,067 

 

For the Nine Months Ended September 30, 2022

 

   Common Stock  

Additional

Paid-in

  

Accumulated

  

Total

Stockholders’

 
   Number   Amount   Capital   Deficit   Equity 
Balance as of December 31, 2021 (As Restated)   102,733,273   $10   $835,694   $(146,319)  $689,385 
Stock-based compensation, net of tax withholding   417,380        18,824        18,824 
Issuance of common stock, net of offering costs/At-the-market offering   13,459,752    2    198,700        198,702 
Common stock issued for long term service contract   200,000        4,580        4,580 
Net loss               (302,424)   (302,424)
Balance as of September 30, 2022 (As restated)   116,810,405   $12   $1,057,798   $(448,743)  $609,067 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part to these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

3

 

 

MARATHON DIGITAL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(in thousands)

(unaudited)

 

   2023   2022 
   Nine Months Ended September 30, 
   2023   2022 
       (As Restated) 
OPERATING ACTIVITIES          
Net income (loss)  $37,769   $(302,424)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash used in operating activities:          
Depreciation and amortization   108,556    64,882 
Amortization of prepaid service contract       22,781 
Deferred tax expense   351    (908)
Losses on digital assets held within investment fund       85,017 
(Gains) on digital assets and (gains) losses on digital assets loan receivables   (72,689)   14,460 
Impairment of digital assets   26,399    156,500 
Gain on sale of equipment, net of disposals       (83,879)
Stock-based compensation   13,907    18,876 
Amortization of debt issuance costs   2,780    2,956 
Equity in net earnings of unconsolidated affiliate   647     
Impairment of patents       919 
Impairment of assets related to vendor bankruptcy filing       39,000 
Gain on extinguishment of debt, net   (82,267)    
Other adjustments from operations, net   609    1,406 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:          
Revenues from digital asset production   (230,740)   (89,330)
Deposits   (21,671)   (13,629)
Prepaid expenses and other assets   (11,588)   (31,434)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses   3,359    7,888 
Legal reserve payable       21,200 
Accrued interest   91    1,976 
Net cash used in operating activities   (224,487)   (83,743)
INVESTING ACTIVITIES          
Advances to vendors   (87,315)   (482,098)
Purchase of property and equipment   (25,813)   (19,829)
Sale of property and equipment       177,371 
Proceeds from sale of digital assets   179,509     
Investments in joint venture   (66,754)    
Purchase of equity investments       (44,000)
Sale of digital currencies in investment fund       483 
Deconsolidation of fund       (500)
Net cash used in investing activities   (373)   (368,573)
FINANCING ACTIVITIES          
Proceeds from issuance of common stock, net of issuance costs   265,786    198,701 
Proceeds from issuance of preferred stock, net of issuance costs   13,629     
Redemption of preferred stock   (15,750)    
Net change in revolving credit agreement borrowings        
Proceeds from term loan borrowings, net of issuance costs       49,250 
Repayment of term loan borrowings   (50,000)     
Value of shares withheld for taxes   (100)   (52)
Net cash provided by financing activities   213,565    247,899 
Net decrease in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash   (11,295)   (204,417)
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash — beginning of period   112,505    268,556 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash — end of period  $101,210   $64,139 

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part to these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

4

 

 

MARATHON DIGITAL HOLDINGS, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Dollars in thousands, except per share and per bitcoin amounts)

(unaudited)

 

NOTE 1 – ORGANIZATION AND DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS

 

Marathon Digital Holdings, Inc. and subsidiaries (the “Company” or “Marathon”) is a digital asset technology company that produces or “mines” digital assets with a focus on the blockchain ecosystem and the generation of digital assets. The Company incorporated in the State of Nevada on February 23, 2010 under the name Verve Ventures, Inc. In October 2012, the Company commenced its IP licensing operations, at which time the Company’s name was changed to Marathon Patent Group, Inc. The Company purchased digital asset mining machines and established a data center in Canada to mine digital assets in 2017. The Company ceased operations in Canada in 2020 and consolidated all operations in the U.S. at the time. The Company has since expanded bitcoin mining activities across the U.S. and internationally. The Company changed its name to Marathon Digital Holdings, Inc. on March 1, 2021. As of September 30, 2023, the Company is focused on the mining of bitcoin and ancillary opportunities within the Bitcoin ecosystem.

 

Ancillary businesses are those that relate to the Bitcoin ecosystem but are not directly related to the self-mining of bitcoin. The ancillary businesses that relate directly to mining may include, but will not be limited to, management of bitcoin mining facilities for third party owners, advisory and consulting services to third parties seeking to set up and operate bitcoin mining facilities and joint ventures for bitcoin mining projects in domestic and international jurisdictions such as the Company’s project in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. The Company also seeks to be involved in Bitcoin related projects including, but not limited to, development of technologies in immersion, hardware, firmware, mining pools and side chains that use the blockchain cryptography. The Company may also become involved in electricity generation from renewable energy resources or methane gas capture to power bitcoin mining projects.

 

The term “Bitcoin” with a capital “B” is used to denote the Bitcoin protocol which implements a highly available, public, permanent, and decentralized ledger. The term “bitcoin” with a lower case “b” is used to denote the token, bitcoin.

 

NOTE 2 – VOLUNTARY CHANGE IN ACCOUNTING PRINCIPLE

 

During the quarter ended March 31, 2023 and effective January 1, 2023, the Company enacted a voluntary change in accounting principle from last-in-first-out (“LIFO”) to first-in-first-out (“FIFO”) in order to more accurately reflect the disposition of its digital assets. The change from LIFO to FIFO impacted the carrying value of digital asset loans made in August 2021 and December 2021, which was terminated at the point of repayment in kind for both loans in June 2022. The change in accounting principle resulted in a decrease in the carrying value of digital assets loaned and increased the gain on loaned digital assets for the year ended December 31, 2021. The change in accounting principle resulted in additional impairment of digital assets during the quarters ended March 31 and June 30, 2023. In accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”), the change has been reflected in the consolidated statements of operations through retrospective application to the quarter ended March 31, 2022.

 

5

 

 

The impacts of the voluntary change in accounting principle from LIFO to FIFO are as follows:

 

SCHEDULE OF VOLUNTARY CHANGE IN ACCOUNTING PRINCIPLE

   As of 
  

December 31, 2021

(Restated)

 
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet Impact     
Accumulated deficit   7,284 

 

                
   Three months ended (unaudited) 
   March 31, 2022 (Restated)  

June 30,

2022 (Restated)

  

September 30, 2022

(Restated)

 
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss) Impact               
Impairment of digital assets  $(5,660)  $(4,017)  $ 
Income tax benefit (expense)   1,412    (380)   232 
Net income (loss) impact  $(4,248)  $(4,397)  $232 
Net income (loss) per share, basic and diluted impact  $(0.04)  $(0.04)  $ 

 

   Six months ended (unaudited)   Nine months ended (unaudited)   Year ended 
  

June 30,

2022 (Restated)

  

September 30, 2022

(Restated)

  

December 31, 2022

(Restated)

 
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (Loss) Impact               
Impairment of digital assets  $(9,677)  $(9,677)  $(9,677)
Income tax benefit (expense)   1,032    1,264    2,393 
Net income (loss) impact  $(8,645)  $(8,413)  $(7,284)
Net income (loss) per share, basic and diluted impact  $(0.08)  $(0.08)  $(0.06)

 

                
   As of (unaudited) 
  

March 31,

2022

  

June 30,

2022

   September 30, 2022 (Restated) 
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet Impact               
Digital assets  $4,017   $   $ 
Deferred tax liabilities   981    1,361    1,129 
Accumulated deficit   3,036    (1,361)   (1,129)

 

NOTE 3 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Basis of Presentation and Principles of Consolidation

 

The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned and controlled subsidiaries. Intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. The Company has prepared the condensed consolidated financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission applicable to interim financial information, which permit the omission of certain disclosure to the extent they have not changed materially since the latest annual financial statements. These condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring adjustments) which, in the opinion of management, are necessary to present fairly the financial position, the results of operations and cash flows of the Company for the periods presented. The results of operations for the interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for any future fiscal periods in 2023 or for the full year ending December 31, 2023.

 

These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and related notes included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022 filed with the SEC on March 16, 2023.

 

6

 

 

Use of Estimates and Assumptions

 

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Significant estimates made by management include, but are not limited to, estimates of the useful lives of property and equipment, realization of long-lived assets, deferred income taxes, unrealized tax positions and realization of digital assets.

 

Cash and Cash Equivalents and Restricted Cash

 

The Company considers all highly liquid investments and other short-term investments with a maturity of three months or less, when purchased, to be cash equivalents. The Company maintains cash and cash equivalent balances at financial institutions that are insured by the FDIC. During March 2023, the Company began to participate, to the extent practicable, in insured cash sweep programs which “sweep” its deposits across multiple FDIC insured accounts, each with deposits of no more than $250. As of September 30, 2023, substantially all of the Company’s cash and cash equivalents were FDIC insured.

 

Restricted cash as of December 31, 2022, principally represented those cash balances that support commercial letters of credit and are restricted from withdrawal. During March 2023, the Company eliminated its outstanding letters of credit. The following table provides a reconciliation of the total cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash reported on the condensed consolidated balance sheets to the corresponding amounts reported on the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows.

 

   September 30,
2023
   December 31,
2022
   

September 30,

2022

 
Cash and cash equivalents  $101,210   $103,705    $ 55,339  
Restricted cash       8,800      8,800  
Cash, cash equivalents and Restricted cash  $101,210   $112,505    $ 64,139  

 

Digital Assets and Digital Assets, Restricted

 

Digital assets are included in current assets in the condensed consolidated balance sheets due to the Company’s ability to sell bitcoin in a highly liquid marketplace and the selling of bitcoin to fund operating expenses to support operations. In addition, digital assets provided as collateral for long-term loans were reported as Digital assets, restricted at December 31, 2022 and classified as long-term assets in the condensed consolidated balance sheets. The proceeds from the sale of digital assets are included within investing activities in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of cash flows and any gains or losses from such sales are included in operating expenses in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. The Company measures gains or losses on the disposition of digital assets in accordance with the first-in-first-out (“FIFO”) method of accounting.

 

Digital assets are accounted for as indefinite-lived intangible assets, and are initially measured in accordance with FASB Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 350 – Intangibles-Goodwill and Other. Digital assets are not amortized, but are assessed for impairment annually, or more frequently, when events or changes in circumstances occur indicating that it is more likely than not that the indefinite-lived intangible asset is impaired. Whenever the exchange-traded price of digital assets declines below its carrying value, the Company has determined that an impairment exists and records an impairment equal to the amount by which the carrying value exceeds the fair value. Refer to NOTE 3 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES, Out-of-Period Adjustment, for a discussion of an adjustment related to impairment of digital assets.

 

During the first quarter of 2023, the term loan was terminated and the restrictions on digital assets lapsed (refer to NOTE 11 – DEBT, for further discussion).

