0000277948false00002779482023-10-192023-10-19

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

Form 8-K

Current Report

Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of
the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
CSX_BLUE_RGB_JPG.jpg
Date of Report (Date of earliest event reported): October 19, 2023
CSX CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Virginia1-802262-1051971
(State or other jurisdiction(Commission File No.)(I.R.S. Employer
of incorporation) Identification No.)
500 Water Street, C900, Jacksonville, FL 32202
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

Registrant's telephone number, including area code:
(904) 359-3200

Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:

__ Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)

__ Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)

__ Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))

__ Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))


Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading
Symbol(s)
Name of each exchange
on which registered
Common Stock, $1 Par ValueCSXNASDAQ Global Select Market

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter).

Emerging growth company __

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. __



Item 2.02.    Results of Operations and Financial Condition

On October 19, 2023, CSX Corporation issued a press release and its CSX Quarterly Financial Report on financial and operating results for the quarter ended September 30, 2023. A copy of the press release is attached as Exhibit 99.1 and a copy of the CSX Quarterly Financial Report is attached as Exhibit 99.2, each of which is incorporated by reference herein. These documents are available on the Company's website, www.csx.com.*

The information contained in this Current Report on Form 8-K, including Exhibits 99.1 and 99.2 hereto, has been “furnished” and shall not be deemed “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or otherwise subject to liability under that section. The information in this Current Report shall not be incorporated by reference into any filing or other document pursuant to the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, except as shall be expressly set forth by specific reference in such filing or document.

Item 9.01.    Financial Statements and Exhibits

(d)    The following exhibits are being furnished herewith:

104 The cover page from this Current Report on Form 8-K, formatted in Inline XBRL

*Internet addresses are provided for informational purposes only and are not intended to be hyperlinks.




Signature

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.


CSX CORPORATION

By: /s/ ANGELA C. WILLIAMS
Angela C. Williams
Vice President and
Chief Accounting Officer
(Principal Accounting Officer)
                                            
Date: October 19, 2023



Exhibit 99.1
press_releasexbannera.jpg


CSX Corp. Announces Third Quarter 2023 Results

JACKSONVILLE, Fla. – October 19, 2023 – CSX Corp. (NASDAQ: CSX) today announced third quarter 2023 operating income of $1.30 billion compared to $1.58 billion in the prior year period. Net earnings of $846 million, or $0.42 per diluted share, compared to $1.11 billion, or $0.52 per diluted share, in the same period last year.

“Over the third quarter, our efforts centered on delivering the reliable customer service that has allowed us to remain resilient and successfully maneuver through mixed markets,” said Joe Hinrichs, president and chief executive officer. “Our merchandise business remained solid, and our coal operations delivered strong volume growth. As we approach year-end, we are proud of the cohesive culture taking shape across our ONE CSX team that is helping to drive positive business results, and we are encouraged to see improving sequential trends in some of our key end markets.”

Third Quarter Financial Highlights

Revenue totaled $3.57 billion for the quarter, declining 8% year-over-year as the effects of lower fuel prices, reduced intermodal storage revenue, a decline in export coal benchmark prices, and a decrease in intermodal volumes more than offset the effects of higher merchandise yields and coal volume growth.

Operating income of $1.3 billion decreased 18% compared to the same period in 2022, with an operating ratio of 63.8%. This includes negative impacts of approximately $350 million related to net fuel, storage revenue, and coal prices, partially offset by the favorable impact of $42 million due to out-of-period labor and fringe expenses incurred in the prior year.

Diluted EPS of $0.42 decreased 19% from $0.52 in the prior year.

CSX executives will conduct a conference call with the investment community this afternoon, October 19, at 4:30 p.m. Eastern Time. Investors, media and the public may listen to the conference call by dialing 1-888-510-2008. For callers outside the U.S., dial 1-646-960-0306. Participants should dial in 10 minutes prior to the call and enter in 3368220 as the passcode.

In conjunction with the call, a live webcast will be accessible and presentation materials will be posted on the company's website at http://investors.csx.com. Following the earnings call, a webcast replay of the presentation will be archived on the company website.

This earnings announcement, as well as additional detailed financial information, is contained in the CSX Quarterly Financial Report available through the company’s website at http://investors.csx.com and on Form 8-K with the Securities and Exchange Commission.



