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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 8-K

 

CURRENT REPORT

Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

 

Date of Report (Date of earliest event reported):        October 18, 2023

 

McEWEN MINING INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Colorado   001-33190   84-0796160
(State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation)
  (Commission
File Number)
  (IRS Employer
Identification No.)

 

150 King Street West, Suite 2800

Toronto, Ontario, Canada

M5H 1J9
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number including area code:       (866) 441-0690

 

 

(Former name or former address, if changed since last report)

 

Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:

 

¨  Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)

¨  Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)

¨  Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))

¨  Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class   Trading Symbol(s)   Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock   MUX   New York Stock Exchange

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter).

 

Emerging growth company ¨

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨

 

 

 

 

 

 

Item 1.01 Entry Into a Material Definitive Agreement

 

As previously disclosed in a Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the Securities Exchange Commission (“SEC”) on October 16, 2023, each of McEwen Mining Inc. (the “Company”) and McEwen Copper Inc., a privately-held Alberta, Canada subsidiary of the Company (“McEwen Copper”), entered into separate but related agreements with with Nuton LLC, a current shareholder of McEwen Copper and subsidiary of Rio Tinto (“Nuton”). Accordingly, on October 18, 2023, (i) McEwen Copper and Nuton entered into a definitive private placement subscription agreement (the “Subscription Agreement”) pursuant to which Nuton purchased 152,615 shares of McEwen Copper from McEwen Copper (the “Nuton Private Placement”) and (ii) the Company, Minera Andes Inc., a subsidiary of the Company, McEwen Copper and Nuton entered into a definitive share purchase agreement (the “Share Purchase Agreement”) pursuant to which Nuton purchased 232,000 shares of McEwen Copper from the Company in a secondary sale (the “Secondary Sale” and together with the Nuton Private Placement, the “Nuton Transactions”).

 

The Nuton Transactions closed on October 18, 2023. McEwen Copper received approximately $4 million in proceeds and the Company received approximately $6 million in proceeds.

 

In connection with the Nuton Transactions, McEwen Copper and certain of its affiliates entered into Amendment No. 2 to Nuton Collaboration Agreement, dated October 18, 2023, to amend the Nuton Collaboration Agreement, dated August 30, 2022, as amended by Amendment No. 1 to the Nuton Collaboration Agreement, dated March 9, 2023, to extend the period of exclusivity over novel, trade secret or patented copper heap leach technologies until February 1, 2025.

 

Following the consummation of the Nuton Transactions, the Company owns 47.7% of McEwen Copper common stock and Nuton owns 14.5% of McEwen Copper common stock.

 

Each of the agreements discussed above may contain customary representations, warranties, conditions and agreements in connection with the transactions.  They are not intended to provide any other factual information about the Company, McEwen Copper, or any other Company subsidiary. The representations, warranties and covenants contained in the agreements were made only for purposes of such agreements and as of specific dates, were solely for the benefit of the parties to such agreements and may be subject to limitations agreed upon by the contracting parties.

 

The sales of McEwen Copper common stock were made in transactions not registered with the SEC. Specifically, in the case of the Nuton Secondary Transaction the offers and sales were exempt from the registration requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”), including under Sections 4(a)(1) and 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act and regulations, interpretive statements and letters issued by the SEC or its staff and decisions of courts thereunder and / or Regulation S under the Securities Act; and in the case of the Nuton Private Placement, pursuant to Section 4(a)(2) of the Securities Act, Regulation S and/or Rule 506 of Regulation D, each promulgated under the Securities Act. Each of the investors in the offerings in the U.S. was an accredited investor as defined in Regulation D. In each transaction exempt under Regulation S, the offers and sales were made in offshore transactions and no directed selling efforts were made in the U.S. In each case, offering restrictions were imposed.

 

Item 3.02 Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities

 

The information set forth in Item 1.01 above is incorporated by reference into this Item 3.02.

 

Item 9.01 Financial Statements and Exhibits.

 

(d)     Exhibits. The following exhibits are furnished or filed with this report, as applicable:

 

Exhibit No.   Description
99.1   Share Purchase Agreement
99.2   Subscription Agreement
99.3   Amendment No. 2 to Nuton Collaboration Agreement
104   Cover Page Interactive Data File – the cover page XBRL tags are embedded within the Inline XBRL document

 

 

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.

 

  McEWEN MINING INC.
     
Date: October 24, 2023 By: /s/ Carmen Diges
    Carmen Diges, General Counsel

 

 

 

 

Exhibit 99.1

 

Final

 

SHARE PURCHASE AGREEMENT

 

by and among

 

MCEWEN MINING INC., a company existing under the laws of the State of Colorado (“MUX”)

 

MINERA ANDES INC., a company existing under the laws of the Province of Alberta (“Vendor”);

 

MCEWEN COPPER INC., a company existing under the laws of the Province of Alberta (the “Company”);

 

and

 

NUTON LLC, a company existing under the laws of the State of Delaware (“Purchaser”).

 

Dated as of:

October 18, 2023

 

 

 

 

ANNEX I

 

TERMS AND CONDITIONS

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Page

 

Article 1 DEFINITIONS and Interpretation 1
   
1.1 Definitions 1
1.2 Rules of Interpretation 6
1.3 Currency 7
1.4 Computation of Time 7
1.5 Sections that Survive Termination and Closing; Claims Following Termination 7
1.6 Exhibits and Schedules 8
     
Article 2 Purchase of Shares and Purchase PRice 8
   
2.1 Purchase of Shares 8
2.2 Purchase Consideration 8
     
Article 3 CLOSING 8
   
3.1 Closing 8
3.2 Closing Actions 8
3.3 Conditions Precedent to the Closing 9
     
Article 4 REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES 12
   
4.1 Mutual Representations and Warranties 12
4.2 Specific Representations and Warranties of Purchaser 12
4.3 Specific Representations and Warranties of the McEwen Parties 14
     
Article 5 Indemnification 21
   
5.1 Indemnification by the McEwen Indemnifying Parties 21
5.2 Indemnification by Purchaser 22
5.3 Limitation of Liability for Indemnities 22
5.4 Term of Indemnities 23
5.5 Indirect and Consequential Damages 23
5.6 Third Party Claim Indemnity Procedures 23
5.7 Adjustment to Purchase Price 25
     
Article 6 GENERAL 25
   
6.1 Notices 25
6.2 Amendment 26
6.3 Public Disclosure 26
6.4 Assignment 27
6.5 Governing Law 27

 

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6.6 Waiver 27
6.7 Severability 27
6.8 Benefit of the Agreement 28
6.9 No Third Party Rights 28
6.10 Entire Agreement 28
6.11 Further Assurances 28
6.12 Time of the Essence 28
6.13 Counterparts and Electronic Execution 28

 

EXHIBITS

 

EXHIBIT A Material Subsidiaries A-1
     
EXHIBIT B Los Azules Project B-1

 

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W I T N E S S E T H:

 

WHEREAS the Company owns, through its indirect wholly-owned subsidiary, ACM, the Los Azules Project (as defined herein) and, through its wholly-owned subsidiary, NPGUS LLC, a company existing under the laws of the State of Colorado (“NPGUS”), the Elder Creek Project (as defined herein);

 

AND WHEREAS the Vendor is a 48.7% beneficial owner of the Company, indirectly through its wholly-owned subsidiary MAI;

 

AND WHEREAS Vendor beneficially and indirectly holds 15,000,000 Common Shares (as defined herein);

 

AND WHEREAS Purchaser desires to purchase from Vendor, and Vendor desires to sell to Purchaser, the Purchased Shares (as defined herein), subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement;

 

NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of the premises and covenants contained herein, and for other good and valuable consideration (the receipt and sufficiency of which is hereby acknowledged), the Parties agree as follows:

 

Article 1
DEFINITIONS and Interpretation

 

1.1Definitions

 

The terms defined in this Article 1 shall, for all purposes of this Agreement, have the following meanings:

 

ACM” means Andes Corporación Minera S.A.;

 

Affiliate” in reference to a Party, means any Person, that directly or indirectly controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with, such Party;

 

Agreement” means this Share Purchase Agreement and its exhibits, as amended and modified from time to time;

 

Amendment No. 2 to the Nuton Collaboration Agreement” means the second amendment to the Nuton Collaboration Agreement dated August 30, 2022, dated as of the date hereof and in the form attached to the Subscription Agreement;

 

Anti-Corruption Laws” has the meaning given to such term in Section 4.3(ss);

 

Applicable Laws” means all applicable domestic or foreign national, federal, provincial, territorial, state, regional and local laws (whether statutory or common law or equity), rules, ordinances (including zoning and mineral removal ordinances), regulations, grants, concessions, franchises, licences, orders, directives, judgments, decrees, and other governmental restrictions, including permits and other similar requirements, whether legislative, municipal, administrative or judicial in nature and in any case, issued, enacted, promulgated, enforced or entered by any Governmental Authority (including Environmental Laws, mining laws and any applicable securities laws and any applicable rules of any stock exchange imposing disclosure requirements);

 

Authorizations” has the meaning given to such term in Section 4.3(q);

 

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Basket” has the meaning given to such term in Section 5.3(a);

 

Business” means the business conducted by any of the McEwen Copper Companies, which is as of the date hereof primarily the conduct of exploration and development in relation to the Projects;

 

Business Day” means any day that is not a weekend or a holiday in Toronto, Ontario;

 

Cayman Subsidiaries” means, collectively, International Copper Mining Inc., Los Azules Mining Inc. and San Juan Copper Inc., each of which is a company existing under the laws of the Cayman Islands;

 

Claim” means any actual or threatened civil, criminal, administrative, regulatory, arbitral or investigative inquiry, action, suit or proceeding and any notice, demand or claim resulting therefrom or any other claim or demand of whatever nature or kind;

 

Claim Notice” has the meaning given to such term in Section 5.6(a);

 

Closing” means the completion of the actions set out in Sections 3.1 and 3.2 following the satisfaction of the Conditions Precedent;

 

Closing Date” has the meaning given to such term in Section 3.1;

 

Closing Time” has the meaning given to such term in Section 3.1;

 

Common Shares” means common shares in the capital of the Company;

 

Company” has the meaning given to such term in the preamble to this Agreement;

 

Conditions Precedent” has the meaning given to such term in Section 3.3;

 

control” when used to describe a relationship between one Person and any other Person (including the definitions of “Affiliate” and “Subsidiary”), has the following meanings:

 

(a)a Person controls a body corporate if securities of the body corporate to which are attached more than 50% of the votes that may be cast to elect directors of the body corporate are owned by the Person and the votes attached to those securities are sufficient, if exercised, to elect a majority of the directors of the body corporate;

 

(b)a Person controls an unincorporated entity, other than a limited partnership, if more than 50% of the ownership interests, however designated, into which the entity is divided are owned by that Person and the Person is generally able to direct the business and affairs of the entity;

 

(c)a general partner of a limited partnership controls the limited partnership;

 

(d)a Person who controls an entity is deemed to control any entity that directly or indirectly is controlled, or deemed to be controlled, by the entity; and

 

(e)a Person is deemed to beneficially own, for the purposes of subparagraphs (a) or (b);

 

(i)any securities of the entity that are owned by that Person, and

 

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(ii)any securities of the entity that are owned by any entity directly or indirectly controlled by that Person,

 

and the terms “controls” and “controlled” have corresponding meanings;

 

COVID-19 Relief” means any support payments, loans, benefits, wage or other subsidies or other incentives provided, in each case, as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic from any Governmental Authority or financial institution;

 

Elder Creek Project” has the meaning given to such term in Section 4.3(r);

 

Encumbrance” means any encumbrance, mortgage, lien, charge, pledge or security interest, whether fixed or floating, or any assignment, lease, option, right of pre-emption, privilege, usufruct, easement, encroachment, hypothec, pledge, title retention agreement, reservation of title, servitude, right of way, restrictive covenant, restriction on transfer, right of occupation or other adverse claim or restriction on use, in any case, regardless of form, whether or not registered or registrable and whether or not consensual or arising by Applicable Laws, including any or any matter capable of registration, or any other right or claim of any kind or nature whatever which affects ownership or possession of, or title to, any interest in, or the right to use or occupy, property or assets;

 

Environmental Laws” means Applicable Laws aimed at reclamation or restoration of the environment; abatement of pollution and the corresponding sanctioning regime; protection of the environment and the natural resources; ensuring public safety from environmental hazards; protection of cultural or historic resources; management, storage or control of hazardous substances; releases or threatened releases of pollutants, contaminants, chemicals or industrial, toxic or hazardous substances as wastes into the environment, including ambient air, surface water and groundwater; and all other Applicable Laws relating to the manufacturing, processing, distribution, use, treatment, storage, disposal, handling or transport of pollutants, contaminants, chemicals or industrial, toxic or hazardous substances or hazardous wastes;

 

GAAP” means generally accepted accounting principles.

 

Governmental Authority” means any (i) domestic or foreign government, whether national, federal, provincial, territorial, regional, county, state, municipal or local or other governmental or public department, (ii) any central bank, court, individual arbitrator or arbitration panel, commission, board, bureau, agency or instrumentality, domestic or foreign, (iii) subdivision or authority of any of the foregoing, (iv) securities regulatory authority or stock exchange, and (v) quasi-governmental, self-regulatory organization or private body exercising any regulatory, expropriation or taxing authority under or for the account of any of the foregoing; in each case, having jurisdiction in the relevant circumstances;

 

GST/HSThas the meaning given to such term in Section 4.3(kk);

 

IFRS” means International Financial Reporting Standards in effect from time to time as adopted in the applicable jurisdiction and applied consistently throughout the periods involved;

 

Indemnified Partyhas the meaning given to such term in Section 5.3(a);

 

Indemnifying Partyhas the meaning given to such term in Section 5.3(a);

 

International Jurisdictionhas the meaning given to such term in Section 4.2(b);

 

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Liabilities” means, with respect any Person, any and all indebtedness, liabilities, commitments and obligations of any kind of such Person, whether fixed, contingent or absolute, matured or unmatured, liquidated or unliquidated, accrued or not accrued, asserted or not asserted, known or unknown, determined, determinable or otherwise, whenever or however arising (including whether arising out of any contract, tort based on negligence or strict liability or Applicable Laws);

 

Los Azules Project” has the meaning given to such term in Section 4.3(s);

 

Losses” means, with respect to any Person, any and all losses, Liabilities, Claims, obligations, judgments, fines, settlement payments, awards or damages of any kind actually suffered or incurred by such Person (together with all reasonably incurred cash disbursements, costs and expenses, costs of investigation, defence and appeal and reasonable legal fees and expenses), whether or not involving a Third Party Claim;

 

MAI” means Minera Andes Inc.;

 

Material Adverse Effect” means, in respect of a Party, any change, event, development, circumstance or effect (or a series of effects which cumulatively result in an effect) that is or could reasonably be expected to be materially adverse to (a) the business, assets, financial condition or results of operations of such Party, or (b) the ability of such Party to consummate the transactions contemplated in this Agreement on a timely basis;

 

Material Subsidiaries” means each of the Subsidiaries set out in EXHIBIT A.

 

McEwen Copper Companies” means, collectively, the Company, ACM, the Cayman Subsidiaries and NPGUS;

 

McEwen Indemnified Parties” has the meaning given to such term in Section 5.2;

 

McEwen Indemnifying Parties” and “McEwen Indemnifying Party” each have the meanings given to such terms in Section 5.1;

 

McEwen Parties” means, collectively, Vendor, MAI and the Company;

 

Mineral Claims” means all interests in material mining claims, concessions, exploration, reconnaissance, exploitation or extraction rights, surface rights, subsurface rights or similar rights, that are held by the McEwen Copper Companies;

 

Mining Claimshas the meaning given to such term in Section 4.3(t);

 

Minimum Claim Amount” has the meaning given to such term in Section 5.3(b);

 

Money Laundering Laws” has the meaning given to such term in Section 4.3(tt);

 

Notice Period” has the meaning given to such term in Section 5.6(a);

 

NPGUS” has the meaning given to such term in the Recitals;

 

Parties” mean the parties to this Agreement, and “Party” means any one such party, or a particular such party, as the context requires;

 

Person” means a natural person, partnership, limited partnership, limited liability partnership, corporation, limited liability company, joint stock company, trust, unincorporated association, joint venture, juridical person or Governmental Authority, and related personal pronouns have a similarly extended meaning, as the context requires;

 

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Projects” means, collectively, the Los Azules Project and the Elder Creek Project;

 

Purchase Price” has the meaning given to such term in Section 2.1;

 

Purchased Shares” has the meaning given to such term in Section 2.1;

 

Purchaser” has the meaning given to such term in the Offer;

 

Purchaser Indemnified Parties” has the meaning given to such term in Section 5.1;

 

Sanctioned Person” has the meaning given to such term in Section 4.3(uu);

 

Sanctions Laws” has the meaning given to such term in Section 4.3(ss);

 

Shareholder Agreement” means the unanimous shareholder agreement dated August 20, 2021 by and among the Company and the shareholders of the Company;

 

Subscription Agreement” means the subscription agreement dated as of the date hereof between the Company and Purchaser, to which the form of this Agreement is attached;

 

Subsidiary” in reference to a Party, means any Person, that is directly or indirectly controlled by, such Party, and for greater certainty, each of the Cayman Subsidiaries, ACM and NPGUS is a Subsidiary of the Company;

 

Tax Act” means the Income Tax Act (Canada) as amended from time to time, including the regulations promulgated thereunder;

 

Tax Authority” means any Governmental Authority having jurisdiction over the assessment, determination, collection, administration or imposition of any Taxes;

 

Tax Return” means all returns, reports, declarations, elections, notices, filings, forms, statements and other documents (whether in tangible, electronic or other form) of, or in respect of, Taxes that are required by Applicable Laws to be filed with or supplied to any Tax Authority (including any amendments, schedules, attachments, supplements, appendices and exhibits thereto).

 

Taxes” means all federal, national, state, provincial, territorial, county, municipal, or local taxes, whether domestic or foreign, and all duties, imposts, levies, assessments, tariffs and other charges imposed, assessed or collected by a Tax Authority, including (i) any income, gross income, net income, gross receipts, net worth, business, royalty, capital, capital gains, goods and services, harmonized sales, value added, severance, stamp, franchise, occupation, premium, capital stock, sales and use, real property, land transfer, personal property, ad valorem, transfer, licence, profits, windfall profits, payroll, environmental, employment, employer health, pension plan, anti-dumping, countervail, excise, severance, stamp, occupation or premium tax, (ii) all withholdings on amounts paid to or by the relevant Person, (iii) all employment insurance premiums, pension plan contributions or premiums, (iv) any fine, penalty, interest, surcharge or addition to tax, (v) any tax imposed, assessed, or collected or payable pursuant to any tax-sharing agreement or any other contract relating to the sharing or payment of any such tax, levy, assessment, tariff, duty, deficiency or fee, (vi) claw-backs, repayments, obligations or other liabilities under or in respect of any COVID-19 Relief and (vii) any tax of a type referred to in this paragraph that is payable by a Person as a result of being a member of an affiliated, consolidated, combined or unitary group, or as a result of succeeding to such liability as a result of merger, conversion or asset transfer or as a result of any obligation under any tax sharing arrangement or indemnity agreement;

 

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Third Party” means any Person other than a Party hereto or an Affiliate of a Party hereto;

 

Third Party Claimhas the meaning given to such term in Section 5.6(a);

 

Transaction Document” means this Agreement, the Subscription Agreement, Amendment No. 2 to the Nuton Collaboration Agreement and all of the agreements and documents referred to herein or therein, as the case may be, including all agreements or documents to be delivered at Closing under or pursuant to this Agreement and at the closing of the transactions contemplated under the Subscription Agreement;

 

U.S. Personhas the meaning given to such term in Section 4.2; and

 

Vendor” means MUX in its capacity as beneficial owner of the Purchased Shares.

