0000085535false00000855352024-02-142024-02-14

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 8-K

CURRENT REPORT

Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of

the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

Date of Report (Date of earliest event reported): February 14, 2024

ROYAL GOLD, INC.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware

001-13357

84-0835164

(State or other jurisdiction

(Commission

(IRS Employer

of incorporation)

File Number)

Identification No.)

1144 15th Street, Suite 2500, Denver, CO

80202-2686

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: 303-573-1660

(Former name or former address, if changed since last report.)

Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions (see General Instruction A.2. below):

    Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)

    Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)

    Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))

    Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class:

    

Trading Symbol

    

Name of each exchange on which registered:

Common Stock $0.01 Par Value

RGLD

Nasdaq Global Select Market

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter).

Emerging growth company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Item 2.02Results of Operations and Financial Condition

On February 14, 2024, Royal Gold, Inc. (the “Company”) reported its results for the fourth quarter and year ended December 31, 2023. Copies of the press release and an earnings presentation are furnished as Exhibit 99.1 and Exhibit 99.2, respectively, to this Current Report on Form 8-K.

The information furnished under this Item 2.02, including the exhibits, will not be deemed “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and will not be deemed incorporated by reference into any filing under the Securities Act of 1933, except as expressly set forth by reference to such filing.

Item 7.01 Regulation FD Disclosure

On February 14, 2024, the Company issued a press release relating to an agreement with Centerra Gold Inc. relating to Mount Milligan. A copy of the press release is furnished as Exhibit 99.3 to this Current Report on Form 8-K.

The information furnished under this Item 7.01, including the exhibit, will not be deemed “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and will not be deemed incorporated by reference into any filing under the Securities Act of 1933, except as expressly set forth by reference to such filing.

Item 9.01Financial Statements and Exhibits

(d) Exhibits

Exhibit
No.

    

Description

99.1

Press Release dated February 14, 2024

99.2

Earnings Presentation dated February 15, 2024

99.3

Press Release dated February 14, 2024, relating to the agreement with Centerra Gold

104

Cover Page Interactive Data File (formatted as inline XBRL).

2

SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.

Feb

Royal Gold, Inc.

Dated:  February 15, 2024

By:

/s/ David R. Crandall

Name:

David R. Crandall

Title:

Vice President, Corporate Secretary and Chief Compliance Officer

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Exhibit 99.1

Graphic

Royal Gold Reports Strong Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2023 Operating and Financial Results

DENVER, COLORADO. FEBRUARY 14, 2024: ROYAL GOLD, INC. (NASDAQ: RGLD) (together with its subsidiaries, “Royal Gold,” the “Company,” “we,” “us,” or “our”) reports net income of $239.4 million, or $3.63 per share, for the year ended December 31, 2023, on revenue of $605.7 million and operating cash flow of $415.8 million. Adjusted net income1 was $232.9 million, or $3.53 per share.

For the quarter ended December 31, 2023 (“fourth quarter”), we reported net income of $62.8 million, or $0.95 per share, on revenue of $152.7 million and operating cash flow of $101.1 million.

Sales volume for 2023 at metal prices used to provide GEO2 guidance was 315,600 GEOs3, slightly below the low end of the previously-issued guidance range of 320,000 to 345,000 GEOs, and in line with the range of expectations we provided with our third quarter 2023 results. At actual 2023 metal prices, sales volume was approximately 312,100 GEOs.

“We finished 2023 on a strong note with solid financial results in the fourth quarter,” commented Bill Heissenbuttel, President and CEO of Royal Gold. “We took advantage of our strong cash flow during the year to repay debt and build our liquidity to be well-positioned for new acquisition opportunities that meet our investment criteria. We also kept our focus on increasing our return of capital to shareholders and we raised our dividend for the 23rd consecutive year, which remains an unparalleled record in the precious metals sector.”

“While we anticipate issuing 2024 guidance in April for our total portfolio, we are expecting to see continued revenue growth from our newest producers, Bellevue and King of the Hills, as those operations continue to ramp-up,” continued Mr. Heissenbuttel, “and we expect new revenue from several development projects as they transition to production, including Goldrush, Mara Rosa, Côté Gold and Manh Choh.”

2023 Highlights:

Solid financial results with revenue of $605.7 million, operating cash flow of $415.8 million and earnings of $239.4 million
Revenue split: 76% gold, 12% silver, 9% copper
Sales volume of 312,100 GEOs2,3
Sustained high adjusted EBITDA margin1 of 79%
Debt reduced by $325 million to $250 million
Total available liquidity increased to $845 million
Revolving credit facility maturity extended to June 28, 2028
Paid $1.50 per share dividend

Fourth Quarter 2023 Highlights:

Increased dividend for the 23rd consecutive year to $1.60 per share for 2024, a 7% increase over 2023
Repaid $75 million of balance outstanding on revolving credit facility

Recent Portfolio Developments

Principal Property Updates

Notable recent updates as reported by the operators of our Principal Properties include:

Agreement with Centerra that Provides for Mine Life Extension at Mount Milligan

On February 14, 2024, we announced an additional agreement with Centerra Gold Inc. (“Centerra”) with respect to the Mount Milligan mine in British Columbia that will allow an extension of the mine life to 2035 and provide the potential for a future mine life increase. As part of the announcement of the agreement, Centerra described a three-part strategy to further increase the Mount Milligan mine life that includes the completion of a Preliminary Economic Assessment in the first half of 2025 to evaluate mine life extension opportunities, further exploration drilling, and a site optimization program that began in the fourth quarter. Please refer to the press release titled “Royal Gold Announces Additional Agreement with Centerra that Provides for Mine Life Extension at Mount Milligan” for more detail.

Additionally, on February 14, 2024, Centerra provided 2024 production guidance for Mount Milligan of 180,000 to 200,000 ounces of gold and 55 to 65 million pounds of copper.

1 Adjusted net income, adjusted net income per share and adjusted EBITDA margin are non-GAAP financial measures. See Schedule A of this press release for additional information, including a detailed description of adjustments to net income.