About CSX and its Disclosures

CSX, based in Jacksonville, Florida, is a premier transportation company. It provides rail, intermodal and rail-to-truck transload services and solutions to customers across a broad array of markets, including energy, industrial, construction, agricultural, and consumer products. For nearly 200 years, CSX has played a critical role in the nation's economic expansion and industrial development. Its network connects every major metropolitan area in the eastern United States, where nearly two-thirds of the nation's population resides. It also links more than 240 short-line railroads and more than 70 ocean, river and lake ports with major population centers and farming towns alike.

This announcement, as well as additional financial information, is available on the company's website at http://investors.csx.com. CSX also uses social media channels to communicate information about the company. Although social media channels are not intended to be the primary method of disclosure for material information, it is possible that certain information CSX posts on social media could be deemed to be material. Therefore, we encourage investors, the media, and others interested in the company to review the information we post on X, formerly known as Twitter, (http://twitter.com/CSX) and on Facebook (http://www.facebook.com/OfficialCSX). The social media channels used by CSX may be updated from time to time. More information about CSX Corporation and its subsidiaries is available at www.csx.com.

Non-GAAP Disclosure

CSX reports its financial results in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (U.S. GAAP). CSX also uses certain non-GAAP measures that fall within the meaning of Securities and Exchange Commission Regulation G and Regulation S-K Item 10(e), which may provide users of the financial information with additional meaningful comparison to prior reported results. Non-GAAP measures do not have standardized definitions and are not defined by U.S. GAAP. Therefore, CSX’s non-GAAP measures are unlikely to be comparable to similar measures presented by other companies. The presentation of these non-GAAP measures should not be considered in isolation from, as a substitute for, or as superior to the financial information presented in accordance with GAAP.

Forward-looking Statements

This information and other statements by the company may contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act with respect to, among other items: projections and estimates of earnings, revenues, margins, volumes, rates, cost-savings, expenses, taxes, liquidity, capital expenditures, dividends, share repurchases or other financial items, statements of management's plans, strategies and objectives for future operations, and management's expectations as to future performance and operations and the time by which objectives will be achieved, statements concerning proposed new services, and statements regarding future economic, industry or market conditions or performance. Forward-looking statements are typically identified by words or phrases such as “will,” “should,” “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “project,” “estimate,” “preliminary” and similar expressions. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made, and the company undertakes no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statement. If the company updates any forward-looking statement, no inference should be drawn that the company will make additional updates with respect to that statement or any other forward-looking statements.

Forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties, and actual performance or results could differ materially from that anticipated by any forward-looking statements. Factors that may cause actual results to differ materially from those contemplated by any forward-looking statements include, among others: (i) the company's success in implementing its financial and operational initiatives; (ii) changes in domestic or international economic, political or business conditions, including those affecting the transportation industry (such as the impact of industry competition, conditions, performance and consolidation); (iii) legislative or regulatory changes; (iv) the inherent business risks associated with safety and security; (v) the outcome of claims and litigation involving or affecting the company; (vi) natural events such as severe weather conditions or pandemic health crises; and (vii) the inherent uncertainty associated with projecting economic and business conditions.

Other important assumptions and factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements are specified in the company's SEC reports, accessible on the SEC's website at www.sec.gov and the company's website at www.csx.com.

Contact:
Matthew Korn, CFA, Investor Relations
904-366-4515

Bryan Tucker, Corporate Communications
855-955-6397

Exhibit 99.2

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qfr_headera.jpg
CSX Corp. Announces Third Quarter 2023 Results

JACKSONVILLE, Fla. – October 19, 2023 – CSX Corp. (NASDAQ: CSX) today announced third quarter 2023 operating income of $1.30 billion compared to $1.58 billion in the prior year period. Net earnings of $846 million, or $0.42 per diluted share, compared to $1.11 billion, or $0.52 per diluted share, in the same period last year.

“Over the third quarter, our efforts centered on delivering the reliable customer service that has allowed us to remain resilient and successfully maneuver through mixed markets,” said Joe Hinrichs, president and chief executive officer. “Our merchandise business remained solid, and our coal operations delivered strong volume growth. As we approach year-end, we are proud of the cohesive culture taking shape across our ONE CSX team that is helping to drive positive business results, and we are encouraged to see improving sequential trends in some of our key end markets.”