 

1.2Rules of Interpretation

 

The following rules of interpretation shall apply in this Agreement unless something in the subject matter or context is inconsistent therewith:

 

(1)the singular includes the plural and vice-versa;

 

(2)where a word or phrase is defined, its other grammatical forms shall be deemed to have corresponding meanings;

 

(3)the headings in this Agreement form no part of this Agreement and are deemed to have been inserted for convenience only and shall not affect the construction or interpretation of any of its provisions;

 

(4)all references in this Agreement shall be read with such changes in number and gender that the context may require;

 

(5)references to “Articles,” “Sections”, “Recitals” and “Exhibits” refer to articles, sections and recitals of and exhibits to this Agreement;

 

(6)the use of the words “including” or “includes” followed by a specific example or examples shall not be construed as limiting the meaning of the general wording preceding it;

 

(7)the rule of construction that, in the event of ambiguity, the contract shall be interpreted against the Party responsible for the drafting or preparation of the Agreement, shall not apply;

 

(8)the words “herein,” “hereof” and “hereunder” and other words of similar import refer to this Agreement as a whole and not to any particular Section or other subdivision;

 

(9)any reference to a statute is a reference to the applicable statute and to any regulations made pursuant thereto and includes all amendments made thereto and in force, from time to time, and any statute or regulation that has the effect of supplementing or superseding such statute or regulation;

 

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(10)unless something in the subject matter or context is inconsistent therewith or unless otherwise provided, a reference to a specific agreement or document is to that agreement or document in its current form or as the same may from time to time be amended, novated, supplemented or replaced;

 

(11)all calculations and computations made pursuant to this Agreement shall be carried out in accordance with IFRS consistently applied to the extent that such principles are not inconsistent with the provisions of this Agreement; and

 

(12)the words “written” or “in writing” include printing, typewriting or any electronic means of communication capable of being visibly reproduced at the point of reception including fax or email.

 

1.3Currency

 

Unless otherwise indicated, all references to moneys hereunder are references to U.S. dollars and all obligations hereunder shall be denominated in U.S. dollars.

 

1.4Computation of Time

 

In this Agreement, unless something in the subject matter or context is inconsistent therewith, a “day” shall refer to a calendar day and in calculating all time periods the first day of a period is not included and the last day is included, and in the event that any date on which any action is required to be taken hereunder is not a Business Day, such action will be required to be taken on the next succeeding day which is a Business Day.

 

1.5Sections that Survive Termination and Closing; Claims Following Termination

 

(a)If this Agreement is terminated, no Party shall have any further liabilities or obligations under this Agreement, except that the following provisions of this Agreement shall survive the termination of this Agreement in accordance with their terms and otherwise to the full extent necessary for their enforcement and the protection of the Party in whose favor they run: Section 1.1, Section 1.2, Section 1.3, Section 1.4, Section 1.5, Article 5 and Article 6 (other than Section 6.4), along with any other provisions of this Agreement which expressly or by their nature survive the termination hereof.

 

(b)All covenants in this Agreement shall survive the Closing until the latest date permitted by Applicable Law or such shorter period as may be indicated by the context or expressly provided herein.

 

(c)Nothing in this Section 1.5 shall relieve any Party from liability for damages arising out of any breach of this Agreement occurring prior to termination of this Agreement.

 

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1.6Exhibits and Schedules

 

The following exhibits and schedules are attached to and incorporated in this Agreement by this reference:

 

Exhibit A Material Subsidiaries
   
Exhibit B   Los Azules Project  

 

Article 2
Purchase of Shares and Purchase PRice

 

2.1Purchase of Shares

 

Subject to the terms and conditions set forth herein, at the Closing Time, Vendor shall and shall cause MAI to sell, assign and transfer to Purchaser 232,000 Common Shares (the “Purchased Shares”), representing approximately 0.8% percent of the total issued and outstanding Common Shares in the Company, free and clear of any Encumbrances, and Purchaser shall purchase the Purchased Shares for a purchase price of $6,032,000 (the “Purchase Price”), which shall be paid and satisfied by Purchaser in the form of cash consideration in the manner described in Section 2.2.

 

2.2Purchase Consideration

 

At the Closing Time, the Purchase Price for the Purchased Shares shall be paid and satisfied by the Purchaser to the Vendor by wire transfer in immediately available funds to the Vendor’s bank account, as directed by the Vendor, and upon receipt of such funds, the Vendor will deliver or cause to be delivered the Purchased Shares to the Purchaser, to be paid and satisfied in accordance with Section 3.2, and the steps in Section 3.2(a) through Section 3.2(b) (inclusive) shall occur in sequence, with each step immediately following the preceding step, at the Closing.

 

Article 3
CLOSING

 

3.1Closing

 

Subject to Section 3.3, the Closing shall take place at the offices of the Company or by electronic exchange of documents, instruments and funds (except for documents or instruments requiring originals), as applicable, between the parties or their respective counsel on October 18, 2023 (the “Closing Date”) or such other date as agreed in writing by the Parties at 1:00 p.m. (Eastern time) or such other time as agreed in writing by the Parties (the “Closing Time”). The Closing shall take place concurrently with the closing of the transactions described in the Subscription Agreement.

 

3.2Closing Actions

 

Subject to Section 3.3, at the Closing Time, the following events shall occur:

 

(a)Purchaser shall pay the Purchase Price for the Purchased Shares to the Vendor by wire transfer in immediately available funds to the Vendor’s bank account, as directed by the Vendor;

 

(b)Vendor shall deliver to Purchaser a letter acknowledging receipt of the funds;

 

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(c)the Company shall:

 

(i)cancel share certificate no. 33 registered in the name of MAI, representing 15,000,000 Common Shares, delivered by Vendor to the Company pursuant to Section 3.3(b)(iii);

 

(ii)issue a share certificate in the name of MAI representing 14,768,000 Common Shares;

 

(iii)issue and deliver to Purchaser a share certificate in the name of Purchaser representing the Purchased Shares; and

 

(iv)deliver to Purchaser a certified copy of the updated central securities register of the Company, which reflects the transfer of the Purchased Shares to Purchaser.

 

3.3Conditions Precedent to the Closing

 

The respective obligations of the Parties to effect the Closing are subject to the prior satisfaction or waiver by the relevant Parties of the following conditions precedent (the “Conditions Precedent”).

 

(a)The obligation of Vendor to effect the Closing is subject to the prior satisfaction or waiver by it of each of the following Conditions Precedent:

 

(i)all representations and warranties of Purchaser hereunder shall be true and correct in all respects as of the Effective Date and as of the Closing with the same effect as though made at such date (except for representations and warranties given as of a particular time, in which case such representations and warranties must be true and correct in all respects as at the specified time);

 

(ii)Purchaser shall have performed or complied with all of the obligations and covenants under this Agreement required to be performed or complied with by it at or prior to the Closing;

 

(iii)consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement shall not have been restrained, enjoined or otherwise prohibited or made illegal by Applicable Laws. No action or proceeding shall be pending or threatened by any Governmental Authority to restrain, enjoin or otherwise prevent the consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, or to recover any material damages or obtain other material relief as a result of such transactions, or that otherwise relates to the application of Applicable Laws; and

 

(iv)Vendor shall have received each of the following:

 

A.an officer’s certificate of Purchaser, dated as of the Closing Date, in form and substance satisfactory to Vendor, as to: (1) its constating documents in effect as of the Closing Date; (2) resolutions of its board of directors approving the entering into and completion of the transactions contemplated under this Agreement and the other Transaction Documents to which it is a party; (3) incumbency and signatures of its officers executing this Agreement or any other Transaction Documents to which it is a party; and (4) the satisfaction of the conditions set forth Sections 3.3(a)(i) and 3.3(a)(ii);

 

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B.the Subscription Agreement and the U.S. Investor Questionnaire attached to the Subscription Agreement, in each case duly executed by Purchaser; and

 

C.such further documents, agreements, instruments and assurances as may be reasonably required by Vendor prior to the Closing Date in order to give effect to the transactions contemplated by this Agreement.

 

(b)The obligation of Purchaser to effect the Closing is subject to the prior satisfaction or waiver by Purchaser of each of the following Conditions Precedent:

 

(i)all representations and warranties of the McEwen Parties hereunder shall be true and correct in all respects as of the Effective Date and as of the Closing with the same effect as though made at such date (except for representations and warranties given as of a particular time, in which case such representations and warranties must be true and correct in all respects as at the specified time);

 

(ii)each of the McEwen Parties shall have performed or complied with all of the obligations and covenants under this Agreement required to be performed or complied with by such Person at or prior to the Closing;

 

(iii)Vendor shall have delivered share certificate no. 33, representing 15,000,000 Common Shares to the Company, and an original copy of an instrument of transfer in respect of the transfer of the Purchased Shares duly executed by Vendor in favour of Purchaser;

 

(iv)the consent of the shareholders of the Company to the transactions contemplated herein, including the transfer of the Purchased Shares from Vendor to Purchaser, shall have been provided in accordance with the Shareholder Agreement;

 

(v)consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement shall not have been restrained, enjoined or otherwise prohibited or made illegal by Applicable Laws. No action or proceeding shall be pending or threatened by any Governmental Authority to restrain, enjoin or otherwise prevent the consummation of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement, or to recover any material damages or obtain other material relief as a result of such transactions, or that otherwise relates to the application of Applicable Laws;

 

(vi)all of the conditions precedent to the closing of the transactions described in the Subscription Agreement shall have been satisfied or waived; and

 

(vii)Purchaser shall have received each of the following:

 

A.an officer’s certificate of the Vendor, dated as of the Closing Date, in form and substance satisfactory to Purchaser, as to: (1) its constating documents in effect as of the Closing Date; (2) resolutions of its board of directors approving the entering into and completion of the transactions contemplated under this Agreement and the other Transaction Documents to which it is a party; (3) incumbency and/or specimen signatures of its directors executing this Agreement or any other Transaction Documents to which it is a party; and (4) the satisfaction of the conditions set forth Sections 3.3(b)(i) and 3.3(b)(ii);

 

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B.an officer’s certificate of the Company, dated as of the Closing Date, in form and substance satisfactory to Purchaser, as to: (1) its constating documents in effect as of the Closing Date; (2) resolutions of its board of directors approving (a) the entering into and completion of the transactions contemplated under this Agreement and the other Transaction Documents to which it is a party and (b) the transfer of the Purchased Shares from Vendor to Purchaser and cancellation and issuance of share certificates described in Section 3.2(c); (3) incumbency and/or specimen signatures of its directors executing this Agreement or any other Transaction Documents to which it is a party; and (4) the satisfaction of the conditions set forth Sections 3.3(b)(i), 3.3(b)(ii), 3.3(b)(iii) and 3.3(b)(iv);

 

C.an officer’s certificate of ACM, dated as of the Closing Date, in form and substance satisfactory to Purchaser, as to: (1) its constating documents in effect as of the Closing Date; (2) resolutions of its board of directors approving the entering into and completion of the transactions contemplated under the Transaction Documents to which it is a party; and (3) incumbency and/or specimen signatures of its directors executing this any Transaction Documents to which it is a party;

 

D.certified copy of the central securities register of the Company which evidences the share ownership in the Company immediately prior to Closing, including Vendor as the registered holder of 15,000,000 Common Shares;

 

E.certified copies of the constating documents and share registers of each of the Cayman Subsidiaries and NPGUS in effect as of the Closing Date;

 

F.a certificate of status, a certificate of good standing or their equivalent with respect to each of Vendor and the McEwen Copper Companies other than ACM;

 

G.a copy of the instrument of transfer in respect of the transfer of the Purchased Shares duly executed by Vendor in favour of Purchaser;

 

H.a legal opinion prepared by Vargas Galindez dated as of the Closing Date, in form and substance satisfactory to Purchaser, acting reasonably (the “Vargas Opinion”);

 

I.a legal opinion prepared by external counsel to the Cayman Subsidiaries dated as of the Closing Date, in form and substance satisfactory to Purchaser, acting reasonably, with respect to each of the Cayman Subsidiaries’ organizational status, good standing, share capitalization, no outstanding litigation and other matters customary in transactions similar to the transactions contemplated by this Agreement;

 

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J.the Subscription Agreement, duly executed by the Company;

 

K.Amendment No. 2 to the Nuton Collaboration Agreement, duly executed by the Company, the Vendor and Robert R. McEwen; and

 

L.such further documents, agreements, instruments and assurances as may be reasonably required by Purchaser prior to the Closing Date in order to give effect to the transactions contemplated by this Agreement.

 

Article 4
REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES

 

4.1Mutual Representations and Warranties

 

Purchaser hereby represents and warrants to the McEwen Parties (which representations and warranties will survive the Closing) and each of the McEwen Parties hereby represents and warrants to Purchaser (which representations and warranties will survive the Closing) that:

 

(a)it has the requisite corporate power, legal capacity and competence to enter into and execute this Agreement and each Transaction Document to which it is a party and to take all actions required or transactions contemplated pursuant hereto and thereto and it is duly incorporated and validly subsisting under the laws of its jurisdiction of incorporation;

 

(b)it has taken all corporate steps and proceedings necessary to duly approve the transactions contemplated by this Agreement and each Transaction Document to which it is a party, and all necessary approvals and consents by its directors, shareholders and others have been obtained to authorize execution and performance of this Agreement and each Transaction Document to which it is a party on behalf of it, and in the case of the Company, the Company has obtained a written consent in respect of the transfer of the Purchased Shares contemplated hereunder signed by all of the shareholders of the Company in accordance with the Shareholder Agreement;

 

(c)the entering into of this Agreement and each Transaction Document to which it is a party and the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby do not result in the violation of any of the terms and provisions of any law applicable to, or, if applicable, the constating documents of, it or of any agreement, written or oral, to which it may be a party or by which it is or may be bound; and

 

(d)it has duly executed and delivered this Agreement and each Transaction Document to which it is a party and each such agreement or document constitutes a valid and binding agreement of it enforceable against it in accordance with its terms.

 

4.2Specific Representations and Warranties of Purchaser

 

Purchaser hereby represents and warrants to the McEwen Parties (which representations and warranties will survive the Closing) that:

 

(a)Purchaser is resident in the jurisdiction set out in the preamble to this Agreement;

 

(b)If the Purchaser is resident outside of the U.S. or Canada:

 

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(i)Purchaser is knowledgeable of, or has been independently advised as to, the applicable securities laws having application in the jurisdiction in which Purchaser is resident (the “International Jurisdiction”) which would apply to the purchase and sale of the Purchased Shares;

 

(ii)Purchaser is acquiring the Purchased Shares pursuant to exemptions from prospectus or equivalent requirements under applicable securities laws or, if such is not applicable, Purchaser is permitted to acquire the Purchased Shares under the Applicable Laws of the International Jurisdiction without the need to rely on any exemptions;

 

(iii)the Applicable Laws of the authorities in the International Jurisdiction do not require Vendor or the Company to make any filings or seek any approvals of any kind from any securities regulator in the International Jurisdiction in connection with the offer, issue, sale or resale of any of the Purchased Shares,

 

(iv)the acquisition of the Purchased Shares by Purchaser does not trigger:

 

A.any obligation to prepare and file a prospectus or similar document, or any other report with respect to such purchase, in the International Jurisdiction; or

 

B.any continuous disclosure reporting obligation of the Company in the International Jurisdiction; and

 

(v)Purchaser will, if requested by Vendor, deliver to Vendor a certificate or opinion of local counsel from the International Jurisdiction which will confirm the matters referred to in paragraphs (c), (d) and (e) above, to the satisfaction of Vendor, acting reasonably;

 

(c)Purchaser is not aware of any advertisement of any of the Purchased Shares and is not acquiring the Purchased Shares as a result of any form of general solicitation or general advertising, including advertisements, articles, notices or other communications published in any newspaper, magazine or similar media, or broadcast over radio or television, or any seminar or meeting whose attendees have been invited by general solicitation or general advertising; and

 

(d)no person has made to Purchaser any written or oral representations:

 

(i)that any person will resell or repurchase any of the Purchased Shares,

 

(ii)that any person will refund the purchase price of any of the Purchased Shares, or

 

(iii)as to the future price or value of any of the Purchased Shares; and

 

(e)there is no person acting or purporting to act in connection with the acquisition of the Purchased Shares for or on behalf of Purchaser who is entitled to any brokerage or finder’s fee payable by Vendor. If any such person establishes a claim that any fee or other compensation is payable by the Company in connection with this acquisition of the Purchased Shares, Purchaser covenants to indemnify and hold harmless Vendor with respect thereto and with respect to all costs reasonably incurred in the defence thereof.

 

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In this Agreement, the term “U.S. Person” has the meaning ascribed thereto in Regulation S, and for the purpose of this Agreement includes: (i) any person in the United States; (ii) any natural person resident in the United States; (iii) any partnership or corporation organized or incorporated under the laws of the United States; (iv) any partnership or corporation organized outside the United States by a U.S. Person principally for the purpose of investing in securities not registered under the 1933 Act, unless it is organized or incorporated, and owned, by accredited investors who are not natural persons, estates or trusts; or (v) any estate or trust of which any executor, administrator or trustee is a U.S. Person.