2 See Schedule A of this press release for additional information about gold equivalent ounces, or GEOs.

3 2023 actual volume was approximately 315,600 GEOs at commodity prices used to set 2023 guidance of: $1,825/oz gold, $22.50/oz silver, $3.80/lb copper, $11.50/lb nickel, $0.90/lb lead, and $1.30/lb zinc.

1


Record of Decision Received at Goldrush and Cortez 2024 Production Forecast Provided by Barrick

On December 11, 2023, Barrick Gold Corporation (“Barrick”) reported that the Record of Decision (“ROD”) approving the plan of operations for the new Goldrush mine in Nevada (part of the Cortez Complex) was issued by the US Bureau of Land Management, approximately 6 months later than Barrick’s initial expectation. Barrick anticipates production to ramp up in 2024 after commissioning of the initial project infrastructure, and has forecasted expected gold production from Goldrush of 130,000 ounces in 2024, growing to approximately 400,000 ounces per year by 2028 (100% basis).

Further, on February 14, 2024, Barrick reported that production at the Cortez Complex in 2024 is expected to be lower in 2024 relative to 2023 primarily due to changes in the Crossroads resource model that are expected to reduce oxide mill feed. Barrick expects this reduction to be partially offset by a higher contribution from Goldrush, although the delay in receiving the ROD during 2023 has pushed some production at Goldrush from 2024 into 2025. Barrick is expecting gold production at the Cortez Complex to be 620,000 to 680,000 ounces in 2024 (100% basis).

Update on Ramp-Up of Plant Expansion with Further Deferral of Silver Deliveries at Pueblo Viejo

On February 14, 2024, Barrick provided an update on the plant expansion and mine life extension project at Pueblo Viejo. According to Barrick, construction and commissioning activities for the plant expansion were substantially completed by the end of 2023. Reconstruction of the ore stockpile feed conveyor is underway after a failure reported in the fourth quarter, and Barrick now expects this reconstruction to be completed in the second quarter of 2024, which will allow the plant to reach full throughput. Barrick further reported that the focus during the first quarter of 2024 will be on the continued stability and optimization of the flotation circuit. With respect to to the mine life extension project, Barrick reported that the technical and social studies for additional tailings storage capacity at the El Naranjo facility continued to advance as planned. Geotechnical drilling and site investigations are ongoing and continue to support the feasibility study, due for completion in the third quarter of 2024.

Silver stream deliveries were approximately 223,000 ounces for the fourth quarter compared to 337,900 ounces for the prior year quarter, and an additional 165,400 ounces of silver deliveries were deferred during the current period. As of December 31, 2023, approximately 854,000 ounces remain deferred, and the timing for the delivery of the entire deferred amount is uncertain. We expect that silver recoveries could remain highly variable and material deliveries of deferred silver ounces are not expected until the plant expansion is complete and is running at full production levels.

Barrick is expecting its share of gold production at Pueblo Viejo to be 420,000 to 490,000 ounces in 2024 (60% basis).

Production for 2024 Expected to Remain in Line with 2023 at Andacollo

On January 16, 2024, Teck Resources Limited (“Teck”) reported that the Andacollo mine in Chile continues to face extreme drought conditions, causing water restrictions which impact production, and Teck expects 2024 copper production to be similar to 2023. According to Teck, steps are being taken to mitigate these risks, with a solution likely to be in place in 2025. As a result, and with the benefit of higher grade ore, copper production is expected to increase between 2025 and 2027, compared to 2024. Gold and copper grades are relatively well correlated at Andacollo and gold production tends to track copper production.

Announcement of Change in Ownership of Khoemacau

On November 21, 2023, Khoemacau Copper Mining (“KCM”), the owner of the Khoemacau mine in Botswana, announced that the shareholders of its parent company, Cuprous Capital Ltd (“Cuprous”), had entered into a share purchase agreement with MMG Limited (“MMG”), whereby MMG will acquire all the issued share capital of Cuprous. MMG is a large and well-capitalized base metal mining company listed on the Stock Exchange of Hong Kong, with operations and projects in Australia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Peru and Canada. MMG has reported that the parties have agreed to work towards completion of the transaction in the first quarter of 2024.

During development of Khoemacau, Royal Gold made available a $25 million subordinated debt facility to KCM which is repayable at Royal Gold’s option upon the occurrence of certain events, including a change of control. Including capitalized interest, the amount owing under this facility was approximately $35.7 million as of December 31, 2023.

Other Property Updates

Notable recent updates as reported by the operators of other select portfolio assets include:

Producing Properties

Bellevue (2% NSR royalty): Bellevue Gold Limited (“Bellevue”) announced on January 29, 2024, that the processing plant achieved nameplate capacity of 1 million tonnes per year for December, and production ramp-up is progressing at the Bellevue Gold Project in Western Australia. With plant commissioning completed, Bellevue has provided gold production guidance of 75,000-85,000 ounces for the first six months of 2024.

King of the Hills (1.5% NSR royalty): On January 31, 2024, Red 5 Limited reported continued strong performance at the King of the Hills mine in Western Australia, with record crushing and milling performance in December resulting in annualized mill throughput exceeding the 5.5 million tonnes per year nameplate capacity.

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Rainy River (6.5% gold stream, 60% silver stream): On February 8, 2024, New Gold Inc. (“New Gold”) provided gold production guidance for the Rainy River mine in Ontario that indicates an increasing production profile over the next three years, with expected production of 250,000 to 280,000 ounces in 2024, 295,000 to 335,000 ounces in 2025 and 315,000 to 355,000 ounces in 2026. Additionally, New Gold expects exploration at Rainy River to prioritize near-surface opportunities for open pit extraction, underground targets downplunge of the current ore zones for potential resource and reserve growth, as well as potential new underground zones accessed from new underground infrastructure.