 

7

 

 

The following table presents the activities of digital assets and digital assets, restricted for the nine months ended September 30, 2023:

 

SCHEDULE OF ACTIVITY OF DIGITAL CURRENCIES 

Digital assets and digital assets, restricted at December 31, 2022  $190,717 
Additions of digital assets   230,391 
Digital assets received as dividends   342 
Impairment of digital assets   (26,399)
Proceeds from sale of digital assets   (179,509)
Gain on digital assets   72,689 
Payment of advisory fees   (1,430)
Digital assets at September 30, 2023  $286,801 

 

As of September 30, 2023, the Company held approximately 13,716 bitcoin classified on the condensed consolidated balance sheets as “Digital assets”, with a carrying value of $286,801. As of September 30, 2023, the Company had earned 10 bitcoin that were pending distribution from the Company’s equity method investee, the ADGM Entity.

 

At September 30, 2023, the fair market value of the Company’s bitcoin holdings was approximately $369,797 based on Level 1 inputs. As of December 31, 2022, the Company held approximately 12,232 bitcoin, relating to digital assets and digital assets, restricted, with a carrying value of $190,717 and a fair value of $202,199 based on Level 1 inputs.

 

Digital assets held in fund

 

On January 25, 2021, the Company entered into a limited partnership agreement with NYDIG Digital Assets Fund III, LP (the “Fund”) pursuant to which the Fund purchased 4,813 bitcoin for an aggregate purchase price of $150,000. The Company owned 100% of the limited partnership interests and consolidated the Fund under a voting interest model. The consolidated assets in the investment fund were included in current assets in the condensed consolidated balance sheets under the caption “Digital assets held in fund.”

 

The Fund qualified and operated as an investment company for accounting purposes pursuant to the accounting and reporting guidance under ASC 946 – Financial Services – Investment Companies, which requires fair value measurement of the Fund’s investments in digital assets. The Company retains the Fund’s investment company specific accounting principles under ASC 946 upon consolidation. The Company recorded changes in the fair value of the assets in the condensed consolidated statements of operations under the caption “Losses on digital assets held within Investment Fund.”

 

On June 10, 2022, the Company redeemed 100% of its limited partnership interest in the Fund in exchange for approximately 4,769 bitcoin with a fair market value of approximately $137,844. This bitcoin was transferred from the Fund’s custodial wallet to the Company’s digital wallet. Upon redemption, the Company no longer had a majority voting interest in the Fund and therefore deconsolidated the Fund in accordance with ASC 810 – Consolidation. The Company did not record any gain or loss upon deconsolidation as the digital assets in the Fund were measured at fair value. Subsequent to the transfer, the bitcoin transferred to the Company’s digital wallet was accounted for at cost less impairment in line with its digital assets measurement policy as described under “Digital Assets and Digital assets, restricted.”

 

Embedded Derivatives

 

The Company evaluates its financing and service arrangements to determine whether certain arrangements contain features that qualify as embedded derivatives requiring bifurcation in accordance with ASC 815 - Derivatives and Hedging. Embedded derivatives that are required to be bifurcated from the host instrument or arrangements are accounted for and valued as separate financial instruments. For derivatives that are assets or liabilities, the derivative instrument is initially recorded at its fair value and is then remeasured at each reporting date with changes in the fair value reported in the statements of operations. The Company classifies derivative assets or liabilities in the condensed consolidated balance sheets as current or non-current based on whether settlement of the instrument could be required within 12 months of the condensed consolidated balance sheet date. The Company had no derivative assets or liabilities as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022.

 

Deposits

 

The Company contracts with service providers for hosting of its equipment and operational support in data centers where the Company’s equipment is deployed. These arrangements require advance payments to vendors in conjunction with the contractual obligations associated with these services. The Company classifies these payments as “Long-term deposits” on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

 

8

 

 

Property and Equipment

 

Property and equipment are stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and impairment, as applicable. Depreciation is computed using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the assets. The Company’s property and equipment is primarily composed of bitcoin mining rigs which are largely homogeneous and have approximately the same useful lives. Accordingly, the Company utilizes the group method of depreciation for its bitcoin mining rigs. The Company will update the estimated useful lives of its bitcoin mining server group periodically as information on the operations of the mining equipment indicates changes are required. The Company will assess and adjust the estimated useful lives of its mining equipment when there are indicators that the productivity of the mining assets is longer or shorter than the assigned estimated useful lives.

 

Investments

 

Investments, which may be made from time to time for strategic reasons (and not to engage in the business of investments), are included in non-current assets in the condensed consolidated balance sheets. Investments without a readily determinable fair value are recorded at cost minus impairment, plus or minus changes from observable price changes in orderly transactions for identical or similar investments of the same issuer, in accordance with the measurement alternative described in ASC 321 - Investments – Equity Securities. As part of the Company’s policy to maximize return on strategic investment opportunities, while preserving capital and limiting downside risk, the Company may at times enter into equity investments or simple agreements for future equity (“SAFE”). The nature and timing of the Company’s investments will depend on available capital at any particular time and the investment opportunities identified and available to the Company.

 

On February 3, 2022, the Company purchased convertible preferred stock of Compute North Holdings, Inc. with a purchase price of approximately $10,000. The acquisition of convertible preferred stock was accounted for as investments in equity securities without readily determinable fair value at cost minus impairment, as adjusted for observable price changes in orderly transactions for identical or similar investment of the same issuer, pursuant to ASC 321. The Company impaired this investment by approximately $10,000 following Compute North’s Chapter 11 Bankruptcy filing during September 2022 (See NOTE 9 – COMPUTE NORTH BANKRUPTCY).

 

On May 3, 2022, the Company converted $2,000 from its prior Auradine, Inc. SAFE investment into preferred stock while purchasing additional Auradine preferred stock with a purchase price of $3,500. At the same time, the Company entered into a commitment to acquire additional shares of Auradine preferred stock with a purchase price of $30,000. This forward contract was accounted for under ASC 321 as an equity security.

 

On September 27, 2022, the Company purchased additional shares of Auradine preferred stock with a purchase price of $30,000, bringing its total carrying amount of investment in Auradine, Inc. preferred stock to $35,500, with no noted impairments or other adjustments. The preferred stock is accounted for as investments in equity securities without a readily determinable fair value at cost minus impairment, as adjusted for observable price changes in orderly transactions for identical or similar investments from the same issuer, pursuant to ASC 321 (refer to NOTE 14 – RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS).

 

During the third quarter ended September 30, 2023, the Company entered into an agreement with Auradine to secure certain rights to future purchases by the Company from Auradine for which the Company paid $15,000, which is included in Long-term prepaids in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

 

As of the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and year ended December 31, 2022, the Company has one remaining SAFE investment with a carrying value of $1,000, with no noted impairments or other adjustments.

 

Equity Method Investments

 

The Company accounts for investments in which it owns between 20% and 50% of the common stock or has the ability to exercise significant influence, but not control, over the investee using the equity method of accounting in accordance with ASC 323 - Equity Method Investments and Joint Ventures. Under the equity method, an investor initially records an investment in the stock of an investee at cost and adjusts the carrying amount of the investment to recognize the investor’s share of the earnings or losses of the investee after the date of acquisition.

 

9

 

 

On January 27, 2023, the Company and Zero Two (formerly known as FS Innovation, LLC) entered into a Shareholders’ Agreement regarding the formation of an Abu Dhabi Global Markets company (the “ADGM Entity”) in which the Company has a 20% ownership interest. The Company accounts for this investment under the equity method. The ADGM Entity started mining operations during the quarter ended September 30, 2023. The Company’s share of net losses was $647 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023. As of September 30, 2023, the Company’s investment in the ADGM Entity was $66,038 and is included in Investments in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

 

Stock-based Compensation

 

The Company expenses stock-based compensation to employees and non-employees over the requisite service period based on the grant date fair value of the awards.

 

Impairment of Long-lived Assets

 

Management reviews long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. The recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of the carrying amount of an asset to undiscounted future cash flows expected to be generated by the asset. If such assets are considered to be impaired, the impairment to be recognized is measured by the amount by which the carrying amount of the assets exceeds the fair value of the assets.

 

Revenues From Contracts with Customers

 

The Company recognizes revenue under ASC 606 – Revenue from Contracts with Customers. The core principle of the revenue standard is that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. Refer to NOTE 4 – REVENUE FROM CONTRACTS WITH CUSTOMERS, for further discussion.

 

Income Taxes

 

Effective Tax Rate

 

The effective tax rate (“ETR”) from continuing operations was 0.11% and 0.92% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023, respectively, and 7.75% and 0.30% for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, respectively. The difference between the US statutory tax rate of 21% was primarily due to the change in valuation allowance as a result of current year activity.

 

Income Tax in Interim Periods

 

The Company records its tax expense or benefit on an interim basis using an estimated annual effective tax rate. This rate is applied to the current period ordinary income or loss to determine the income tax provision or benefit allocated to the interim period. The income tax effects of unusual or infrequent items are excluded from the estimated annual effective tax rate and are recognized in the impacted interim period.

 

Adjustments to the estimated annual effective income tax rate are recognized in the period when such estimates are revised.

 

Uncertainties

 

The Company files federal and state income tax returns. The 2019-2021 tax years generally remain subject to examination by the IRS and various state taxing authorities, although the Company is not currently under examination in any jurisdiction.

 

The Company does not currently expect any of its remaining unrecognized tax benefits to be recognized in the next twelve months.

 

10

 

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

The Company continually assesses any new accounting pronouncements to determine their applicability. When it is determined that a new accounting pronouncement affects the Company’s financial reporting, the Company undertakes a study to determine the consequences of the change to its condensed consolidated financial statements and assures that there are proper controls in place to ascertain that the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements properly reflect the change.

 

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements

 

On March 28, 2023, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2023-01, Leases (Topic 842): Common Control Arrangements. The amendments in ASU 2023-01 improve current GAAP by clarifying the accounting for leasehold improvements associated with common control leases, thereby reducing diversity in practice. Additionally, the amendments provide investors and other allocators of capital with financial information that better reflects the economics of those transactions. The new standard is effective for the Company for its fiscal year beginning January 1, 2024, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting the standard.

 

On June 30, 2022, the FASB issued ASU No. 2022-03, Fair Value Measurement of Equity Securities Subject to Contractual Sale Restrictions. ASU 2022-03 clarifies that a contractual sale restriction prohibiting the sale of an equity security is a characteristic of the reporting entity holding the equity security and is not included in the equity security’s unit of account. The new standard is effective for the Company for its fiscal year beginning January 1, 2024, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted ASU 2022-03 on July 1, 2023, which adoption did not have a material impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

NOTE 4 – REVENUE FROM CONTRACTS WITH CUSTOMERS

 

The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with ASC 606. The core principle of the revenue standard is that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The following five steps are applied to achieve that core principle:

 

Step 1: Identify the contract with the customer

 

Step 2: Identify the performance obligations in the contract

 

Step 3: Determine the transaction price

 

Step 4: Allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract

 

Step 5: Recognize revenue when the Company satisfies a performance obligation

 

In order to identify the performance obligations in a contract with a customer, an entity must assess the promised goods or services in the contract and identify each promised good or service that is distinct. A performance obligation meets ASC 606’s definition of a “distinct” good or service (or bundle of goods or services) if both of the following criteria are met:

 

The customer can benefit from the good or service either on its own or together with other resources that are readily available to the customer (i.e., the good or service is capable of being distinct); and

 

The entity’s promise to transfer the good or service to the customer is separately identifiable from other promises in the contract (i.e., the promise to transfer the good or service is distinct within the context of the contract).

 

If a good or service is not distinct, the good or service is combined with other promised goods or services until a bundle of goods or services is identified that is distinct.