 

4.3Specific Representations and Warranties of the McEwen Parties

 

Each of the McEwen Parties hereby represents and warrants to Purchaser (which representations and warranties will survive the Closing) that:

 

(a)each of the McEwen Copper Companies is validly subsisting under the laws of its jurisdiction of incorporation, licensed, registered or qualified as an extra-provincial or foreign corporation in all jurisdictions where the character of its properties owned or leased or the nature of the activities conducted by it make such licensing, registration or qualification necessary and carries and shall carry on its business in the ordinary course and in compliance in all material respects with all Applicable Laws of each such jurisdiction;

 

(b)neither of Vendor or the Company is in breach of any securities laws;

 

(c)at the time of closing on the Closing Date, the Purchased Shares will be duly and validly created, authorized and issued; will be validly issued as fully paid as non-assessable Common Shares in the capital of the Company;

 

(d)Vendor is the beneficial owner of the Purchased Shares, which are registered in the name of Minera Andes Inc., with good and marketable title thereto free and clear of all Encumbrances;

 

(e)the Company is authorized to issue an unlimited number of Common Shares and an unlimited number of Class B common shares; and as of the date of this Agreement, 30,785,000 Common Shares are issued and outstanding and no Class B common shares are issued and outstanding;

 

(f)as of the Closing Date, there exist no options, warrants, rights of conversion or other rights, contracts or commitments that could require the Company to issue any Common Shares or other securities other than the pre-emptive rights set out in the Shareholder Agreement and the 40,000 options that the Company has agreed to grant to Michael Meding upon the completion of an initial public offering of the Company, pursuant to the employment agreement between the Company and Michael Meding dated February 7, 2022;

 

(g)except for Michael Meding, Alex Aguado and Stephen McGibbon, the Company has no employees or independent contractors, and neither of such employees are entitled to any bonus, increase in compensation or other benefit that is contingent on the Closing. The Company has provided copies of the employment agreements between the Company and each of Michael Meding and Alex Aguado, and there are no other agreements, whether written or oral, between either of such employees and the Company;

 

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(h)purchase and sale of the Purchased Shares in accordance with the terms herein and the fulfilment of the terms hereof does not and will not conflict with or constitute a breach of or default under (i) the constating documents of the McEwen Copper Companies, (ii) any Applicable Laws, order or ruling or (iii) any agreement, contract or indenture, including any covenants or provisions respecting the Company’s right to issue additional equity, or any pre-emptive right or similar rights therein, to which any of the McEwen Copper Companies (as defined below) is a party or by which it is bound, or to which any of the property or assets of the McEwen Copper Companies is subject;

 

(i)Exhibit “A” accurately shows (i) each direct and indirect subsidiary of the Company; (ii) the registered and beneficial holders of all of the issued and outstanding shares in the capital of each of the McEwen Copper Companies; and (iii) the numbers and classes of shares currently held by each such holder and the percentage in the outstanding capital of each of such subsidiaries. The Company has no assets other than the holding of the shares of each of the McEwen Copper Companies;

 

(j)International Copper Mining Inc. has no assets other than the holding of the shares of each of Los Azules Mining Inc. and San Juan Copper Inc., and neither of Los Azules Mining Inc. and San Juan Copper Inc. has assets other than shares of ACM; and none of the Cayman Subsidiaries operated or engaged in, or operates or engages in, any business activities, operations or management other than business activities, operations or management related to the Los Azules Project;

 

(k)the Company has not operated or engaged in, and is not operating or engaged in, any business activities or operations other than those related to the Los Azules Project and the Elder Creek Project;

 

(l)except as publicly disclosed by the Issuer and/or MUX, none of the shareholders of the Company have any agreements or side letters with the Company granting such shareholders any rights in respect of the Company, including the right to nominate directors for appointment to the board of directors of the Company or any approval rights with respect to any transactions of the McEwen Copper Companies (including, without limitation, granting of offtake, royalty, stream or similar rights with respect to the Los Azules Project);

 

(m)there are no circumstances, developments or events that would constitute or reasonably be expected to constitute a Material Adverse Effect in respect of any of the McEwen Copper Companies;

 

(n)other than as set out in the Vargas Opinion, there are no: (i) Claims pending or, to the knowledge of the Company, threatened against any of the Company or the Material Subsidiaries before or by any governmental authority; and (ii) outstanding judgments, orders, decrees, writs, injunctions, decisions, rulings or awards against any of the Company or the Material Subsidiaries or affecting any of the Company, the Material Subsidiaries, the Los Azules Project or the Elder Creek Project;

 

(o)a complete copy of the articles, bylaws, minute books, share registers and other corporate records of the Company and the Material Subsidiaries have been provided to the Purchaser. Such books and records have been maintained in accordance with Applicable Laws and contain complete and accurate records of all matters required to be dealt with in such books and records, in each case, in all material respects;

 

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(p)the Company directly or indirectly owns all of the issued and outstanding securities of the other McEwen Copper Companies, free and clear of any encumbrances and defects, and has no other subsidiaries. All of the outstanding equity interests in the McEwen Copper Companies have been duly authorized and validly issued and all of such equity interests are outstanding as fully paid and non-assessable shares. There exist no options, warrants, purchase rights, or other contracts or commitments that would require the Vendor, Company or any other person to sell, transfer or otherwise dispose of any equity interests of the other McEwen Copper Companies or for the issue or allotment of any unissued shares in the capital of the other McEwen Copper Companies or any other security convertible into or exchangeable for any such shares. Except as publicly disclosed by the Issuer and/or MUX, none of the McEwen Copper Companies has any obligations (including any obligation to provide any guarantee, security, support, indemnification, assumption or endorsement of or any similar commitment with respect to the obligations, liabilities or indebtedness of any other person) including, without limitation, the obligations of MUX under the amended and restated credit agreement dated May 19, 2023 between MUX and Evanachan Limited as lender and as Administrative Agent;

 

(q)each of the McEwen Copper Companies has been duly incorporated or established and is validly existing and in good standing under the laws of its respective jurisdiction of organization with all requisite corporate power and authority to own, use, lease and operate its properties and conduct its business in the manner currently conducted, and is duly qualified to transact business in each jurisdiction where it carries its business;

 

(r)the McEwen Copper Companies (i) are conducting their business operations in material compliance with Applicable Laws, including without limitation those of the country, state, province, municipality or other local or foreign jurisdiction in which such entity carries on business or conducts its activities; (ii) have received and hold all material permits, by-laws, licenses, waivers, exemptions, consents, certificates, registrations, rights, rights of way, entitlements and other approvals which are required from any governmental or regulatory authority or any other person necessary to the conduct of their business and activities as currently conducted, and to the conduct of their business as proposed to be conducted pursuant to the use of funds proposal underlying the proposed placement, including but not limited to those required under applicable mining and environmental laws (“Authorizations”); and (iii) are in material compliance with all terms and conditions of such Authorizations, and such Authorizations are in full force and effect in all material respects; and (iv) have not received any notice of the modification, suspension, revocation, cancellation or non-renewal of, or any intention to modify, suspend, revoke, cancel or not renew or any proceeding relating to the modification, suspension, revocation, cancellation or non-renewal of any such Authorizations, and no Authorizations will be subject to modification, suspension, revocation, cancellation or non-renewal as a result of the execution and delivery of this Agreement or the Closing;

 

(s)except to the extent qualified by the Vargas Opinion, which Purchaser acknowledges having received, the McEwen Copper Companies (i) own, hold or lease all such properties as are necessary to the conduct of their respective businesses as currently operated, and to the conduct of their business as proposed to be conducted pursuant to the use of funds proposal underlying the proposed placement; and (ii) have good and marketable title under Applicable Laws to all real property and good and marketable title to all personal property owned by them that constitute the Los Azules Project and the Elder Creek Project and to all material personal property owned by them in the conduct of their business on the Los Azules Project and the Elder Creek Project, in each case free and clear of all liens, encumbrances and defects; and any real property and buildings to be held under lease or sublease by the McEwen Copper Companies are held by them under valid, subsisting and enforceable leases; (A) the “Los Azules Project” means the Los Azules project owned by ACM and located in the San Juan Province, Argentina, which involves exploration, development and other operations on the mineral properties, claims and any other mineral rights in the area set out in the map in Exhibit “B” hereto, and which includes the project described in the technical report entitled “SEC S-K 229.1304 Initial Assessment Individual Disclosure for the Los Azules Project, Argentina” with an effective reporting date of September 1, 2017 prepared by Mining Plus; and (B) the “Elder Creek Project” means the project commonly known as the Elder Creek project, which is owned by NPGUS and located near Elder Creek, Nevada, USA, which involves exploration, development and other operations on the mineral properties, claims and any other mineral rights comprising such project;

 

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(t)except to the extent qualified by the opinion of Vargas Opinion, all interests in material mining claims, concessions, exploration, reconnaissance, exploitation or extraction rights, surface rights, subsurface rights or similar rights, (“Mining Claims”) that are held by the McEwen Copper Companies, held by way of Authorizations or otherwise, are in good standing, are valid and enforceable, are free and clear of any encumbrances and no royalty is payable in respect of any of them, except as disclosed in the Vargas Opinion;

 

(u)no other material property rights are necessary for the conduct of the business as currently conducted, or for the conduct of the business as proposed to be conducted pursuant to the use of funds proposal underlying the proposed placement, in each case by the McEwen Copper Companies;

 

(v)except as provided in the Vargas Opinion, there are no material restrictions on the ability of the McEwen Copper Companies to use, transfer or otherwise exploit any such property rights;

 

(w)except as provided in the Vargas Opinion, there are no Claims to which any of the McEwen Copper Companies is a party or of which any property, including Authorizations and Mining Claims, of any of the McEwen Copper Companies is the subject; and, no such proceedings are threatened or pending by governmental authorities or any other person; there is no agreement, judgment, injunction, order or decree binding upon the any of the McEwen Copper Companies that has or would reasonably be expected to have the effect of prohibiting, restricting or materially impairing any business practice of any of the McEwen Copper Companies;

 

(x)no dispute between any of the McEwen Copper Companies and any local, native or indigenous group exists or to the knowledge of the Company is threatened or reasonably likely with respect to the Los Azules Project and the Elder Creek Project or the business activities of any of the McEwen Copper Companies;

 

(y)the Company’s draft unaudited financial statements for the periods ending December 31, 2021 and December 31, 2022, copies of which the Company has provided to the Purchaser, have been prepared in accordance with IFRS and present fairly the consolidated financial position and results of operation and changes in the financial position of the Company and its Material Subsidiaries and such accounts fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, financial performance and cash flows of the Company for the periods ended December 31, 2021 and December 31, 2022; neither the Company nor the Material Subsidiaries have any material liabilities, obligations, indebtedness or commitments, whether accrued, absolute, contingent or otherwise required to be disclosed under IFRS, which are not disclosed in the Company’s financial statements, and the Company and the Material Subsidiaries have conducted their respective businesses in the ordinary course since December 31, 2022 until the Closing Date;

 

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(z)the audited consolidated financial statements for ACM for the period ending December 31, 2022, a copy of which has been provided to the Purchaser, are prepared in accordance with  Argentine GAAP and present fairly the consolidated financial position and results of operation and changes in the financial position of ACM and its subsidiaries and such accounts fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, financial performance and cash flows of ACM for the periods indicated; as at the Closing Date, neither ACM nor its subsidiaries have any material liabilities, obligations, indebtedness or commitments, whether accrued, absolute, contingent or otherwise required to be disclosed under  Argentine GAAP, which are not disclosed in ACM’s financial statements and each of ACM and its subsidiaries have conducted their respective businesses in the ordinary course since December 31, 2022 until the Closing Date;

 

(aa)the McEwen Copper Companies have filed all Tax Returns required to be filed under Applicable Laws when due and all such Tax Returns were correct and complete in all respects;

 

(bb)any deductions taken or claimed in computing the income of any of McEwen Copper Companies for Tax purposes have been taken or claimed in accordance with Applicable Law;

 

(cc)there are no Encumbrances on any of the assets of the McEwen Copper Companies that arose in connection with any failure (or any alleged failure) to pay any Tax when due;

 

(dd)all Taxes required to be paid under Applicable Laws have been paid by each of the McEwen Copper Companies or an adequate reserve under IFRS has been recorded in respect thereof in the accounting records of the McEwen Copper Companies, and each of the McEwen Copper Companies has made adequate and timely installments of all Taxes required to be made by it under Applicable Laws. None of the McEwen Copper Companies has incurred any liability, whether actual or contingent, for Taxes or engaged in any transaction or event that would result in any liability, whether actual or contingent, for Taxes or realized any income or gain for Tax purposes otherwise than in the usual and ordinary course of its business;

 

(ee)there are no notices of assessment or reassessment of, or notices of audits, investigations or Claims with respect to, unpaid liabilities for Taxes issued by any Tax Authority which have been received by any of the McEwen Copper Companies. There are no assessments, proceedings, investigations, audits or Claims now pending or, to the knowledge of the Company, threatened against any of the McEwen Copper Companies in respect of any Taxes and there are no matters under discussion, investigation, audit or appeal with any Tax Authority in respect of any of the McEwen Copper Companies. The Company is not aware of any contingent liability of any of the McEwen Copper Companies for Taxes or any grounds that could prompt an assessment or reassessment for Taxes;

 

(ff)each of the McEwen Copper Companies has deducted, withheld, collected and remitted within the time limits required by Applicable Laws all amounts required by Applicable Laws to have been deducted, withheld, collected and remitted in connection with amounts paid or owing to any employee, independent contractor, creditor, shareholder or other third party;

 

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(gg)none of the McEwen Copper Companies are party to any agreement, waiver or arrangement with any Tax Authority that relates to any extension of time with respect to the filing of any Tax Return, any payment of Taxes or any assessment;

 

(hh)no facts, circumstances or events exist or have existed that have resulted in, or may result in, the application of any of sections 15, 17, 67, 78 to 80.04 of the Tax Act (or any similar provision of an Applicable Law of any province or territory of Canada) to any of the McEwen Copper Companies;

 

(ii)none of the McEwen Copper Companies are subject to liability for Taxes of any other person. None of the McEwen Copper Companies have acquired property from any person in circumstances where any such company could become liable for Taxes of such person. None of the McEwen Copper Companies have entered into any agreement with, or provided any undertaking to, any person pursuant to which it has assumed liability for the payment of income Taxes owing by such person;

 

(jj)none of the McEwen Copper Companies has ever been required to file any Tax Return with, and has never been liable to pay any Taxes to, any Tax Authority in any jurisdiction in which it is not currently filing any Tax Returns. No Claim has ever been made by a Tax Authority in a jurisdiction where any of the McEwen Copper Companies does not file Tax Returns that the McEwen Copper Companies is or may be subject to the imposition of any Tax by that jurisdiction;

 

(kk)any of the McEwen Copper Companies that are required to be registered (i) with the Canada Revenue Agency under Subdivision d of Division V of Part IX of the Excise Tax Act (Canada) for the purposes of goods and services sales tax and the harmonized sales tax (“GST/HST”), or (ii) under any Applicable Law of a province in respect of sales tax are so registered, and any such registration numbers have been provided to the Purchaser. Any input tax credits, rebates and similar refunds claimed by the McEwen Copper Companies for GST/HST or provincial sales tax purposes were calculated in accordance with Applicable Laws;

 

(ll)the McEwen Copper Companies have complied with all information reporting and record keeping requirements under Applicable Laws, including retention and maintenance of required records with respect thereto;

 

(mm)none of the McEwen Copper Companies have owned any (i) real or immovable property situated in Canada (as defined in the Tax Act), (ii) Canadian resource properties (as defined in the Tax Act), (iii) timber resource properties (as defined in the Tax Act), or (iv) options in respect or, or interests in, or for civil law, a right in, property described in any of (i) to (iii), whether or not the property exists;

 

(nn)none of the McEwen Copper Companies have engaged in any “reportable transaction” as defined in subsection 237.3(1) of the Tax Act or any “notifiable transaction” as defined in proposed subsection 237.4(1) of the Tax Act (as such provisions are proposed to be amended or introduced), as applicable, by the legislative proposals released by the Minister of Finance (Canada) on August 9, 2022;

 

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(oo)all transactions entered into by the McEwen Copper Companies have been entered into on an arm’s length basis and the consideration (if any) charged, received or paid by the McEwen Copper Companies, as the case may be, on all transactions entered into by it has been equal to the consideration which might have been expected to be charged, received or paid, as applicable, been independent persons dealing at arm’s length and no notice or inquiry by any Tax Authority has been made in connection with any such transactions. The McEwen Copper Companies have complied in all material respects with relevant transfer pricing laws (including section 247 of the Tax Act), including preparing contemporaneous documentation and other documents contemplated thereby;

 

(pp)none of the McEwen Copper Companies have applied for, filed for, or otherwise claimed any COVID-19 Relief;

 

(qq)none of the McEwen Copper Companies will be required to include any item of income in, or exclude any item or deduction from, taxable income for any taxation year or portion thereof ending after the Closing Date as a result of the use of an improper method of accounting for a taxation year ending before the Closing Date;

 

(rr)none of the McEwen Copper Companies are insolvent or in liquidation or administration or subject to any other insolvency procedure and no receiver, manager, trustee, custodian or analogous officer has been appointed in respect of all or any part of its property, undertaking or assets; neither steps have been taken nor legal, legislative or administrative proceedings have been started or threatened to wind up, dissolve, make dormant, or eliminate any of McEwen Copper Companies; and the Company does not have any knowledge of any event or circumstance that could reasonably be expected to lead to or result in the winding up, liquidation, dissolution, elimination or insolvency of any of the McEwen Copper Companies;

 

(ss)none of the McEwen Copper Companies and, to the Company’s knowledge, none of their respective directors, officers, supervisors, managers, employees, or agents has: (A) violated any Applicable Laws relating to anti-bribery and anti-corruption, including the Corruption of Foreign Public Officials Act (Canada), the Criminal Code (Canada), Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977 (United States) or any other applicable anti-corruption laws of any relevant jurisdiction (“Anti-Corruption Laws”) or Applicable Laws relating to export control, or economic and financial sanctions laws (“Sanctions Laws”), (B) made, given, authorized, made, or offered anything of value, including any payment, facilitation payment, loan, reward, gift, contribution, expenditure or other advantage, directly or indirectly, (i) to any person in violation of the Anti-Corruption Laws, or (ii) to or for the benefit of a government official in order to improperly influence any act or decision of a government official, induce a government official to do or omit to do any act in violation of their lawful duty or secure any improper advantage, or (C) used any corporate funds, or made any direct or indirect unlawful payment from corporate funds for any unlawful contribution, gift, entertainment or other unlawful expense relating to political activity;

 

(tt)the operations of the McEwen Copper Companies are and have been conducted at all times in compliance with applicable financial record-keeping and reporting requirements of the money laundering statutes of all applicable jurisdictions, the rules and regulations thereunder and any related or similar rules, regulations or guidelines, issued, administered or enforced by any governmental authority (“Money Laundering Laws”) and no action, suit or proceeding by or before any court of governmental authority or any arbitrator nongovernmental authority involving any of the McEwen Copper Companies with respect to the Money Laundering Laws is pending or, to the knowledge of the Company, threatened;

 

20

 

 

(uu)none of the McEwen Copper Companies nor any of their respective directors, officers, supervisors, managers, employees, or agents is (i) a person currently identified, listed or designated under the Sanctions Laws, (ii) a person located, organized, resident, doing business or operating in a country or territory that is, or whose government is, the subject of Sanctions Laws which prohibit a person resident in, or a national of, Canada, the United States, the United Kingdom, or the European Union from doing business with or in that jurisdiction, or (iii) a person directly or indirectly owned or controlled by, or acting for the benefit or on behalf of, a person described in clause (i) or (ii) (a “Sanctioned Person”). None of the McEwen Copper Companies (i) has assets or operations located in a jurisdiction in violation of Sanctions Laws, or (ii) directly or indirectly derives revenues from or engages in investments, dealings, activities or transactions with any Sanctioned Person or which otherwise violate Sanctions Laws;

 

(vv)the data or information with respect to the business and activities of the McEwen Copper Companies disclosed on the EDGAR system by Vendor is complete and correct in all material respects and does not contain any untrue statement of material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statement contained therein not misleading in the circumstances; and

 

(ww)the data or information made available to Purchaser by or on behalf of Vendor or the Company: (i) does not, when taken as a whole, create a false impression of the development and operations of the Los Azules Project and the Elder Creek Project as at the date of this Agreement, (ii) was, to the knowledge of the Company at the time when such data or information was created by or for the Company, accurate in all material respects, and (iii) was prepared in good faith for the purposes of informing the Purchaser about the business and activities of the McEwen Copper Companies and in doing so, the Company has not:

 

(iv)omitted anything that the Company, acting reasonably, considers is material from such data or information; or

 

(v)included anything that the Company, acting reasonably, considers is materially misleading in such data or information.

 

Article 5
Indemnification

 

5.1Indemnification by the McEwen Indemnifying Parties

 

Subject to the terms of this Article 5, Vendor and the Company (together, the “McEwen Indemnifying Parties”, and each a “McEwen Indemnifying Party”) shall jointly and severally indemnify and hold harmless Purchaser and its officers, directors, employees and other representatives (collectively, the “Purchaser Indemnified Parties”) from and against any and all Claims asserted against any of them, or any Losses incurred or suffered by any of them, or any Losses of the Company which result in a decrease in the value of the Common Shares held by Purchaser, and directly or indirectly arising from or in connection with:

 

21

 

 

(a)any breach or inaccuracy of any representation or warranty made by the McEwen Parties in Sections 4.1 or 4.3;

 

(b)any breach or inaccuracy of any representation or warranty made by the Company in the Subscription Agreement; and

 

(c)any failure of any of the McEwen Parties to perform or observe any covenant or agreement to be performed or observed by any of them under this Agreement.

 

If any of the McEwen Indemnifying Parties indemnifies the Purchaser Indemnified Parties pursuant to this Agreement, or the Company indemnifies the Purchaser Indemnified Parties pursuant to the Subscription Agreement, in respect of any matter, the McEwen Indemnifying Parties shall not subsequently be liable to indemnify the other Purchaser Indemnified Parties for the same matter, to the extent that doing so would result in a duplicate recovery.

 

5.2Indemnification by Purchaser

 

Subject to Section 5.3 below, Purchaser shall indemnify and hold harmless the McEwen Parties and their respective officers, directors, employees and other representatives (collectively, the “McEwen Indemnified Parties”) for, and will pay the amount of, any Losses incurred by them and arising from or in connection with any breach of:

 

(a)any representation or warranty made by Purchaser in Sections 4.1 or 4.2; and

 

(b)any failure of Purchaser to perform or observe any covenant or agreement to be performed or observed by it under this Agreement.

 

If Purchaser indemnifies the McEwen Indemnified Parties pursuant to this Agreement in respect of any matter, Purchaser shall not subsequently be liable to indemnify the other McEwen Indemnified Parties for the same matter, to the extent that doing so would result in a duplicate recovery.