Third Quarter Financial Highlights
Revenue totaled $3.57 billion for the quarter, declining 8% year-over-year as the effects of lower fuel prices, reduced intermodal storage revenue, a decline in export coal benchmark prices, and a decrease in intermodal volumes more than offset the effects of higher merchandise yields and coal volume growth.

Operating income of $1.3 billion decreased 18% compared to the same period in 2022, with an operating ratio of 63.8%. This includes negative impacts of approximately $350 million related to net fuel, storage revenue, and coal prices, partially offset by the favorable impact of $42 million due to out-of-period labor and fringe expenses incurred in the prior year.

Diluted EPS of $0.42 decreased 19% from $0.52 in the prior year.

CSX executives will conduct a conference call with the investment community this afternoon, October 19, at 4:30 p.m. Eastern Time. Investors, media and the public may listen to the conference call by dialing 1-888-510-2008. For callers outside the U.S., dial 1-646-960-0306. Participants should dial in 10 minutes prior to the call and enter in 3368220 as the passcode.

In conjunction with the call, a live webcast will be accessible and presentation materials will be posted on the company's website at http://investors.csx.com. Following the earnings call, a webcast replay of the presentation will be archived on the company website.

This earnings announcement, as well as additional detailed financial information, is contained in the CSX Quarterly Financial Report available through the company’s website at http://investors.csx.com and on Form 8-K with the Securities and Exchange Commission.
Table of ContentsThe accompanying unauditedCSX CORPORATIONCONTACTS:
financial information should be500 Water Street, C900INVESTOR RELATIONS
read in conjunction with theJacksonville, FL 32202Matthew Korn, CFA
Company’s most recentwww.csx.com(904) 366-4515
Annual Report on Form 10-K,MEDIA
Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q, andBryan Tucker
any Current Reports on Form 8-K.(855) 955-6397
1


qfr_headera.jpg
About CSX and its Disclosures
CSX, based in Jacksonville, Florida, is a premier transportation company. It provides rail, intermodal and rail-to-truck transload services and solutions to customers across a broad array of markets, including energy, industrial, construction, agricultural, and consumer products. For nearly 200 years, CSX has played a critical role in the nation's economic expansion and industrial development. Its network connects every major metropolitan area in the eastern United States, where nearly two-thirds of the nation's population resides. It also links more than 240 short-line railroads and more than 70 ocean, river and lake ports with major population centers and farming towns alike.

This announcement, as well as additional financial information, is available on the company's website at http://investors.csx.com. CSX also uses social media channels to communicate information about the company. Although social media channels are not intended to be the primary method of disclosure for material information, it is possible that certain information CSX posts on social media could be deemed to be material. Therefore, we encourage investors, the media, and others interested in the company to review the information we post on X, formerly known as Twitter, (http://twitter.com/CSX) and on Facebook (http://www.facebook.com/OfficialCSX). The social media channels used by CSX may be updated from time to time. More information about CSX Corporation and its subsidiaries is available at www.csx.com.

Non-GAAP Disclosure
CSX reports its financial results in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (U.S. GAAP). CSX also uses certain non-GAAP measures that fall within the meaning of Securities and Exchange Commission Regulation G and Regulation S-K Item 10(e), which may provide users of the financial information with additional meaningful comparison to prior reported results. Non-GAAP measures do not have standardized definitions and are not defined by U.S. GAAP. Therefore, CSX’s non-GAAP measures are unlikely to be comparable to similar measures presented by other companies. The presentation of these non-GAAP measures should not be considered in isolation from, as a substitute for, or as superior to the financial information presented in accordance with GAAP.

Forward-looking Statements
This information and other statements by the company may contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act with respect to, among other items: projections and estimates of earnings, revenues, margins, volumes, rates, cost-savings, expenses, taxes, liquidity, capital expenditures, dividends, share repurchases or other financial items, statements of management's plans, strategies and objectives for future operations, and management's expectations as to future performance and operations and the time by which objectives will be achieved, statements concerning proposed new services, and statements regarding future economic, industry or market conditions or performance. Forward-looking statements are typically identified by words or phrases such as “will,” “should,” “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “project,” “estimate,” “preliminary” and similar expressions. Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date they are made, and the company undertakes no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statement. If the company updates any forward-looking statement, no inference should be drawn that the company will make additional updates with respect to that statement or any other forward-looking statements.

Forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties, and actual performance or results could differ materially from that anticipated by any forward-looking statements. Factors that may cause actual results to differ materially from those contemplated by any forward-looking statements include, among others: (i) the company's success in implementing its financial and operational initiatives; (ii) changes in domestic or international economic, political or business conditions, including those affecting the transportation industry (such as the impact of industry competition, conditions, performance and consolidation); (iii) legislative or regulatory changes; (iv) the inherent business risks associated with safety and security; (v) the outcome of claims and litigation involving or affecting the company; (vi) natural events such as severe weather conditions or pandemic health crises; and (vii) the inherent uncertainty associated with projecting economic and business conditions.

Other important assumptions and factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements are specified in the company's SEC reports, accessible on the SEC's website at www.sec.gov and the company's website at www.csx.com.
2

CSX Corporation

CONSOLIDATED INCOME STATEMENTS (Unaudited)
(Dollars in millions, except per share amounts)

Quarters Ended (a)
Nine Months Ended (a)
Sep. 30, 2023Sep. 30, 2022$ Change% ChangeSep. 30, 2023Sep. 30, 2022$ Change% Change
Revenue$3,572$3,895$(323)(8)%$10,977$11,123$(146)(1)%
Expense
Labor and Fringe75275972,2162,135(81)(4)
Purchased Services and Other689664(25)(4)2,0611,986(75)(4)
Depreciation and Amortization399378(21)(6)1,1941,107(87)(8)
Fuel3494388920 1,0251,21519016 
Equipment and Other Rents941041010 2662993311 
Gains on Property Dispositions (b)
(6)(27)(21)(78)(26)(183)(157)(86)
Total Expense2,2772,316396,7366,559(177)(3)
Operating Income1,2951,579(284)(18)4,2414,564(323)(7)
Interest Expense(203)(193)(10)(5)(605)(543)(62)(11)
Other Income - Net3437(3)(8)106891719 
Earnings Before Income Taxes1,1261,423(297)(21)3,7424,110(368)(9)
Income Tax Expense (c)
(280)(312)3210 (913)(962)49
Net Earnings$846$1,111$(265)(24)%$2,829$3,148$(319)(10)%
Operating Ratio63.8 %59.5 %61.4 %59.0 %
Per Common Share
Net Earnings Per Share, Assuming Dilution$0.42 $0.52 $(0.10)(19)%$1.40 $1.46 $(0.06)(4)%
Average Shares Outstanding, Assuming Dilution (Millions)
1,999 2,126 2,027 2,161 


3

CSX Corporation
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Dollars in millions)

(Unaudited)
Sep. 30, 2023Dec. 31, 2022
ASSETS
Cash and Cash Equivalents$1,360 $1,958 
Short-Term Investments79 129 
Other Current Assets1,920 1,762 
Properties - Net34,656 34,242 
Investment in Affiliates and Other Companies2,364 2,292 
Other Long-Term Assets1,471 1,529 
Total Assets$41,850 $41,912 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
Current Maturities of Long-Term Debt$559 $151 
Other Current Liabilities2,375 2,320 
Long-Term Debt17,903 17,896 
Deferred Income Taxes - Net7,700 7,569 
Other Long-Term Liabilities1,359 1,351 
Total Liabilities29,896 29,287 
Total Shareholders' Equity11,954 12,625 
Total Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity$41,850 $41,912 



4

CSX Corporation
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED CASH FLOW STATEMENTS (Unaudited)
(Dollars in millions)

Nine Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2023Sep. 30, 2022
OPERATING ACTIVITIES
Net Earnings$2,829 $3,148 
Adjustments to Reconcile Net Earnings to Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities:
     Depreciation and Amortization1,194 1,107 
     Deferred Income Tax Expense111 125 
     Gains on Property Dispositions (b)
(26)(183)
     Other Operating Activities - Net (d)
(59)58 
Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities4,049 4,255 
INVESTING ACTIVITIES
Property Additions(1,590)(1,437)
Purchases of Short-Term Investments(103)(19)
Proceeds from Sales of Short-Term Investments153 
Proceeds and Advances from Property Dispositions (b)
35 51 
Business Acquisitions, Net of Cash Acquired (a)
(31)(223)
Other Investing Activities(19)(25)
Net Cash Used in Investing Activities(1,555)(1,644)
FINANCING ACTIVITIES
Long-term Debt Issued600 2,000 
Long-term Debt Repaid(150)(178)
Dividends Paid(666)(645)
Shares Repurchased (e)
(2,901)(3,710)
Other Financing Activities25 (6)
Net Cash Used in Financing Activities(3,092)(2,539)
Net (Decrease) Increase in Cash and Cash Equivalents(598)72 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
Cash and Cash Equivalents at Beginning of Period1,958 2,239 
Cash and Cash Equivalents at End of Period$1,360 $2,311 