 

11

 

 

The transaction price is the amount of consideration to which an entity expects to be entitled in exchange for transferring promised goods or services to a customer. The consideration promised in a contract with a customer may include fixed amounts, variable amounts, or both. When determining the transaction price, an entity must consider the effects of all of the following:

 

Variable consideration

 

Constraining estimates of variable consideration

 

The existence of a significant financing component in the contract

 

Noncash consideration

 

Consideration payable to a customer

 

Variable consideration is included in the transaction price only to the extent that it is probable that a significant reversal in the amount of cumulative revenue recognized under the accounting contract will not occur when the uncertainty associated with the variable consideration is subsequently resolved.

 

The transaction price is allocated to each performance obligation on a relative standalone selling price basis.

 

The transaction price allocated to each performance obligation is recognized when that performance obligation is satisfied, at a point in time or over time, as appropriate.

 

Application of the five-step model to the Company’s mining operations

 

The Company’s ongoing major or central operation is to provide bitcoin transaction verification services to the bitcoin network through a Company-operated mining pool as the operator (“Operator”) (such activity, “mining”) and to provide computing power to perform hash calculations to pool operators alongside collectives of third-party bitcoin miners (such collectives, “mining pools”) as a participant (“Participant”). The Company currently mines in a self-operated pool, which was previously open to third-party pool participants from September 2021 until May 2022.

 

The following table presents the Company’s revenues disaggregated for those arrangements in which the Company is the Operator and Participant:

 

SCHEDULE OF DISAGGREGATION OF REVENUE

   2023   2022   2023   2022 
   Three Months Ended
September 30,
   Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
   2023   2022   2023   2022 
Revenues from contracts with customers                    
Operator - Block rewards   92,779    10,495    197,200    81,818 
Operator - Transaction fees   2,378    106    9,787    3,898 
Participant   2,677    2,089    23,404   $3,620 
Other revenue   15        349   $ 
Total revenues  $97,849   $12,690   $230,740   $89,336 

 

12

 

 

Operator

 

As Operator, the Company provides transaction verification services. Transaction verification services are an output of the Company’s ordinary activities; therefore, the Company views the transaction requestor as a customer and accounts for the transaction fees it earns as revenue from a contract with a customer under ASC 606. The bitcoin network is not an entity such that it may not meet the definition of a customer; however, the Company has concluded it is appropriate to apply ASC 606 by analogy to block rewards earned from the network. The Company is currently entitled to the block reward of 6.25 bitcoin from the bitcoin network for each successful block. The Company is also entitled to the transaction fee paid by the transaction requester payable in bitcoin for each successful block. A contract exists under ASC 606 at the point the Company successfully validates a transaction to the distributed ledger. At this point, the performance obligation to validate the requested transaction has been satisfied and a contract is deemed to exist as follows:

 

The transaction requester, the bitcoin network, and the Company have approved the contract and have evidenced they are committed to the transaction at the point of successfully validating and adding the transaction to the distributed ledger. The parties’ rights, the consideration to be transferred, and the payment terms are clear. The transaction has commercial substance and collection of the block reward and transaction fees to which the Company is entitled is probable because they are transferred to the Company as part of closing a successful block.

 

By successfully mining a block, the Company satisfies its lone performance obligation of providing transaction verification services and, thus, earns revenue at that point in time. The amount to which the Company is entitled for successfully validating a block of transactions is fixed at the point in time the contract is deemed to exist and the performance obligation is satisfied. Thus, there is no variable consideration.

 

The Company engaged unrelated third-party mining enterprises (“pool participants”) to contribute computing power, and in exchange, remitted transaction fees and block rewards to pool participants on a pro rata basis according to each respective pool participant’s contributed computing power (“hash rate”). The MaraPool wallet (owned by the Company as Operator) is recorded on the distributed ledger as the winner of proof of work block rewards and assignee of all validations and, therefore, the transaction verifier of record. The pool participants entered into contracts with the Company as Operator; they did not directly enter into contracts with the network or the requester and were not known verifiers of the transactions assigned to the pool. As Operator, the Company delegated mining work to the pool participants utilizing software that algorithmically assigned work to each individual miner. By virtue of its selection and operation of the software, the Company as Operator controlled delegation of work to the pool participants. This indicated that the Company directed the mining pool participants to contribute their hash rate to solve in areas that the Company designates. Therefore, the Company determined that it controlled the service of providing transaction verification services to the network and requester. Accordingly, the Company recorded all of the transaction fees and block rewards earned from transactions assigned to MaraPool as revenue, and the portion of the transaction fees and block rewards remitted to MaraPool participants as cost of revenues. The Company operated a mining pool that engaged third-party pool participants from September 2021 until May 2022.

 

In accordance with ASC 606-10-32-21, the Company measures the estimated fair value of noncash consideration at contract inception, which is at the time the block reward and transaction fee is earned and the performance obligation to the requester and the network is fulfilled by successfully validating the applicable block of transactions. The Company applies the quoted spot rate for bitcoin determined using the Company’s primary trading platform for bitcoin at the time the block reward and transaction fee is earned to measure revenues.

 

Expenses associated with providing the bitcoin transaction verification services to the customers, such as hosting fees, electricity costs, and related fees are recorded as cost of revenues. Depreciation on digital asset mining equipment is also recorded as a component of cost of revenues.

 

Participant

 

The Company participates in multiple third-party operated mining pools only when the Company-operated mining pool is not available. The payout methodologies differ depending on the type of third-party operated mining pool. Pay-Per-Share (“PPS”) and Full-Pay-Per-Share (“FPPS”) pools pay rewards based on a contractual formula, which primarily calculates the hash rate provided by the Company to the mining pool as a percentage of total network hash rate, and other inputs. For PPS and FPPS pools, the Company is entitled to consideration even if a block is not successfully placed by the mining pool operator. The Company also participates in third-party mining pools that pay rewards only when the pool successfully mines a block. For these pools, the Company only earns a reward when the third-party pool successfully mines a block and its reward is the fractional share of the successfully mined block and transaction fees based on the proportion of computing power the Company contributed to the mining pool operator to the total computing power contributed by all mining pool participants in solving the algorithm.

 

13

 

 

When the Company is a Participant in a third-party operated mining pool, the Company provides hash rate that is an output of the Company’s ordinary activities in exchange for consideration. The Company considers the third-party mining pool operators to be its customers under Topic 606. These contracts are period-to-period contracts because they are terminable at any time by either party without compensation. A new contract is determined to exist each period (e.g., second, minute, hour) that neither the Company, nor the pool operator, terminates the arrangement. Such implied renewal option is not a material right because the pricing in the renewal periods is the same as the initial contract and there are no upfront or incremental fees in the initial contract or the terms, conditions, and compensation amounts for the renewal options are at the then market rates.

 

When the Company participates in PPS and FPPS pools, which pay rewards based on a contractual formula, the Company recognizes revenue based on the Company’s daily contributed hash rate and other network-driven inputs, such as the total hash rate contributed by all pool participants. The variable consideration (reward) the Company will be entitled to for its contribution of hash rate can be reasonably estimated based on the contribution of hash rate and other network inputs such as total contributed hash rate. The Company measures revenue earned based on the average daily spot rate of bitcoin determined using the Company’s primary trading platform for bitcoin.

 

When the Company participates in third-party pools that pay rewards only when the pool successfully mines a block, the Company recognizes its fractional share of the block and transaction fees using the spot rate of bitcoin at the time that the block is successfully mined.

 

Providing computing power on mining rigs to solve complex cryptographic algorithms in support of blockchain mining (in a process known as “solving a block”) is the primary output of the Company’s ordinary activities. The provision of computing power is the only performance obligation under the Company’s arrangements with third-party mining pool operators. The transaction consideration the Company receives is non-cash (i.e., bitcoin) and variable. For third-party pools that pay rewards only when the pool successfully mines a block, the consideration to which the Company will be entitled to for its efforts remain variable and is not estimable until the pool successfully solves a block, at which point in time the Company can then estimate its fractional share of the bitcoin to which it is entitled to for its contribution to the pool’s successful efforts. For PPS and FPPS pools, which pay rewards based on a contractual formula that does not depend on the pool successfully mining any blocks during the period in which the Company contributes computing power, the Company can reasonably estimate the variable consideration to which it will be entitled to for providing computing power as such power is being provided based on the contributed hash rate and other inputs.

 

The Company satisfies its performance obligation to provide computing power to the pool operator over time as described in FASB ASC 606-10-25-27(a) as the pool operator simultaneously consumes and receives benefits from the Company’s provision of computing power, which it uses continuously as an input to the pool’s efforts to solve a block.

 

Expenses associated with providing computing power services to third-party operated mining pools, such as hosting fees, electricity costs, and related fees, are recorded as cost of revenues. Depreciation on digital asset mining equipment is also recorded as a component of cost of revenues.

 

NOTE 5 – ADVANCES TO VENDORS AND DEPOSITS

 

The Company contracts with bitcoin mining equipment manufacturers in procuring equipment necessary for the operation of its bitcoin mining operations. A typical agreement calls for a certain percentage of the total order to be paid in advance at specific intervals, usually within several days of execution of a specific contract and periodically thereafter with final payments due prior to each shipment date. The Company accounts for these payments as “Advances to vendors” on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

 

As of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, such advances totaled approximately $23,964 and $488,299, respectively.

 

In addition, the Company contracts with other service providers for the hosting of its equipment and operational support in data centers where the Company’s equipment is deployed. These arrangements also call for advance payments to be made to vendors in conjunction with the contractual obligations associated with these services. The Company classifies these payments as “Short-term prepaids” and “Long-term deposits” on the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

 

14

 

 

NOTE 6 – PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT

 

The components of property and equipment as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022 are:

 

SCHEDULE OF COMPONENTS OF PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT

   Useful life (Years)   September 30, 2023   December 31, 2022 
Mining rigs   3   $679,196   $116,634 
Containers   10    5,611    1,614 
Other   7    240    206 
Construction in progress       181,790    171,194 
Total gross property, equipment        866,837    289,648 
Less: Accumulated depreciation        (125,178)   (16,622)
Property and equipment, net       $741,659   $273,026 

 

The Company’s depreciation expense related to property and equipment for the three months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022 was $53,548 and $26,295, respectively. The Company’s depreciation expense related to property and equipment for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022 was $108,556 and $64,882, respectively.

 

NOTE 7 – FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENT

 

The Company measures certain financial and non-financial assets and liabilities at fair value on a recurring or non-recurring basis. The Company uses a fair value hierarchy that prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value. Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date, essentially an exit price, based on the highest and best use of the asset or liability. The levels of the fair value hierarchy are:

 

Level 1: Observable inputs such as quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities
   
Level 2: Observable market-based inputs or unobservable inputs that are corroborated by market data
   
Level 3: Unobservable inputs for which there is little or no market data, which require the use of the reporting entity’s own assumptions

 

The carrying amounts reported in the condensed consolidated balance sheets for cash and cash equivalents, restricted cash, other receivable, deposits, prepaid expenses and other current assets, property and equipment, advances to vendors, accounts payable, accrued expenses, and legal reserve payable, approximate their estimated fair market value based on the short-term maturity of these instruments.