 

5.3Limitation of Liability for Indemnities

 

(a)Except in the case of fraud, neither a McEwen Indemnifying Party nor Purchaser, as the case may be, as indemnifying Parties hereunder (each an “Indemnifying Party”), shall be liable to the Purchaser Indemnified Parties or the McEwen Indemnified Parties, as the case may be (each, an “Indemnified Party”), for any Losses with respect the matters contained in Section 5.1(a), or Section 5.2(a), as applicable, unless and until the aggregate Losses for which the applicable Indemnifying Party would be otherwise be liable is greater than $50,000 (the “Basket”), after which the applicable Indemnifying Party shall be liable for all Losses (including the Basket).

 

(b)Except in the case of fraud, an Indemnifying Party shall not be liable to the applicable Indemnified Party for any Losses with respect to the matters contained in Section 5.1(a) or 5.2(a), as applicable, except to the extent such individual Loss (or series of related Losses arising from a common set of facts) exceeds $10,000 (a “Minimum Claim Amount”), and any such individual Losses (or series of related Losses arising from a common set of facts) not in excess of the Minimum Claim Amount will not be aggregated for purposes of calculating the Basket in Section 5.3(a), provided, however, that any Losses arising out of multiple breaches of a single representation and warranty which breaches are of the same, or substantially the same, character shall be aggregated and, if and when such Losses exceeds the Minimum Claim Amount in the aggregate, and any further Losses arising out of a breach of such representation and warranty which are of the same, or substantially the same, character as such earlier Losses, shall not be subject to the limitation in this Section 5.3(b).

 

22

 

 

5.4Term of Indemnities

 

The right to indemnity for breaches or inaccuracies of representations and warranties under this Article 5 shall not terminate:

 

(a)with respect to the representations and warranties in Section 4.1 at any time after Closing;

 

(b)with respect to the representations and warranties in Section 4.2 until the second anniversary of the Closing Date;

 

(c)with respect to the representations and warranties in Sections 4.3(aa) to 4.3(qq) until the date that is 90 days after the expiration of the applicable statute of limitations relating thereto; and

 

(d)with respect to all other representations and warranties in Section 4.3, and the representations and warranties under the Subscription Agreement, until the third anniversary of the Closing Date,

 

provided, further, that notwithstanding any termination of the underlying representation or warranty in accordance with this Section 5.4, with respect to any pending Claim for indemnity hereunder which shall have been made prior to the applicable termination date, the right to indemnity shall not terminate until the final determination and satisfaction of such Claim.

 

5.5Indirect and Consequential Damages

 

Except in the case of fraud, no Party shall be liable to any other Party, nor any successor in interest or beneficiary or assignee of this Agreement, for any consequential, incidental, indirect, special or punitive damages arising out of this Agreement or any breach thereof (it being understood that amounts owing or alleged to be owing by a Person to a Third Party on account of Claims by Third Parties constitute actual damages to that Person regardless of whether the Third Party’s Claim for that amount includes consequential, incidental, indirect, special or punitive damages); provided that consequential, incidental, indirect, special or punitive damages shall not include direct financial loss suffered by a Party or an Indemnified Party, including diminution of value and loss of profits, and direct financial loss and loss of profits shall be recoverable except where restricted by principles of remoteness under Applicable Law. In the case of fraud, the limitations on indemnification (including as to duration and amount) set forth in Sections 5.3 and 5.4 shall not apply to any claim for indemnification pursuant to this Article 5.

 

5.6Third Party Claim Indemnity Procedures

 

(a)In the event that any written Claim for which an Indemnifying Party may have liability to any Indemnified Party hereunder is asserted against or sought to be collected from any Indemnified Party by a Third Party (a “Third Party Claim”), such Indemnified Party shall promptly, but in no event more than ten (10) Business Days following such Indemnified Party’s receipt of a Third Party Claim, notify the Indemnifying Parties in writing of such Third Party Claim, the amount or the estimated amount of damages sought thereunder to the extent then reasonably ascertainable (which estimate shall not be conclusive of the final amount of such Third Party Claim), any other remedy sought thereunder, any relevant time constraints relating thereto and, to the extent practicable, any other material details pertaining thereto (a “Claim Notice”). However, the failure to give prompt notice will not affect the rights or obligations of the Indemnifying Party except and only to the extent that, as a result of such failure, the Indemnifying Party was prejudiced by such failure. The Indemnifying Party shall have ten (10) Business Days (or such lesser number of days set forth in the Claim Notice as may be required by court proceedings in the event of a litigated matter) after receipt of the Claim Notice (the “Notice Period”) to notify the Indemnified Party that it desires to defend the Indemnified Party against such Third Party Claim, and if such notification is not provided, it shall be deemed to have elected not to defend the Indemnified Party in respect of the Third Party Claim.

 

23

 

 

(b)In the event that the Indemnifying Party notifies the Indemnified Party within the Notice Period that it desires to defend the Indemnified Party against a Third Party Claim, the Indemnifying Party shall have the right to defend the Indemnified Party by appropriate proceedings and shall have the power to direct and control such defence at its expense; provided that the Indemnified Party will have the right to approve defence counsel, which approval will not be unreasonably withheld. Once the Indemnifying Party has duly assumed the defence of a Third Party Claim, the Indemnified Party shall have the right, but not the obligation, to participate in any such defence and to employ a single separate counsel of its choosing for this purpose; provided that the cost of such counsel shall be at its expense, unless the Indemnified Party shall have reasonably concluded, based on the advice of outside counsel, that representation of both parties by the same counsel would be inappropriate due to actual or potential differing interests between them, in which case the Indemnified Party may participate in such defence and employ separate counsel at the Indemnifying Party’s expense; and provided further that provided that the power to control an direct such defence shall remain with the Indemnifying Party. The Indemnifying Party shall not, without the prior written consent of the Indemnified Party, settle, compromise or offer to settle or compromise any Third Party Claim if such settlement (i) does not include an unconditional written release by the claimant or plaintiff of the Indemnified Party from all liability in respect of such Third Party Claim or (ii) would result in (A) the imposition of a consent order, injunction or decree that would restrict the future activity or conduct of the Indemnified Party or any Person related thereto; or (B) a finding or admission of a violation of Applicable Law, wrongdoing or violation of the rights of any Person by the Indemnified Party or any Person related thereto.

 

(c)In the event that the Indemnified Party shall in good faith determine (i) that the conduct of the defense of any action, proceeding or claim subject to indemnification hereunder or any proposed settlement of any such action, proceeding or claim by the Indemnifying Party could reasonably be expected to (A) affect adversely the Indemnified Party’s tax liability or the ability of any Affiliate of the Indemnified Party who is a party to this Agreement to conduct its business or (B) be inconsistent with the position of the Indemnified Party with respect to its taxation status in any jurisdiction (including without limitation whether it should file any tax return), or (ii) that the Indemnified Party may have available to it one or more defenses or counterclaims that are in addition to, or inconsistent with, one or more of those that may be available to the Indemnifying Party in respect of such action, proceeding or claim or any litigation relating thereto, the Indemnified Party shall have the right at all times to take over and assume control over the defense, settlement, negotiations or litigation relating to any such action, proceeding or claim at the sole cost of the Indemnifying Party, provided, that, the Indemnified Party shall not settle any such action, proceeding or claim without the written consent of the Indemnifying Party.

 

24

 

 

(d)If the Indemnifying Party elects not to, or is deemed to elect not to, defend the Indemnified Party against a Third Party Claim, whether by not giving the Indemnified Party timely notice of its desire to so defend or otherwise, the Indemnified Party shall have the right, but not the obligation, to assume its own defence, it being understood that the Indemnified Party’s right to indemnification for a Third Party Claim shall not be adversely affected by assuming the defence of such Third Party Claim. The Indemnified Party (i) may defend such Third Party Claim and (ii) may not enter into a settlement thereof without obtaining approval of the Indemnifying Party (which approval shall not be unreasonably withheld, delayed or conditioned) unless the Indemnified Party will not be seeking indemnification from the Indemnifying Party for any amounts paid pursuant to such settlement thereof or for any other consequences of such Third Party Claim.

 

(e)The Indemnified Party and the Indemnifying Party shall cooperate in order to ensure the proper and adequate defence of a Third Party Claim, including by providing access to each other’s relevant business records and other documents and employees. Further, the applicable Party conducting the defence of a Third Party Claim shall keep the other Party apprised of material developments from time to time.

 

(f)The Indemnified Party and the Indemnifying Party shall use commercially reasonable efforts to avoid production of confidential information (consistent with Applicable Law) and to cause all communications among employees, counsel and others representing any party to a Third Party Claim to be made so as to preserve any applicable solicitor-client or litigation privileges. For the avoidance of doubt, nothing in this Section shall be construed as a waiver by an Indemnified Party or an Indemnifying Party of any privilege, including any privilege associated with separate counsel as described herein.

 

5.7Adjustment to Purchase Price

 

(a)All amounts payable by the McEwen Parties to the Purchaser Indemnified Parties pursuant to Section 5.1 will be deemed to be a decrease to the Purchase Price. All amounts payable by Purchaser to the McEwen Indemnified Parties pursuant to Section 5.2 will be deemed to be an increase to the Purchase Price.

 

Article 6
GENERAL

 

6.1Notices

 

(a)All notices and other required or permitted communications (each a “Notice”) to the Parties shall be in writing, and shall be addressed respectively as follows:

 

If to a McEwen Party:

 

McEwen Mining Inc.

S. 2800, 150 King Street West

Toronto, ON

M5H 1J9

 

Attention: General Counsel

Email: notice@mcewenmining.com

 

25

 

 

If to Purchaser:

 

Nuton LLC

4700 Daybreak Parkway,

South Jordan, Utah 84009,

United States

 

Attention: Adam Burley; Melanie Grayson

Email: adam.burley@riotinto.com; melanie.grayson@riotinto.com

 

With a copy (which shall not constitute notice) to:

 

McCarthy Tétrault LLP

Suite 5300, 66 Wellington Suite West

Toronto, ON M5K 1E6

Canada

 

Attention: Shea Small

Email: ssmall@mccarthy.ca

 

(b)All Notices shall be given:

 

(i)by personal delivery;

 

(ii)by electronic communication, capable of producing a printed transmission;

 

(iii)by registered or certified mail, return receipt requested; or

 

(iv)by overnight or other express courier service.

 

(c)All Notices shall be effective and shall be deemed given on the date of receipt at the principal address if received during normal business hours on a Business Day in the jurisdiction of the recipient, and, if not received during normal business hours, on the next Business Day in the jurisdiction of the recipient following receipt, or if by electronic communication, on the date of such communication if received by the recipient during normal business hours on a Business Day in the jurisdiction of the recipient, and, if not received during normal business hours, on the next Business Day in the jurisdiction of the recipient following receipt. Any change of address may be made by Notice to the other Parties.

 

6.2Amendment

 

This Agreement may only be amended by the written agreement of all the Parties hereto or, as applicable, their successors and permitted assigns.

 

6.3Public Disclosure

 

A Party shall not issue any press release or make any other public statement or disclosure with respect to this Agreement without the consent of the other Parties (which consent shall not be unreasonably withheld, conditioned or delayed); provided, however, that the foregoing shall be subject to each Party’s overriding obligation to make any disclosure or filing in accordance with Applicable Laws, including applicable securities laws, and if, in its reasonable opinion, such disclosure or filing is required and the other Party has not reviewed or commented on the disclosure or filing, the Party shall use its reasonable best efforts to give the other Party prior oral or written notice and a reasonable opportunity to review or comment on the disclosure or filing (other than with respect to confidential information contained in such disclosure or filing). The Party making such disclosure shall give reasonable consideration to any comments made by the other Party or its counsel, and if such prior notice is not possible, shall give such notice immediately following the making of such disclosure or filing.

 

26

 

 

6.4Assignment

 

No Party may assign or transfer any right, benefit, interest or obligation in or under this Agreement without the prior express written consent of the other Parties, which consent may not be unreasonably withheld; provided that in the case of any assignment or transfer, the assigning or transferring Party shall remain liable for all of its obligations hereunder, including indemnity obligations.

 

6.5Governing Law

 

This Agreement and all matters related hereto or arising herefrom are governed by the laws of the Province of Ontario and the federal laws of Canada applicable therein. Each of the Parties irrevocably attorns to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of the Province of Ontario in all matters related to, or arising from, this Agreement.

 

6.6Waiver

 

(a)No failure on the part of a Party to exercise, no delay in exercising, and no course of dealing with respect to, any right, power or privilege established by this Agreement shall operate as a waiver thereof.

 

(b)Except as otherwise expressly provided for herein, no waiver of any provision of this Agreement or consent to any departure by any Party from any provision of this Agreement shall be effective unless it is confirmed in writing. The waiver or consent shall be effective only in the specific instance, for the specific purpose and for the specific length of time for which it is given.

 

(c)The single or partial exercise of any right, power or privilege established by this Agreement shall not preclude any other exercise thereof.

 

6.7Severability

 

Each of the provisions contained in this Agreement is distinct and severable and a declaration of invalidity or unenforceability of any such provision or part thereof by a court of competent jurisdiction in any jurisdiction shall not affect the validity or enforceability of that provision in any other jurisdiction, or affect the validity or enforceability of any other provision hereof. To the extent permitted by Applicable Laws, the parties waive any provision of law which renders any provision of this Agreement invalid or unenforceable in any respect. The Parties shall engage in good faith negotiations to replace any provision which is declared invalid or unenforceable with a valid and enforceable provision, the economic effect of which comes as close as possible to that of the invalid or unenforceable provision which it replaces.

 

27

 

 

6.8Benefit of the Agreement

 

This Agreement shall enure to the benefit of and be binding upon the Parties hereto and their respective successors and permitted assigns, provided that any transfer of or any Encumbrance upon any rights under this Agreement not made in accordance with this Agreement shall be null and void and of no force or effect.

 

6.9No Third Party Rights

 

Except as expressly provided in this Agreement, nothing herein expressed or implied is intended or shall be construed to confer upon or to give any Person not a Party hereto any rights to remedies under or by reason of this Agreement.

 

6.10Entire Agreement

 

This Agreement and the other Transaction Documents constitute the entire agreement between the Parties and supersede all prior agreements, understandings, negotiations and discussions, whether oral or written, of the Parties and their respective affiliates, as applicable, related to such matters.

 

6.11Further Assurances

 

Each of the Parties shall promptly do, make, execute or deliver, or cause to be done, made, executed or delivered, all such further acts, documents and things as any other Party hereto may reasonably require from time to time in order to give full effect to the provisions of this Agreement and shall use reasonable efforts and take all such steps as may be reasonably within its power to implement to their full extent the provisions of this Agreement.

 

6.12Time of the Essence

 

Time is of the essence of this Agreement.

 

6.13Counterparts and Electronic Execution

 

This Agreement may be executed in any number of counterparts, and it shall not be necessary that the signatures of all Parties be contained on any counterpart. Each counterpart shall be deemed an original, but all counterparts together shall constitute one and the same instrument. Counterparts may be delivered by electronic transmission and the Parties adopt any signatures so received as original signatures of the Parties.

 

[Rest of this page intentionally left in blank]

 

28

 

 

IN WITNESS WHEREOF the Parties hereto have duly executed this Agreement as of the date and year first above written.

 

  McEwen Copper Inc.
   
   
  Per: /s/ Robert R. McEwen
    Name: Robert R. McEwen
    Title: Director and President
       
  McEwen Mining Inc.
   
   
  Per: /s/ Robert R. McEwen
    Name: Robert R. McEwen
    Title: Chief Executive Officer
       
  MINERA ANDES INC.
   
   
  Per: /s/ Robert R. McEwen
    Name: Robert R. McEwen
    Title: Director and President
       
  NUTON LLC
   
   
  Per: /s/ Adam Burley
    Name: Adam Burley
    Title: CEO & President

 

29

 

 

EXHIBIT A
Material Subsidiaries

 

McEwen Copper Shareholders  Number of
Shares
   Percentage of
Ownership
 
Minera Andes Inc.   15,000,000    48.7250284 
FCA Argentina (Stellantis)   6,000,000    19.4900113 
Nuton LLC   4,100,000    13.3181744 
Evanachan (Rob McEwen)   4,000,000    12.9933409 
Other Shareholders   1,685,000    5.47344486 

 

 

 

A-1

 

 

EXHIBIT B
Los Azules Project

 

List of Properties:

 

   Name  Docket
Number
1.   Azul 1  520-0279-M98
2.   Azul 2  520-0280-M98
3.   Mirta  1124.0141-M-09
4.   Escorpio II  0154-F28-C-96
5.   Azul 3  1124.0121-A-06
6.   Azul Este  1124.186-A-07
7.   Azul Norte  1124.668-M-07
8.   Azul 4  1124.473-M-08
9.   Escorpio I  1124.0153-C-1996
10.   Escorpio III  0155-C-96
11.   Escorpio IV  425.213-C-2003
12.   Totora  414.1324-C-05
13.   Totora II  520.0496-C-99
14.   Mercedes  0644-M-96
15.   Sofia  1124.167-A-10
16.   Azul 5  1124.119-A-09
17.   Marcela  1124.495-A-09
18.   Agostina  1124.108-A-10
19.   Rosario  1124.169-A-10
20.   Gina  1124.168-A-10
21.   Cecilia  1124.035-A-12
22.   Grupo Minero  1124.553-A-2018
23.   Road easement for Mercedes mine  520-0439-97
24.   Southern Access Road Easement for Mercedes mine  520-0680-M-96
25.   Northern Access Road Easement for Azul 1 and Azul 2 mines  1124.218-A-2018
26.   Power Line
Easement
  1124-354-A-2018
27.   Camp Easement
“Candadito”
  1124.660-M-12
28.   Occupation Easement
“Campo Illanes Mery”
  1124.544-2022
29.   “Campo Estomonte” Easement  1124.231-A-2010
30.   “Cortez Monroy Ranch”, which is a real estate property of 18,000 hectares that ACM acquired from CCM S.A, by means of public deed dated March 3, 2010. The Cortez Monroy Ranch is located in Calingasta Department and would overlap with the following ACM Mines: “Escorpio IV”, “Mercedes”, “Azul 1”, “Mirta” and “Azul 2” and partially with the ACM Mines “Totora I”, “Totora II”, “Escorpio I”, “Escorpio II” “Azul Este” and “Azul Norte”   

 

B-1

 

 

 

Maps:

 

 

 

B-2

 

 

Exhibit 99.2

 

Final

 

McEWEN COPPER INC.
(the “Issuer”)

 

PRIVATE PLACEMENT SUBSCRIPTION AGREEMENT
(COMMON SHARES)

 

INSTRUCTIONS TO SUBSCRIBER

 

1.You must complete all the information in the boxes on page ii and sign where indicated with an “X”.

 

2.You must complete and sign Exhibit "A" - “U.S. Investor Questionnaire” that starts on page A-1. The purpose of this form is to determine whether you meet the standards for participation in a private placement under applicable U.S. securities laws. In order for the Issuer to satisfy its obligations under applicable U.S. securities laws, you may be required to provide additional evidence to verify the information you have provided in Exhibit "A" - “U.S. Investor Questionnaire” that starts on page A-1.

 

3.A completed and signed copy of the Subscription Agreement must be delivered to:

 

McEwen Copper Inc.

150 King Street West, S. 2800
Toronto, ON M5H 1J9

    

 Attention:Carmen Diges
Email:cdiges@mcewenmining.com

 

4.Payment by wire transfer in the amount of the Subscription Amount to the following account:

 

Wire Transfer Instructions:

 

Beneficiary Information:

McEwen Copper Inc.

150 King Street West, Suite 2800, PO Box 24 

Toronto, Ontario, 

M5H 1J9

 

Banking Information: 

Royal Bank of Canada 

200 Bay Street, Toronto, Canada 

SWIFT: ROYCCAT2

 

Intermediary Information: 

JP Morgan Chase Bank 

New York NY 

ABA 021000021 

SWIFT: CHASUS33

 

Account Details: 

Account – 4065686 

Bank – 0003 

Branch - 00002

 

 

- ii -

 

McEWEN COPPER INC.