Development and Evaluation Properties

Back River (1.95% GSR royalty on the Goose Project): On January 23, 2024, B2Gold Corp. (“B2Gold”) reported that construction of the Goose Project in the Back River Gold District in Nunavut is progressing on track with the first gold pour on schedule for the first quarter of 2025. B2Gold expects gold production in 2025 of 220,000 to 260,000 ounces, and approximately 300,000 ounces per year over the first 5 years of operation. B2Gold also reported that $28 million is budgeted for exploration at the Back River Gold District in 2024, which includes 25,000 meters of drilling to target extensions of the Llama and Umwelt deposits, the largest and highest grade resources at the Goose Project. Further, B2Gold expects to finalize an updated life of mine plan for the Goose Project in the first quarter of 2024.

Côté Gold (1% NSR royalty): IAMGOLD Corporation reported on January 23, 2024, that commissioning activities at the Côté Gold Project are progressing and that initial production remains on track for March, 2024.

Great Bear (2% NSR royalty): Kinross Gold Corporation (“Kinross”) provided an update on activity at the Great Bear Project in Ontario on February 14, 2024. Kinross reported that the exploration program continues to make excellent progress, execution planning for the advanced exploration program is well underway, and permitting continues to advance on plan. Kinross expects to provide the results of a PEA in the second half of 2024.

Mara Rosa (1.0% NSR and 1.75% NSR royalties): On January 24, 2024, Hochschild Mining PLC (“Hochschild”) reported that construction and commissioning of the Mara Rosa Project in Brazil is in the final stages with the first gold pour expected in February, 2024. Hochschild expects gold production of 83,000 to 93,000 ounces in 2024.

Manh Choh (3% NSR royalty and 28% NSR royalty on silver): According to Kinross, the operator and 70% owner of the Manh Choh Project in Alaska, as of February 14, 2024, construction is essentially complete and first production is on schedule for the second half of 2024. Kinross expects total production at Manh Choh on a 100% basis to be approximately 900,000 gold equivalent ounces over a 4-5 year mine life.

2023 Overview

For the year ended December 31, 2023, we recorded net income and comprehensive income attributable to Royal Gold stockholders (“net income”) of $239.4 million, or $3.64 per basic share and $3.63 per diluted share, as compared to net income of $239.0 million, or $3.64 per basic share and $3.63 per diluted share, for the year ended December 31, 2022.

For the year ended December 31, 2023, we recognized total revenue of $605.7 million, which is comprised of stream revenue of $418.3 million and royalty revenue of $187.4 million, at an average gold price of $1,941 per ounce, an average silver price of $23.35 per ounce and an average copper price of $3.85 per pound, compared to total revenue of $603.2 million, which is comprised of stream revenue of $417.8 million and royalty revenue of $185.4 million, at an average gold price of $1,800 per ounce, an average silver price of $21.73 per ounce and an average copper price of $3.99 per pound, for the year ended December 31, 2022.

The increase in our total revenue for the year ended December 31, 2023, compared with the year ended December 31, 2022, resulted primarily from higher gold and silver prices when compared to the prior year. Lower sales compared to the prior year due to lower gold and copper sales at Mount Milligan, lower production from Pueblo Viejo and the impact of the approximate 4 month suspension of operations at Peñasquito commencing in June, 2023, due to a labor strike, were partially offset by higher gold production at the Cortez Legacy Zone and the new Cortez royalties acquired in 2022.

Cost of sales, which excludes depreciation, depletion and amortization (“DD&A”), decreased to $90.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2023, from $94.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2022. The decrease was primarily due to lower gold and copper sales at Mount Milligan and lower gold and silver sales at Pueblo Viejo when compared to the prior year. This decrease was partially offset by higher silver sales at Khoemacau when compared to the prior year. Cost of sales, which excludes depreciation, depletion and amortization, is specific to our stream agreements and is the result of our purchase of gold, silver and copper for a cash payment. The cash payment for gold from Mount Milligan is the lesser of $435 per ounce or the prevailing market price of gold when purchased, while the cash payment for our other streams is a set contractual percentage of the gold, silver or copper (Mount Milligan) spot price near the date of metal delivery.

General and administrative costs increased to $39.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2023, from $34.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2022. The increase was primarily due to higher corporate costs and an increase in non-cash stock compensation expense.

DD&A decreased to $164.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2023, from $178.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2022. The decrease was primarily due to lower depletion rates at Pueblo Viejo as a result of proven and

3


probable mineral reserve increases when compared to the prior year. The decrease was partially offset by higher depletion expense at Khoemacau due to the ramp-up of production in 2023 and additional depletion from the newly acquired royalties at Cortez in 2022.

There were no impairment charges on any of our stream or royalty interests for the year ended December 31, 2023. During the year ended December 31, 2022, we recognized an impairment loss of $4.3 million on the carrying value of a non-principal exploration stage royalty due to new legal information received.

Interest and other expense increased to $30.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2023, from $17.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2022. The increase in the current period was primarily attributable to higher interest expense as a result of higher interest rates when compared to the prior period.

Income tax expense was $42.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2023, as compared to $32.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2022, which resulted in an effective tax rate of 14.9% in the current period and 12.1% in the prior period. The effective tax rates for the years ended December 31, 2023 and 2022, were primarily impacted by the release of valuation allowances on certain foreign deferred tax assets.

Net cash provided by operating activities totaled $415.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2023, compared to $417.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2022. The decrease was primarily due to higher interest paid on the outstanding revolving credit facility compared to the prior period. This decrease was partially offset by higher proceeds received from our stream and royalty interests, net of cost of sales, compared to the prior period.

Net cash used in investing activities totaled $2.8 million for the year ended December 31, 2023, compared to net cash used in investing activities of $922.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2022. The decrease over the prior period was primarily due to the new royalty acquisitions during the year ended December 31, 2022.

Net cash used in financing activities totaled $427.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2023, compared to net cash provided by financing activities of $480.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2022. The change was primarily due to an increase in the debt outstanding for the year ended December 31, 2022 of $575 million that was used to fund acquisitions of our new royalty interests at Cortez and the Great Bear Project, and the repayment of $325 million of debt outstanding during the current period.