 

Financial assets and liabilities are classified in their entirety within the fair value hierarchy based on the lowest level of input that is significant to their fair value measurement. The Company measures the fair value of its marketable securities and investments by taking into consideration valuations obtained from third-party pricing sources. The pricing services utilize industry standard valuation models, including both income and market-based approaches, for which all significant inputs are observable, either directly or indirectly, to estimate fair value. These inputs included reported trades and broker-dealer quotes on the same or similar securities, issuer credit spreads, benchmark securities and other observable inputs.

 

15

 

 

Recurring measurement of fair value

 

The following tables present information about the Company’s assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis and the Company’s estimated level within the fair value hierarchy of those assets and liabilities as of December 31, 2022, respectively:

 

   Recurring fair value measured at September 30, 2023 
(in thousands)  Total carrying value at September 30, 2023  

Quoted prices in active markets

(Level 1)

  

Significant other observable inputs

(Level 2)

  

Significant unobservable inputs

(Level 3)

 
Assets:                    
Cash and cash equivalents (1)   45,988    45,988         

 

   Recurring fair value measured at December 31, 2022 
   Total carrying value at December 31, 2022  

Quoted prices in active markets

(Level 1)

  

Significant other observable inputs

(Level 2)

  

Significant unobservable inputs

(Level 3)

 
Assets:                    
Cash and cash equivalents (1)  $92,044   $92,044   $   $ 

 

(1)Represents money market accounts. Excludes $55,222 and $11,661 of cash and cash equivalents as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively.

 

There were no transfers among Levels 1, 2 or 3 during the nine months ended September 30, 2023.

 

Non-recurring measurement of fair value

 

The following tables present information about the Company’s assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis and therefore, not included in the tables above. These assets include (a) digital assets and digital assets, restricted that are initially recorded at cost and subsequently impaired as the fair value falls below its carrying value and (b) mining rigs and advances to vendors that are written down to fair value due to the decrease in the cost of bitcoin mining rigs that was driven by the drop in bitcoin prices during the fourth quarter ended December 31, 2022. These assets are not measured at fair value on an ongoing basis but are subject to fair value adjustments in certain circumstances (e.g., impairment). The Company’s estimated level within the fair value hierarchy of these assets and liabilities as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, respectively, are:

 

   Non-recurring fair value measured at September 30, 2023 
   Total carrying value at September 30, 2023  

Quoted prices in active markets

(Level 1)

  

Significant other observable inputs

(Level 2)

  

Significant unobservable inputs

(Level 3)

 
Assets:                
Digital assets  $286,801   $369,797   $   $ 

 

   Non-recurring fair value measured at December 31, 2022 
   Total carrying value at December 31, 2022  

Quoted prices in active markets

(Level 1)

  

Significant other observable inputs

(Level 2)

  

Significant unobservable inputs

(Level 3)

 
Assets:                
Digital assets   121,842        129,201     
Property and equipment, net (1)   271,280        271,280     
Advances to vendors   488,299        488,299     
Digital assets, restricted   68,875        72,998     

 

(1)Represents mining rigs. Excludes $1,746 of Property and equipment relating to containers, website and leasehold improvements.

 

16

 

 

During the three months ended March 31, 2023, the fair value of digital assets were transferred from Level 2 to Level 1, as a result of using the quoted price in the active market in accordance with ASC 820. There were no other transfers among Levels 1, 2 or 3 during the nine months ended September 30, 2023. In addition, as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, the Company had convertible notes outstanding with carrying values of $325,266 and $732,289 and fair values of $237,980 and $166,842, respectively, based on Level 1 quoted prices in active markets. As of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, there were no other assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis.

 

NOTE 8 – NET INCOME (LOSS) PER SHARE

 

Net income per common share is calculated in accordance with ASC Topic 260 – Earnings Per Share. Basic income per share is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the period. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023, the Company recorded net income and as such, the Company calculated the impact of dilutive common stock equivalents for dilutive earnings per share. For the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022, the Company had net losses and as such, the computation of diluted net loss per share does not include dilutive common stock equivalents in the weighted average shares outstanding, as they would be anti-dilutive.

 

Securities that could potentially dilute loss per share in the future that were not included in the computation of diluted loss per share are as follows:

 

SCHEDULE OF ANTIDILUTIVE SECURITIES EXCLUDED FROM COMPUTATION OF EARNINGS PER SHARE

   2023   2022   2023   2022 
  

Three Months Ended

September 30,

  

Nine Months Ended

September 30,

 
   2023   2022   2023   2022 
Warrants to purchase common stock   324,375    324,375    324,375    324,375 
Restricted stock units       1,113,132    3,753,431    1,113,132 
Convertible notes to exchange common stock       9,812,955    4,341,422    9,812,955 
Total dilutive shares   324,375    11,318,601    6,459,630    11,235,430 

 

The following table sets forth the computation of basic and diluted loss per share:

 

SCHEDULE OF COMPUTATION OF BASIC AND DILUTED LOSS PER SHARE

   2023   2022   2023   2022 
  

Three Months Ended

September 30,

  

Nine Months Ended

September 30,

 
   2023   2022   2023   2022 
       (As Restated)       (As Restated) 
Basic earnings per common share:                    
Net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders - basic  $64,137   $(72,462)  $35,648   $(302,424)
Weighted average common shares - basic   179,602,722    116,533,816    169,162,821    109,492,865 
Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders per common stock - basic  $0.36    (0.62)   0.21    (2.76)
                     
Diluted earnings per common share:                    
Net income (loss) attributable to common shareholders - basic  $64,137   $(72,462)  $35,648   $(302,424)
Add: Notes interest expense, net of tax   2,451             
Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders per common stock - diluted  $66,588   $(72,462)  $35,648   $(302,424)
Weighted average common shares - basic   179,602,722    116,533,816    169,162,821    109,492,865 
Restricted stock awards   1,413,329             
Convertible Notes   8,475,470             
Preferred stock   15,000             
Weighted average common shares - diluted   189,506,521    116,533,816    169,162,821    109,492,865 
Net income (loss) attributable to common stockholders per common stock - diluted  $0.35   $(0.62)  $0.21   $(2.76)

 

17

 

 

NOTE 9 – COMPUTE NORTH BANKRUPTCY

 

On September 22, 2022, Compute North Holdings, Inc. (along with its affiliated debtors, collectively, “Compute North”, filed for chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of Texas under Chapter 11 of the U.S. Bankruptcy Code (11 U.S. Code section 101 et seq.). Marathon’s financial exposure to Compute North at the time of the bankruptcy filing included:

 

Approximately $10,000 in Convertible Preferred Stock of Compute North Holdings, Inc.

 

Approximately $21,000 related to an unsecured Senior Promissory note with Compute North LLC.

 

Approximately $50,000 in operating deposits with Compute North primarily related to the King Mountain and Wolf Hollow hosting facilities.

 

The Company recorded an impairment charge of $39,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 and $55,674 for the year ended December 31, 2022. On February 16, 2023, the Bankruptcy Court approved the Debtors Plan of Reorganization, pursuant to which Marathon’s claim was fixed at $40,000 as an unsecured claim to be paid out according to the timing and percentages within the approved Debtor’s plan. The Company has yet to receive the settlement funds.

 

NOTE 10 – STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

Common Stock

 

On July 27, 2023, the Company’s shareholders approved an amendment to the Company’s articles of incorporation that increased the amount of common stock authorized for issuance to 500,000,000 with a par value of $0.0001 per share.

 

Shelf Registration Statement on Form S-3 and At-The-Market Offering Agreement

 

On February 11, 2022, the Company entered into an At-The-Market Offering Agreement, or sales agreement, with H.C. Wainwright & Co., LLC relating to shares of the Company’s common stock. In accordance with the terms of the sales agreement, the Company may offer and sell shares of its common stock having an aggregate offering price of up to $750,000 from time to time through Wainwright acting as its sales agent. As of September 30, 2023, the Company has sold 74,447,287 shares of common stock for an aggregate purchase price of $627,272, net of offering costs, pursuant to this At-The-Market Offering Agreement.

 

In February 2022, the Company commenced an At The Market offering program with H.C. Wainwright & Co., LLC, as sales agent, which allowed it to sell and issue shares of up to approximately $750,000 of its Common Stock from time-to-time. During the first three quarters of 2023, the Company issued 32,305,554 shares of Common Stock under the 2022 At The Market offering program for total proceeds of $265,786, net of commissions and other offering related expenses.

 

Common Stock Warrants

 

A summary of the Company’s issued and outstanding stock warrants and changes during the period ended September 30, 2023 is as follows:

 

SUMMARY OF OUTSTANDING STOCK WARRANTS

   Number of Warrants   Weighted Average Exercise Price   Weighted Average Remaining Contractual Life (in years) 
Outstanding as of December 31, 2022   324,375   $25.00    2.5 
Issued       0.00    0.0 
Expired       0.00    0.0 
Exercised       0.00    0.0 
Outstanding as of September 30, 2023   324,375   $25.00    2.0 

 

18

 

 

Restricted Stock

 

A summary of the restricted stock award activity (represented by restricted stock units (“RSUs”)) for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 is as follows:

 

SUMMARY OF RESTRICTED STOCK AWARD ACTIVITY

   Number of Units   Weighted Average Grant Date Fair Value 
Nonvested at December 31, 2022   1,255,648   $22.60 
Granted   3,350,763    8.33 
Vested   (679,947)   20.02 
Forfeited   

(173,033

)  $

9.42

 
Nonvested at September 30, 2023   3,753,431   $10.93 

 

Series A Preferred Stock

 

On June 5, 2023, the Company entered into a securities purchase agreement for the purchase of 15,000 shares of Series A redeemable convertible preferred stock. On June 8, 2023, upon closing of the offering, the Company issued 15,000 shares of Series A Preferred Stock for total gross proceeds of $14,286 before deducting the placement agent’s fees and other estimated offering expenses. Each share of Series A Preferred Stock had a purchase price of $952.38, representing an original issue discount of approximately 5% of the $1,000 stated value of each share. Each share of Series A Preferred Stock was convertible into shares of the Company’s common stock at an initial conversion price of $14.52 per share, at the option of the holder, at any time following the Company’s receipt of stockholder approval for an increase in its authorized shares of common stock.

 

The Series A Preferred Stock was recorded outside of stockholder’s equity as mezzanine equity. At June 30, 2023, the Company increased the carrying value of Series A Preferred Stock to its redemption value and recorded the difference to additional paid-in capital.

 

During the third quarter ended September 30, 2023, all of the outstanding Series A Preferred Stock were redeemed at 105% of the $1,000 stated value per share for $15,750.

 

NOTE 11 – DEBT

 

On November 18, 2021, the Company issued $650,000 principal of its 1.0% Convertible Senior Notes due 2026 (the “Notes”). The Notes were issued pursuant to, and are governed by, an indenture (the “Indenture”), dated as of November 18, 2021, between the Company and U.S. Bank National Association, as trustee (the “Trustee”).

 

On November 23, 2021, pursuant to terms of the Notes, the initial purchasers of the Notes purchased an additional $97,500 principal of Notes for an aggregate principal amount of Notes purchased of $747,500. All references in this disclosure to “Notes” includes the Notes issued on both November 18, 2021 and November 23, 2021.