  

PRIVATE PLACEMENT SUBSCRIPTION AGREEMENT

 

The undersigned (the “Subscriber”) hereby subscribes for the number of common shares in the capital of McEwen Copper Inc. (the “Issuer”) set out below in accordance with the terms set out in the Investor Term Sheet attached as Exhibit “B”. The Subscriber and the Issuer hereby agree to be bound by the terms and conditions set forth in the attached “Terms and Conditions of Subscription for Common Shares” (the “Terms and Conditions”).

 

Subscriber Information   Common Shares to be Issued to the Subscriber
     
    Number of Common Shares: 152,615
    (the “Common Shares”)
Nuton LLC      
(Name of Subscriber)  
   
     
    Subscription Amount: US$3,967,990
X            (the “Subscription Amount”)
(Signature of Authorized Signatory – if the Subscriber is not an Individual)  
     
     
Adam Burley, CEO & President     If the Subscriber is subscribing as an agent on behalf of a beneficial purchaser (check the appropriate box):
(Name and Title of Authorized Signatory – if the Subscriber is not an Individual)
     
4700 Daybreak Parkway, South Jordan, UT 84009     ¨     the Subscriber is a trust company or trust corporation or a registered adviser acting on behalf of a fully managed account and deemed under applicable securities laws to be purchasing as principal, or
(Subscriber’s Address, including postal or zip code)
     
+44-774-863-2596     ¨    the following information is true and correct and, as applicable, Exhibit “A” hereto has been completed for each beneficial purchaser:
(Telephone Number)
 
     
adam.burley@riotinto.com               
(Email Address)   (Name of Beneficial Purchaser)
     
       
    (Address of Beneficial Purchaser)
     
       
    (Beneficial Purchaser’s Telephone Number)
     
       
    (Beneficial Purchaser’s E-Mail Address)

 

Register the Common Shares as set forth below:   Deliver the Common Shares as set forth below:
     
Nuton LLC     Shea Small  
(Name to Appear on Share Certificate)   (Attention - Name)
     
         
(Account Reference, if applicable)   (Account Reference, if applicable)
     
    Suite 5300, TD Bank Tower, 66 Wellington Street West,
    Toronto ON M5K 1E6
     
         
(Address, including postal or zip code)   (Street Address, including postal or zip code – no PO Boxes permitted)
     
  +1-647-283-8424  
    (Telephone Number)

 

 

- iii -

 

ACCEPTANCE

  

The Issuer hereby accepts the Subscription (as defined herein) on the terms and conditions contained in this private placement subscription agreement (this “Agreement”) as of the 18th day of October, 2023.

 

McEWEN COPPER INC.  
     
Per: /s/ Robert R. McEwen  
  Authorized Signatory  

 

 

 

 

TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF
SUBSCRIPTION FOR COMMON SHARES

 

1.Subscription

 

1.1           On the basis of the representations and warranties, and subject to the terms and conditions, set forth in this Agreement, the Subscriber hereby subscribes for the Common Shares for the Subscription Amount shown on page iii of this Agreement (such subscription of the Common Shares being the “Subscription”) by way of a private placement offering (the “Offering”), and the Issuer agrees to issue and deliver the Common Shares to the Subscriber, effective upon the Closing Date.

 

2.CONSIDERATION

 

2.1           The Subscription Amount must accompany this Subscription and be paid by wire transfer to the Issuer pursuant to the wire instructions provided by the Issuer in the Instructions to Subscriber on page i. The Subscriber authorizes the Issuer to treat the Subscription Amount as an interest free loan until the closing of the Offering (the “Closing”). The Closing shall take place concurrently with the closing of the transactions described in the Share Purchase Agreement.

 

2.2           The Subscriber acknowledges and agrees that this Agreement, the Subscription Amount and an other documents delivered in connection herewith will be held by or on behalf of the Issuer. In the event that this Agreement is not accepted by the Issuer for whatever reason, which the Issuer expressly reserves the right to do, the Issuer will return the Subscription Amount (without interest thereon) to the Subscriber at the address of the Subscriber as set forth on page ii of this Agreement, or as otherwise directed by the Subscriber, in writing, to the Issuer, prior to the return of the Subscription Amount by the Issuer.

 

3.Documents Required from Subscriber

 

3.1           The Subscriber must complete, sign and return to the Issuer the following documents:

 

(a)this Agreement;

 

(b)the U.S. Investor Questionnaire (the “Questionnaire”) attached as Exhibit "A" that starts on page A-1, along with any additional evidence that may be requested by the Issuer to verify the information provided in the Questionnaire; and

 

(c)such other supporting documentation that the Issuer may request to establish the Subscriber’s eligibility to participate in the Offering.

 

The Subscriber acknowledges and agrees that the Issuer will not consider the Subscription for acceptance unless the Subscriber has provided all of such documents to the Issuer.

 

3.2            As soon as practicable upon any request by the Issuer, the Subscriber will complete, sign and return to the Issuer any additional documents, questionnaires, notices and undertakings the Issuer may reasonably require or otherwise, may be required by any Governmental Authority or Applicable Laws.

 

 

- 2 -

 

4.CLOSING DATE AND CONDITIONS TO CLOSING

 

4.1            Subject to the satisfaction of the conditions set forth below in Section 4.2, the date of the Closing (the “Closing Date”) shall be no later than October 19, 2023, or such other date as may be determined by mutual agreement between the Issuer and the Subscriber.

 

4.2           The Subscription is subject to the following conditions for the benefit of the Subscriber (any of which may be waived by the Subscriber in its sole discretion):

 

(a)the Issuer having obtained all necessary approvals and consents for the Offering;

 

(b)the Issuer having obtained and provided to the Subscriber waivers for the purposes of the transactions contemplated herein from the shareholders of the Issuer in respect of the pre-emptive rights set out in the unanimous shareholder agreement of the Issuer dated August 20, 2021 (the “Shareholder Agreement”), or the Issuer having provided notice to the shareholders of the Issuer under the pre-emptive rights provisions of the Shareholder Agreement and the relevant exercise period having expired, or the Issuer having provided notice in writing to the Subscriber outlining in reasonable detail the extent to which the shareholders of the Issuer have exercised such pre-emptive rights, as applicable;

 

(c)the offer and sale of the Common Shares being exempt from the registration requirements under the U.S. Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “1933 Act”), the laws of any U.S. state or other applicable jurisdiction;

 

(d)the Issuer having delivered to the Subscriber:

 

(i)an original share certificate representing the Common Shares (“Certificate”);

 

(ii)the Share Purchase Agreement, substantially in the form attached hereto as Exhibit “C”, duly executed by the Subscriber, Minera Andes Inc. and the Issuer;

 

(iii)the second amendment to the Nuton Collaboration Agreement, substantially in the form attached hereto as Exhibit “D” (“Amendment No.2 to the Nuton Collaboration Agreement”), duly executed by the Issuer, MUX and Robert R. McEwen;

 

(iv)a certificate of status for the Issuer dated no earlier than one business day prior to the Closing Date; and

 

(v)a certificate of an officer of the Issuer certifying the articles and by-laws of the Issuer and the directors’ resolutions of the Issuer approving the transactions contemplated by this Agreement;

 

(e)the Subscriber having received a legal opinion prepared by Vargas Galindez dated as of the Closing Date (the “Vargas Opinion”), in form and substance satisfactory to the Subscriber, acting reasonably;

 

(f)the Subscriber having received a legal opinion prepared by external counsel to the Cayman Subsidiaries dated as of the Closing Date, in form and substance satisfactory to the Subscriber, acting reasonably, with respect to each of the Cayman Subsidiaries’ organizational status, good standing, share capitalization, no outstanding litigation and other matters customary in transactions similar to the transactions contemplated by this Agreement;

 

 

- 3 -

 

(g)the issue and sale of the Common Shares being exempt from the requirement to file a prospectus and the requirement to deliver an offering memorandum under applicable securities laws relating to the sale of the Common Shares, or the Issuer having received such orders, consents or approvals as may be required to permit such sale without the requirement to file a prospectus or deliver an offering memorandum; and

 

(h)all of the Conditions Precedent (as defined in the Share Purchase Agreement) under the Share Purchase Agreement having been satisfied or waived.

 

5.Acknowledgements and Agreements of the Subscriber

 

5.1           The Subscriber acknowledges and agrees that:

 

(a)no offering memorandum, prospectus or registration statement has been filed by the Issuer with any securities commission or any other regulatory authority in connection with the issuance of the Common Shares;

 

(b)the Subscriber has not received, nor has the Subscriber requested nor had any need to receive, or been provided with a prospectus, offering memorandum, registration statement or any document purporting to describe the business and affairs of the Issuer which has been prepared for review by prospective purchasers to assist in making an investment decision in respect of the Common Shares and that the Subscriber’s decision, or, if applicable, the decision of others for whom the undersigned is contracting hereunder, to enter into this Agreement and to subscribe for the Common Shares is based entirely upon this Agreement and publicly available information concerning the Issuer and not upon any other verbal or written representation as to fact or otherwise made by or on behalf of the Issuer;

 

(c)the Issuer’s constating documents contain restrictions on the transfer of the Common Shares, which provide that no Common Shares may be transferred without the prior approval of the board of directors of the Issuer;

 

(d)the Issuer is not a “reporting issuer” as that term is defined in applicable Canadian securities laws, does not file periodic reports with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, nor will it become a reporting issuer in any jurisdiction in Canada or elsewhere upon completion of the Offering and, as a result:

 

(i)unless the Issuer becomes a reporting issuer at a later date, the Issuer will not be subject to the continuous disclosure requirements of any securities laws, including any requirement relating to the production and filing of audited financial statements or other financial information, and

 

(ii)any applicable hold periods under applicable securities laws may never expire, and the Common Shares may be subject to restrictions on resale for an indefinite period of time;

 

(e)the issuance of the Common Shares will be made pursuant to exemptions from the registration and prospectus requirements of applicable securities laws and therefore:

 

 

- 4 -

 

(i)the Subscriber is restricted from using those civil remedies which would otherwise be available to the Subscriber under applicable securities laws but for the fact that such issuance is being made pursuant to such exemptions;

 

(ii)the Subscriber may not receive information about the Issuer that would otherwise be required to be provided to it under applicable securities laws,

 

(iii)the Issuer is relieved from certain obligations that would otherwise apply under applicable securities laws,

 

(iv)no securities commission or similar regulatory authority has reviewed or passed on the merits of the Common Shares,

 

(v)there is no government or other insurance covering the Common Shares, and

 

(vi)there are risks associated with the purchase of the Common Shares, including that the Subscriber may lose the Subscriber’s entire investment;

 

(f)an investment in the Issuer is highly speculative and only investors who can afford the loss of their entire investment should consider investing in the Issuer and the Common Shares;

 

(g)any subscription monies paid by the Subscriber for the Common Shares is being raised as “seed” or “risk” capital for the Issuer, which is in a speculative stage, and there is no market for the Common Shares whatsoever;

 

(h)none of the Common Shares have been or will be registered under the 1933 Act, or under any securities or “blue sky” laws of any state of the United States, and, unless so registered, may not be offered or sold in the United States or, directly or indirectly, to any U.S. Person (as defined in Section 6.2) except in accordance with the provisions of Regulation S under the 1933 Act (“Regulation S”), pursuant to an effective registration statement under the 1933 Act, or pursuant to an exemption from, or in a transaction not subject to, the registration requirements of the 1933 Act, and in each case only in accordance with any other applicable federal, state, provincial and foreign securities laws;

 

(i)the Issuer has not undertaken, and will have no obligation, to register any of the Common Shares under the 1933 Act or any other securities laws;

 

(j)the Issuer will refuse to register the transfer of any of the Common Shares not made pursuant to an effective registration statement under the 1933 Act or pursuant to an available exemption from the registration requirements of the 1933 Act, and in each case will only register such transfer in accordance with Applicable Laws;

 

(k)it will hold harmless the Issuer from any loss or damage it may suffer as a result of the Subscriber’s failure to correctly complete this Agreement or the Questionnaire;

 

(l)it and its advisor(s) have had a reasonable opportunity to ask questions of, and receive answers from, the Issuer in connection with the distribution of the Common Shares hereunder, and to obtain additional information to the extent possessed or obtainable by the Issuer without unreasonable effort or expense;

 

 

- 5 -

 

(m)the books and records of the Issuer were available upon reasonable notice for inspection, subject to certain confidentiality restrictions, by the Subscriber during reasonable business hours at the Issuer’s principal place of business, and all documents, records and books in connection with the distribution of the Common Shares hereunder have been made available by the Issuer for inspection by the Subscriber, its legal counsel and/or its advisor(s), if requested by the Subscriber;

  

(n)any resale, assignment, transfer, hypothecation or pledge of any of the Common Shares by the Subscriber will be subject to: (i) resale restrictions contained in the securities laws applicable to the Issuer, the Subscriber and any proposed transferee; and (ii) the Issuer’s constating documents and it is the responsibility of the Subscriber to find out what those restrictions are and to comply with such restrictions before selling any of the Common Shares;

 

(o)it consents to the placement of a legend or legends on the Certificate and any other document evidencing any of the Common Shares setting forth the restrictions on transferability and sale thereof contained in this Agreement, including the following:

 

“THE SECURITIES REPRESENTED BY THIS CERTIFICATE ARE SUBJECT TO RESTRICTIONS ON TRANSFER CONTAINED IN THE CONSTATING DOCUMENTS OR UNANIMOUS SHAREHOLDER AGREEMENT OF THE COMPANY.

 

UNLESS PERMITTED UNDER SECURITIES LEGISLATION, THE HOLDER OF THE SECURITIES REPRESENTED HEREBY MUST NOT TRADE THE SECURITIES BEFORE THE DATE THAT IS FOUR MONTHS AND A DAY AFTER THE LATER OF (I) [CLOSING DATE] AND (II) THE DATE THAT THE COMPANY BECOMES A REPORTING ISSUER IN ANY PROVINCE OR TERRITORY IN CANADA.

 

THE SHARES THAT ARE REPRESENTED BY THIS CERTIFICATE HAVE NOT BEEN REGISTERED UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933, AS AMENDED, AND MAY NOT BE SOLD, TRANSFERRED, HYPOTHECATED OR OTHERWISE DISPOSED OF UNTIL A REGISTRATION STATEMENT WITH RESPECT THERETO IS DECLARED EFFECTIVE UNDER SUCH ACT, OR THE COMPANY RECEIVES AN OPINION OF COUNSEL FOR THE COMPANY THAT AN EXEMPTION FROM THE REGISTRATION REQUIREMENTS OF SUCH ACT IS AVAILABLE.”;

 

(p)it has been advised to consult its own legal, tax and other advisors with respect to the Offering and the risks of an investment in the Common Shares and with respect to applicable resale restrictions, and it is solely responsible (and the Issuer is not in any way responsible) for compliance with:

 

(i)any Applicable Laws of the jurisdiction in which the Subscriber is resident in connection with the distribution of the Common Shares hereunder, and

 

(ii)any applicable resale restrictions;

 

(q)there may be material tax consequences to the Subscriber of an acquisition or disposition of the Common Shares and the Issuer gives no opinion and makes no representation to the Subscriber with respect to the tax consequences to the Subscriber under federal, state, provincial, local or foreign tax laws that may apply to the Subscriber’s acquisition or disposition of any of the Common Shares;

 

 

- 6 -

 

(r)it is subscribing for the Common Shares for investment purposes and for Subscriber’s own account, with the intention of holding the Common Shares, with no present intention of dividing or allowing others to participate in this investment or of reselling or otherwise participating, directly or indirectly, in a distribution of the Common Shares;

 

(s)there is no market for any of the Common Shares and no market for any of the Common Shares may ever exist; and

 

(t)this Agreement is not enforceable by the Subscriber unless it has been accepted by the Issuer and the Issuer reserves the right to reject this Subscription for any reason.

 

6.Representations and Warranties of the Subscriber

 

6.1           The Subscriber hereby represents and warrants to the Issuer (which representations and warranties will survive the Closing) that:

 

(a)the Subscriber is resident in the jurisdiction set out on page ii of this Agreement;

 

(b)if the Subscriber is resident outside of the U.S. or Canada:

 

(i)the Subscriber is knowledgeable of, or has been independently advised as to, the applicable securities laws having application in the jurisdiction in which the Subscriber is resident (the “International Jurisdiction”) which would apply to the offer and sale of the Common Shares,

 

(ii)the Subscriber is acquiring the Common Shares pursuant to exemptions from prospectus or equivalent requirements under applicable securities laws or, if such is not applicable, the Subscriber is permitted to acquire the Common Shares under the Applicable Laws of the International Jurisdiction without the need to rely on any exemptions,

 

(iii)the Applicable Laws of the authorities in the International Jurisdiction do not require the Issuer to make any filings or seek any approvals of any kind from any securities regulator in the International Jurisdiction in connection with the offer, issue, sale or resale of any of the Common Shares,

 

(iv)the acquisition of the Common Shares by the Subscriber does not trigger:

 

(A)any obligation to prepare and file a prospectus or similar document, or any other report with respect to such purchase, in the International Jurisdiction, or

 

(B)any continuous disclosure reporting obligation of the Issuer in the International Jurisdiction, and

 

(v)the Subscriber will, if requested by the Issuer, deliver to the Issuer a certificate or opinion of local counsel from the International Jurisdiction which will confirm the matters referred to in subparagraphs (ii), (iii) and (iv), above, to the satisfaction of the Issuer, acting reasonably;

 

 

- 7 -

 

(c)the Subscriber has the legal capacity and competence to enter into and execute this Agreement and to take all actions required pursuant hereto and, if the Subscriber is a corporate entity, it is duly incorporated and validly subsisting under the laws of its jurisdiction of incorporation and all necessary approvals by its directors, shareholders and others have been obtained to authorize execution and performance of this Agreement on behalf of the Subscriber;

 

(d)the entering into of this Agreement and the transactions contemplated hereby do not result in the violation of any of the terms and provisions of any law applicable to, or, if applicable, the constating documents of, the Subscriber or of any agreement, written or oral, to which the Subscriber may be a party or by which the Subscriber is or may be bound;

 

(e)the Subscriber has duly executed and delivered this Agreement and it constitutes a valid and binding agreement of the Subscriber enforceable against the Subscriber in accordance with its terms;

 

(f)the Subscriber has received and carefully read this Agreement;

 

(g)the Subscriber acknowledges receipt of a copy of the unanimous shareholder agreement of the Issuer and acknowledges that it is a condition of becoming a shareholder of the Issuer that the Subscriber must become a party to such unanimous shareholder agreement;

 

(h)the Subscriber is aware that an investment in the Issuer is speculative and involves certain risks, including the possible loss of the entire investment;

 

(i)the Subscriber is not aware of any advertisement of any of the Common Shares and is not acquiring the Common Shares as a result of any form of general solicitation or general advertising, including advertisements, articles, notices or other communications published in any newspaper, magazine or similar media, or broadcast over radio or television, or any seminar or meeting whose attendees have been invited by general solicitation or general advertising;

 

(j)the Subscriber has made an independent examination and investigation of an investment in the Common Shares and the Issuer and agrees that the Issuer will not be responsible in any way for the Subscriber’s decision to invest in the Common Shares and the Issuer;

 

(k)no person has made to the Subscriber any written or oral representations:

 

(i)that any person will resell or repurchase any of the Common Shares,

 

(ii)that any person will refund the purchase price of any of the Common Shares, or

 

(iii)as to the future price or value of any of the Common Shares; and

 

(l)there is no person acting or purporting to act in connection with the Offering for or on behalf of the Subscriber who is entitled to any brokerage or finder’s fee payable by the Issuer. If any such person establishes a claim that any fee or other compensation is payable by the Issuer in connection with this subscription for the Common Shares, the Subscriber covenants to indemnify and hold harmless the Issuer with respect thereto and with respect to all costs reasonably incurred in the defence thereof.