At December 31, 2023, we had working capital of $95.0 million, including $104.2 million of cash and equivalents. This compares to working capital of $122.2 million, including $118.6 million of cash and equivalents at December 31, 2022. The decrease in our working capital was primarily due to a decrease in our available cash, which resulted from increased debt repayments during the current period.

Fourth Quarter 2023 Overview

In the fourth quarter, we recorded net income of $62.8 million, or $0.95 per basic and diluted share, as compared to net income of $56.4 million, or $0.86 per basic and diluted share, for the quarter ended December 31, 2022. When compared to the prior year quarter, the increase in net income was primarily attributable to lower cost of sales and lower depreciation, depletion and amortization expense, both largely driven by lower metal sales during the current quarter, and the impairment of royalty interests in the prior year quarter. Each of these were partially offset by a decrease in our revenue, as discussed below.

For the fourth quarter, we recognized total revenue of $152.7 million, comprised of stream revenue of $98.3 million and royalty revenue of $54.4 million at an average gold price of $1,971 per ounce, an average silver price of $23.20 per ounce and an average copper price of $3.70 per pound. This is compared to total revenue of $163.0 million for the prior year period, comprised of stream revenue of $108.9 million and royalty revenue of $54.1 million, at an average gold price of $1,726 per ounce, an average silver price of $21.17 per ounce and an average copper price of $3.63 per pound.

The decrease in our total revenue resulted primarily from lower gold and copper sales at Mount Milligan, lower gold and silver sales at Pueblo Viejo and lower royalty revenue at Peñasquito. These decreases were partially offset by higher sales from Andacollo, higher revenue from Cortez, and higher gold and silver prices compared to the prior year quarter.

Cost of sales, which excludes DD&A, decreased to $20.8 million for the fourth quarter, from $25.0 million for the prior year period. The decrease, when compared to the prior year quarter, was primarily due to lower gold and copper sales at Mount Milligan and lower gold and silver sales at Pueblo Viejo. Cost of sales is specific to our stream agreements and is the result of our purchase of gold, silver and copper for a cash payment. The cash payment for gold from Mount Milligan is the lesser of $435 per ounce or the prevailing market price of gold when purchased, while the cash payment for our other streams is a set contractual percentage of the gold, silver or copper (Mount Milligan) spot price near the date of metal delivery.

General and administrative costs increased to $9.7 million for the fourth quarter, from $8.8 million for the prior year period. The increase was primarily due to higher corporate costs and higher non-cash stock compensation expense in the current period.

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DD&A decreased to $40.0 million for the fourth quarter, from $49.2 million for the three months ended December 31, 2022. The decrease in the current quarter was primarily due to lower contributions from Mount Milligan and Pueblo Viejo, and lower DD&A rates for Pueblo Viejo in the current period compared to the prior year period.

Interest and other expense was $6.0 million for the fourth quarter, in line with $6.1 million for the prior year period. The current all-in borrowing rate under our revolving credit facility was 6.6% as of December 31, 2023, compared to 5.9% in the prior year period.

For the fourth quarter, we recorded income tax expense of $13.4 million, compared with income tax expense of $12.6 million for the three months ended December 31, 2022. The income tax expense resulted in an effective tax rate of 17.5% in the current period, compared with 18.2% for the three months ended December 31, 2022.

Net cash provided by operating activities totaled $101.1 million for the fourth quarter, compared to $101.0 million for the prior year period.

Net cash used in investing activities was nil for the fourth quarter, compared to $206.4 million for the prior year period. The change was primarily due to the acquisition of a new royalty interest at Cortez in the prior year period.

Net cash used in financing activities totaled $99.8 million for the fourth quarter, compared to net cash provided by financing activities of $101.7 million for the prior year period. The decrease was primarily due to reduced borrowings and repayment of $75 million on our revolving credit facility during the current year period.

Other Corporate Updates

Total Available Liquidity Increases to Approximately $845 Million

On December 6, 2023, Royal Gold repaid $75 million of outstanding borrowings on the $1 billion revolving credit facility, resulting in $250 million outstanding and $750 million available as of December 31, 2023. Total liquidity at the end of the fourth quarter increased to approximately $845 million, which consisted of $95.0 million of working capital and the $750 million undrawn amount available under the revolving credit facility.

Outlook for 2024

We expect stream segment sales of 47,000 to 52,000 GEOs for the quarter ended March 31, 2024, and we expect to issue guidance for 2024 sales, depreciation, depletion and amortization expense, and effective tax rate early in the second quarter of 2024.

Royal Gold has no material additional financing commitments.

Property Highlights

A breakdown of revenue for the Company’s stream and royalty portfolio can be found on Table 1 for the quarters and calendar years ended December 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022. Table 2 shows historial stream metal sales and metal sales attributable to the Company’s royalty interests for the Company’s principal stream and royalty properties. Calendar year 2023 operator production estimates for the Company’s principal stream and royalty properties compared to actual production reported by the operators at these properties can be found on Table 3. Stream segment purchases and sales for the quarters and calendar years ended December 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022 and inventories for December 31, 2023 and December 31, 2022 can be found on Table 4. Highlights at certain of the Company’s principal producing and development properties during 2023 compared to 2022 are detailed in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, for the year ended December 31, 2023, which is expected to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on February 15, 2024.

CORPORATE PROFILE

Royal Gold is a precious metals stream and royalty company engaged in the acquisition and management of precious metal streams, royalties and similar production-based interests. As of December 31, 2023, the Company owned interests on 178 properties on five continents, including interests on 37 producing mines and 22 development stage projects. Royal Gold is publicly traded on the Nasdaq Global Select Market under the symbol “RGLD.” The Company’s website is located at www.royalgold.com.