 

The Notes accrue interest at a rate of 1.00% per annum, payable semi-annually in arrears on June 1 and December 1 of each year, beginning on June 1, 2022. The Notes will mature on December 1, 2026, unless earlier repurchased, redeemed or converted, which scenarios the Company is currently contemplating and may consummate in advance of the maturity date. Before the close of business on the business day immediately before September 1, 2026, noteholders will have the right to convert their Notes only upon the occurrence of certain events. From and after September 1, 2026, noteholders may convert their Notes at any time at their election until the close of business on the second scheduled trading day immediately before the maturity date. The Company will settle conversions by paying or delivering, as applicable, cash, shares of its common stock or a combination of cash and shares of its common stock, at the Company’s election. The initial conversion rate is 13.1277 shares of common stock per one thousand dollar principal amount of Notes, which represents an initial conversion price of approximately $76.17 per share of common stock. The conversion rate and conversion price will be subject to customary adjustments upon the occurrence of certain events. In addition, if certain corporate events that constitute a “Make-Whole Fundamental Change” (as defined in the Indenture) occur, then the conversion rate will, in certain circumstances, be increased for a specified period of time.

 

19

 

 

In September 2023, the Company entered into privately negotiated exchange agreements with certain holders of its Notes. In total, the Company exchanged $416,793 principal amount of Notes for an aggregate 31,722,417 shares of Company common stock. The Company evaluated the exchange of debt to determine if it was an extinguishment or a modification of the debt. Due to the addition of a substantive conversion feature, the Company determined that the exchange was an extinguished of debt. The Company measured the gain on extinguishment of debt based on the carrying value of the Notes, the fair value of the Company’s common stock issued in the exchange and related transaction costs. The Company recorded a gain on the exchange of Notes for the Company’s common stock in the amount of $82,600 to “Net gain from extinguishment of debt” on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.

 

As of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, Notes outstanding, net of unamortized discounts of approximately $5,441 and $15,211, respectively, were $325,266 and $732,289, respectively.

 

On July 28, 2022, the Company entered into a Revolving Credit and Security Agreement (the “Agreement”) with Silvergate Bank (the “Bank”) pursuant to which Silvergate had agreed to loan the Company up to $100,000 on a revolving basis pursuant to the terms of the Agreement. This facility refinanced and replaced an existing $100,000 facility the Company had in place with the Bank. On the same date, the Company also entered into a $100,000 principal term loan facility (the “Term Loan”) with Silvergate. See Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2022 for the terms of the facilities set forth in the Agreement and the Term Loan.

 

On February 6, 2023, the Company provided Silvergate Bank with the required 30-day notice stating the Company’s intent to prepay the outstanding balance on its term loan facility as well as the Company’s intent to terminate the term loan facility. The Company and Silvergate subsequently agreed to also terminate the revolving line of credit (“RLOC”) facility. On March 8, 2023, the term loan prepayment was completed, and the Company’s term loan and RLOC facilities with Silvergate Bank were terminated and the Company recorded a loss in the amount of $333 to “Net gain on extinguishment of debt” on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.

 

NOTE 12 – LEASES

 

Leases

 

The Company leases office space in the United States under operating lease agreements. The Company also entered into an arrangement with Applied Blockchain for the use of energized cryptocurrency mining facilities under which the Company pays for electricity per megawatt based on usage. The Company has determined that it has embedded operating leases at two of the facilities governed by this arrangement that commenced in January and March 2023, and has elected not to separate lease and non-lease components. Payments made for these two operating leases are entirely variable and are based on usage of electricity, and the Company therefore does not record a right-of-use asset or lease liability associated with the leases. Variable lease cost during the nine months ended September 30, 2023 are disclosed in the table below. Office space and mining facilities comprise the Company’s material underlying asset classes under operating lease agreements. The Company has no material finance leases.

 

As of September 30, 2023, the Company’s right-of-use (“ROU”) assets and total lease liabilities were $501 and $538, respectively. As of December 31, 2022, the Company’s ROU assets and total lease liabilities were $1,276 and $1,343, respectively. The Company has amortized right-of-use assets totaling $57 and $79 for the three months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively. The Company has amortized right-of-use assets totaling $224 and $178 for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively.

 

Operating lease costs are recorded on a straight-line basis within operating expenses. The Company’s total lease expense is comprised of the following:

 

SCHEDULE OF COMPONENTS OF LEASE COST

   2023   2022   2023   2022 
  

For the Three Months Ended

September 30,

  

For the Nine Months Ended

September 30,

 
   2023   2022   2023   2022 
Operating leases                    
Operating lease cost  $65   $114   $250   $214 
Operating lease expense   65    114    250    214 
Short-term lease rent expense   8    7    28    22 
Variable lease cost   26,263        46,201     
Total rent expense  $26,336   $121   $46,479   $236 

 

20

 

 

Additional information regarding the Company’s leasing activities as a lessee is as follows:

 

SUMMARY OF MINIMUM LEASE PAYMENTS

  

For the Nine Months Ended

September 30,

 
   2023   2022 
Operating cash flows from operating leases  $319   $261 
Weighted-average remaining lease term – operating leases   3.3    3.9 
Weighted-average discount rate – operating leases   5%   5%

 

Year  Amount 
2023 (remaining)  $66 
2024   166 
2025   143 
2026   147 
2027   63 
Thereafter    
Total  $585 

 

NOTE 13 – LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

Compute North Bankruptcy

 

On September 22, 2022, Compute North Holdings, Inc. (currently d/b/a Mining Project Wind Down Holdings, Inc.) and certain of its affiliates (collectively, “Compute North”) filed for chapter 11 bankruptcy protection. Compute North provided operating services to the Company and hosted its mining rigs at multiple facilities. The Company delivered miners to Compute North, which then installed the mining rigs at those facilities, operated and maintained the mining rigs, and provided energy to keep the miners operating. During the course of the chapter 11 cases, Compute North sold substantially all of their assets in a series of 363 sale transactions, including Compute North’s ownership interests in non-debtor entities that own or partially-own facilities that house the Company’s miners.

 

On November 23, 2022, the Company and certain of its affiliates timely filed proofs of claim asserting various claims against Compute North, including: (i) claims arising under hosting agreements between the Company and Compute North LLC; (ii) claims arising under that certain Senior Promissory Note, dated as of July 1, 2022, by and between the Company, as Lender, and Compute North LLC, as Borrower; (iii) claims arising from the breach of a letter of intent between us and Compute North LLC; and (iv) claims for daily lost revenue, profits and other damages against Compute North.

 

On February 9, 2023, the Bankruptcy Court approved a settlement stipulation between the Company and Compute North, pursuant to which the proofs of claim filed by the Company and certain of its affiliates were resolved, and the Company received a single allowed unsecured claim against Compute North LLC in the amount of $40,000 and its Preferred Equity Interests in Compute North Holdings, Inc. in the amount of 39,597 shares of Series C Preferred Stock was confirmed. In exchange, the Company agreed to vote in favor of Compute North’s chapter 11 plan.

 

On February 16, 2023, the Bankruptcy Court confirmed Compute North’s chapter 11 plan (the “Plan”), pursuant to which Compute North will liquidate its remaining assets and distribute proceeds arising therefrom in accordance with the waterfall set forth in the Plan. In its disclosure statement filed on December 19, 2022, the Compute North Debtors projected that holders of allowed general unsecured claims could recover anywhere between 8% to 65% on their claims, while holders of preferred equity interests are expected to recover nothing on their interests. The Plan became effective on March 31, 2023. At this time, the Company cannot predict the quantum of its potential recovery on account of its allowed general unsecured claim and preferred equity interests or the timing of when it would receive any distributions under the Plan on account of its claims and interests.

 

21

 

 

Putative Class Action Complaint

 

On March 30, 2023, a putative class action complaint was filed in the United States District Court for the District of Nevada, against the Company and present and former senior management, alleging claims under Section 10(b) and 20(a) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”) arising out of the Company’s announcement of accounting restatements on February 28, 2023. The defendants’ time to respond has been extended until after the appointment of a lead plaintiff. To date, no lead plaintiff has been appointed.

 

Derivative Complaints

 

On June 22, 2023, a shareholder derivative complaint was filed in the Circuit Court of the 17th Judicial Circuit for Broward County, Florida, against current members of the Company’s board of directors and senior management, alleging claims for breach of fiduciary duty and unjust enrichment based on allegations substantially similar to the allegations in the March 30, 2023 putative class action complaint.

 

On July 8, 2023, a second shareholder derivative complaint was filed in the United States District Court for the District of Nevada, against current and former members of the Company’s board of directors and senior management, alleging claims under Sections 14(a), 10(b), and 21D of the Exchange Act, and for breach of fiduciary duty, unjust enrichment, and waste of corporate assets, based on allegations substantially similar to the allegations in the March 30, 2023 putative class action complaint.

 

On July 12, 2023, a third shareholder derivative complaint was filed in the United States District Court for the District of Nevada, against current and former members of the Company’s board of directors and senior management, alleging claims under Section 14(a) of the Exchange Act and for breach of fiduciary duty, based on allegations substantially similar to the allegations in the March 30, 2023 putative class action complaint.

 

On July 13, 2023, a fourth shareholder derivative complaint was filed in the Circuit Court of the 17th Judicial Circuit for Broward County, Florida, against current members of the Company’s board of directors and senior management, alleging claims for breach of fiduciary duty, unjust enrichment, and waste of corporate assets, based on allegations substantially similar to the allegations in the March 30, 2023 putative class action complaint.

 

On August 14, 2023, the two derivative actions pending in the United States District Court for the District of Nevada were consolidated (the “Nevada Derivative Action”). On October 16, 2023, the parties to the derivative actions pending in the Circuit Court of the 17th Judicial Circuit for Broward County, Florida filed an agreed order to stay both actions pending completion of the Nevada Derivative Action.

 

Information Subpoenas

 

On October 6, 2020, the Company entered into a series of agreements with multiple parties to design and build a data center for up to 100-megawatts in Hardin, Montana. In conjunction therewith, the Company filed a Current Report on Form 8-K on October 13, 2020. The 8-K discloses that, pursuant to a Data Facility Services Agreement, the Company issued 6,000,000 shares of restricted Common Stock, in transactions exempt from registration under Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. During the quarter ended September 30, 2021, the Company and certain of its executives received a subpoena to produce documents and communications concerning the Hardin, Montana data center facility described in the Company’s Form 8-K dated October 13, 2020. The Company received an additional subpoena from the SEC on April 10, 2023, relating to, among other things, transactions with related parties. The Company understands that the SEC may be investigating whether or not there may have been any violations of the federal securities law. The Company is cooperating with the SEC.

 

Ho v. Marathon

 

On January 14, 2021, Plaintiff Michael Ho (“Plaintiff” or “Ho”) filed a Civil Complaint for Damages and Restitution (“Complaint”) against the Company. The Complaint alleges six causes of action against the Company, (1) Breach of Written Contract; (2) Breach of Implied Contract; (3) Quasi-Contract; (4) Services Rendered; (5) Intentional Interference with Prospective Economic Relations; and (6) Negligent Interference with Prospective Economic Relations. The claims arise from the same set of facts. Ho alleges that the Company profited from commercially-sensitive information he shared with the Company and then it refused to compensate him for his role in securing the acquisition of a supplier of energy for the Company. On February 22, 2021, the Company responded to Mr. Ho’s Complaint with a general denial and the assertion of applicable affirmative defenses. Then, on February 25, 2021, the Company removed the action to the United States District Court in the Central District of California, where the action remains pending. The Company filed a motion for summary judgment/adjudication of all causes of action. On February 11, 2022, the Court granted the motion and dismissed Ho’s 2nd, 5th and 6th causes of action. Discovery is substantially closed. The Court held a pre-trial conference on February 24, 2022, where it vacated the March 3, 2022 trial date and ordered the parties to meet and confer on a new trial date. The Court discussed the various theories of damages maintained by the parties. In its ruling on the summary judgment motion and at the pre-trial conference on February 24, 2022, the Court noted that a jury is more likely to accept $150 as an appropriate damages amount if liability is found, as opposed to the various theories espoused by Ho that result in multi-million-dollar recoveries. Due to outstanding issues of fact and law, it is impossible to predict the outcome at this time; however, after consulting legal counsel, the Company is confident that it will prevail in this litigation, since it did not have a contract with Mr. Ho and he did not disclose any commercially-sensitive information under any mutual nondisclosure agreement that was used to structure any joint venture with energy providers. The trial has been rescheduled for January 29, 2024, and is scheduled for four days, including jury selection.