 

 

- 8 -

 

6.2           In this Agreement, the term “U.S. Person” has the meaning ascribed thereto in Regulation S, and for the purpose of this Agreement includes: (i) any person in the United States; (ii) any natural person resident in the United States; (iii) any partnership or corporation organized or incorporated under the laws of the United States; (iv) any partnership or corporation organized outside the United States by a U.S. Person principally for the purpose of investing in securities not registered under the 1933 Act, unless it is organized or incorporated, and owned, by accredited investors who are not natural persons, estates or trusts; or (v) any estate or trust of which any executor, administrator or trustee is a U.S. Person.

 

7.Representations and Warranties will be Relied Upon

 

7.1           The Subscriber acknowledges that its representations and warranties contained herein and in the Questionnaire are made by it with the intention that such representations and warranties will be relied upon by the Issuer in determining the Subscriber’s eligibility to subscribe for the Common Shares under Applicable Laws, or (if applicable) the eligibility of others on whose behalf the Subscriber is contracting hereunder to subscribe for the Common Shares under Applicable Laws. The Subscriber further agrees that, as at the Closing, it will be representing and warranting that its representations and warranties contained herein and in the Questionnaire are true and correct as at the Closing with the same force and effect as if they had been made by the Subscriber on the Closing, and that they will survive the subscription by the Subscriber of the Common Shares and will continue in full force and effect notwithstanding any subsequent disposition by the Subscriber of the Common Shares.

 

8.REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF THE ISSUER

 

8.1           The Issuer hereby represents and warrants to the Subscriber (which representations and warranties will survive the Closing) that:

 

(a)each of the Issuer and the Material Subsidiaries (as defined herein) is validly subsisting under the laws of its jurisdiction of incorporation, licensed, registered or qualified as an extra-provincial or foreign corporation in all jurisdictions where the character of its properties owned or leased or the nature of the activities conducted by it make such licensing, registration or qualification necessary and carries and shall carry on its business in the ordinary course and in compliance in all material respects with all Applicable Laws of each such jurisdiction;

 

(b)on the Closing Date, the Issuer will have taken all corporate steps and proceedings necessary to duly approve the transactions contemplated under this Agreement, including its execution and delivery, and the execution and delivery of Amendment No.2 to the Nuton Collaboration Agreement, the Share Purchase Agreement and each other agreement contemplated by this Agreement;

 

(c)on the Closing Date, the Issuer will have caused Andes Corporation Minera S.A (“ACM”) to have taken all corporate steps and proceedings necessary to duly approve the transactions contemplated under this Agreement, including the execution and delivery of each agreement contemplated by this Agreement to which ACM is a party;

 

(d)the Issuer is not in default of any securities laws;

 

 

- 9 -

 

(e)at the time of closing on the Closing Date, the Common Shares will be duly and validly created, authorized and issued; will be validly issued as fully paid as non-assessable Common Shares in the capital of the Issuer;

 

(f)the issuance and delivery of the Common Shares by the Issuer to the Subscriber does not and will not constitute a breach of or default under the constating documents of the Issuer or any law, regulation, order or ruling applicable to the Issuer or any agreement, contract or indenture to which the Issuer is a party or by which it is bound;

 

(g)for the purposes of the transactions contemplated herein, the Issuer has obtained waivers from the shareholders of the Issuer in respect of the pre-emptive rights set out in the Shareholder Agreement, or the Issuer has provided notice to the shareholders of the Issuer under the pre-emptive rights provisions of the Shareholder Agreement and the relevant exercise period has expired, or the Issuer has provided notice in writing to the Subscriber outlining in reasonable detail the extent to which the shareholders of the Issuer have exercised such pre-emptive rights, as applicable;

 

(h)the Issuer is authorized to issue an unlimited number of Common Shares and an unlimited number of Class B common shares; and as of the date of this Agreement, 30,785,000 Common Shares are issued and outstanding and no Class B common shares are issued and outstanding;

 

(i)as of the Closing Date, there exist no options, warrants, rights of conversion or other rights, contracts or commitments that could require the Issuer to issue any Common Shares or other securities other than the pre-emptive rights set out in the Shareholder Agreement and the 40,000 options that the Issuer has agreed to grant to Michael Meding upon the completion of an initial public offering of the Issuer, pursuant to the employment agreement between the Issuer and Michael Meding dated February 7, 2022;

 

(j)except for Michael Meding, Alex Aguado and Stephen McGibbon, the Issuer has no employees or independent contractors, and neither of such employees are entitled to any bonus, increase in compensation or other benefit that is contingent on the Closing. The Issuer has provided copies of the employment agreements between the Issuer and each of Michael Meding and Alex Aguado, and there are no other agreements, whether written or oral, between either of such employees and the Issuer;

 

(k)the issuance and sale of the Common Shares by the Issuer and the fulfilment of the terms hereof does not and will not conflict with or constitute a breach of or default under (i) the constating documents of the Issuer or its Material Subsidiaries (as defined below), (ii) any Applicable Laws, order or ruling or (iii) any agreement, contract or indenture, including any covenants or provisions respecting the Issuer’s right to issue additional equity, or any pre-emptive right or similar rights therein, to which the Issuer or any of its Material Subsidiaries (as defined below) is a party or by which it is bound, or to which any of the property or assets of the Issuer or any of its Material Subsidiaries (as defined below) is subject;

 

(l)each of this Agreement, Amendment No.2 to the Nuton Collaboration Agreement, the Share Purchase Agreement, and each other agreement of the Issuer and its affiliates contemplated hereby, when signed by the Issuer or such affiliates, as the case may be, constitutes a binding and enforceable obligation of the Issuer or such affiliates, as applicable, enforceable in accordance with its respective terms;

 

 

- 10 -

 

(m)Exhibit “E” accurately shows (i) each direct and indirect subsidiary of the Issuer (collectively, “Material Subsidiaries”); (ii) the registered and beneficial holders of all of the issued and outstanding shares in the capital of each of the Material Subsidiaries; and (iii) the numbers and classes of shares currently held by each such holder and the percentage in the outstanding capital of each Material Subsidiary. The Issuer has no assets other than the holding of the shares of each of the Material Subsidiaries;

 

(n)International Copper Mining Inc. has no assets other than the holding of the shares of each of Los Azules Mining Inc. and San Juan Copper Inc., and neither of Los Azules Mining Inc. and San Juan Copper Inc. has assets other than shares of ACM; and none of International Copper Mining Inc., Los Azules Mining Inc. and San Juan Copper Inc. (together, the “Cayman Subsidiaries”) operated or engaged in, or operates or engages in, any business activities, operations or management other than business activities, operations or management related to the Los Azules Project;

 

(o)the Issuer has not operated or engaged in, and is not operating or engaged in, any business activities or operations other than those related to the Los Azules Project and the Elder Creek Project;

 

(p)except as publicly disclosed by the Issuer and/or MUX, none of the shareholders of the Issuer have any agreements or side letters with the Issuer granting such shareholders any rights in respect of the Issuer, including the right to nominate directors for appointment to the board of directors of the Issuer or any approval rights with respect to any transactions of the Issuer or the Material Subsidiaries (including, without limitation, granting of offtake, royalty, stream or similar rights with respect to the Los Azules Project);

 

(q)there are no circumstances, developments or events that would constitute or reasonably be expected to constitute a material adverse effect in respect of any of the Issuer or the Material Subsidiaries;

 

(r)other than as set out in the Vargas opinion, there are no: (i) Claims pending or, to the knowledge of the Issuer, threatened against any of the Issuer or the Material Subsidiaries before or by any governmental authority; and (ii) outstanding judgments, orders, decrees, writs, injunctions, decisions, rulings or awards against any of the Issuer or the Material Subsidiaries or affecting any of the Issuer, the Material Subsidiaries, the Los Azules Project or the Elder Creek Project;

 

(s)a complete copy of the articles, bylaws, minute books, share registers and other corporate records of the Issuer and the Material Subsidiaries have been provided to the Subscriber. Such books and records have been maintained in accordance with Applicable Laws and contain complete and accurate records of all matters required to be dealt with in such books and records, in each case, in all material respects;

 

(t)the Issuer owns all of the issued and outstanding securities of the Material Subsidiaries, free and clear of any encumbrances and defects, and has no other subsidiaries. All of the outstanding equity interests in the Material Subsidiaries have been duly authorized and validly issued and all of such equity interests are outstanding as fully paid and non-assessable shares. There exist no options, warrants, purchase rights, or other contracts or commitments that would require the Issuer or any other person to sell, transfer or otherwise dispose of any equity interests of the Material Subsidiaries or for the issue or allotment of any unissued shares in the capital of the Material Subsidiaries or any other security convertible into or exchangeable for any such shares. Except as publicly disclosed by the Issuer and/or MUX, none of the Issuer or the Material Subsidiaries has any obligations (including any obligation to provide any guarantee, security, support, indemnification, assumption or endorsement of or any similar commitment with respect to the obligations, liabilities or indebtedness of any other person) including, without limitation, the obligations of MUX under the amended and restated credit agreement dated May 19, 2023 between MUX and Evanachan Limited as lender and as Administrative Agent;

 

 

- 11 -

 

(u)each of the Material Subsidiaries has been duly incorporated or established and is validly existing and in good standing under the laws of its respective jurisdiction of organization with all requisite corporate power and authority to own, use, lease and operate its properties and conduct its business in the manner currently conducted, and is duly qualified to transact business in each jurisdiction where it carries its business;

 

(v)the Issuer and its Material Subsidiaries (i) are conducting their business operations in material compliance with Applicable Laws, including without limitation those of the country, state, province, municipality or other local or foreign jurisdiction in which such entity carries on business or conducts its activities; (ii) have received and hold all material permits, by-laws, licenses, waivers, exemptions, consents, certificates, registrations, rights, rights of way, entitlements and other approvals which are required from any governmental or regulatory authority or any other person necessary to the conduct of their business and activities as currently conducted, and to the conduct of their business as proposed to be conducted pursuant to the use of funds proposal underlying the proposed placement, including but not limited to those required under applicable mining and environmental laws (“Authorizations”); and (iii) are in material compliance with all terms and conditions of such Authorizations, and such Authorizations are in full force and effect in all material respects; and (iv) have not received any notice of the modification, suspension, revocation, cancellation or non-renewal of, or any intention to modify, suspend, revoke, cancel or not renew or any proceeding relating to the modification, suspension, revocation, cancellation or non-renewal of any such Authorizations, and no Authorizations will be subject to modification, suspension, revocation, cancellation or non-renewal as a result of the execution and delivery of this Agreement or the Closing;

 

(w)except to the extent qualified by the Vargas Opinion, which the Subscriber acknowledges having received, the Issuer and each of its Material Subsidiaries (i) own, hold or lease all such properties as are necessary to the conduct of their respective businesses as currently operated, and to the conduct of their business as proposed to be conducted pursuant to the use of funds proposal underlying the proposed placement; and (ii) have good and marketable title under Applicable Laws to all real property and good and marketable title to all personal property owned by them that constitute the Los Azules Project and the Elder Creek Project and to all material personal property owned by them in the conduct of their business on the Los Azules Project and the Elder Creek Project, in each case free and clear of all liens, encumbrances and defects; and any real property and buildings to be held under lease or sublease by the Issuer and the Material Subsidiaries are held by them under valid, subsisting and enforceable leases; (A) the “Los Azules Project” means the Los Azules project owned by ACM and located in the San Juan Province, Argentina, which involves exploration, development and other operations on the mineral properties, claims and any other mineral rights listed in, and depicted by the maps in, Exhibit “F” hereto, and which includes the project described in the technical report entitled “SEC S-K 229.1304 Initial Assessment Individual Disclosure for the Los Azules Project, Argentina” with an effective reporting date of September 1, 2017 prepared by Mining Plus; and (B) the “Elder Creek Project” means the project commonly known as the Elder Creek project, which is owned by NPGUS LLC and located near Elder Creek, Nevada, USA, which involves exploration, development and other operations on the mineral properties, claims and any other mineral rights comprising such project;

 

 

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(x)except to the extent qualified by the Vargas Opinion, all interests in material mining claims, concessions, exploration, reconnaissance, exploitation or extraction rights, surface rights, subsurface rights or similar rights, (“Mining Claims”) that are held by the Issuer or any of the Material Subsidiaries, held by way of Authorizations or otherwise, are in good standing, are valid and enforceable, are free and clear of any encumbrances and no royalty is payable in respect of any of them, except as disclosed in the Vargas Opinion;

 

(y)no other material property rights are necessary for the conduct of the business as currently conducted, or for the conduct of the business as proposed to be conducted pursuant to the use of funds proposal underlying the proposed placement, in each case by the Issuer and the Material Subsidiaries;

 

(z)except as provided in the Vargas Opinion, there are no material restrictions on the ability of the Issuer and the Material Subsidiaries to use, transfer or otherwise exploit any such property rights;

 

(aa)except as set out in the Vargas Opinion, there are no Claims to which the Issuer or any of its Material Subsidiaries is a party or of which any property, including Authorizations and Mining Claims, of the Issuer or any of its Material Subsidiaries is the subject; and, no such proceedings are threatened or pending by governmental authorities or any other person; there is no agreement, judgment, injunction, order or decree binding upon the Issuer or its Material Subsidiaries that has or would reasonably be expected to have the effect of prohibiting, restricting or materially impairing any business practice of the Issuer or its Material Subsidiaries;

 

(bb)no dispute between the Issuer or the Material Subsidiaries and any local, native or indigenous group exists or to the knowledge of the Issuer is threatened or reasonably likely with respect to the Los Azules Project and the Elder Creek Project or the business activities of the Issuer and the Material Subsidiaries;

 

(cc)the Issuer’s draft unaudited financial statements for the periods ending December 31, 2021 and December 31, 2022, copies of which the Issuer has provided to the Subscriber, have been prepared in accordance with International Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRS”) and present fairly the consolidated financial position and results of operation and changes in the financial position of the Issuer and its Material Subsidiaries and such accounts fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, financial performance and cash flows of the Issuer for the periods ended December 31, 2021 and December 31, 2022; neither the Issuer nor the Material Subsidiaries have any material liabilities, obligations, indebtedness or commitments, whether accrued, absolute, contingent or otherwise required to be disclosed under IFRS, which are not disclosed in the Issuer’s financial statements, and the Issuer and the Material Subsidiaries have conducted their respective businesses in the ordinary course since December 31, 2022 until the Closing Date;

 

(dd)the audited consolidated financial statements for ACM for the period ending December 31, 2022, a copy of which has been provided to the Subscriber, are prepared in accordance with Argentine GAAP and present fairly the consolidated financial position and results of operation and changes in the financial position of ACM and its subsidiaries and such accounts fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, financial performance and cash flows of ACM for the periods indicated; as at the Closing Date, neither ACM nor its subsidiaries have any material liabilities, obligations, indebtedness or commitments, whether accrued, absolute, contingent or otherwise required to be disclosed under Argentine GAAP, which are not disclosed in ACM’s financial statements and each of ACM and its subsidiaries have conducted their respective businesses in the ordinary course since December 31, 2022 until the Closing Date;

 

 

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(ee)the Issuer and the Material Subsidiaries have filed all Tax Returns required to be filed under Applicable Laws when due and all such Tax Returns were correct and complete in all respects and have paid all taxes required to be paid by them and any other assessment, fine or penalty levied against them, to the extent that any of the foregoing is due and payable;

 

(ff)any deductions taken or claimed in computing the income of any of the Issuer or the Material Subsidiaries for Tax purposes have been taken or claimed in accordance with Applicable Law;

 

(gg)there are no Encumbrances on any of the assets of the Issuer or of the Material Subsidiaries that arose in connection with any failure (or any alleged failure) to pay any Tax when due;

 

(hh)all Taxes required to be paid under Applicable Laws have been paid by each of the Issuer and the Material Subsidiaries or an adequate reserve under IFRS has been recorded in respect thereof in the accounting records of the Issuer or the Material Subsidiaries, and each of the Issuer and the Material Subsidiaries has made adequate and timely installments of all Taxes required to be made by it under Applicable Laws. Neither the Issuer nor any of the Material Subsidiaries has incurred any liability, whether actual or contingent, for Taxes or engaged in any transaction or event that would result in any liability, whether actual or contingent, for Taxes or realized any income or gain for Tax purposes otherwise than in the usual and ordinary course of its business;

 

(ii)there are no notices of assessment or reassessment of, or notices of audits, investigations or Claims with respect to, unpaid liabilities for Taxes issued by any Tax Authority which have been received by any of the Issuer or the Material Subsidiaries. There are no assessments, proceedings, investigations, audits or Claims now pending or, to the knowledge of the Issuer, threatened against any of the Issuer or the Material Subsidiaries in respect of any Taxes and there are no matters under discussion, investigation, audit or appeal with any Tax Authority in respect of any of the Issuer or the Material Subsidiaries. The Issuer is not aware of any contingent liability of any of the Issuer or the Material Subsidiaries for Taxes or any grounds that could prompt an assessment or reassessment for Taxes;

 

(jj)each of the Issuer and the Material Subsidiaries has deducted, withheld, collected and remitted within the time limits required by Applicable Laws all amounts required by Applicable Laws to have been deducted, withheld, collected and remitted in connection with amounts paid or owing to any employee, independent contractor, creditor, shareholder or other third party;

 

(kk)none of the Issuer or the Material Subsidiaries are party to any agreement, waiver or arrangement with any Tax Authority that relates to any extension of time with respect to the filing of any Tax Return, any payment of Taxes or any assessment;

 

 

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(ll)no facts, circumstances or events exist or have existed that have resulted in, or may result in, the application of any of sections 15, 17, 67, 78 to 80.04 of the Tax Act (or any similar provision of an Applicable Law of any province or territory of Canada) to any of the Issuer or the Material Subsidiaries;

 

(mm)none of the Issuer or the Material Subsidiaries are subject to liability for Taxes of any other person. None of the Issuer or the Material Subsidiaries have acquired property from any person in circumstances where any such company could become liable for Taxes of such person. None of the Issuer or the Material Subsidiaries have entered into any agreement with, or provided any undertaking to, any person pursuant to which it has assumed liability for the payment of income Taxes owing by such person;

 

(nn)none of the Issuer or the Material Subsidiaries has ever been required to file any Tax Return with, and has never been liable to pay any Taxes to, any Tax Authority in any jurisdiction in which it is not currently filing any Tax Returns. No Claim has ever been made by a Tax Authority in a jurisdiction where any of the Issuer or the Material Subsidiaries does not file Tax Returns that the Issuer or the Material Subsidiaries is or may be subject to the imposition of any Tax by that jurisdiction;

 

(oo)any of the Issuer or the Material Subsidiaries that are required to be registered (i) with the Canada Revenue Agency under Subdivision d of Division V of Part IX of the Excise Tax Act (Canada) for the purposes of goods and services sales tax and the harmonized sales tax (“GST/HST”), or (ii) under any Applicable Law of a province in respect of sales tax are so registered, and any such registration numbers have been provided to the Subscriber. Any input tax credits, rebates and similar refunds claimed by the Issuer or the Material Subsidiaries for GST/HST or provincial sales tax purposes were calculated in accordance with Applicable Laws;

 

(pp)the Issuer and the Material Subsidiaries have complied with all information reporting and record keeping requirements under Applicable Laws, including retention and maintenance of required records with respect thereto;

 

(qq)neither the Issuer nor any of the Material Subsidiaries have owned any (i) real or immovable property situated in Canada (as defined in the Tax Act), (ii) Canadian resource properties (as defined in the Tax Act), (iii) timber resource properties (as defined in the Tax Act), or (iv) options in respect or, or interests in, or for civil law, a right in, property described in any of (i) to (iii), whether or not the property exists;

 