For further information, please contact:

    

Fourth Quarter and 2023 Call Information:

Alistair Baker

Dial-In

844-200-6205 (U.S.); toll free

Vice President Investor Relations and Business Development

Numbers:

833-950-0062 (Canada); toll free

646-904-5544 (International)

(720) 554-6995

Access Code:

565180

Note: Management’s conference call reviewing the fourth quarter and full year 2023 results will be held on Thursday,

Webcast URL:

www.royalgold.com under Investors, Events & Presentations

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February 15, 2024, at 12:00 pm Eastern Time (10:00 am Mountain Time). The call will be webcast and archived on the Company’s website for a limited time.

Additional Investor Information: Royal Gold routinely posts important information, including information about upcoming investor presentations and press releases, on its website under the Investors tab. Investors and other interested parties are encouraged to enroll at www.royalgold.com to receive automatic email alerts for new postings.

Forward-Looking Statements: This press release includes “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of U.S. federal securities laws. Forward-looking statements are any statements other than statements of historical fact. Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance, and actual results may differ materially from these statements. Forward-looking statements are often identified by words like “will,” “may,” “could,” “should,” “would,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “plan,” “forecast,” “potential,” “intend,” “continue,” “project,” or negatives of these words or similar expressions. Forward-looking statements include, among others, statements about the following: our expected financial performance and outlook, including our first quarter 2024 guidance for stream segment sales of GEOs; operators’ expected operating and financial performance, including production, deliveries, mine plans, environmental and feasibility studies, technical reports, mine facilities, mineral resources and reserves, development, and asset assessments; other expected developments relating to operators, including the anticipated sale of KCM; and the timing of royalty payments and metal deliveries, including deferred amounts at Pueblo Viejo.

Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from these forward-looking statements include, among others, the following: a lower-price environment for gold, silver, copper or other metals; operating activities or financial performance of properties on which we hold stream or royalty interests, including variations between actual and forecasted performance, operators’ ability to complete projects on schedule and as planned, operators’ changes to mine plans and mineral reserves and mineral resources (including updated mineral reserve and mineral resource information), liquidity needs, mining and environmental hazards, labor disputes, distribution and supply chain disruptions, permitting and licensing issues, or operational disruptions; contractual issues involving our stream or royalty agreements; the timing of deliveries of metals from operators and our subsequent sales of metal; risks associated with doing business in foreign countries; increased competition for stream and royalty interests; environmental risks, including those caused by climate change; potential cyber-attacks, including ransomware; our ability to identify, finance, value and complete acquisitions; adverse economic and market conditions; impact of health epidemics and pandemics; changes in laws or regulations governing us, operators or operating properties; changes in management and key employees; and other factors described in our reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including Item 1A. Risk Factors of our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K. Most of these factors are beyond our ability to predict or control. Other unpredictable or unknown factors not discussed in this release could also have material adverse effects on forward-looking statements.

Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date on which they are made. We disclaim any obligation to update any forward-looking statements, except as required by law. Readers are cautioned not to put undue reliance on forward-looking statements.

Statement Regarding Third-Party Information: Certain information provided in this press release, including production estimates, has been provided to us by the operators of the relevant properties or is publicly available information filed by these operators with applicable securities regulatory bodies, including the Securities and Exchange Commission. Royal Gold has not verified, and is not in a position to verify, and expressly disclaims any responsibility for the accuracy, completeness or fairness of any such third-party information and refers the reader to the public reports filed by the operators for information regarding those properties.

Information in this press release concerning the Khoemacau Copper Project was provided to the Company by Cupric Canyon Capital L.P., the privately held owner and developer of Khoemacau. Such information may not have been prepared in accordance with applicable laws, stock exchange rules or international standards governing preparation and public disclosure of technical data and information relating to mineral properties. Royal Gold has not verified, and is not in a position to verify, and expressly disclaims any responsibility for the accuracy, completeness or fairness of this third-party information, and investors are cautioned not to rely unduly upon this information.

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TABLE 1

Revenue by Stream and Royalty Interests for the Fourth Quarter and Calendar Year 2023 and 2022
(In thousands)

Three Months Ended

Year Ended

December 31,

December 31,

Stream/Royalty

Metal(s)

Current Stream/Royalty Interest1

2023

    

    

2022

  

2023

    

    

2022

Stream:

Canada

Mount Milligan

Gold, copper

35% of payable gold and 18.75% of payable copper

$

36,429

$

50,947

$

158,167

$

180,543

Rainy River

Gold, silver

6.5% of gold produced and 60% of silver produced

10,127

8,484

38,794

31,826

Latin America

Pueblo Viejo

Gold, silver

7.5% of Barrick's interest in payable gold and 75% of Barrick's interest in payable silver

$

13,661

$

21,631

$

76,247

$

85,863

Andacollo

Gold

100% of payable gold

13,519

7,782

48,920

47,347

Xavantina

Gold

25% of gold produced

8,199

4,932

25,395

18,427

Africa

Khoemacau

Silver

100% of payable silver

$

7,521

$

6,145

$

34,602

$

18,786

Wassa

Gold

10.5% of payable gold

8,238

8,312

32,815

31,152

Prestea and Bogoso

Gold

5.5% of payable gold

604

697

3,340

3,849

Total stream revenue

$

98,298

$

108,930

$

418,280

$

417,793

Royalty:

Canada

Voisey's Bay

Copper, nickel, cobalt

2.7% NVR

$

1,992

$

3,948

$

5,309

$

14,450

Red Chris

Gold, copper

1.0% NSR

-

-

3,170

3,432

LaRonde Zone 5

Gold

2.0% NSR

591

642

2,461

2,486

Canadian Malartic

Gold

1.0%-1.5% sliding-scale NSR

129

1,012

1,463

4,689

Williams2

Gold

0.97% NSR

242

184

(987)