 

22

 

 

NOTE 14 – RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

 

On September 23, 2022, the Company made an incremental $30,000 investment in Auradine, Inc., bringing its total holdings in Auradine to $35,500 based upon a previously issued and disclosed SAFE instrument. Said Ouissal, a director of the Company, currently owns approximately 5% of the issued and outstanding shares of Auradine, and Fred Thiel, the Company’s Chairman and CEO, sits on Auradine’s Board of Directors.

 

NOTE 15 – SUPPLEMENTAL CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

The following table provides supplemental disclosure of Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows information:

 

SCHEDULE OF SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION 

   2023   2022 
  

Nine Months Ended

September 30,

 
   2023   2022 
Supplemental information          
Cash paid during the year for:          
Income taxes  $785   $7 
Interest   6,200    5,382 
           
Supplemental schedule of non-cash investing and financing activities:          
Series A Preferred Stock accretion to redemption value  $2,121   $ 
Operating lease assets obtained in exchange for new operating lease liabilities       1,539 
Digital currencies transferred from fund       137,845 
Unpaid proceeds from sale of property and equipment       1,000 
Reclassifications from advances to vendor to property and equipment upon receipt of equipment   551,650    260,575 
Common stock issued for service and license agreements       4,580 
Exchange of convertible notes for common stock   318,771     

 

NOTE 16 – SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

 

The Company has evaluated other subsequent events through the date the consolidated financial statements were available to be issued and has concluded that no such events or transactions took place that would require disclosure and in this Note 16 other than as disclosed below.

 

On October 24, 2023, the Company commenced a new At The Market offering program with H.C. Wainwright & Co., LLC, acting as sales agent, under which it may offer and sell shares of its Common Stock from time to time through the sales agent having an aggregate offering price of up to $750,000. The sales agent will be compensated at a commission rate equal to up to 3.0% of the gross sales price per share sold. As of November 8, 2023, the Company had sold no shares under this program.

 

23

 

 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.

 

Unless otherwise indicated or the context otherwise requires, references to “Marathon,” and the “Company” refer to Marathon Digital Holdings, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries. All dollar amounts referenced in this Item 2 are in thousands, except per share, bitcoin, and per bitcoin amounts.

 

This report on Form 10-Q (“Report”) and other written and oral statements made from time to time by us may contain so-called “forward-looking statements,” all of which are subject to risks and uncertainties. Forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of words such as “expects,” “plans,” “will,” “forecasts,” “projects,” “intends,” “estimates,” and other words of similar meaning. One can identify them by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. These statements are likely to address the Company’s growth strategy, financial results and product and development programs. One must carefully consider any such statement and should understand that many factors could cause actual results to differ from the Company’s forward-looking statements. These factors may include inaccurate assumptions and a broad variety of other risks and uncertainties, including some that are known and some that are not. No forward-looking statement can be guaranteed, and actual future results may vary materially.

 

Information regarding market and industry statistics contained in this Report is included based on information available to the Company that the Company believes is accurate. It is generally based on industry and other publications that are not produced for purposes of securities offerings or economic analysis. The Company has not reviewed or included data from all sources and cannot assure investors of the accuracy or completeness of the data included in this Report. Forecasts and other forward-looking information obtained from these sources are subject to the same qualifications and the additional uncertainties accompanying any estimates of future market size, revenue and market acceptance of products and services. The Company does not assume any obligation to update any forward-looking statement. As a result, investors should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements.

 

The following discussion and analysis are intended as a review of significant factors affecting the Company’s financial condition and results of operations for the periods indicated. The discussion should be read in conjunction with the Company’s consolidated financial statements and the notes presented herein. In addition to historical information, the following Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. Actual results could differ significantly from those expressed, implied or anticipated in these forward-looking statements as a result of certain factors discussed herein and any other periodic reports filed and to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

Business Overview

 

Marathon is a digital asset technology company dedicated to securing and supporting the Bitcoin ecosystem. The business is focused on producing or “mining” bitcoin using one of the largest and most efficient fleets of highly specialized computers in the industry. The Company successfully leverages technology across the value chain to improve efficiency and increase market share. The Company is also committed to carbon neutrality and growing operations through predominately renewable sources of energy. The Company’s “asset-light” capital strategy has fueled significant market share gains while also helping build one of the largest bitcoin positions on the balance sheet among its North American publicly traded peers. As of September 30, 2023, the Company had nearly 180,000 mining rigs in operation and owned 13,716 bitcoin. With its strong balance sheet and significant scale, the Company’s strategy has recently evolved beyond “asset-light” to include joint ventures with the Company’s landmark project located in Abu Dhabi.

 

Recent Developments

 

On October 24, 2023, the Company commenced a new At The Market offering program with H.C. Wainwright & Co., LLC, acting as sales agent, under which it may offer and sell shares of its Common Stock from time to time through the sales agent having an aggregate offering price of up to $750,000. As of November 8, 2023, the Company had sold no shares under this program.

 

During September 2023, the Company entered into privately negotiated exchange agreements with certain holders of its 1.00% Convertible Senior Notes due 2026 (the “Notes”). In total, the Company exchanged $416,793 aggregate principal amount of Notes for an aggregate 31,722,417 shares of Company common stock. The Company recorded a gain on the exchange of Notes for the Company’s common stock in the amount of $82,600 to “Net gain from extinguishment of debt” on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.

 

24

 

 

The Company issued 15,000 shares of Series A Preferred Stock for total gross proceeds of $14,286 before deducting the placement agent’s fees and other estimated offering expenses on June 5, 2023. During the third quarter ended September 30, 2023, all of the outstanding Series A Preferred Stock were redeemed at 105% of the $1,000 stated value per share for $15,750.

 

On July 27, 2023, the Company’s shareholders approved an amendment to the Company’s articles of incorporation that increased the amount of common stock authorized for issuance to 500,000,000 with a par value of $0.0001 per share.

 

The Company has continued its focus on expanding its operational capabilities during the period both domestically and internationally.

 

On January 27, 2023, Marathon Digital Holdings, Inc. (the “Company”) and Zero Two (formerly known as FS Innovation, LLC) entered into a Shareholders’ Agreement (the “Agreement”) regarding the formation of an Abu Dhabi Global Markets company (the “ADGM Entity”), whose purpose shall be to jointly (a) establish and operate one or more mining facilities for digital assets; and (b) mine digital assets (collectively, the “Business”).
   
The Company also made progress in installing and energizing its operations at various locations throughout the US, and in particular its two North Dakota sites. Additionally, the Garden City, TX site was fully installed and began to come online during October 2023.

 

Bitcoin production increased to 3,490 bitcoin, including 23 bitcoin earned through the Company’s equity method investee, during the three months ended September 30, 2023, an average of 37.9 bitcoin per day. During the three months ended September 30, 2022, the Company produced 616 bitcoin, an average of 6.7 bitcoin per day. The 467% increase in production was primarily the result of increasing the scale of the Company’s operations.

 

Bitcoin prices also rebounded significantly during the 2023 period, increasing from $16,530 per bitcoin at December 31, 2022 to $26,961 per bitcoin at September 30, 2023. This increase in the market value of bitcoin resulted in lower levels of impairment recorded during the nine month period ended September 30, 2023, and a higher market value of the Company’s bitcoin holdings at September 30, 2023, as compared to December 31, 2022.

 

The Company has continued to sell some of its bitcoin as a means of offsetting monthly cash operating costs. The Company sold 7,054 bitcoin for total proceeds of $179,509, realizing gains on sales of bitcoin of $70,686 during the nine months ended September 30, 2023. There were no such sales in the prior-year period.

 

The Company terminated its credit facilities with Silvergate Bank and responded to the closure of Signature Bank by diversifying its cash management services among multiple institutions. Key activities during the period related to these efforts included the following:

 

On February 6, 2023, the Company provided Silvergate Bank with the required 30-day notice stating the Company’s intent to prepay the outstanding balance on its term loan facility as well as the Company’s intent to terminate the term loan facility. The Company and Silvergate Bank subsequently agreed to terminate the RLOC facility. On March 8, 2023, the Company prepaid the term loan and terminated the RLOC facility with Silvergate Bank.

 

On March 12, 2023, Signature Bank was closed by the New York State Department of Financial Services. On that same date the FDIC was appointed as receiver and transferred all the deposits and substantially all of the assets of Signature Bank to Signature Bridge Bank, N.A., a full-service bank that was being operated by the FDIC. The Company held approximately $142,000 of cash deposits at Signature Bridge Bank, N.A. when normal banking activities resumed on March 13, 2023. The Company reduced its balances at Signature Bridge Bank and its successor institution by transferring funds to other financial institutions and through other treasury management activities. The Company no longer has any deposits at Signature Bank or its successor.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

The following accounting policies relate to the significant areas involving management’s judgments and estimates in the preparation of the Company’s financial statements, and are those that it believes are the most critical to aid the understanding and evaluation of this management discussion and analysis:

 

Digital assets

 

25

 

 

Revenue from contracts with customers

 

Long-lived assets

 

Income taxes

 

Digital assets

 

Digital assets (bitcoin) are included in current and other assets in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets due to the Company’s ability to sell bitcoin in a highly liquid marketplace and the selling of bitcoin to fund operating expenses to support operations. Digital assets awarded to the Company through its mining activities are accounted for in accordance with the Company’s revenue recognition policy below.

 

Digital assets are accounted for as intangible assets with indefinite useful lives and are recorded at cost less impairment in accordance with ASC 350 – Intangibles-Goodwill and Other. An intangible asset with an indefinite useful life is not amortized but assessed for impairment annually, or more frequently, when events or changes in circumstances occur indicating that it is more likely than not that the indefinite-lived asset is impaired. Whenever the exchange-traded price of digital assets declines below its carrying value, the Company has determined that it is more likely than not that an impairment exists and records impairment equal to the amount by which the carrying value exceeds the fair value at that point in time. The Company has deemed the price of digital assets to be a Level 1 input under the ASC 820 - Fair Value Measurement hierarchy as these were based on observable quoted prices in the Company’s principal market for identical assets. Subsequent reversal of impairment losses is not permitted.

 

Digital assets awarded to the Company through its mining activities are included as a reconciling item within operating activities on the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of cash flows. The sales of digital assets are included within investing activities in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of cash flows and any gains or losses from such sales are included in operating expenses in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.