(rr)none of the Issuer or the Material Subsidiaries have engaged in any “reportable transaction” as defined in subsection 237.3(1) of the Tax Act or any “notifiable transaction” as defined in proposed subsection 237.4(1) of the Tax Act (as such provisions are proposed to be amended or introduced), as applicable, by the legislative proposals released by the Minister of Finance (Canada) on August 9, 2022;

 

(ss)all transactions entered into by the Issuer and the Material Subsidiaries have been entered into on an arm’s length basis and the consideration (if any) charged, received or paid by the Issuer or the Material Subsidiaries, as the case may be, on all transactions entered into by it has been equal to the consideration which might have been expected to be charged, received or paid, as applicable, been independent persons dealing at arm’s length and no notice or inquiry by any Tax Authority has been made in connection with any such transactions. The Issuer and the Material Subsidiaries have complied in all material respects with relevant transfer pricing laws (including section 247 of the Tax Act), including preparing contemporaneous documentation and other documents contemplated thereby;

 

 

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(tt)there are no liens for taxes on the assets of the Issuer or the Material Subsidiaries, there are no audits of any of the tax returns of the Issuer or the Material Subsidiaries reasonably expected to have a material adverse effect on the properties, business or assets of the Issuer or the Material Subsidiaries which are pending, and there are no Claims which have been or may be asserted relating to any such tax returns which, if determined adversely, would result in the assertion by any government agency of any deficiency which would have a material adverse effect on the properties, business or assets of the Issuer or the Material Subsidiaries;

 

(uu)none of the Issuer or the Material Subsidiaries have applied for, filed for, or otherwise claimed any COVID-19 Relief;

 

(vv)none of the Issuer or the Material Subsidiaries will be required to include any item of income in, or exclude any item or deduction from, taxable income for any taxation year or portion thereof ending after the Closing Date as a result of the use of an improper method of accounting for a taxation year ending before the Closing Date;

 

(ww)neither the Issuer nor any of its Material Subsidiaries are insolvent or in liquidation or administration or subject to any other insolvency procedure and no receiver, manager, trustee, custodian or analogous officer has been appointed in respect of all or any part of its property, undertaking or assets; neither steps have been taken nor legal, legislative or administrative proceedings have been started or threatened to wind up, dissolve, make dormant, or eliminate the Issuer or any of its Material Subsidiaries; and the Issuer does not have any knowledge of any event or circumstance that could reasonably be expected to lead to or result in the winding up, liquidation, dissolution, elimination or insolvency of the Issuer or any Material Subsidiary;

 

(xx)neither the Issuer nor its subsidiaries and, to the Issuer’s knowledge, none of their respective directors, officers, supervisors, managers, employees, or agents has: (A) violated any Applicable Laws relating to anti-bribery and anti-corruption, including the Corruption of Foreign Public Officials Act (Canada), the Criminal Code (Canada), Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977 (United States) or any other applicable anti-corruption laws of any relevant jurisdiction (“Anti-Corruption Laws”) or Applicable Laws relating to export control, or economic and financial sanctions laws (“Sanctions Laws”), (B) made, given, authorized, made, or offered anything of value, including any payment, facilitation payment, loan, reward, gift, contribution, expenditure or other advantage, directly or indirectly, (i) to any person in violation of the Anti-Corruption Laws, or (ii) to or for the benefit of a government official in order to improperly influence any act or decision of a government official, induce a government official to do or omit to do any act in violation of their lawful duty or secure any improper advantage, or (C) used any corporate funds, or made any direct or indirect unlawful payment from corporate funds for any unlawful contribution, gift, entertainment or other unlawful expense relating to political activity;

 

(yy)the operations of the Issuer and its subsidiaries are and have been conducted at all times in compliance with applicable financial record-keeping and reporting requirements of the money laundering statutes of all applicable jurisdictions, the rules and regulations thereunder and any related or similar rules, regulations or guidelines, issued, administered or enforced by any governmental authority (“Money Laundering Laws”) and no action, suit or proceeding by or before any court of governmental authority or any arbitrator non-governmental authority involving the Issuer or its subsidiaries with respect to the Money Laundering Laws is pending or, to the knowledge of the Issuer, threatened;

 

 

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(zz)neither the Issuer nor its subsidiaries nor any of their respective directors, officers, supervisors, managers, employees, or agents is (i) a person currently identified, listed or designated under the Sanctions Laws, (ii) a person located, organized, resident, doing business or operating in a country or territory that is, or whose government is, the subject of Sanctions Laws which prohibit a person resident in, or a national of, Canada, the United States, the United Kingdom, or the European Union from doing business with or in that jurisdiction, or (iii) a person directly or indirectly owned or controlled by, or acting for the benefit or on behalf of, a person described in clause (i) or (ii) (a “Sanctioned Person”). Neither the Issuer nor any of its subsidiaries (i) has assets or operations located in a jurisdiction in violation of Sanctions Laws, or (ii) directly or indirectly derives revenues from or engages in investments, dealings, activities or transactions with any Sanctioned Person or which otherwise violate Sanctions Laws;

 

(aaa)the data or information with respect to the business and activities of the Issuer and Material Subsidiaries disclosed on the EDGAR system by MUX is complete and correct in all material respects and does not contain any untrue statement of material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary in order to make the statement contained therein not misleading in the circumstances; and

 

(bbb)the data or information made available to Subscriber by or on behalf of the Issuer: (i) does not, when taken as a whole, create a false impression of the development and operations of the Los Azules Project and the Elder Creek Project as at the date of this Agreement, (ii) was, to the knowledge of the Issuer at the time when such data or information was created by or for the Issuer, accurate in all material respects, and (iii) was prepared in good faith for the purposes of informing the Subscriber about the business and activities of the Issuer and Material Subsidiaries and in doing so, the Issuer has not:

 

(i)omitted anything that the Issuer, acting reasonably, considers is material from such data or information; or

 

(ii)included anything that the Issuer, acting reasonably, considers is materially misleading in such data or information.

 

9.Indemnity

 

9.1           The Issuer shall indemnify and hold harmless the Subscriber and its officers, directors, employees and other representatives (the “Subscriber Indemnified Parties”) from and against any and all claims asserted against any of them, or any Losses incurred or suffered by any of them, or any Losses of the Issuer which result in a decrease in the value of the Common Shares held by the Subscriber, and directly or indirectly arising from or in connection with:

 

(a)any breach or inaccuracy of any representation or warranty made by the Issuer in this Agreement; and

 

(b)any failure of the Issuer to perform or observe any covenant or agreement to be performed or observed by it under this Agreement.

 

 

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If the Issuer indemnifies the Subscriber Indemnified Parties pursuant to this Agreement, or Minera Andes Inc. or MUX indemnifies the Subscriber Indemnified Parties pursuant to the Share Purchase Agreement, in respect of any matter the Issuer shall not subsequently be liable to indemnify the other Subscriber Indemnified Parties for the same matter, to the extent that doing so would result in a duplicate recovery.

 

10.Waiver

 

10.1         The Subscriber hereby waives, to the fullest extent permitted by law, any rights of withdrawal, rescission or compensation for damages to which the Subscriber may be entitled in connection with the distribution of any of the Common Shares.

 

11.Escrow OR LOCK-UP of COMMON Shares

 

11.1        The Subscriber acknowledges that the Issuer is not currently a reporting issuer in any jurisdiction. If the Issuer completes an initial public offering that results in the Common Shares or other securities in the capital of the Issuer becoming listed on a stock exchange in Canada or the United States of America, or the Issuer completes a reverse takeover, statutory merger or amalgamation, arrangement, share exchange, business combination or other similar transaction which results in a class of shares of the issuer resulting from such transaction being listed (the “Resulting Issuer”) on a stock exchange in Canada or the United States of America and the shareholders of the Issuer receiving such listed securities of the Resulting Issuer and/or cash in exchange for their Common Shares (in each case, a “Liquidity Event”), the Common Shares may be required to be escrowed or locked-up, either at the request of the Issuer’s selling agent or underwriter for a period not to exceed 180 days in connection with the Liquidity Event, or otherwise pursuant to the rules of any stock exchange, securities commission or other securities regulatory authority having jurisdiction, and the Subscriber agrees to sign any such escrow or lock-up agreement and abide by any such restrictions as may be so imposed, provided such restrictions are the same as those imposed on the other shareholders of the Resulting Issuer who hold more than 2% of the shares of the Resulting Issuer.

 

12.Collection of Personal Information

 

12.1         The Subscriber acknowledges and consents to the fact that the Issuer is collecting the Subscriber’s personal information for the purpose of fulfilling this Agreement and completing the Offering. The Subscriber acknowledges that its personal information (and, if applicable, the personal information of any person on whose behalf the Subscriber is contracting hereunder) may be included in record books in connection with the Offering and may be disclosed by the Issuer to: (i) stock exchanges or securities regulatory authorities; (ii) the Issuer’s registrar and transfer agent; (iii) Canadian or U.S. tax authorities; (iv) the U.S. Financial Crimes Enforcement Network and authorities pursuant, among other legislation, to the Proceeds of Crime (Money Laundering) and Terrorist Financing Act (Canada); and (v) any other parties involved in the Offering, including the Issuer’s counsel. By executing this Agreement, the Subscriber is deemed to be consenting to the foregoing collection, use and disclosure of the Subscriber’s personal information (and, if applicable, the personal information of any other person on whose behalf the Subscriber is contracting hereunder) for the foregoing purposes and to the retention of such personal information for as long as permitted or required by Applicable Laws. Notwithstanding that the Subscriber may be purchasing the Common Shares as agent on behalf of an undisclosed principal, the Subscriber agrees to provide, on request, particulars as to the nature and identity of such undisclosed principal, and any interest that such undisclosed principal has in the Issuer, all as may be required by the Issuer in order to comply with the foregoing. Furthermore, the Subscriber is hereby notified that:

 

(a)the Issuer may deliver to any securities commission having jurisdiction over the Issuer, the Subscriber or this Subscription, including any Canadian provincial securities commissions, the United States Securities and Exchange Commission and/or any state securities commissions (collectively, the “Commissions”), certain personal information pertaining to the Subscriber, including the Subscriber’s full name, residential address and telephone number, the number of securities of the Issuer owned by the Subscriber, the number of Common Shares purchased by the Subscriber, the total Subscription Amount paid, the prospectus exemption relied on by the Issuer and the date of distribution of the Common Shares;

 

 

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(b)such information is being collected indirectly by the Commissions under the authority granted to them in applicable securities laws;

 

(c)such information is being collected for the purposes of the administration and enforcement of applicable securities laws; and

 

(d)in Ontario, the Administrative Support Clerk, Suite 1903, Box 55, 20 Queen Street West, Toronto ON, M5H 3S8, Telephone: (416) 593-3684 is the public official who can answer questions about the collection of personal information.

 

13.Costs

 

13.1         The Subscriber acknowledges and agrees that all costs and expenses incurred by the Subscriber (including any fees and disbursements of any legal counsel or tax or financial advisors retained by the Subscriber) relating to the subscription of the Common Shares will be paid by the Subscriber.

 

14.Delivery of Subscription Agreement

 

14.1         The Issuer and the Issuer’s counsel will be entitled to rely on delivery by DocuSign or other means of electronic communication of an executed copy of this Agreement, and acceptance by the Issuer of such copy will be equally effective to create a valid and binding agreement between the Subscriber and the Issuer in accordance with the terms hereof. If less than a complete copy of this Agreement is delivered to the Issuer or the Issuer’s counsel prior to or at Closing, the Issuer and the Issuer’s counsel are entitled to assume that the Subscriber accepts and agrees to all of the terms and conditions of the pages not delivered prior to or at Closing as written herein, unaltered.

 

15.Governing Law

 

15.1         This Agreement and all matters related hereto or arising herefrom are governed by the laws of the Province of Ontario and the federal laws of Canada applicable therein. Each of the Issuer and the Subscriber irrevocably attorns to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts of the Province of Ontario in all matters related to, or arising from, this Agreement.

 

16.Survival

 

16.1         This Agreement, including the representations, warranties and covenants contained herein, will survive and continue in full force and effect and be binding upon the Issuer and the Subscriber, notwithstanding the completion of the subscription of the Common Shares by the Subscriber.

 

 

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17.Assignment

 

17.1          This Agreement is not transferable or assignable.

 

18.Severability

 

18.1          The invalidity or unenforceability of any particular provision of this Agreement will not affect or limit the validity or enforceability of the remaining provisions of this Agreement.

 

19.Entire Agreement

 

19.1         This Agreement and the other Transaction Documents (as defined in the Share Purchase Agreement) constitute the entire agreement between the parties and supersede all prior agreements, understandings, negotiations and discussions, whether oral or written, of the parties and their respective affiliates, as applicable, related to such matters. The parties have not relied and are not relying on any other information, discussion or understanding in entering into this Agreement.

 

20.Notices

 

20.1         All notices and other communications hereunder will be in writing and will be deemed to have been duly given if mailed or transmitted by any standard form of telecommunication, including DocuSign, electronic mail or other means of electronic communication capable of producing a printed copy. Notices to the Subscriber will be directed to the address of the Subscriber set forth on page iii of this Agreement and notices to the Issuer will be directed to the address of the Issuer set forth on the first page of this Agreement.

 

21.Counterparts and Electronic Means

 

21.1         This Agreement may be executed in any number of counterparts, each of which, when so executed and delivered, will constitute an original and all of which together will constitute one instrument. Delivery of an executed copy of this Agreement by DocuSign or other means of electronic communication capable of producing a printed copy will be deemed to be execution and delivery of this Agreement as of the Closing Date.

 

22.Schedules, Exhibits and Appendices

 

22.1         The schedules, exhibits and appendices attached hereto form part of this Agreement.

 

 

 

 

SCHEDULE “A”
DEFINITIONS

 

The terms defined in this Schedule “A” shall, for all purposes of this Agreement, have the following meanings:

 

Applicable Laws” means all applicable domestic or foreign national, federal, provincial, territorial, state, regional and local laws (whether statutory or common law or equity), rules, ordinances (including zoning and mineral removal ordinances), regulations, grants, concessions, franchises, licences, orders, directives, judgments, decrees, and other governmental restrictions, including permits and other similar requirements, whether legislative, municipal, administrative or judicial in nature and in any case, issued, enacted, promulgated, enforced or entered by any Governmental Authority (including environmental laws, mining laws and any applicable securities laws and any applicable rules of any stock exchange imposing disclosure requirements);

 

Claim” means any material actual or threatened civil, criminal, administrative, regulatory, arbitral or investigative inquiry, action, suit or proceeding and any notice, demand or claim resulting therefrom or any other claim or demand of whatever nature or kind;

 

COVID-19 Relief” means any support payments, loans, benefits, wage or other subsidies or other incentives provided, in each case, as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic from any Governmental Authority or financial institution;

 

Encumbrance” means any encumbrance, mortgage, lien, charge, pledge or security interest, whether fixed or floating, or any assignment, lease, option, right of pre-emption, privilege, usufruct, easement, encroachment, hypothec, pledge, title retention agreement, reservation of title, servitude, right of way, restrictive covenant, restriction on transfer, right of occupation or other adverse claim or restriction on use, in any case, regardless of form, whether or not registered or registrable and whether or not consensual or arising by Applicable Laws, including any or any matter capable of registration, or any other right or claim of any kind or nature whatever which affects ownership or possession of, or title to, any interest in, or the right to use or occupy, property or assets;

 

Governmental Authority” means any (i) domestic or foreign government, whether national, federal, provincial, territorial, regional, county, state, municipal or local or other governmental or public department, (ii) any central bank, court, individual arbitrator or arbitration panel, commission, board, bureau, agency or instrumentality, domestic or foreign, (iii) subdivision or authority of any of the foregoing, (iv) securities regulatory authority or stock exchange, and (v) quasi-governmental, self-regulatory organization or private body exercising any regulatory, expropriation or taxing authority under or for the account of any of the foregoing; in each case, having jurisdiction in the relevant circumstances;

 

Liabilities” means, with respect any person, any and all indebtedness, liabilities, commitments and obligations of any kind of such person, whether fixed, contingent or absolute, matured or unmatured, liquidated or unliquidated, accrued or not accrued, asserted or not asserted, known or unknown, determined, determinable or otherwise, whenever or however arising (including whether arising out of any contract, tort based on negligence or strict liability or Applicable Laws);

 

Losses” means, with respect to any person, any and all losses, Liabilities, Claims, obligations, judgments, fines, settlement payments, awards or damages of any kind actually suffered or incurred by such person (together with all reasonably incurred cash disbursements, costs and expenses, costs of investigation, defence and appeal and reasonable legal fees and expenses), whether or not involving any Third Party Claim;

 

 

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MAI” means Minera Andes Inc.;

 

MUX” means McEwen Mining Inc.;

 

person” means a natural person, partnership, limited partnership, limited liability partnership, corporation, limited liability company, joint stock company, trust, unincorporated association, joint venture, juridical person or Governmental Authority, and related personal pronouns have a similarly extended meaning, as the context requires;

 

Share Purchase Agreement” means the share purchase agreement dated October [●], 2023 among the Issuer, MAI, MUX, and the Subscriber;

 

Tax Act” means the Income Tax Act (Canada) as amended from time to time, including the regulations promulgated thereunder;

 

Tax Authority” means any Governmental Authority having jurisdiction over the assessment, determination, collection, administration or imposition of any Taxes;

 

Tax Returns” means all returns, elections, claims for refunds, designations, reports, declarations, statements, bills, schedules, estimates, information returns, forms, or other written information (whether in tangible electronic or other form) made, prepared or filed or required to be made, prepared or filed in respect of Taxes under Applicable Laws, including any schedule or attachment thereto, and including any amendment thereof;

 

Taxes” means all federal, national, state, provincial, territorial, county, municipal, or local taxes, whether domestic or foreign, and all duties, imposts, levies, assessments, tariffs and other charges imposed, assessed or collected by a Tax Authority, including (i) any income, gross income, net income, gross receipts, net worth, business, royalty, capital, capital gains, goods and services, harmonized sales, value added, severance, stamp, franchise, occupation, premium, capital stock, sales and use, real property, land transfer, personal property, ad valorem, transfer, licence, profits, windfall profits, payroll, environmental, employment, employer health, pension plan, anti-dumping, countervail, excise, severance, stamp, occupation or premium tax, (ii) all withholdings on amounts paid to or by the relevant person, (iii) all employment insurance premiums, pension plan contributions or premiums, (iv) any fine, penalty, interest, surcharge or addition to tax, (v) any tax imposed, assessed, or collected or payable pursuant to any tax-sharing agreement or any other contract relating to the sharing or payment of any such tax, levy, assessment, tariff, duty, deficiency or fee, (vi) claw-backs, repayments, obligations or other liabilities under or in respect of any COVID-19 Relief and (vii) any tax of a type referred to in this paragraph that is payable by a person as a result of being a member of an affiliated, consolidated, combined or unitary group, or as a result of succeeding to such liability as a result of merger, conversion or asset transfer or as a result of any obligation under any tax sharing arrangement or indemnity agreement;

 

Third Party” means any person other than a party hereto or an affiliate of a party hereto; and

 

Third Party Claim” means any Claim for which the Issuer may have liability to any Subscriber Indemnified Party hereunder is asserted against or sought to be collected from any Subscriber Indemnified Party by a Third Party.

 

 

A-1 

 

Exhibit "A"
U.S. INVESTOR QUESTIONNAIRE

 

Capitalized terms used in this U.S. Investor Questionnaire (this "Questionnaire") and not specifically defined have the meaning ascribed to them in the Private Placement Subscription Agreement (the "Agreement") between the undersigned (or, if the undersigned is purchasing the Common Shares as agent on behalf of a disclosed beneficial purchaser, such beneficial purchaser) (in any case, the "Subscriber") and McEwen Copper Inc. (the "Issuer") to which this Exhibit "A" is attached.

 

In connection with the purchase by the Subscriber of the Common Shares, the Subscriber hereby represents, warrants and certifies to the Issuer that the Subscriber:

 

(i)is acquiring the Common Shares for investment purposes and for its own account, and pursuant to one or more exemptions from the registration requirements under applicable U.S. federal and state law;

 

(ii)is resident in the jurisdiction set out as at the "Subscriber's Address" set out on page ii of the Agreement; and

 

(iii)has not been provided with any offering memorandum in connection with the purchase of the Common Shares.