882

Other-Canada

Various

Various

173

48

1,296

1,271

United States

Cortez

Legacy Zone

Gold

Approx. 9.4% GSR Equivalent

$

22,858

$

18,381

$

79,920

$

47,769

CC Zone

Gold

Approx. 0.45%-2.2% GSR Equivalent

4,952

2,790

14,626

2,790

Robinson

Gold, copper

3.0% NSR

3,619

3,358

9,109

11,659

Marigold

Gold

2.0% NSR

2,593

1,439

5,110

6,061

Leeville

Gold

1.8% NSR

2,170

963

5,712

4,004

Wharf

Gold

0.0%-2.0% sliding-scale GSR

1,169

628

3,630

2,485

Goldstrike

Gold

0.9% NSR

495

734

1,575

3,117

Other-United States

Various

Various

751

733

4,008

3,757

Latin America

Peñasquito

Gold, silver, lead, zinc

2.0% NSR

$

4,234

$

11,397

$

17,772

$

43,165

Dolores

Gold, silver

3.25% NSR (gold), 2.0% NSR (silver)

2,106

2,075

7,981

9,223

El Limon

Gold

3.0% NSR

1,158

1,293

5,280

5,705

Other-Latin America

Various

Various

-

130

456

1,203

Africa

Other-Africa

Various

Various

$

-

$

-

$

-

$

316

Australia

South Laverton

Gold

1.5% NSR, 4.0% NPI

$

2,006

$

1,478

$

7,283

$

6,172

King of the Hills

Gold

1.5% NSR

1,094

883

4,200

883

Gwalia Deeps

Gold

1.5% NSR

1,044

832

3,726

4,059

Meekatharra

Gold

0.45% or 1.5% NSR and A$10/oz

517

654

2,175

2,952

Bellevue

Gold

2.0% NSR

51

-

51

-

Other-Australia

Various

Various

424

179

1,576

1,606

Europe

Las Cruces

Copper

1.5% NSR (copper)

$

-

$

269

$

535

$

1,277

Total royalty revenue

$

54,368

$

54,050

$

187,437

$

185,413

Total revenue

$

152,666

$

162,980

$

605,717

$

603,206

1Refer to Part I, Item 2, of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for a full description of the Company’s stream and royalty interests.
2The Williams royalty revenue was negative for the twelve months ended December 31, 2023, due to a one-time, non-cash accounting adjustment during the quarter ended June 30, 2023, related to past production subject to our royalty interest.

7


TABLE 2

Historical Stream Metal and Royalty Sales for Principal Properties

Reported Production For The Quarter Ended2

Property

Operator

Current Stream/ Royalty Interest1

Metal(s)

Dec. 31, 2023

Sep. 30, 2023

Jun. 30, 2023

Mar. 31, 2023

Dec. 31, 2022

Stream:

Mount Milligan

Centerra

35% of payable gold

Gold

14,000

oz

11,300

oz

17,500

oz

15,200

oz

20,200

oz

18.75% of payable copper

Copper

2.4

Mlb

3.2

Mlb

1.7

Mlb

4.5

Mlb

4.5

Mlb

Pueblo Viejo

Barrick (60%)

7.5% of Barrick's interest in payable gold

Gold

5,000

oz

6,800

oz

7,400

oz

7,900

oz

8,900

oz

75% of Barrick's interest in payable silver3

Silver

171,100

oz

150,700

oz

362,200

oz

337,900

oz

319,100

oz

Andacollo

Teck

100% of payable gold

Gold

7,000

oz

7,500

oz

4,000

oz

7,000

oz

4,700

oz

Khoemacau

Khoemacau Copper Mining

100% of payable silver

Silver

323,800

oz

386,100

oz

373,000

oz

404,100

oz

307,300

oz

Royalty:

Cortez

Nevada Gold Mines LLC

9.4% GSR on Legacy Zone4

Gold

111,900

oz

98,800

oz

68,100

oz

117,200

oz

109,200

oz

0.45%-2.2% GSR on CC Zone4

Gold

156,600

oz

120,000

oz

111,500

oz

106,600

oz

114,000

oz

Peñasquito

Newmont Corporation

2.0% NSR

Gold

25,900

oz

-

oz

48,100

oz

55,600

oz

164,300

oz

Silver

4.6

Moz

-

Moz

6.0

Moz

6.1

Moz

7.1

Moz

Lead

34.9

Mlb

-

Mlb

35.6

Mlb

36.4

Mlb

40.3

Mlb

Zinc

33.5

Mlb

-

Mlb

89.7

Mlb

99.2

Mlb

83.5

Mlb

1Refer to Part I, Item 2, of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for a full description of the Company’s stream and royalty interests.
2Reported production relates to the amount of stream metal sales and the metal sales attributable to the Company’s royalty interests for the stated periods and may differ from the operators’ public reporting.
3The Pueblo Viejo silver stream is determined based on a fixed metallurgical recovery of 70% of silver in mill feed.
4Approximate blended royalty rates as described in the press release “Royal Gold Announces Acquisition of Additional Royalty Interests on the World-Class Cortez Gold Complex in Nevada and Outlines Simplified Approach to Describing Royal Gold’s Multiple Royalty Interests at Cortez” issued January 5, 2023.

8


TABLE 3

Operator’s Estimated and Actual Production

Calendar Year 2023 Operator's Production

Calendar Year 2023 Operator's Production

Estimate1

Actual2

Stream/Royalty

Gold (oz)

Silver (oz)

Base Metals (lb)

Gold (oz)

Silver (oz)

Base Metals (lb)

Stream:

    

Andacollo3

22,000 - 27,000

  

  

  

23,400

  

  

Mount Milligan4

  

150,000 - 160,000

 

 

 

154,400

 

 

Copper

 

 

60 - 70 M

 

 

 

62 M

Pueblo Viejo5

 

470,000 - 520,000

N/A

335,000

N/A

Khoemacau6

1.5 - 1.7 M

1.5 M

Royalty:

 

 

 

 

 

Cortez7

940,000 - 1,060,000

893,000

Peñasquito8

N/A

 

N/A

 

123,000

13.8 M

 

Lead

 

  

 

  

 

N/A

 

86 M

Zinc

 

  

 

  