5

CSX Corporation
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (Unaudited)

a)Acquisition of Pan Am Systems, Inc.: On June 1, 2022, CSX acquired Pan Am for a purchase price of $600 million funded through a combination of common stock and cash. The results of Pan Am's operations and its cash flows were consolidated prospectively.

b)Sale of Property Rights to the Commonwealth of Virginia: On March 26, 2021, the Company entered into a comprehensive agreement to sell certain property rights in three CSX-owned line segments to the Commonwealth of Virginia (“Commonwealth”) over three phases. Over the course of this transaction, which was completed in 2022, total proceeds of $525 million were collected and total gains of $493 million were recognized. A gain of $20 million was recognized in first quarter 2022 related to the closing of the second phase. During second quarter 2022, the final $125 million of proceeds was approved by the Commonwealth, which resulted in a $122 million gain related to property rights previously conveyed. These proceeds were collected during fourth quarter 2022 upon closing of the third phase. There were no proceeds or gains related to this agreement during third quarter 2022.

c)Income Tax Expense: During third quarter 2022, the Company recognized $37 million in tax benefits primarily due to a favorable state legislative change.
d)Other Operating Activities - Net: During the nine months ended September 30, 2023, the Company paid $238 million of retroactive wages and bonuses, and associated taxes, related to finalized labor agreements. This amount was included in labor and fringe benefits payable as of December 31, 2022.
e)Shares Repurchased: During third quarters and nine months ended 2023 and 2022, the Company engaged in the following repurchase activities:
Quarters Ended
Nine Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2023Sep. 30, 2022Sep. 30, 2023Sep. 30, 2022
Shares Repurchased (Millions)
31 40 94 116 
Cost of Shares (Dollars in millions)
$971 $1,195 $2,901 $3,710 
Average Cost per Share Repurchased $31.28 $29.94 $30.99 $32.04 
6

CSX Corporation
VOLUME AND REVENUE (Unaudited)
Volume (Thousands of units); Revenue (Dollars in millions); Revenue Per Unit (Dollars)
Quarters Ended September 30, 2023 and September 30, 2022
VolumeRevenueRevenue Per Unit
20232022% Change20232022% Change20232022% Change
Chemicals161 162 (1)%$646 $678 (5)%$4,012 $4,185 (4)%
Agricultural and Food Products108 120 (10)376 428 (12)3,481 3,567 (2)
Automotive101 85 19 308 274 12 3,050 3,224 (5)
Minerals95 91 190 180 2,000 1,978 
Metals and Equipment70 67 225 211 3,214 3,149 
Forest Products67 75 (11)243 264 (8)3,627 3,520 
Fertilizers47 48 (2)124 108 15 2,638 2,250 17 
Total Merchandise649 648 — 2,112 2,143 (1)3,254 3,307 (2)
Intermodal708 762 (7)517 604 (14)730 793 (8)
Coal193 177 594 624 (5)3,078 3,525 (13)
Trucking — — 218 251 (13) — — 
Other — — 131 273 (52) — — 
Total1,550 1,587 (2)%$3,572 $3,895 (8)%$2,305 $2,454 (6)%
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2023 and September 30, 2022
VolumeRevenueRevenue Per Unit
20232022% Change20232022% Change20232022% Change
Chemicals481 488 (1)%$1,938 $1,962 (1)%$4,029 $4,020 — %
Agricultural and Food Products348 358 (3)1,228 1,227 — 3,529 3,427 
Automotive290 248 17 905 769 18 3,121 3,101 
Minerals273 253 554 494 12 2,029 1,953 
Metals and Equipment217 202 704 624 13 3,244 3,089 
Forest Products212 219 (3)761 743 3,590 3,393 
Fertilizers152 158 (4)381 346 10 2,507 2,190 14 
Total Merchandise1,973 1,926 6,471 6,165 3,280 3,201 
Intermodal2,046 2,243 (9)1,508 1,733 (13)737 773 (5)
Coal563 510 10 1,864 1,808 3,311 3,545 (7)
Trucking — — 678 740 (8) — — 
Other — — 456 677 (33) — — 
Total4,582 4,679 (2)%$10,977 $11,123 (1)%$2,396 $2,377 %
7