 

Revenues from contracts with customers

 

The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with FASB ASC Topic 606 – Revenue from Contracts with Customers. The core principle of the revenue standard is that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The following five steps are applied to achieve that core principle:

 

Step 1: Identify the contract with the customer

 

Step 2: Identify the performance obligations in the contract

 

Step 3: Determine the transaction price

 

Step 4: Allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract

 

Step 5: Recognize the revenue when the Company satisfies a performance obligation

 

In order to identify the performance obligations in a contract with a customer, an entity must assess the promised goods or services in the contract and identify each promised good or service that is distinct. A performance obligation meets ASC 606’s definition of a “distinct” good or service (or bundle of goods or services) if both of the following criteria are met:

 

The customer can benefit from the good or service either on its own or together with other resources that are readily available to the customer (i.e., the good or service is capable of being distinct); and

 

The entity’s promise to transfer the good or service to the customer is separately identifiable from other promises in the contract (i.e., the promise to transfer the good or service is distinct within the context of the contract).

 

If a good or service is not distinct, the good or service is combined with other promised goods or services until a bundle of goods or services is identified that is distinct.

 

26

 

 

The transaction price is the amount of consideration to which an entity expects to be entitled in exchange for transferring promised goods or services to a customer. The consideration promised in a contract with a customer may include fixed amounts, variable amounts, or both. When determining the transaction price, an entity must consider the effects of all of the following:

 

Variable consideration

 

Constraining estimates of variable consideration

 

The existence of a significant financing component in the contract

 

Noncash consideration

 

Consideration payable to a customer

 

Variable consideration is included in the transaction price only to the extent that it is probable that a significant reversal in the amount of cumulative revenue recognized under the accounting contract will not occur when the uncertainty associated with the variable consideration is subsequently resolved. The transaction price is allocated to each performance obligation on a relative standalone selling price basis. The transaction price allocated to each performance obligation is recognized when that performance obligation is satisfied, at a point in time or over time, as appropriate.

 

The Company’s ongoing major or central operation is to provide bitcoin transaction verification services to the bitcoin network through a Company-operated mining pool as the operator (“Operator”) (such activity, “mining”) and to provide computing power to perform hash calculations to pool operators alongside collectives of third-party bitcoin miners (such collectives, “mining pools”) as a participant (“Participant”). The Company currently mines in a self-operated pool, which was previously open to third-party pool participants from September 2021 until May 2022.

 

Operator

 

As Operator, the Company provides transaction verification services. Transaction verification services are an output of the Company’s ordinary activities; therefore, the Company views the transaction requestor as a customer and accounts for the transaction fees it earns as revenue from a contract with a customer under ASC 606. The bitcoin network is not an entity such that it may not meet the definition of a customer; however, the Company has concluded it is appropriate to apply ASC 606 by analogy to block rewards earned from the network. The Company is currently entitled to the block reward of 6.25 bitcoin from the bitcoin network for each successful block. The Company is also entitled to the transaction fee paid by the transaction requester payable in bitcoin for each successful block. A contract exists under ASC 606 at the point the Company successfully validates a transaction to the distributed ledger. At this point, the performance obligation to validate the requested transaction has been satisfied and a contract is deemed to exist.

 

The Company engaged unrelated third-party mining enterprises (“pool participants”) to contribute computing power, and in exchange, remitted transaction fees and block rewards to pool participants on a pro rata basis according to each respective pool participant’s contributed computing power (“hash rate”). The Company determined that it controlled the service of providing transaction verification services to the network and requester as the Company’s wallet as Operator was recorded on the distributed ledger as the transaction verifier of record, the pool participants entered into contracts with the Company and not the network or requester, and the Company delegated mining work to pool participants. Therefore, the Company recorded all of the transaction fees and block rewards earned from transactions assigned to MaraPool as revenue, and the portion of the transaction fees and block rewards remitted to MaraPool participants as cost of revenues.

 

In accordance with ASC 606-10-32-21, the Company measures the estimated fair value of noncash consideration at contract inception, which is at the time the block reward and transaction fee is earned and the performance obligation to the requester and the network is fulfilled by successfully validating the applicable block of transactions. The Company applies the quoted spot rate for bitcoin determined using the Company’s primary trading platform for bitcoin at the time the block reward and transaction fee is earned to measure revenues.

 

27

 

 

Participant

 

The Company participates in multiple third-party operated mining pools only when the Company-operated mining pool is not available. The payout methodologies differ depending on the type of third-party operated mining pool. Pay-Per-Share (“PPS”) and Full-Pay-Per-Share (“FPPS”) pools pay rewards based on a contractual formula, which primarily calculates the hash rate provided by the Company to the mining pool as a percentage of total network hash rate, and other inputs. For PPS and FPPS pools, the Company is entitled to consideration even if a block is not successfully placed by the mining pool operator. The Company also participates in third-party mining pools that pay rewards only when the pool successfully mines a block. For these pools, the Company only earns a reward when the third-party pool successfully mines a block and its reward is the fractional share of the successfully mined block and transaction fees based on the proportion of computing power the Company contributed to the mining pool operator to the total computing power contributed by all mining pool participants in solving the algorithm.

 

When the Company is a Participant in a third-party operated mining pool, the Company provides hash rate that is an output of the Company’s ordinary activities in exchange for consideration. The Company considers the third-party mining pool operators to be its customers under Topic 606. These contracts are period-to-period contracts because they are terminable at any time by either party without compensation. A new contract is determined to exist each period (i.e., second, minute, hour) that neither the Company, nor the pool operator, terminates the arrangement. Such implied renewal option is not a material right because the pricing in the renewal periods is the same as the initial contract and there are no upfront or incremental fees in the initial contract or the terms, conditions, and compensation amounts for the renewal options are at the then market rates.

 

When the Company participates in PPS and FPPS pools, which pay rewards based on a contractual formula, the Company recognizes revenue based on the Company’s daily contributed hash rate and other network-driven inputs, such as the total hash rate contributed by all pool participants. The variable consideration (reward) the Company will be entitled to for its contribution of hash rate can be reasonably estimated based on the contribution of hash rate and other network inputs such as total contributed hash rate. The Company measures revenue earned based on the average daily spot rate of bitcoin determined using the Company’s primary trading platform for bitcoin.

 

When the Company participates in third-party pools that pay rewards only when the pool successfully mines a block, the Company recognizes its fractional share of the block and transaction fees using the spot rate of bitcoin at the time that the block is successfully mined.

 

Providing computing power on mining rigs to solve complex cryptographic algorithms in support of blockchain mining (in a process known as “solving a block”) is the primary output of the Company’s ordinary activities. The provision of computing power is the only performance obligation under the Company’s arrangements with third-party mining pool operators. The transaction consideration the Company receives is non-cash (i.e., bitcoin) and variable. For third-party pools that pay rewards only when the pool successfully mines a block, the consideration to which the Company will be entitled to for its efforts remain variable and is not estimable until the pool successfully solves a block, at which point in time the Company can then estimate its fractional share of the bitcoin to which it is entitled to for its contribution to the pool’s successful efforts. For PPS and FPPS pools, which pay rewards based on a contractual formula that does not depend on the pool successfully mining any blocks during the period in which the Company contributes computing power, the Company can reasonably estimate the variable consideration to which it will be entitled to for providing computing power as such power is being provided based on the contributed hash rate and other inputs.

 

The Company satisfies its performance obligation to provide computing power to the pool operator over time as described in FASB ASC 606-10-25-27(a) as the pool operator simultaneously consumes and receives benefits from the Company’s provision of computing power, which it uses continuously as an input to the pool’s efforts to solve a block.

 

Expenses associated with providing computing power services to third-party operated mining pools, such as hosting fees, electricity costs, and related fees are recorded as cost of revenues. Depreciation on digital asset mining equipment is also recorded as a component of cost of revenues.

 

Long-lived assets

 

The Company has long-lived assets that consist primarily of property and equipment stated at cost, net of accumulated depreciation and impairment, as applicable. The depreciation charge is calculated on a straight-line basis and depends on the estimated useful lives of each type of asset and, in certain circumstances, estimates of fair values and residual values. The Company’s property and equipment is primarily composed of bitcoin mining rigs, which are largely homogeneous and have approximately the same useful lives. Accordingly, the Company utilizes the group method of depreciation for its bitcoin mining rigs. The Company updates the estimated useful lives of its asset group of bitcoin mining rigs periodically as information on the operations of the mining rigs indicates changes are required. The Company assesses and adjusts the estimated useful lives of its mining rigs when there are indicators that the productivity of the mining assets are higher or lower than the assigned estimated useful lives.

 

28

 

 

Management reviews the Company’s long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset (asset group) may not be recoverable. Recoverability of assets to be held and used is measured by a comparison of their carrying amount to the undiscounted future cash flows expected to be generated thereby. If such assets are not recoverable based on that test, impairment is recorded in the amount by which the carrying amount of the assets exceeds their fair value as determined in accordance with ASC 820.

 

Income taxes

 

The primary objectives of accounting for income taxes are (i) to recognize the amount of income taxes payable or refundable for the current year, and (ii) to recognize deferred tax liabilities and assets for the future tax consequences of events that have been recognized in the financial statements or tax returns. The Company accounts for income taxes in accordance with ASC 740 - Income Taxes, using the asset and liability method. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are calculated based on enacted tax rates and are recognized for the expected future tax consequences of temporary differences between the financial reporting and tax basis of assets and liabilities and for operating losses and tax credit carryforwards. The effect on deferred tax assets and liabilities of a change in tax rates is recognized in operations in the period that includes the enactment date. Management must make assumptions, judgments and estimates to determine the income tax benefit or expense and deferred tax assets and liabilities. The Company recognizes tax positions when they are more likely than not of being sustained. Recognized tax positions are measured at the largest amount of benefit greater than 50% likely of being realized. Each period, the Company evaluates tax positions and adjust related tax assets and liabilities in light of changing facts and circumstances.

 

The Company recorded a valuation allowance to reduce deferred tax assets to the net amount that the Company believes is more likely than not to be realized. Accordingly, the need to establish such allowance is assessed periodically by considering matters such as future reversals of existing taxable temporary differences, projected future taxable income, tax planning strategies and results of recent operations.

 

Recent Issued Accounting Standards

 

See NOTE 3 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES to the condensed consolidated financial statements for a discussion of recent accounting standards and pronouncements.

 

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

 

In addition to the Company’s results determined in accordance with GAAP, the Company also provides adjusted EBITDA and total margin excluding depreciation and amortization, which are non-GAAP measures. The Company provides investors with reconciliations from net loss to adjusted EBITDA and total margin to total margin excluding depreciation and amortization as components of Management’s Discussion and Analysis. The Company defines adjusted EBITDA as (a) GAAP net income (loss) plus (b) adjustments to add back the impacts of (1) depreciation and amortization, (2) interest expense, (3) income tax expense (benefit) and (4) adjustments for non-cash and non-recurring items which currently include (i) stock compensation expense, (ii) impairments of patents and (iii) gains and losses on extinguishment of debt. The Company defines total margin excluding depreciation and amortization as (a) GAAP total margin less (b) depreciation and amortization.

 

Adjusted EBITDA and total margin excluding depreciation and amortization are not financial measures of performance under GAAP and, as a result, these measures may not be comparable to similarly titled measures of other companies. Non-GAAP financial measures are subject to material limitations as they are not in accordance with, or a substitute for, measurements prepared in accordance with GAAP. These non-GAAP measures are not meant to be considered in isolation and should be read only in conjunction with the Company’s Interim Reports on Form 10-Q and its Annual Reports on Form 10-K as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Management uses adjusted EBITDA, total margin excluding depreciation and amortization, and the supplemental information provided herein as a means of understanding, managing, and evaluating business performance and to help inform operating decision making. The Company relies primarily on its condensed consolidated financial statements to understand, manage, and evaluate its financial performance and use the non-GAAP financial measures only supplementally.