 

N/A

 

180 M

 

1Production estimates received from the operators are for calendar 2023. Please refer to our cautionary language regarding forward-looking statements, as well as the Risk Factors identified in Part I, Item 1A, of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for information regarding factors that could affect actual results.
2Actual production figures shown are from the operators and cover the period January 1, 2023 through December 31, 2023, unless otherwise noted in footnotes to this table. Such amounts may differ from Royal Gold’s reported revenue and production and are not reduced to show the production attributable to our interests.
3The estimated and actual production figures shown for Andacollo are contained gold in concentrate. Deliveries to Royal Gold are determined using a fixed gold payability factor of 89%.
4The estimated and actual production figures shown for Mount Milligan are payable gold and copper in concentrate. Deliveries to Royal Gold are determined using a fixed payability factor of 97% for gold and a minimum payability factor of 95% for copper.
5The estimated and actual production figures shown for Pueblo Viejo are payable gold in doré and represent the 60% interest in Pueblo Viejo held by Barrick. Barrick did not provide estimated or actual silver production. Deliveries to Royal Gold are determined using fixed payability factors of 99.9% for gold and 99% for silver.
6The estimated and actual production figures for Khoemacau are payable silver in concentrate. Deliveries to Royal Gold are determined using a fixed silver payability factor of 90%.
7The estimated and actual production figures for Cortez include the entirety of the Cortez Complex. Barrick reports production from the entirety of the Cortez Complex and does not report production separately for the Legacy Zone and CC Zone. Production estimates for the Legacy Zone are provided to Royal Gold by Barrick and production estimates for 100% of the Cortez Complex are publicly disclosed by Barrick.
8The gold and silver production figures shown for Peñasquito are payable gold and silver in concentrate and doré. The lead and zinc production figures shown are payable lead and zinc in concentrate. Actual production figures are for the period January 1, 2023 through September 30, 2023, and no production occurred during the third quarter of 2023 due to the suspension of operations resulting from a strike action on June 7, 2023. Estimated production figures are not available as 2023 production guidance was withdrawn by Newmont on July 20, 2023, due to the suspension of operations.

9


TABLE 4

Stream Summary

Three Months Ended

Three Months Ended

As of

As of

December 31, 2023

December 31, 2022

December 31, 2023

December 31, 2022

Gold Stream

    

Purchases (oz)

    

Sales (oz)

    

Purchases (oz)

    

Sales (oz)

    

Inventory (oz)

    

Inventory (oz)

Mount Milligan

12,600

14,000

16,700

20,200

4,000

5,200

Pueblo Viejo

6,200

5,000

7,900

8,900

6,200

7,900

Andacollo

4,200

7,000

8,400

4,700

800

3,800

Other

12,700

13,100

11,300

12,200

4,200

4,100

Total

35,700

39,100

44,300

46,000

15,200

21,000

Three Months Ended

Three Months Ended

As of

As of

December 31, 2023

December 31, 2022

December 31, 2023

December 31, 2022

Silver Stream

    

Purchases (oz)

    

Sales (oz)

    

Purchases (oz)

    

Sales (oz)

    

Inventory (oz)

    

Inventory (oz)

Khoemacau

375,200

323,800

298,700

307,300

135,300

105,900

Pueblo Viejo

223,000

171,100

337,900

319,100

223,000

337,800

Other

71,700

61,300

68,000

50,100

24,800

17,500

Total

669,800

556,200

704,600

676,500

383,100

461,200

Three Months Ended

Three Months Ended

As of

As of

December 31, 2023

December 31, 2022

December 31, 2023

December 31, 2022

Copper Stream

    

Purchases (Mlb)

    

Sales (Mlb)

    

Purchases (Mlb)

    

Sales (Mlb)

    

Inventory (Mlb)

    

Inventory (Mlb)

Mount Milligan

2.5

2.4

3.6

4.5

0.9

Year Ended

Year Ended

December 31, 2023

December 31, 2022

Gold Stream

    

Purchases (oz)

    

Sales (oz)

    

Purchases (oz)

    

Sales (oz)

Mount Milligan

56,800

58,000

68,900

67,800

Pueblo Viejo

25,400

27,100

32,500

33,200

Andacollo

22,500

25,500

27,700

26,200

Other

48,600

48,500

44,600

44,300

Total

153,300

159,100

173,700

171,500

Year Ended

Year Ended

December 31, 2023

December 31, 2022

Silver Stream

    

Purchases (oz)

    

Sales (oz)

    

Purchases (oz)

    

Sales (oz)

Khoemacau

1,516,400

1,487,000

951,500

887,700

Pueblo Viejo

907,000

1,021,900

1,238,600

1,216,700

Other

277,500

270,100

238,600

225,400

Total

2,700,900

2,779,000

2,428,700

2,329,800

Year Ended

Year Ended

December 31, 2023

December 31, 2022

Copper Stream

    

Purchases (Mlb)

    

Sales (Mlb)

    

Purchases (Mlb)

    

Sales (Mlb)

Mount Milligan

10.9

11.8

14.8

14.8

10


ROYAL GOLD, INC.

Consolidated Balance Sheets

(Unaudited, in thousands except share data)

    

December 31, 2023

December 31, 2022

ASSETS

Cash and equivalents

$

104,167

$

118,586

Royalty receivables

48,884

49,405

Income tax receivable

2,676

3,066

Stream inventory

9,788

12,656

Prepaid expenses and other

1,911

2,120

Total current assets

167,426

185,833

Stream and royalty interests, net

3,075,574

3,237,402

Other assets

118,057

111,287

Total assets

$

3,361,057

$

3,534,522

LIABILITIES

Accounts payable

$

11,441

$

6,686

Dividends payable

26,292

24,627

Income tax payable

15,557

16,065

Other current liabilities

19,132

16,209

Total current liabilities

72,422

63,587

Debt

245,967

571,572

Deferred tax liabilities

134,299

138,156

Other liabilities

7,728

7,738

Total liabilities

460,416

781,053

Commitments and contingencies

EQUITY

Preferred stock, $.01 par value, 10,000,000 shares authorized; and 0 shares issued

Common stock, $.01 par value, 200,000,000 shares authorized; and 65,631,760 and 65,592,597 shares outstanding, respectively

656

656

Additional paid-in capital

2,221,039

2,213,123

Accumulated earnings

666,522

527,314

Total Royal Gold stockholders’ equity

2,888,217

2,741,093

Non-controlling interests

12,424

12,376

Total equity

2,900,641

2,753,469

Total liabilities and equity

$

3,361,057

$

3,534,522

11


ROYAL GOLD, INC.