CSX Corporation
VOLUME AND REVENUE
Total revenue decreased 8% in third quarter 2023 when compared to third quarter 2022 primarily due to lower fuel recovery, decreases in other revenue, pricing declines in export coal due to the impact of lower benchmark rates, lower trucking revenue and lower intermodal volume. These decreases were partially offset by pricing gains in merchandise and higher coal volumes.
Fuel Surcharge
Fuel surcharge revenue is included in the individual markets and does not include amounts for trucking. Fuel lag is the estimated difference between highway diesel prices in the quarter and the prices used for fuel surcharge, which are generally on a two-month lag.
Quarters Ended
Nine Months Ended
(Dollars in millions)Sep. 30, 2023Sep. 30, 2022Sep. 30, 2023Sep. 30, 2022
Fuel Surcharge Revenue$266 $474 $922 $1,109 
Fuel Lag (Unfavorable) Favorable$(32)$40 $37 $(61)
Merchandise Volume
Chemicals - Decreased primarily due to lower shipments of materials used in making plastics, partially offset by higher shipments of export plastics and waste.

Agricultural and Food Products - Decreased primarily due to lower shipments of feed grain, including the temporary impacts of a strong southeastern crop that is short-haul and not rail-served, as well as lower shipments of ethanol and wheat.

Automotive - Increased due to higher North American vehicle production as well as new business wins.

Minerals - Increased due to higher shipments of cement and aggregates driven by increased road construction and other infrastructure-related activities.

Metals and Equipment - Increased due to higher steel shipments, as well as stronger equipment shipments.

Forest Products - Decreased primarily due to lower shipments of pulpboard, paper and lumber, partially offset by higher shipments of other building products.

Fertilizers - Decreased due to declines in short-haul shipments, which were partially offset by increases in long-haul phosphate shipments.
Intermodal Volume
Lower volume was due to decreased international shipments driven by high inventory levels and lower imports. Domestic shipments increased due to growth with key customers as well as the prior year impact of supply-side constraints.
Coal Volume
Export coal increased due to higher shipments of metallurgical and thermal coal. Domestic coal decreased due to lower shipments of coal to northern utility plants.
Quarters Ended
Nine Months Ended
(Millions of tons)Sep. 30, 2023Sep. 30, 2022ChangeSep. 30, 2023Sep. 30, 2022Change
Coal Tonnage
Domestic11.6 11.8 (2)%34.1 33.2 %
Export10.1 8.0 26 29.2 23.9 22 
Total Coal21.7 19.8 10 %63.3 57.1 11 %
Trucking Revenue
Trucking revenue decreased $33 million versus the prior year due to lower fuel and capacity surcharges.
Other Revenue
Other revenue was $142 million lower, primarily resulting from lower intermodal storage and equipment usage.
8