 

In connection with the acquisition of the Common Shares, the Subscriber hereby represents, warrants and certifies to, and covenants and agrees with, the Issuer that the Subscriber meets one or more of the following criteria:

 

I.            SUBSCRIBERS PURCHASING UNDER THE "ACCREDITED INVESTOR" EXEMPTION

 

The Subscriber is an "accredited investor" as such term is defined in Regulation D promulgated under the 1933 Act, by virtue of satisfying the indicated criterion below (YOU MUST PLACE A CHECK-MARK ON THE APPROPRIATE LINE(S))

 

¨  

I certify that I am an accredited investor because I have an individual net worth1, or my spouse or spousal equivalent and I have a combined net worth, in excess of $1,000,000.

 

¨  

I certify that I am an accredited investor because I had individual income (exclusive of any income attributable to my spouse or spousal equivalent) of more than $200,000 in each of the past two years, or joint income with my spouse or spousal equivalent of more than $300,000 in each of those years, and I reasonably expect to reach the same income level in the current year.2

 

 

 

1 For purposes of this Questionnaire, (i) “net worth” means the excess of total assets at fair market value, including home furnishings and automobiles, over total liabilities; (ii) Subscriber may not count the value of Subscriber’s primary residence in net worth, and if the amount of debt on Subscriber’s primary residence exceeds its value, Subscriber must count the excess against net worth; and (iii) Subscriber does not need to count as a liability debt secured by the Subscriber’s primary residence up to the value of the residence, unless the amount of such debt exceeds the amount that was outstanding 60 days prior, other than debt resulting from the acquisition of the primary residence.

2 For purposes of this Questionnaire, “individual income” means adjusted gross income, as reported for Federal income tax purposes, less any income attributable to a spouse or to property owned by a spouse, increased by the following amounts (but not including any amounts attributable to a spouse or to property owned by a spouse): (i) the amount of any tax-exempt interest income under Section 103 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “Code”); (ii) the amount of losses claimed as a limited partner in a limited partnership as reported on Schedule E of Form 1040; (iii) the amount of any deduction, including the allowance for depletion, under Section 611 et seq. of the Code; (iv) amounts contributed to an Individual Retirement Account (as defined in the Code) or Keogh retirement plan; (v) alimony paid; and (vi) any elective contributions to a cash or deferred arrangement under Code §401(k). For purposes of this Subscription Agreement, “joint income” means adjusted gross income, as reported for Federal income tax purposes, including any income attributable to a spouse or to property owned by a spouse, increased by the foregoing items (i) through (vi), (including any amounts attributable to a spouse or to property owned by a spouse).

 

 

A-2 

 

¨  

I certify that I am a natural person who holds, in good standing, one of the following professional licenses: the General Securities Representative license (Series 7), the Private Securities Offerings Representative license (Series 82), or the Investment Adviser Representative license (Series 65).

 

¨  

I certify that I am a “family client,” as defined in Rule 202(a)(11)(G)-1 under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, as amended (the “Advisers Act”), of a family office (meeting the requirements of a family office as identified below in Section 3 of this Questionnaire), and whose prospective investment in Issuer is directed by a Family Officer Director (as defined below).

 

¨   The Subscriber hereby certifies that it is an accredited investor because it is a bank as defined in 1933 Act §3(a)(2) or a savings and loan association or other institution as defined in 1933 Act §3(a)(5)(A), acting in its individual or fiduciary capacity.
¨  

The Subscriber hereby certifies that it is an accredited investor because it is a broker-dealer registered pursuant to Section 15 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“1934 Act”).

 

¨  

The Subscriber hereby certifies that it is an accredited investor because it is an insurance company as defined in 1933 Act §2(13).

 

¨  

The Subscriber hereby certifies that it is an accredited investor because it is an investment company registered under the Investment Company Act of 1940 (the “1940 Act”) or a business development company as defined in 1940 Act §2(a)(48).

 

¨  

The Subscriber hereby certifies that it is an accredited investor because it is a Small Business Investment Company licensed by the U.S. Small Business Administration under Section 301(c) or (d) of the Small Business Investment Act of 1958.

 

¨  

The Subscriber hereby certifies that it is an accredited investor because it is a plan established and maintained by a state, its political subdivisions, or any agency or instrumentality of a state or its political subdivisions, for the benefit of its employees, and such plan has total assets in excess of $5 million.

 

¨  

The Subscriber hereby certifies that it is an accredited investor because it is a self-directed plan in which investment decisions are made solely by persons that are accredited investors

 

¨  

The Subscriber hereby certifies that it is an accredited investor because it is a private business development company as defined in Section 202(a)(22) of the Advisers Act.

 

¨  

The Subscriber hereby certifies that it is an accredited investor because it is (i) an organization described in Code §501(c)(3), a corporation, a limited liability company, a Massachusetts or similar business trust, or a partnership, (ii) was not formed for the specific purpose of acquiring the Common Shares, and (iii) has total assets in excess of $5,000,000.

 

 

 

A-3 

 

¨  

The Subscriber hereby certifies that it is an accredited investor because it is a trust with total assets in excess of $5,000,000, not formed for the specific purpose of acquiring the Common Shares, whose purchase is directed by a sophisticated person. As used in the foregoing sentence, a “sophisticated person” is one who has such knowledge and experience in financial and business matters that it is capable of evaluating the merits and risks of the prospective investment.

 

¨  

The Subscriber hereby certifies that it is an accredited investor because all of its equity owners are accredited investors.

 

¨  

The Subscriber hereby certifies that it is an investment adviser registered pursuant to Section 203 of the Advisers Act or registered pursuant to the laws of a state.

 

¨  

The Subscriber hereby certifies that it is an investment adviser relying on the exemption from registering with the SEC under Section 203(l) or (m) of the Advisers Act.

 

¨  

The Subscriber hereby certifies that it is a “Rural Business Investment Company” as defined in Section 384A of the Consolidated Farm and Rural Development Act.

 

x  

The Subscriber hereby certifies that it is an entity of a type not specifically identified listed in this Questionnaire, that it is not formed for the specific purpose of acquiring the Common Shares and owns “investments” in excess of $5 million. For purposes of this clause, "investments" is defined in Rule 2a51-1 adopted under the 1940 Act.

 

¨  

The Subscriber hereby certifies that it is a “family office”, as defined in Rule 202(a)(11)(G)- 1 under the Advisers Act, that: (i) has assets under management in excess of $5 million; (ii) is not formed for the specific purpose of acquiring the Common Shares; and (iii) has a person directing the prospective investment who has such knowledge and experience in financial and business matters so that the family office is capable of evaluating the merits and risks of the prospective investment in the Common Shares (a “Family Office Director”).

 

 

The Subscriber agrees that the above representations and warranties will be true and correct both as of the execution of this Questionnaire and as of the Closing and acknowledges that they will survive the completion of the issue of the Common Shares.

 

The Subscriber acknowledges that the foregoing representations and warranties are made by the Subscriber with the intent that they be relied upon in determining the suitability of the Subscriber to acquire the Common Shares and that this Questionnaire is incorporated into and forms part of the Agreement and the undersigned undertakes to immediately notify the Issuer of any change in any statement or other information relating to the Subscriber set forth herein which takes place prior to the closing time of the purchase and sale of any of the Common Shares.

 

The Subscriber undertakes to immediately notify the Issuer of any change in any statement or other information relating to the Subscriber set forth in the Agreement or in this Questionnaire which takes place prior to the Closing.

 

 

A-4 

 

By completing this Questionnaire, the Subscriber authorizes the indirect collection of this information by each applicable regulatory authority or regulator and acknowledges that such information is made available to the public under applicable laws.

 

DATED as of _______ day of October, 2023.

 

 

 

 

Print Name of Subscriber (or person signing as agent of the Subscriber) 

 

  By:  
    Signature
 

 

  Print Name of Subscriber (or person signing as agent of the Subscriber)

 

 

B-1 

 

Exhibit "B"
term sheet

 

Binding Term Sheet for Subscription of Shares

 

This binding term sheet (this “Term Sheet) sets out the principal terms and conditions of a strategic purchase (the “Transaction”) by Nuton LLC (Nuton) of equity from McEwen Copper Inc. (the Company,” and together with Nuton, the “Parties”), and constitutes a commitment by the Parties to negotiate in good faith and enter into the applicable definitive agreements. This Term Sheet is not an exhaustive list of all the terms and conditions of the Transaction. The principal terms and conditions outlined herein remain subject to further change based on continuing negotiation between the Parties.

 

Issuer:McEwen Copper Inc., a private Alberta company, 51.9%-owned by McEwen Mining Inc. (MUX: NYSE, TSX).
  
 

The Company owns a 100% interest in the development stage Los Azules copper property, located in San Juan, Argentina and a 100% interest in the Elder Creek copper exploration property in Nevada (Elder Creek is subject to an earn-in agreement with Rio Tinto).

 

The Company currently has 28,885,000 common shares outstanding (basic and fully diluted).

 

Significant shareholders, in addition to the Parent Company, are: 13.8% Rob McEwen, 14.2% Nuton LLC (a Rio Tinto Venture), 14.2% Stellantis, 3.5% Victor Smorgon Group, ~2.4% Other Investors.

 

The significant shareholders and the number of common shares outstanding will change with the closing of the Company’s forthcoming transaction with Stellantis.

 

Investor:Nuton LLC

 

Placement:152,615 of the Issuer’s Common Shares (for aggregate gross proceeds of US$3,967,990) to Investor (the “Shares”), resulting in pro forma shareholding (post-current equity financing round) in the Issuer of 14.5%
  
 Notice of the proposed issuance of the Issuer’s Common Shares having been delivered to shareholders on or about October 10, 2023, pursuant to the unanimous shareholder agreement of the Issuer dated August 10, 2021 (the “Unanimous Shareholders Agreement”).

 

1

B-2

 

Subscription Price: US$26.00 per common share, being the same price as the current equity financing round by the Issuer
    
Expected Closing: No later than October 19, 2023
   
Use of Proceeds: To advance the Los Azules mining project and for general corporate purposes
   
Reps and Warranties: Customary reps and warranties for a deal of this size
   
  and nature (and equal to those provided to Stellantis)
   
Rights and Obligations Existing Unanimous Shareholder Agreement
   
  Existing Nuton Collaboration Agreement and Amendment No. 1 and new Amendment No. 2, which extends Nuton’s exclusivity period until February 1, 2025
   
  Existing Copper Cathodes and Concentrates Purchase Rights Agreement
   
Offering Jurisdiction: The issuance of the Shares will take place by and/or
   
  by way of a non-brokered private sale to qualified investors in all the provinces of Canada, excluding Quebec, to Qualified Institutional Buyers (as such term is defined in the United States Securities Act of 1933) in the United States and otherwise in those jurisdictions where the Offering can lawfully be made without subjecting the Company to registration or continuous disclosure requirements in such jurisdictions. Subscribers must be “accredited investors” (as defined in National Instrument 45-106 - Prospectus Exemptions (“NI 45-106”)
   
Hold Period: The Company is not a reporting issuer in any province or territory of Canada. As such, the Shares will not be transferable under the laws of Canada, except pursuant to applicable statutory exemptions, until the date that is four months and a day after the date the Company becomes a reporting issuer in any province or territory of Canada (subject to any control person distribution restrictions) in accordance with National Instrument 45-102 – Resale of Securities.

 

2

B-3

 

Electronic Signatures and Counterparts: Each party to this Term Sheet may sign the Term Sheet and transmit the signed copy to the other party hereto who agrees to accept it as if such document bore original signatures. This Term Sheet may be executed in counterparts, each of which is deemed to be an original and all of which taken together constitute one and the same instrument.

 

Binding Agreement: The Parties acknowledge the binding nature of this Term Sheet and agree to be bound by the obligations set forth herein from the date indicated below.

 

If you agree to the foregoing, please sign and date this Term Sheet in the space provided below to confirm the mutual agreements set forth herein and return a signed copy to Nuton LLC.

 

3

 

 

Exhibit "C"
Share purchase agreement

 

 

 

 

Exhibit "D"
AMENDMENT NO.2 TO THE NUTON COLLABORATION AGREEMENT

 

Pursuant to Section 7.09 of the Nuton Collaboration Agreement dated August 30, 2022 (the “NCA”) by and among Nuton LLC, a Delaware Limited Liability Company (“Nuton” or “Investor”), McEwen Copper Inc., a Colorado Corporation (the “Corporation”), McEwen Mining Inc. (“McEwen Mining”), a corporation incorporated under the laws of the Province of Alberta, Canada, and Robert R. McEwen, an individual acting in his personal capacity (“Robert R. McEwen”) (collectively, the “Parties”), the Parties enter into this Amendment No. 2 to the NCA (“Amendment No. 2”) as of October 18, 2023. Capitalized terms not defined below have the meanings set forth in the NCA.

 

WHEREAS, the Corporation has entered into a subscription agreement (the “October 2023 Subscription Agreement”) dated as of the date hereof, pursuant to which the Investor will acquire 152,615 Common Shares (as defined herein) in the capital of the Corporation (the “October 2023 Subscription”).

 

WHEREAS, the Parties have agreed to additional rights and obligations as part of the October 2023 Subscription and now desire to amend the terms of the NCA to reflect such agreement.

 

WHEREAS, Section 7.09 of the NCA provides that the NCA may be amended by agreement in writing by each of the Parties.

 

NOW THEREFORE, in consideration of the foregoing and the mutual covenants and agreements below and for other good and valuable consideration to which none of the Parties would otherwise be entitled, the receipt and sufficiency of which is irrevocably acknowledged, it is agreed by and among the Parties as follows:

 

1)The end date of the exclusivity described in Section 4.02 shall be modified to February 1, 2025.

 

2)The modification of Section 4.02 in Amendment No. 1 to the NCA shall be terminated.

 

[Remainder of page intentionally left blank]

 

 

 

 

Exhibit "E"
MATERIAL SUBSIDIARIES

 

McEwen Copper Shareholders   Number of
Shares
  Percentage of
Ownership
   
Minera Andes Inc.   15,000,000   48.72502842  
FCA Argentina (Stellantis)   6,000,000   19.49001137  
Nuton LLC   4,100,000   13.31817444  
Evanachan (Rob McEwen)   4,000,000   12.99334091  
Other Shareholders   1,685,000   5.47344486  
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
           

 

 

 

 

Exhibit "F"
Los Azules Project

 

List of Properties:

 

   Name 

Docket
Number

1.  Azul 1  520-0279-M98
2.  Azul 2  520-0280-M98
3.  Mirta  1124.0141-M-09
4.  Escorpio II  0154-F28-C-96
5.  Azul 3  1124.0121-A-06
6.  Azul Este  1124.186-A-07
7.  Azul Norte  1124.668-M-07
8.  Azul 4  1124.473-M-08
9.  Escorpio I  1124.0153-C-1996
10.  Escorpio III  0155-C-96
11.  Escorpio IV  425.213-C-2003
12.  Totora  414.1324-C-05
13.  Totora II  520.0496-C-99
14.  Mercedes  0644-M-96
15.  Sofia  1124.167-A-10
16.  Azul 5  1124.119-A-09
17.  Marcela  1124.495-A-09
18.  Agostina  1124.108-A-10
19.  Rosario  1124.169-A-10
20.  Gina  1124.168-A-10
21.  Cecilia  1124.035-A-12
22.  Grupo Minero  1124.553-A-2018
23.  Road easement for Mercedes mine  520-0439-97
24.  Southern Access Road Easement for Mercedes mine  520-0680-M-96
25.  Northern Access Road Easement for Azul 1 and Azul 2 mines  1124.218-A-
2018
26.  Power Line
Easement
  1124-354-A-
2018
27.  Camp Easement
“Candadito”
  1124.660-M-12
28.  Occupation Easement
“Campo Illanes Mery”
  1124.544-2022
29.  “Campo Estomonte” Easement  1124.231-A-2010
30.  “Cortez Monroy Ranch”, which is a real estate property of 18,000 hectares that ACM acquired from CCM S.A, by means of public deed dated March 3, 2010. The Cortez Monroy Ranch is located in Calingasta Department and would overlap with the following ACM Mines: “Escorpio IV”, “Mercedes”, “Azul 1”, “Mirta” and “Azul 2” and partially with the ACM Mines “Totora I”, “Totora II”, “Escorpio I”, “Escorpio II” “Azul Este” and “Azul Norte   

 

 

F-2

 

Maps:

 

 

 

 

 

Exhibit 99.3

 

AMENDMENT NO. 2 TO

NUTON COLLABORATION AGREEMENT

 

Pursuant to Section 7.09 of the Nuton Collaboration Agreement dated August 30, 2022 (the “NCA”) by and among Nuton LLC, a Delaware Limited Liability Company (“Nuton” or “Investor”), McEwen Copper Inc., a Colorado Corporation (the “Corporation”), McEwen Mining Inc. (“McEwen Mining”), a corporation incorporated under the laws of the Province of Alberta, Canada, and Robert R. McEwen, an individual acting in his personal capacity (“Robert R. McEwen”) (collectively, the “Parties”), the Parties enter into this Amendment No. 2 to the NCA (“Amendment No. 2”) as of October 18, 2023. Capitalized terms not defined below have the meanings set forth in the NCA.

 

WHEREAS, the Corporation has entered into a subscription agreement (the “October 2023 Subscription Agreement”) dated as of the date hereof, pursuant to which the Investor will acquire 152,615 Common Shares (as defined herein) in the capital of the Corporation (the “October 2023 Subscription”).

 

WHEREAS, the Parties have agreed to additional rights and obligations as part of the October 2023 Subscription and now desire to amend the terms of the NCA to reflect such agreement.

 

WHEREAS, Section 7.09 of the NCA provides that the NCA may be amended by agreement in writing by each of the Parties.

 

NOW THEREFORE, in consideration of the foregoing and the mutual covenants and agreements below and for other good and valuable consideration to which none of the Parties would otherwise be entitled, the receipt and sufficiency of which is irrevocably acknowledged, it is agreed by and among the Parties as follows:

 

(1)            The end date of the exclusivity described in Section 4.02 shall be modified to February 1, 2025.

 

(2)            The modification of Section 4.02 in Amendment No. 1 to the NCA shall be terminated.

 

[Remainder of page intentionally left blank]

 

 

2

 

IN WITNESS WHEREOF the Parties hereto have duly executed this Amendment No. 2 as of the date and year first above written.

 

  McEwen Copper Inc.
   
  Per: /s Robert R. McEwen
    Name: Robert McEwen
    Title: Director and President

 

  McEwen Mining Inc.
   
  Per: /s/ Robert R. McEwen
    Name: Robert R. McEwen
    Title: Chief Executive Officer

 

    /s/ Robert R. McEwen
    Robert R. McEwen

 

  NUTON LLC
   
  Per: /s/ Adam Burley
    Name: Adam Burley
    Title: CEO & President

 

 

 

v3.23.3
Cover
Oct. 18, 2023
Cover [Abstract]  
Document Type 8-K
Amendment Flag false
Document Period End Date Oct. 18, 2023
Entity File Number 001-33190
Entity Registrant Name McEWEN MINING INC.
Entity Central Index Key 0000314203
Entity Tax Identification Number 84-0796160
Entity Incorporation, State or Country Code CO
Entity Address, Address Line One 150 King Street West
Entity Address, Address Line Two Suite 2800
Entity Address, City or Town Toronto
Entity Address, State or Province ON
Entity Address, Country CA
Entity Address, Postal Zip Code M5H 1J9
City Area Code 866
Local Phone Number 441-0690
Written Communications false
Soliciting Material false
Pre-commencement Tender Offer false
Pre-commencement Issuer Tender Offer false
Title of 12(b) Security Common Stock
Trading Symbol MUX
Security Exchange Name NYSE
Entity Emerging Growth Company false

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