Consolidated Statements of Operations and Comprehensive Income

(Unaudited, in thousands except for per share data)

Three Months Ended

Year Ended

December 31, 2023

December 31, 2022

December 31, 2023

December 31, 2022

Revenue

$

152,666

$

162,980

$

605,717

$

603,206

Costs and expenses

Cost of sales (excludes depreciation, depletion and amortization)

20,785

24,972

90,523

94,642

General and administrative

9,741

8,815

39,761

34,612

Production taxes

2,360

2,256

7,294

7,021

Depreciation, depletion and amortization

40,090

49,196

164,937

178,935

Impairment of royalty interests

4,287

4,287

Total costs and expenses

72,976

89,526

302,515

319,497

Operating income

79,690

73,454

303,202

283,709

Fair value changes in equity securities

25

(282)

(147)

(1,503)

Interest and other income

2,603

2,167

9,952

7,832

Interest and other expense

(5,999)

(6,059)

(30,867)

(17,170)

Income before income taxes

76,319

69,279

282,140

272,868

Income tax expense

(13,356)

(12,579)

(42,008)

(32,926)

Net income and comprehensive income

62,963

56,700

240,132

239,942

Net income and comprehensive income attributable to non-controlling interests

(183)

(327)

(692)

(960)

Net income and comprehensive income attributable to Royal Gold common stockholders

$

62,780

$

56,373

$

239,440

$

238,982

Net income per share attributable to Royal Gold common stockholders:

Basic earnings per share

$

0.95

$

0.86

$

3.64

$

3.64

Basic weighted average shares outstanding

65,631,760

65,592,597

65,613,002

65,576,995

Diluted earnings per share

$

0.95

$

0.86

$

3.63

$

3.63

Diluted weighted average shares outstanding

65,726,890

65,663,227

65,739,110

65,661,748

Cash dividends declared per common share

$

0.400

$

0.375

$

1.525

$

1.425

12


ROYAL GOLD, INC.

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(Unaudited, in thousands)

Three Months Ended

Year Ended

  

December 31, 2023

  

December 31, 2022

December 31, 2023

  

December 31, 2022

Cash flows from operating activities:

Net income and comprehensive income

$

62,963

$

56,700

$

240,132

$

239,942

Adjustments to reconcile net income and comprehensive income to net cash provided by operating activities:

Depreciation, depletion and amortization

40,090

49,196

164,937

178,935

Non-cash employee stock compensation expense

2,354

1,779

9,696

8,411

Fair value changes in equity securities

(25)

282

147

1,503

Deferred tax (benefit) expense

(458)

(2,079)

(6,469)

(19,836)

Impairment of royalty interests

4,287

4,287

Other

187

245

779

979

Changes in assets and liabilities:

Royalty receivables

(14,157)

(20,929)

521

4,683

Stream inventory

63

1,034

2,868

(1,049)

Income tax receivable

11,572

11,990

390

1,849

Prepaid expenses and other assets

(1,002)

(835)

(4,369)

(3,908)

Accounts payable

2,816

(646)

4,756

211

Income tax payable

(6,936)

(5,651)

(508)

(3,005)

Other liabilities

3,621

5,653

2,912

4,343

Net cash provided by operating activities

$

101,088

$

101,026

$

415,792

$

417,345

Cash flows from investing activities:

Acquisition of stream and royalty interests

(206,326)

(2,678)

(922,155)

Other

(2)

(45)

(151)

(721)

Net cash used in investing activities

$

(2)

$

(206,371)

$

(2,829)

$

(922,876)

Cash flows from financing activities:

Repayment of debt

(75,000)

(75,000)

(325,000)

(125,000)

Borrowings from revolving credit facility

200,000

700,000

Net payments from issuance of common stock

(10)

(9)

(1,383)

(1,447)

Common stock dividends

(24,649)

(22,987)

(98,567)

(91,925)

Other

(161)

(311)

(2,432)

(1,062)

Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities

$

(99,820)

$

101,693

$

(427,382)

$

480,566

Net increase (decrease) in cash and equivalents

1,266

(3,652)

(14,419)

(24,965)

Cash and equivalents at beginning of period

102,901

122,238

118,586

143,551

Cash and equivalents at end of period

$

104,167

$

118,586

$

104,167

$

118,586

13


Schedule A – Non-GAAP Financial Measures and Certain Other Measures

Overview of non-GAAP financial measures:

Non-GAAP financial measures are intended to provide additional information only and do not have any standard meaning prescribed by U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”). These measures should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for measures prepared in accordance with GAAP. In addition, because the presentation of these non-GAAP financial measures varies among companies, these non-GAAP financial measures may not be comparable to similarly titled measures used by other companies.

We have provided below reconciliations of our non-GAAP financial measures to the comparable GAAP measures. We believe these non-GAAP financial measures provide useful information to investors for analysis of our business. We use these non-GAAP financial measures to compare period-over-period performance on a consistent basis and when planning and forecasting for future periods. We believe these non-GAAP financial measures are used by professional research analysts and others in the valuation, comparison and investment recommendations of companies in our industry. Many investors use the published research reports of these professional research analysts and others in making investment decisions. The adjustments made to calculate our non-GAAP financial measures are subjective and involve significant management judgement. Non-GAAP financial measures used by management in this release or elsewhere include the following:

1.