CSX Corporation
EXPENSE
Expenses of $2.3 billion decreased $39 million, or 2%, in third quarter 2023 when compared to third quarter 2022.
Labor and Fringe expense decreased $7 million due to the following:
Prior year amounts included $42 million of out-of-period labor and benefit costs due to the agreement reached with labor unions.
All other costs increased $35 million primarily due to inflation and increased headcount.
Purchased Services and Other expense increased $25 million due to the following:
Operating support costs increased $15 million as the impacts of higher inflation, transportation support costs and maintenance were partially offset by lower intermodal expenses.
Other costs were $10 million higher as a $16 million increase in casualty expense was partially offset by other non-significant items.
Depreciation and Amortization expense increased $21 million primarily as the result of a 2022 equipment depreciation study as well as a larger asset base.
Fuel costs decreased $89 million primarily resulting from a 24% decrease in locomotive fuel prices, partially offset by higher fuel consumption and $7 million of adjustments for prior periods.
Equipment and Other Rents expense decreased $10 million driven by lower net car hire costs, primarily resulting from improved days per load across all markets, partially offset by costs from higher automotive volumes.
Gains on Property Dispositions decreased to $6 million from $27 million in the prior year.
Employee Counts (Estimated)
Quarters Ended (a)
Nine Months Ended (a)
Sep. 30, 2023
Sep. 30, 2022 (b)
ChangeSep. 30, 2023
Sep. 30, 2022 (b)
Change
Average22,88421,89698822,73221,3851,347
Ending23,02321,9961,02723,02321,9961,027
(a) Employees added due to the acquisition of Pan Am are included in the employee count starting as of the June 1, 2022 acquisition date and as such are included in all periods presented.
(b) Amounts for 2022 have been adjusted for revisions to subsidiary headcount data.
Fuel Expense
Quarters Ended
Nine Months Ended
(Dollars and gallons in millions, except price per gallon)Sep. 30, 2023Sep. 30, 2022Sep. 30, 2023Sep. 30, 2022
Estimated Locomotive Fuel Consumption (Gallons)
99.8 94.4 292.2 278.9 
Price per Gallon (Dollars)
$3.02 $3.99 $2.98 $3.69 
Total Locomotive Fuel Expense$301 $377 $871 $1,028 
Non-Locomotive Fuel Expense48 61 154 187 
Total Fuel Expense$349 $438 $1,025 $1,215 
9

CSX Corporation
OPERATING STATISTICS (Estimated)
In third quarter 2023, velocity and dwell improved by 11% and 19%, respectively, versus prior year. Carload trip plan performance improved to 82% compared to 57% in the prior year while intermodal trip plan performance improved to 94% compared to 90% in the prior year.

The personal injury frequency index of 0.98 increased 1% compared to prior year. The FRA train accident rate of 3.75 in third quarter 2023 increased by 19% compared to prior year. Safety is a guiding principle at CSX and the Company remains focused on our strong safety culture, including instilling the importance of safety in new hires. CSX is committed to reducing risk and enhancing the overall safety of its employees, customers and communities in which the Company operates.

Quarters EndedNine Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2023Sep. 30, 2022Improvement / (Deterioration)Sep. 30, 2023Sep. 30, 2022Improvement / (Deterioration)
Operations Performance (a)
Train Velocity (Miles per hour)
17.6 15.8 11 %17.9 15.7 14 %
Dwell (Hours)
9.6 11.8 19 %9.3 11.6 20 %
Cars Online 125,318 141,911 12 %126,195 140,461 10 %
On-Time Originations 74 %58 %28 %79 %62 %27 %
On-Time Arrivals 67 %46 %46 %72 %51 %41 %
Carload Trip Plan Performance 82 %57 %44 %84 %60 %40 %
Intermodal Trip Plan Performance 94 %90 %%95 %89 %%
Fuel Efficiency 1.06 0.99 (7)%1.03 0.99 (4)%
Revenue Ton-Miles (Billions)
Merchandise 31.3 31.7 (1)%95.9 95.0 %
Coal 9.4 8.6 %27.8 24.6 13 %
Intermodal 7.1 7.6 (7)%21.0 22.9 (8)%
Total Revenue Ton-Miles 47.8 47.9 — %144.7 142.5 %
Total Gross Ton-Miles (Billions)
94.5 95.3 (1)%284.6 281.7 %
Safety (b)
FRA Personal Injury Frequency Index0.98 0.97 (1)%0.97 0.96 (1)%
FRA Train Accident Rate3.75 3.14 (19)%3.67 3.28 (12)%
(a) Beginning second quarter 2023, all operations performance metrics include results from the network acquired from Pan Am. The impact of including Pan Am data was insignificant.
(b) Safety metrics do not include results from the network acquired from Pan Am. These metrics will be updated to include the Pan Am network results as integration completes.

Certain operating statistics are estimated and can continue to be updated as actuals settle. The methodology for calculating train velocity, dwell, cars online and trip plan performance differs from that used by the Surface Transportation Board. The Company will continue to report these metrics to the Surface Transportation Board using the prescribed methodology.