 

29

 

 

Results of Operations – Three months ended September 30, 2023 compared to the three months ended September 30, 2022

 

Financial Summary Table:

 

   Three Months Ended September 30,   Favorable 
   2023   2022   (Unfavorable) 
       (As Restated)     
Total revenues  $97,849   $12,690   $85,159 
                
Costs and expenses               
Cost of revenues               
Cost of revenues - energy, hosting and other   (59,628)   (13,773)   (45,855)
Cost of revenues - depreciation and amortization   (53,548)   (26,295)   (27,253)
Total cost of revenues   (113,176)   (40,068)   (73,108)
Operating expenses               
General and administrative expenses   (20,141)   (12,144)   (7,997)
Impairment of digital assets   (11,885)   (1,375)   (10,510)
Gains on digital assets and gains (losses) on digital assets loan receivable   31,720        31,720 
Gain on sale of equipment, net of disposals       29,819    (29,819)
Legal reserves       (24,960)   24,960 
Impairment of deposits due to vendor bankruptcy filing       (7,987)   7,987 
Total operating expenses   (306)   (16,647)   16,341 
Operating loss   (15,633)   (44,025)   28,392 
Net gain from extinguishment of debt   82,600        82,600 
Equity in net earnings of unconsolidated affiliate   (647)       (647)
Impairment of loan and investment due to vendor bankruptcy filing       (31,013)   31,013 
Interest expense   (2,536)   (3,752)   1,216 
Other non-operating income   426    238    188 
Income (loss) before income taxes   64,210    (78,552)   142,762 
Income tax benefit (expense)   (73)   6,090    (6,163)
Net income (loss)  $64,137   $(72,462)  $136,599 
                
Supplemental information:               
bitcoin (“BTC”) production during the period, in whole BTC (1)   3,490    616    2,874 
Average BTC per day, in whole BTC   37.9    6.7    31.2 
General and administrative expenses excluding stock-based compensation  $(14,630)  $(8,721)  $(5,909)
Installed Hash Rate (Exahashes per second) - at end of period (2)   23.1    3.8    19.3 
Energized Hash Rate (Exahashes per second) - at end of period (2)   19.1    3.8    15.3 
Average operational Hash Rate (Exahashes per second) (3)   12.1    N/A      N/A 

 

(1)Includes 23 bitcoin produced by the Company’s equity method investee for the three months ended September 30, 2023.

 

(2)The Company defines Energized Hash Rate as the total hash rate that could be generated if all installed and energized machines were running at 100% of manufacturers specifications. The Company uses this metric only as an indicator of progress in bringing mining rigs online. The Company defines Installed Hash Rate as the total hash rate that could be generated if all installed machines were running at 100% of manufacturers specifications. The Company uses this metric only as an indicator of progress in deploying mining rigs at its production sites. The Company believes that these metrics are useful as an indicator of potential bitcoin production. However, these metrics cannot be tied directly to any production level expected to be actually achieved as (a) there may be delays in the energization of Installed Hash Rate (b) the Company cannot predict when installed and energized mining rigs may be offline for any reason, including curtailment or machine failure and (c) the Company cannot predict Global Hash Rate (and therefore the Company’s share of the Global Hash Rate), which has a significant impact on the Company’s ability to generate bitcoin in any given period.

 

30

 

 

(3)Defined as the daily Average Operational Hash Rate online during the period. Data not available for prior periods.

 

   Three Months Ended September 30,   Favorable 
   2023   2022   (Unfavorable) 
       (As Restated)     
Reconciliation to Total margin excluding depreciation and amortization:               
Total revenues  $97,849   $12,690   $85,159 
Total cost of revenues   (113,176)   (40,068)   (73,108)
Total margin (total revenues less total cost of revenues)   (15,327)   (27,378)   12,051 
Exclude: Depreciation and amortization   53,548   26,295   27,253
Total margin excluding depreciation and amortization  $38,221   $(1,083)  $39,304 
                
Reconciliation to Adjusted EBITDA:               
Net income (loss)  $64,137   $(72,462)  $136,599 
Exclude: Interest expense   2,536    3,752    (1,216)
Exclude: Income tax expense (benefit)   73    (6,090)   6,163 
EBIT   66,746    (74,800)   141,546 
Exclude: Depreciation and amortization (1)   54,032    26,295    27,737 
EBITDA   120,778    (48,505)   169,283 
Exclude: Stock compensation expense   5,511    3,423    2,088 
Exclude: Net gain from extinguishment of debt   (82,600)       (82,600)
Exclude: Impairment of deposits due to vendor bankruptcy filing       7,987    (7,987)
Exclude: Impairment of loan and investment due to vendor bankruptcy filing       31,013    (31,013)
Adjusted EBITDA  $43,689   $(6,082)  $49,771 

 

  (1) Includes approximately $484 of depreciation and amortization as the Company’s share in the results of its equity method investee reported in Equity in net earnings of unconsolidated affiliate for the three months ended September 30, 2023.

Revenues: The Company generated revenues of $97,849 for the three months ended September 30, 2023 as compared with $12,690 in the prior-year period. The $85,159 or approximately 671% increase in revenue was primarily driven by an increase in production year-over-year of $59,186 and $25,973 from the increase in bitcoin prices in the current year period. Average daily bitcoin production was 37.9 bitcoin in the current year period compared with 6.7 in the prior-year period, reflecting the increasing scale of the Company’s operations.

 

Cost of revenues: Cost of revenues – energy, hosting and other during the three months ended September 30, 2023 totaled $59,628 as compared with $13,773 in the prior-year period. The $45,855 or approximately 333% increase was driven by the impact of increased bitcoin production of $54,800, partially offset by lower production costs of $3,245 and the absence of accelerated costs associated with the exit of the Hardin, Montana facility in the prior-year period of $5,700. Cost of revenues – depreciation and amortization during the three months ended September 30, 2023, totaled $53,548 as compared with $26,295 in the prior-year period. The $27,253 or approximately 104% increase in depreciation was primarily due to an increase in mining rigs in operation related to the increased scale of the business, partially offset by the absence of accelerated depreciation of $15,100 recorded in the prior-year period related to the exit of the Hardin, Montana facility.

 

31

 

 

Total Margin: Total margin was a loss of $15,327 in the current three months ended September 30, 2023 as compared with a loss of $27,378 in the prior-year period, an improvement of $12,051 or approximately 44%. The following table summarizes the factors that impacted the increase in total margin for the three months ended September 30, 2023 compared to the prior-year period:

 

Revenue:    
● Higher production activity  $59,186 
● Higher bitcoin market prices   25,973 
Cost of revenue – energy, hosting and other:     
● Lower unit costs   3,245 
● Accelerated cost recognition from Hardin exit   5,700 
● Higher production activity   (54,800)
Cost of revenue – depreciation and amortization:     
● Accelerated cost recognition from Hardin exit   15,100 
● Other, primarily increased mining rigs in operation   (42,353)
   $12,051 

 

General and administrative expenses: General and administrative expenses were $20,141 for the three months ended September 30, 2023 as compared with expenses of $12,144 in the prior-year period, an increase of $7,997 or approximately 66%. General and administrative expenses included stock-based (non-cash) compensation expense of $5,511 in the current period and $3,423 in the prior-year period. The increase in stock-based compensation is primarily related to additional restricted stock unit issuances associated with increases in headcount. General and administrative expenses excluding stock-based compensation was $14,630 in the current period as compared with $8,721 in the prior-year period. This $5,909 or approximately 68% increase in expense was primarily due to the increasing scale of business, including payroll and benefits, professional fees, and other costs. The Company’s headcount increased from 20 employees in the prior-year period to 48 employees in 2023.

 

Impairment of digital assets: The Company incurred impairments of digital assets during the three months ended September 30, 2023 of $11,885 as compared with impairments of $1,375 in the prior-year period, an increase of $10,510 or approximately 764%. This increase in impairment is primarily related to the increased holdings of bitcoin compared to the prior-year period.

 

Gains on digital assets and gains on digital assets loan receivable: The Company recognized gains of $29,717 on the sale of approximately 2,300 bitcoin during the three months ended September 30, 2023. There were no such sales in the prior-year period. The Company also recognized a gain of $2,003 during the three months ended September 30, 2023 as a result of an increase in fair value of digital assets that were derecognized as collateral and was repaid in September 2023.

 

Net gain on extinguishment of debt: On September 7, 2023, the Company entered into agreements with certain holders of Convertible Notes due 2026 (the “Notes”) to exchange an aggregate $416,793 principal amount of Notes for 31,722,417 shares of the Company’s common stock and recorded a gain in the amount of $82,600.

 

Equity in net earnings of unconsolidated affiliate: During the three months ended September 30, 2023, the Company recorded its share of net losses for its 20% interest in the ADGM Entity in the amount of $647, which began mining operations during the quarter. The Company’s share of the ADGM Entity’s results included earnings of 23 bitcoin and approximately $484 of depreciation and amortization during the three months ended September 30, 2023.

 

Interest expense: Interest expense decreased $1,216 or 32% from the prior-year period as a result of lower interest costs primarily as a result of the exchange of $416,793 aggregate principal amount of Notes during the three months ended September 30, 2023 as compared with the prior-year period. Additionally, the Company terminated its revolving line of credit and term loan facilities during the three months ended March 31, 2023.

 

Other non-operating income: Other non-operating income was $426 during the three months ended September 30, 2023 as compared with $238 in the prior-year period. The $188 favorable variance was primarily due to increased interest income.

 

Income tax benefit (expense): The Company recorded an income tax expense of $73 for the three months ended September 30, 2023 as compared with an income tax benefit of $6,090 in the prior-year period. The tax variance of $6,163 or approximately 101% was primarily due to the establishment of a valuation allowance in the year ended December 31, 2022, as the Company determined it was more likely than not that they would not have sufficient future taxable income to realize the Company’s federal and state deferred tax assets.

 

Net income (loss): The Company recorded net income of $64,137 for the three months ended September 30, 2023 as compared with a net loss of $72,462 in the prior-year period. This $136,599 or approximately 189% improvement was primarily driven by the impact of the gain on extinguishment of debt, gain on sale of digital assets, and the lack, during the current year, of impairments due to vendor bankruptcy filing, legal reserves, partially offset by net gain on sale of equipment in the prior-year period.

 

Adjusted EBITDA: Adjusted EBITDA was $43,689 in the three months ended September 30, 2023 as compared with an adjusted EBITDA loss of $6,082 in the prior-year period. The $49,771 or approximately 818% increase in adjusted EBITDA was primarily driven by higher revenues of $85,159 and positive impact of gains on digital assets of $31,720.

 

32

 

 

Results of Operations – Nine months ended September 30, 2023 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2022

 

Financial Summary Table:

 

   Nine Months Ended September 30,   Favorable 
   2023   2022   (Unfavorable) 
       (As Restated)     
Total revenues  $230,740   $89,336   $141,404 
                
Costs and expenses               
Cost of revenues               
Cost of revenues - energy, hosting and other   (148,227)   (42,981)   (105,246)