10

CSX Corporation
OPERATING STATISTICS (Estimated), continued

Key Performance Measures Definitions
Train Velocity - Average train speed between origin and destination in miles per hour (does not include locals, yard jobs, work trains or passenger trains). Train velocity measures actual train miles and times of a train movement on CSX's network.
Dwell - Average amount of time in hours between car arrival to and departure from the yard.
Cars Online - Average number of active freight rail cars on lines operated by CSX, excluding rail cars that are being repaired, in storage, those that have been sold, or private cars dwelling at a customer location more than one day.
On-Time Originations - Percent of scheduled road trains that depart the origin yard on-time or ahead of schedule.
On-Time Arrivals - Percent of scheduled road trains that arrive at the destination yard on-time to within two hours of scheduled arrival.
Carload Trip Plan Performance - Percent of measured cars (excludes unit trains and other non-scheduled service as well as empty automotive shipments) destined for a customer that complete their scheduled plan at or ahead of the original estimated time of arrival or interchange (as applicable).
Intermodal Trip Plan Performance - Percent of measured containers (excludes port shipments along with empty containers and other non-scheduled service) destined for a customer that complete their scheduled plan at or ahead of the original estimated time of arrival, notification or interchange (as applicable).
Fuel Efficiency - Gallons of locomotive fuel per 1,000 gross ton-miles.
Revenue Ton-Miles (RTM's) - The movement of one revenue-producing ton of freight over a distance of one mile.
Gross Ton-Miles (GTM's) - The movement of one ton of train weight over one mile. GTM's are calculated by multiplying total train weight by distance the train moved. Total train weight is comprised of the weight of the freight cars and their contents.
FRA Personal Injury Frequency Index - Number of FRA-reportable injuries per 200,000 man-hours.
FRA Train Accident Rate - Number of FRA-reportable train accidents per million train-miles.

11

CSX Corporation
NON-GAAP MEASURES (Unaudited)
The Company reports its financial results in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP"). The Company also uses certain non-GAAP measures that fall within the meaning of Securities and Exchange Commission Regulation G and Regulation S-K Item 10(e), which may provide users of the financial information with additional meaningful comparison to prior reported results. Non-GAAP measures do not have standardized definitions and are not defined by GAAP. Therefore, the Company’s non-GAAP measures are unlikely to be comparable to similar measures presented by other companies. The presentation of these non-GAAP measures should not be considered in isolation from, as a substitute for, or as superior to the financial information presented in accordance with GAAP. Reconciliations of non-GAAP measures to corresponding GAAP measures are below.

Free Cash Flow
Management believes that free cash flow is supplemental information useful to investors as it is important in evaluating the Company’s financial performance. More specifically, free cash flow measures cash generated by the business after reinvestment. This measure represents cash available for both equity and bond investors to be used for dividends, share repurchases or principal reduction on outstanding debt. Free cash flow is calculated by using net cash from operations and adjusting for property additions and proceeds and advances from property dispositions. Free cash flow should be considered in addition to, rather than a substitute for, cash provided by operating activities. The decrease in free cash flow before dividends from the prior year of $375 million is primarily due to less cash from operating activities and higher property additions. Cash from operating activities in the nine months of 2023 includes the payment of $238 million for retroactive wages and bonuses with associated taxes related to finalized labor agreements as well as the offsetting impact of postponed federal estimated tax payments.
The following table reconciles cash provided by operating activities (GAAP measure) to free cash flow, before dividends (non-GAAP measure).
Nine Months Ended
(Dollars in millions)Sep. 30, 2023Sep. 30, 2022
Net Cash Provided by Operating Activities$4,049 $4,255 
Property Additions(1,590)(1,437)
Proceeds and Advances from Property Dispositions35 51 
Free Cash Flow (before payment of dividends)$2,494 $2,869 
12
v3.23.3
Cover page
Oct. 19, 2023
Cover [Abstract]  
Document Type 8-K
Document Period End Date Oct. 19, 2023
Entity Registrant Name CSX CORP
Entity Incorporation, State or Country Code VA
Entity File Number 1-8022
Entity Tax Identification Number 62-1051971
Entity Address, Address Line One 500 Water Street
Entity Address, Address Line Two C900
Entity Address, City or Town Jacksonville
Entity Address, State or Province FL
Entity Address, Postal Zip Code 32202
City Area Code 904
Local Phone Number 359-3200
Written Communications false
Soliciting Material false
Pre-commencement Tender Offer false
Pre-commencement Issuer Tender Offer false
Entity Emerging Growth Company false
Title of 12(b) Security Common Stock, $1 Par Value
Trading Symbol CSX
Security Exchange Name NASDAQ
Entity Central Index Key 0000277948
Amendment Flag false

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